Tampere (Swedish: Tammerfors) is a city in Finland and the
provincial center of Pirkanmaa, located on the shores of Lake
Näsijärvi and Lake Pyhäjärvi. Tampere is the third largest
municipality in Finland in terms of population and the second
largest urban area in Finland and its neighboring municipalities.
Tampere is also the largest inland city in the Nordic countries in
terms of population. The city of Tampere has a population of 238,671
and the center of Tampere 330,711 inhabitants. The population of the
Tampere metropolitan area, which includes seven districts in
addition to Tampere, on 31 December 2019 was 393,941.
The most central part of Tampere's city center is located in the lake and ridge area on the isthmus between Näsijärvi and Pyhäjärvi, through which Tammerkoski flows from Näsijärvi to Pyhäjärvi. Tammerkoski's waterfall is 18 meters high. The red-brick factory buildings on its shores tell the story of Tampere's industrial history. Tampere is historically Finland's first and largest industrial city. The Tammerkoski rapids landscape has been named one of Finland's national landscapes. Gustav III founded Tampere in 1779, but the city did not begin to grow until after the mid-19th century, when it became a major industrial center. The textile industry in particular was large. Since then, industrial production has moved out of the city, and Tampere's economy has focused on services and high-tech companies.
Tampere is also a city of culture and sports. Tampereen Teatteri and Tampereen Työväen Teatteri, one of the oldest theaters in Finland, operate there. There are many museums and exhibitions in the Vapriikki Museum Center, but the most important tourist destination is the Särkänniemi amusement park. In popular culture, Tampere is especially known for the music style named Manserock. Black sausage is considered a local dish. Several main sports teams play in Tampere, and the city is often considered the “cradle” of Finnish hockey. The city's own teams are Ilves and Tappara.
Tampere and its environs belong to the historical province of Satakunta. The area belonged to Häme County from 1831 to 1997, and over time it has often been considered to belong to Häme as a province. For example, in the New Encyclopedia published in the 1960s, the Tampere region is presented as part of the then Häme province. Around the 1950s, Tampere and its surroundings began to establish itself as their own province of Pirkanmaa. Tampere became the center of Pirkanmaa, and in the early days of the province, Tammermaa was also used several times in its early days - for example, in the Finland Handbook published in 1968.