Vantaa (Vanda)

 

Vantaa (Swedish: Vanda) is a city in Uusimaa. It is the fourth largest city in Finland in terms of population. As of June 30, 2020, Vantaa had a population of 235,768. Vantaa is named after the name used by the ancient people of Häme from the river flowing through the city.

The history of the Helsinki parish (Helsinge in Swedish), the predecessor of Vantaa, dates back at least to the 14th century. It was also thought for a long time that the earliest surviving document mention of the parish of Helsinki is from 1351, which was considered the parish's year of birth until 2018. However, in the light of current knowledge, the first written mention of Vantaa is a document issued by King Maunu Eerikinpoja in Västerås on 14 September 1331 concerning the conduct of bishops' tithes, which required every resident over the age of 7 to give a pound of butter to the bishop. The parish of Helsinki became the rural municipality of Helsinki (Swedish: Helsinge) due to the first Finnish municipal law passed in 1865. In 1972, the Helsinki countryside was transformed into a city of Vantaa, and in 1974 this became the current city of Vantaa. Since the days of the countryside, Vantaa has developed into its present country due to emigration and good transport connections. Like Espoo, Vantaa is characterized by suburban suburbs and the lack of one clear center. Helsinki-Vantaa Airport, Finland's most important airport, is located in Central Vantaa.

Vantaa is an inland city belonging to the Helsinki metropolitan area, but close to the coast of the Gulf of Finland. Vantaa's neighboring municipalities are Helsinki in the south, Espoo in the west, Nurmijärvi in ​​the northwest, Tuusula and Kerava in the north and Sipoo in the east. Structurally, Vantaa belongs to the Helsinki urban area and the Helsinki region metropolitan area.