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Description of Lovech

Lòvech (in Bulgarian: Ловеч) is a city in northern Bulgaria, capital of the Province of Lovech. Lovech has a population of about 50 000 inhabitants. It is located 150 km from Sofia, and in its surroundings are the cities of Pleven, Troyan and Teteven. Lovech is one of the oldest cities in Bulgaria. Signs of human settlements date back to prehistoric times. Nearby caves like Saeva Dupka Cave provided a shelter for wandering hunters. First permanent city here was established by a Thracian tribe of the Meldi in the 3rd- 4th centuries BC. Known at the time as Melta it quickly became their capital. Today its area roughly correspondents to the Old Quarter of Lovech (Varosha). Romans eventually conquered the region setting their military camping near today's New City. Although little has remained from Prezidium, several Roman Roads from a time period have been preserved.


In the Middle Ages, the fortress was the seat of the later Bulgarian rulers Ivan Assen I and Theodor Peter. In 1187, the peace treaty with Byzantium was signed here, which sealed the establishment of the Second Bulgarian Empire. During the Ottoman rule, the city was an important artisan and commercial center and was called because of its prosperity Altan Lovech ("Golden Lovech"). The revolutionary Vasily Levski (1837-1873) chose the city as the seat of internal resistance and struggle for the liberation of Bulgaria from the Turkish occupation.

In the vicinity of Lovech existed during the communist rule, a labor camp in which many opponents of the regime were murdered. The training in the camp was mostly politically motivated. Reasons for this could be: the destruction of Stalin memorials, assistance to enemy (German) soldiers, membership of the Roman Catholic Church in Bulgaria or the Farmers' Union, a training completed in non-communist countries, espionage for "Anglo-American capitalism" or Criticism of the presence of the Red Army in Bulgaria etc.


Travel Destinations in Lovech

Lovech Castle, Hisarja or Hisarya Fortress (Lovech)




Lovech Old Quarters (Varosha)

Covered Bridge of Lovech

Covered Bridge of Lovech

The Covered Bridge is one of the main symbols of Lovech. It crosses Osam River and unites the Old Quarters (Varosha) with the newer parts of Lovech. The original structure of the bridge was destroyed in the flood of 1872. So the whole city contributed to the rebuilding of Lovech Covered Bridge under supervision of self- taught architect Kolyu Ficheto. Needless to say this example of team work is still a source of pride of locals population. Covered Bridge of Lovech was erected from 1874 to 1876. In all the Covered Bridge is measured at 106 meters long and 10 meters wide. The base of the bridge is made from stones, while the rest of the bridge is wooden. There are more than 60 shops and workshops lining the central passageway of the Covered Bridge. Originally Lovech Covered Bridge was decorated with sculptures of a lion, two headed eagle, staff with a ball shaped hear and a woman's bust. Today only relief of a lion survives to this day.

In 1925 Covered Bridge was completely burned. From 1927 to 1931 new bridge was reconstructed on the same location and on the same stone support bases. This time engineers used concrete to create a better insulation against future natural disasters, but they are indistinguishable from its wooden predecessor.


Museum of Vasil Levski (Lovech)

This museum is dedicated to the "apostle of freedom" as Vasil Levski is known today. This prominent Bulgarian political hero who lived in the 19th century, when Bulgaria was under yolk of the Ottoman Turkish Empire. Vasil Ivanov Kunchev more commonly known under his pseudo name Levski organised an underground movement dedicated to a fight against the Turks.


Historical Museum of Lovech

Historical Museum of Lovech is one of the largest and most famous museum in the city. it was originally found on February 10th, 1895 and contained 570 various artefacts that were gathered voluntarily from the residents of the city. After several generations and dedicated work of historical museum workers the collection dedicated to the history of the town numbers over 60,000 historical and ethnographic items from the city of Lovech and its surrounding villages. Historical museum is broken into four thematic sections: "Archaeology", "History of Bulgaria 15th- 19th centuries", "Ethnography" and "New and modern history of Bulgaria". Additionally there is a laboratory inside museum dedicated to preserve and restore historical items. But it is closed to the public.


Ethnographic Museum (Lovech)

Ethnographic Museum of Lovech is situated in two houses that are erected in close proximity to each other. One of these is known as a Drasov (Drasova) Memorial House and Rashov (Rashova) Memorial House. This museum contains an exhibition that recreates home decor and daily lives of residents of Lovech in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.



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