Hyvinkää (Hyvinge)

 

Hyvinkää (Swedish: Hyvinge) is a city in the northern part of Uusimaa. It has a population of about 47,000 (2020) and is the fifth largest city in the province after Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa and Porvoo. Hyvinkää belongs to Central Uusimaa and the municipalities of the Helsinki region, and is located along Finland's main line, Highways 3 and 25, the Vantaanjoki River and the First Salpausselä.

Hyvinkää became independent as its own municipality from the Hausjärvi and Nurmijärvi areas in 1917 and its area belongs to the historical provinces of Häme and Uusimaa. The town of Hyvinkää was founded by separating it from the countryside in 1926. In 1960, Hyvinkää became one of Finland's first six so-called from the new city, and in 1969 the countryside of Hyvinkää was annexed to the city of Hyvinkää.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Hyvinkää was especially known as a sanatorium city for clean air and as a place to live and calm for artists such as Helene Schjerfbeck and Tyko Sallinen. Since then, the city has been known for its wool and nowadays elevator and crane industries. The city is part of the growth corridor of the main line and is known as a railway city.