Luisenburg Rock Labyrinth (Luisenburg-Felsenlabyrinth)

Luisenburg Rock Labyrinth


Location: Wunsiedel, Bavaria Map


Description of Luisenburg Rock Labyrinth

Luisenburg Rock Labyrinth is located near Wunsiedel in the state of Bavaria in Germany. Luisenburg Rock Labyrinth consists of massive granite blocks that formed intricate formation due to geologic erosions. Luisenburg Rock Labyrinth was commonly visited by tourists since the 18th century. It was one of the first sites that were especially designed as a tourist attraction. Paths were laid out, steps were cut in the rock to ease the access to the site. Many of visitors left beautiful autographs and passages. German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe described rocks of Luisenburg Rock Labyrinth in 1820.

The enormous size of the granite blocks, piled on one another without rhyme or reason gives an impression the like of which I have never come across on all my walks and no-one can be blamed for explaining this chaotic state of affairs that excites astonishment, fear and dread, by calling on the help of floods and cloudbursts, storms and earthquakes, volcanoes and whatever else nature may violently conjure up. However on closer inspection, and with a detailed knowledge of that which nature, acting quietly and patiently, is able to do in a most extraordinary way, another solution to this puzzle offers itself to us.


The Blockmeer, named after Queen Luise, has been open to tourists since the 18th century and is also known today for the natural stage framed by the rocks and the annual Luisenburg Festival there.

The idea of ​​opening up was noticeably influenced by the "Society for the Enlightenment of Patriotic History, Customs and Rights", which was founded in Wunsiedel in 1784. Around 1790 citizens of the place started to design the rock area as a landscape garden. The first expansion phase lasted until around 1800 and brought the name “Luxburg” in memory of the Lugsburg castle stables. Visitors to the facility had to bend down or even crawl if they wanted to explore the natural beauty. For the aristocrats of that time, these were rare postures that developed an additional attraction for some. The Prussian Queen visited with her husband Friedrich Wilhelm III. 1805 the original natural wonder and enthusiastically told her son about this experience. A second expansion phase began between 1811 and 1815. The Luisenburg thus developed into a gem of bourgeois culture and landscape architecture.

The area was used in 1794 for the performance of the Singspiel Die kleine Ährenleserin by Johann Adam Hiller and Christian Felix Weisse.

The rock labyrinth is a popular destination and can be explored with sturdy shoes. Children also enjoy crawling and climbing. In 2002 the rock labyrinth was awarded the official seal of approval “Bavaria's most beautiful geotopes” by the Bavarian Ministry of the Environment. In 2006 it was included in the list of 77 awarded national geotopes in Germany.

The Bavarian State Office for the Environment has designated the granite block field as a particularly valuable geotope (geotope number: 479R011).

The facility is looked after and maintained by the city administration of Wunsiedel (city forester). This charges an entrance fee for the rock labyrinth, which is used for the care and preservation of the natural monument.