Porvoo (Borgå)

 

Porvoo (Swedish: Borgå) is a Finnish city located on the southern coast of Uusimaa in the province of Uusimaa. The city has a population of 50,590. The city is bilingual; 64.1 per cent of the population are Finnish-speaking, 29.6 per cent Swedish-speaking and 6.3 per cent non-Finnish-speaking. The neighboring municipalities of Porvoo are Askola, Loviisa, Myrskylä, Pornainen and Sipoo. Porvoo was the provincial center of the province of Eastern Uusimaa.

Porvoo has had the episcopal seat since 1723: until 1923, the former Vyborg Cathedral Chapter operated in the city, and the new diocese of Porvoo, founded after that, has been the Swedish-speaking diocese of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.

 

The distance from the eastern border of Helsinki to the center of Porvoo is about 35 kilometers.

The city center is located between the gravel hills in the Porvoonjoki Valley on the shores of Porvoonlahti (Városinselkä). The city is crossed by three rivers: Mustijoki, Porvoonjoki and Ilolanjoki, whose watersheds include Viksberginjärvi and Veckjärvi. There are rocky or moraine-covered hilly lands around the clay-based, cultivated river valley. In the eastern part of the city is the long Tirmo Peninsula, with several ridges on the south and west sides: Stensbölenselkä, Orrbynselkä, Äggskärsinselkä, Svartbäckinselkä and Esthamninselkä. There is also a broken water area comprising large islands and archipelagos. The largest islands are Kråkö, separated from the mainland by narrow straits, Vessölandet and Emäsalo, which are almost 15 kilometers long, and the Pelling archipelago, which consists of hundreds of islands. In the southwestern part of the city, on the other hand, is the fragmented archipelago of Onas.

The largest islands in the Porvoo region are Vessö, Emäsalo, Suur-Pellinki, Kråkö, Hakasalo, Onas and Pirttisaari.