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Butrint is famous for its ruins of the ancient Greek and Roman
city that are designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Buthrotum (Albanian: Butrint, Latin: Buthrōtum, from ancient Greek:
Βουθρωτόν, Bouthrōtón) was an ancient Greek, and later Roman city
and episcopate in Epirus. Inhabited since prehistoric times, Butrint
was a city of the Greek Haon tribe, later a Roman colony and a
bishopric. It fell into decay in late antiquity and was completely
abandoned in the Middle Ages after a major earthquake that flooded
most of the city. Nowadays, this archaeological site of Butrint is
located in Vlore, Albania, about 14 km
south of Saranda and not far from the
Greek border. It is located on a hill overlooking the Vivari Canal
and is part of the Butrint National Park. Today, Butrint remains the
Latin Catholic title.
of the Butrint Archaeological Park
Location: 14 km South of the Saranda, Vlore Province
Price: 700 lek for foreigners
500 lek for foreigners in a
group of more than 10 people
200 lek for citizens of Albania
Tel. +355 852 4600Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Butrint or Butrotum stands 14 km south of Saranda in the Vlora
Region in Albania. This Archaeological National Park is a UNESCO
World Heritage Site. The earliest traces of human presence date back
to the 12th century BC. According to the Roman writer Virgil, the
city was founded by Elen, the son of Priam, the legendary king of
Troy. After losing the Trojan War, the Trojans fled here from the
Greeks. According to another legend, another refugee from Troy,
Aenius visited this city during his attempt to escape away from the
Greeks. In the future, he founded the city from which the founders
of Rome came out. This legend is visible was invented by the Romans
themselves, in order to justify their capture of this beautiful city
in 228 BC
Butrint greatly increased during the Republican
period of the empire. Veterans Caesar after the victory over Gneem
Pompey settled here and increased the boundaries of the city.
Caesar's receiver Octavian Augustus continued the tradition of his
adoptive father. His veterans also received fertile land at the end
of their service life. A new wave of veterans settled here after
Augustus defeated General Antony and Empress Cleopatra. The city had
the organization of a Roman city with straight streets and buildings
of religious and administrative significance. The peninsula was
connected to the mainland by a bridge and an aqueduct.
beginning of the 6th century, Butrotum (in Latin) received its
bishop. Soon, the Byzantines built a new basilica and baptistery
here. During the Middle Ages, Butrint became a place of struggle
between different civilizations because was on the border of various
countries. The Bulgarian kingdom, the Crusaders, the Venetians, and
finally the Ottoman Empire all fought for this major city.
1797, the city belonged to the Venetians, until they transferred
Butrint to Napoleon Bonaparte upon the signing of the peace treaty
to Campo Formio. Only 2 years later, the Ottoman army under the
command of Ali Pasha Tepelin seized these lands. The city remained
in the possession of the Turks until Albania gained independence in
1912. Over the past 10 years it received the status of a National
Park and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Tourist Attractions Butrint
Butrint Archaeological National Park is a fairly large city.
Thousands of years of permanent residence left its mark on this
hill. To get around all the ruins of this ancient and medieval
should be given at least two to three hours. Do not forget to bring
enough drinking water. Especially in summer the weather is very hot.
Also do not miss the museum of this park. Statues, coins and other
small things found here will give an idea of the wealth of this
Temple of Asclepius (Butrint)
Butrint was known in the Greek World as a holy city dedicated to
the god Asclepius. A temple dedicated to the god of medicine and
healing stands on the south side of the hill. The whole complex of
this pagan temple includes a small amphitheater, a pilgrim hotel, a
holy spring and other buildings protected by its own wall.
A small theater was built near the main temple dedicated to the god
Asclepius. The pilgrims left part of their money, which helped build
this small theater in the 4th century BC. It held theatrical
performances, which were an important part of pagan ceremonies.
During the Roman rule the theater was enlarged and decorated with
statues. The remains of this antique building were excavated by the
Italian archaeologist Luigi Maria Ugolini in 1928-30.
The Lion Gate got its name because of the bas-relief of a lion,
eating up the head of a bull depicted on it. This stone was
originally part of a pagan temple built in the 6th century BC.
However, the invasion of the barbarians in the 5th century AD forced
the citizens of the city to rebuild their military fortifications.
Including the gates of the city walls. Citizens dismantled the old
temple and used old stones in the fortification. Apparently the
builders were in a hurry and didn’t try hard at building. They
simply narrowed the entrance for simplified protection.
sacred source inside the gate was dedicated to the nymphs, the Roman
goddesses who lived in the springs, lakes and other water. The Latin
inscription dates from the 2nd century AD and says that a rich woman
gave money to decorate the source: "Junia Rufina is a friend of the
nymphs." A later inscription dates from the Christian period of the
5th and 6th centuries AD
The baptistery was built in the 6th century. It is decorated with
beautiful mosaics depicting animals, fish and other animals. This
church was used until the 18th century.
Butrint received the episcopal chair at the beginning of the 6th
century. There were at least 9 Orthodox churches in the city, but
the Great Basilica was the most beautiful and largest. It was built
in the shape of a cross. Some of the stones were taken from the
remains of an ancient pagan temple that was destroyed to build new
buildings. The floor would be covered with beautiful mosaics. Part
of it is still preserved.
Venetian Triangular Fortress
The Venetian Triangular Fortress was built by the Venetians in the
15th century to protect the Corfu Strait. Today it houses a
historical museum dedicated to the history of the city from ancient
times to the Middle Ages.