of Kabil Archaeological Site was
established around 2000 BC. Protected by river Tundzha from the
North and East it was a well chosen strategic location with rich
fields and ore deposits. However it grew rapidly once it became a
Macedonian colony under rule of Philip II of Macedon in 341 BC,
father of future conqueror Alexander the Great or Alexander of
Macedon. While subjugating and organizing sophisticated and advanced
Greek states proved to be a fairly easy job, numerous tribes to the
North proved to be a bigger challenge. Philip needed protection so
he erected or fortified existing settlements. It was about this time
that Kabil got its name from a Greek goddess of Cybele that was
believed to be the embodiment of Earth. She was also believed to be
the protector of fortresses, walls, mountains and caverns.
The empire that king Alexander did not
outlive its creator. Soon after his death it broke apart. Some part of state
were divided among his generals, others less developed and less desired fell
under influence of the barbarian tribes. Kabile was largely forgotten by the
Alexander's followers. But it did not loose its status. Judging by the
archaeological evidence the city of Kabile carried an important political and economic
significance. It was also the only city in the region that had a significant
production of coins. In 280 BC the Kabile was taken by the Thracian Odrysian kingdom. Several artifacts suggest that it was a residence of
Thracian tsar Spartok. Thracians, however, did not go along with Philip V of
Macedon so in a series of military campaigns they quickly exhausted
themselves. Celtic Kingdom of Tylis under leadership of king Cavarus did not
waste much time and captured Kabile.
Roman Empire eventually reached the
Balkans and in the early 2nd century Kabile was incorporated into a state
united with other centres by expansive road system. Christianity made its
way into a city somewhere in the early fourth century after its official
legalization by Constantine the Great. Soon it became an episcopal centre.
And just then you fought there will be a smooth sailing from that point on
things began to go bad really really quickly. With the Great Migration came
new enemies. The Avar tribes besieged and eventually conquered the
fortifications of Kabile in the 6th century AD. They laid the city to
waster, killing or enslaving anyone they captured.
First Archaeological digs
in Kabile began in 1912. To
this day Kabile offers surprises to those who venture in these lands. Unlike
many other sites the city lay abandoned long enough to be covered by soil.
No human structures were constructed on this site from recycled ancient
stone so much of the old city is remarkably well preserved.