Narachanski National Park is a nature preserve around lake Narach in
Belarus. It was established on July 28 1999 to protect a biosphere
around the lake and its wetlands. Narachanski National Park covers
an area of 87,000 hectares. Narachanski National Park is a fairly
popular Belorussian park with several lakes, rivers and patches of a
virgin forest spread through the region. It offers a chance for
horseback riding, hiking, camping, fishing, swimming and other
activities. Visitor center for Narachanski National Park is located
in a town of Naroch that stands on the shores of Naroch Lake.
Additionally Narachanski National Park contains several historic buildings. One of the oldest signs of human settlement is a small fortress on the island in the middle of the Myadel lake (Мядель) that date back to the 11th century.
Other notable buildings include Catholic Church of Our lady of the Scapular (17th century) in Myadel, Saint Andrew's Church in the village of Naroch, Saint Nicholas Church and a wooden church in the town of Svir, Carmelite Monastery (17th century) in the village Zasvir and many others. A network of well marked hiking trails is spread across Narachanski National Park. It makes access to all parts of the protected bio reserve very easy.
The flora on the territory of the Naroch
Park reflects the typical structure of subtaiga broad-leaved-spruce
forests in the south-west of the Belarusian Poozerie.
The flora of the national park has about 1400 species of higher plants, of which more than 107 are rare and endangered species. The modern vegetation cover is represented by forests, meadows, swamps and shrubs.
The largest forest tracts are confined to the southwestern spurs of the Sventsyansky ridges and the Narochansko-Myadel upland part of the Naroch-Vileika lowland.
Swamp and meadow vegetation has undergone strong changes. Significant areas of bogs (lowland and transitional types) and boggy meadows have undergone hydrotechnical reclamation.
On the territory of the national park, there are a number of natural objects valuable from the faunistic point of view. These include the natural boundaries: Blue Lakes, Cheremshitsa, Nekasetsky, Pasynki, Rudakovo, Urliki.
The region of Lake Naroch is distinguished by a diverse fauna. The network of reservoirs creates conditions for the existence of a rich complex of aquatic animals: fish, coastal terrestrial vertebrates; provides an opportunity for the concentration of various waterfowl here during the period of seasonal migrations. The territory of the national park is inhabited by at least 243 species of terrestrial vertebrates: 10 species of amphibians; 5 types of reptiles; at least 179 species of nesting and about 40 species of migratory, wintering, migratory birds; 49 species of mammals.
The richest bird complex in the region is forest, which includes 95 bird species. Among them are such species of the northern taiga complex as hazel grouse, Upland owl, nutcracker, etc. The aquatic ornithocomplex, which includes 35 species, is quite fully represented. Birds of open spaces are represented by 32 species, raised bogs include 3 rare species (ptarmigan, great curlew, gray shrike), settlements - 14 species.
The forests of the Naroch Territory are winter habitats of ungulates and are not able to provide for the existence of any large populations of elk, wild boar, and roe deer throughout the year.
In the ichthyofauna of the rivers and lakes of the region, 32 species of fish were recorded, including brook trout, chub, minnow, bark, char, stickleback, vendace, peled, whitefish, ide, etc. On this territory, areas of special faunistic value were identified: the reserve "Cheremshitsa", on the territory of which a badger, a black-throated loon, a large bittern, a gogol, a merganser, etc. live. In the area of Lake Dyagili live partridge, a gray crane, an osprey, a viper, etc. Blue Lakes ”live badger, gogol, merganser, black stork, owl, etc.
History of creation
Narochansky National Park was created by the decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus on July 28, 1999 No. 447 in order to preserve unique natural complexes, more complete and efficient use of the recreational opportunities of the natural resources of the Myadel region and adjacent territories.
The national park includes 7 reserves:
"Blue Lakes" (landscape);
"Nekasetsky", "Cheremshitsy" and "Shvakshty" (hydrological);
"Peninsula Cherevki" (geological);
"Rudakovo", "Stepsons" (biological).
Monuments of architecture on the territory of the national park are represented by religious buildings (the Catholic Church of the Mother of God of the Scapular of the 17th century in the town of Myadel, the St. in the village of Konstantinovo, the Church of the Mother of God in the urban village of Krivichi, etc.), manor complexes and old parks (resort village Naroch, urban village Svir, villages Konstantinovo, Komarovo, Olshevo, etc.).
Naroch Territory is located in the transition zone of two historical and ethnographic regions - Ponemania and Podvinya (Poozerye). Archaeological sites of the second half of the 1st and the beginning of the 2nd millennium A.D. e. testify to the coexistence of Baltic and Slavic tribes on this territory.
The most ancient archaeological sites of the Naroch region belong to the Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age) and date back to the 7th-6th millennium BC. e. (parking near the villages of Kusevshchina, Strugolapy, Laposi, Krasyan). The cultural layer of the Neolithic era, known from the excavations near the villages of Nikolsky and Kochergi (the culture of pit-comb ceramics), dates back to the 4th-3rd millennium BC. e. The monuments of the Corded Ware culture are represented by archaeological finds near the villages of Nikoltsy, Rybka, Rasokhi (Bronze Age sites of 2200-700 BC). Traces of the ancient era of the Iron Age are relatively well preserved in the form of burial mounds, fortified settlements and settlements (the villages of Oleshki, Guski, Shklyanikovo, Zasvir, etc.).