BudslaÇ”

 

Budslau is an agro-town in the Myadel District of the Minsk Region of Belarus on the Servach River (Belorussian Servach). The administrative center of the Budslav village council.

The name (Buda, Buclav, Budtslav) comes from the Slavic nickname Budslav, which in its semantic meaning corresponds to "glorious Buda".

 

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
The village first became known since 1504, when the Grand Duke Alexander presented this area to the Vilna Bernardine monks.

According to legend, King Stephen Bathory (1533-1586) presented Budslav to the royal captain Jerome Oskerko, the coat of arms of Murdelio.

In 1589 the Bernardine monks build a wooden church.

In 1643, instead of a wooden one, the Bernardines erected a stone church. Since that time, "Buda became glorious, or Budslav."

On October 6, 1732, Budslav was approved as a shtetl by the privilege of King August III.

In 1783, a stone monastery was erected, at which there were the Bernardine church in Budslau and two chapels.

the Russian Empire
Since 1793 Budslav has been a part of the Russian Empire of the Vileika district.

In 1800, a 2-class parish school was opened in Budslau, the oldest of all the schools in the Vilna province.

Since 1848, the town has been in the possession of I. I. Oskerko.

In 1861, the Budslau estate with a farm in Vileika district belonged to the landowner Oskerko. On the estate there were 430 male serfs (including 21 courtyards) and 73 households, including 34 products, 20 gardeners and artisans, 19 partly on the rent, partly on the corvee. There were 890 dessiatines (2.07 dessiatines per capita) in total comfortable land on the estate. From 19 households, the monetary quitrent was 4 rubles. 50 kopecks Obligations in kind from all households were estimated at 3 rubles 32 kopecks. Prigon served 156 days from 34 households and 104 days from 19 households for male and female serfs. The gardeners served 52 days for female souls. The drive was 12 days for male and female workers, including gardeners. In addition, the following duties were carried out from the production yards: 1) construction as required; 2) 2 roads to Vilna; 3) removal of 1 fathom of firewood; 4) guarding with set-off to corvee; 5) night guard in turn. Gardeners were charged for the vegetable gardens they occupied.

In 1868, there were 259 people and 48 households.

Since 1885 it has been the center of a volost with a population of 327 people and 50 households. Also in Budslau there was a church, a synagogue and a parish school.

The impetus for the development of the town was the laying in 1907 of a railway connection between Polotsk and Molodechno, which caused the appearance of a corresponding station 2 km from the village.

In 1908-1910. Jan Oskerko (1871-1934), married to Kristina Sulzhinskaya, significantly expanded and rebuilt the manor house in Budslau.

In 1912, the teaching of the military system and gymnastics was introduced at the Budslau parish school with a fee of 30 kopecks per lesson.

In 1912, 82 boys and 31 girls studied at the Budslau 2-class parish school.