Llogara Pass

Llogaraja Pass

 

Description of Llogara Pass

Location: south of Vlora

Llogara Pass is a protected national park located between Vlora and Dermiu. You can get here by traveling south from Vlora to the Llogara Pass, which reaches a height of over 1000 meters. The native animals of the Llogara Pass include wild boars, deer, wolves and many others. In addition, the local peasant herdsmen still have large flocks of sheep, goats and other animals, despite the fact that the villages of Albania are clearly emptying. Be careful when you go camping in the park Llogara. Some hillsides can become very slippery, especially after heavy rains.

 

Llogara National Park (Albanian: Parku Kombëtar i Llogarasë) is a national park located on peaks along the Albanian Riviera in South-Western Albania, covering an area of ​​1010 hectares (10.1 km2). The territory of the park includes large alpine meadows, steep rocks, precipices and dense forests. Llogara was created in 1966 to protect several ecosystems and biodiversity of national importance. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has included Llogara Park in category II. Llogara National Park is distinguished by an exceptional variety of landscape from the alpine peaks of the Keran mountains covered with snow in winter to the sunny Albanian Ionian Sea. At 1,027 m (3,369 ft), the Llogara Pass has stunning landscapes with high mountains overlooking the Albanian Riviera and several islands in the sea. The region is dominated by a Mediterranean climate. This means that summers are hot and winters are usually dry and temperate. Despite its proximity to the Mediterranean climate region, the alpine climate prevails in the Maya e Chicés region. Geomorphologically carbonate rocks occupy most of the area, while the mountains consist of limestone and dolomite.

Tourism is the most important sector in the park of Llogara Pass. It has the greatest potential for sustainable income. Along National Road 8 there are several restaurants, hotels, and more. The area of ​​the park and the surrounding mountains are covered with a web of walking paths. The Caesar Pass, named after Julius Caesar, is located at the Llogara Pass. According to him, the great Roman commander spent his army in pursuit of Pompey.

 

Geography
In the north of the pass the valley of Dukat leads to the southern end of the bay of Vlora near Orikum. In the south it drops steeply from the pass to the Ionian Sea, whose coast is only three kilometers as the crow flies, but over 1000 meters lower. In contrast to the north with a narrow V-valley, the pass opens to the south, where only a few cuts in the steep coast lead to water after rainfall. The pass offers impressive views of the sea and, with good visibility, over the entire Albanian Riviera to the Greek island of Corfu, 50 kilometers away.

The mountain crossing is part of the Albanian coastal road SH 8, which is the only paved road that connects the Ionian coast - the Albanian Riviera - with northern Albania. The road over the Qafa Llogara was expanded and expanded in 2008. The whole mountain range northwest of Qafa Llogara including the Karaburun Peninsula is uninhabited and hardly accessible.

The north and south sides of the pass differ significantly. Although almost twice as much rain falls per year on the south side (2000–2500 mm) than north of the pass (1200–1400 mm), the south slope is very bare and stony, while the north slope is forested and green. The temperatures are also a lot lower on the south side.

History
In 48 BC Gaius Iulius Caesar landed in the civil war near the village of Palasa at the southern foot of the Llogara pass, crossed it and moved north against Pompey to the battle of Dyrrhachium. Individual historians, however, assume that Caesar landed in a small bay ten or 15 kilometers further north, which would correspond more to the described marching time to Oricum. He would not have crossed the mountains at the Llogara Pass either.