Ermak Travel Guide


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Historical city of Pliska was a first capital of Danubian Bulgrian also known as The First Bulgarian Kingdom between years 681 and 893 AD. It was found by first Bulgarian ruler Khan Asparukh who first defeated the Byzantine forces under leadership of king Constantine IV and settled the region. Bulgar tribes that the khan led from the steppes of South Russia were not exactly skilled engineers so lots of planning and construction was carried out by the Greek and Slavic professionals.




Location: Pliskov, Shumen Province  Map

Capital of the First Bulgarian Empire: 681- 893 AD







Description of Pliska


Covering an are of about 23 kmĀ² Pliska was protected by a moat as well as earthwork ramparts. Pliska was captured the invading Byzantine army in 811 during reign of Khan Krum. However the Byzantines did not last very long driven by the same leader out of the country after Battle of Pliska. The beginning of decline for the city started with baptism of Bulgarian duke Boris I- Michael (852- 889) and subsequent reactionary pagan revolt of King Vladimir in 892 who was seeking to re- establish old pantheon of gods. It was defeated, but the old city with its polytheistic past did not fit political, religious and military needs of the new Christian state. Bulgarian capital was moved to Preslav and Pliska started to decline in importance. It was eventually burned down by the invading duke Svyatoslav of the Kievan Rus' (Russian state) and Byzantine Army in the years between 969 and 972. The Russian forces eventually left the region, but the city of Pliska were eventually abandoned. It was not rebuilt subsequently although it was inhabited for few more years. Much of the city was destroyed.


Bulgarian historians tried to rebuild old city of Pliska with white stone. This controversial move to attract more tourists is somewhat of a stretch from historic truth, since there is little evidence on what medieval Pliska and its structures actually looked like.







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