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Munich

Munich

 

Location: Bavaria

 

Description of Munich

Munich is the capital of the Free State of Bavaria. It has approximately 1.5 million inhabitants the most populous city in Bavaria and (after Berlin and Hamburg) third largest in Germany and the fourth largest city in the German speaking and twelfth of the European Union.

Munich is counted among the world cities. The metropolis is one of the economically most successful and fastest growing in Europe. It is the seat of numerous groups, including four DAX companies (Allianz , BMW , Munich Re , Siemens ) as well as two others in the direct vicinity (Infineon and Wirecard ). Here is the only stock exchange in Bavaria. In the city placements of the consulting firm Mercer , Munich ranked third in the world in terms of quality of life in 2018 among 231 major cities worldwide. According to the magazine Monocle , in 2018 it was the most liveable city in the world. On the other hand, the quality of life is increasingly by agglomeration disadvantages such as traffic and environmental pollution as well as very high home ownership rates and Rent limited, why the living space per inhabitant is far below the national average. Munich is safest municipality among the major German cities over 200,000 population with regard to the crime of all crimes.

Munich was first mentioned in documents in 1158. The city was 1255 Bavarian duchy and was from 1314 royal since 1328-1347 imperial residence. In 1506 Munich became the sole capital of Bavaria. Munich is home to numerous national and international authorities as well as important universities and colleges, major museums and theaters . Through a large number of interesting buildings including protected monuments and ensembles, international sporting events, fairs and congresses as well as the world-famous Oktoberfest is Munich a magnet for international tourism.

 

City foundation
Heinrich the Lion from the Frankish family of the Guelphs, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, cousin of the incumbent Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa and at that time the most powerful person in the empire at times fought with Bishop Otto I of Freising in order to expand his influence in Bavaria .

Heinrich der Löwe founded a new market with his own Isar bridge further south to the episcopal crossing in Föhring (today near Sankt Emmeramsmühle / Bogenhausen), where the salt transports were previously handled. But since the traders continued to use the Freising Bridge and also paid their fees there, legend has it that he unceremoniously destroyed the competing bridge.

The conflict was then ended by Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa on June 14, 1158 in the so-called "Augsburger Schied": Heinrich the Lion was allowed to use customs, market and coins "with the monks" (his Isar crossing), the bishop had a third of revenue too. Munich was born, the date of the arbitration is now considered the city's official founding day. The monks can be found in the coat of arms of Munich. Research is still debating which of the old Bavarian monasteries in Munich came from. The Schäftlarn monastery in front of the monastery in Tegernsee is currently favored.

The founding of the city can be seen against the background of the Upper Bavarian Salt Road, from 1158 the entire salt trade from Reichenhall and Hallein to southwest Germany and Switzerland via Munich, the first day's rest after the Inn crossing from Wasserburg and before the next stop, which was then also through Heinrich the Lion founded Landsberg with his Lech crossing. The customs revenue on the valuable salt was the basis for the upswing of the city of Munich.

A small city chronicle on the history of Munich is given in the article on the old town.

Art Nouveau
Munich is one of the great centers of Art Nouveau. The worldwide art movement, called "Art Nouveau" in French and also "Art Nouveau" or "Modern Style" in English, emerged at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries against the background of rapid industrialization with its cheap mass production. Art Nouveau initially came from the artists and stood in opposition to the dominant historicism (neo-Gothic, neo-baroque) as it was demanded by the zeitgeist and thus also by many art patrons.

The art nouveau style got its German name from a magazine that was published in Munich in 1896: "Jugend. Münchner Illustrierte Wochenschrift für Kunst und Leben". The publisher was w: Georg Hirth (1841 - 1916), publisher of the then leading daily newspaper "Münchner Latest Nachrichten" in the publishing house at Sendlinger Str. 8, the publishing house was incorporated into the "Süddeutsche Zeitung" after the Second World War.

Typical stylistic devices of Art Nouveau are the decorative floral and geometric ornaments, formed from curved lines, a two-dimensional painting and a stylization of the human figure. The art movement is considered to be the last style that influenced all the arts, from architecture to furniture, posters, glass, pottery, textiles and book illustrations; it ended at the latest with the beginning of the First World War.

Despite many losses in the Second World War and a subsequent "mania for modernization", in which many Art Nouveau objects were torn down and destroyed as "kitsch", there are still numerous examples of Art Nouveau to be admired in Munich, some of which have recently been carefully restored:

In the old town, the best-known examples of Art Nouveau buildings are the Müllersche Volksbad and the Kammerspiele, as well as other building facades. Another important building in Art Nouveau is the Prinzregententheater in Bogenhausen and the German Theater in Ludwigsvorstadt.
Schwabing as the place of residence of artists and bohemians was one of the highlights of Munich Art Nouveau, here you can visit many recently superbly restored town houses as examples of Art Nouveau facades. The same applies to the districts of Nymphenburg, Bogenhausen and Sendling.

 

 

Neues Rathaus or New Town Hall (Munich)

Marienplatz

Tel (089) 23 32 31 91

Subway: Marienplatz

Town Hall and Tower

Open: mid- April- Oct: 9am- 7pm Mon- Fri

10am- 7pm Sat, Sun

Oct- mid- Apr: 9am- 4pm Mon- Thur: 9am- 1pm Fri

Closed: Sat, Sun

Alt Rathaus or Old Town Hall (Munich)

Marienplatz 15

Subway: Marienplatz

Closed to tourists

Spielzeugmuseum

Tel. (089) 29 40 01

Open: 10am- 5:30pm daily

Residenz (Munich)

Max-Joseph-Platz 3

Subway: Odeonsplatz

Tel. (089) 29 06 71

Open: Apr- 15 Oct: 9am- 6pm daily

16 Oct- Mar: 10am- 4pm daily

 

Marienplatz (Munich)

 

Stadtmuseum (Munich)

St. Jakobplatz 1

Tel. 089-23 32 23 70

Subway: Marienplatz

Open: Tue-Sun

Frauenkirche (Munich)

Frauenplatz 1

Subway: Karlsplatz, Marienplatz

Tower open: Apr-Oct: 10am- 5pm Mon-Sat

Closed: Sunday and holidays

Frauenkirche is constructed on a site of much older medieval Marian chapel that dated back to the 13th century. A much bigger cathedral was constructed by the orders of Prince Sigismund. The new building was designed by Jorg von Halspach and Lukas Rottaler and completed in 1488. Copper onion domes were added later in 1525.  This cathedral measures 40 m (130 ft) wide and 100 m (330 ft) long. It houses a magnificent tomb of Emperor Ludwig IV of Bavaria designed by Hans Krumpper (1619- 22).

Schloss Nymphenburg (Munich)

 

 

Bayerisches Nationalmuseum (Munich)

Prinzregentenstrasse 3

Tel. 089-211 24 01

Bus: 100 Trolley bus: 17

Open: 10am- 5pm Tue, Wed, Fri- Sun; 10am- 8pm Thu

Closed: Monday

 

Asamkirche (Munich)

Sendlinger Strasse 32

Subway: Sendlinger Tor

Busses: 52, 152

Trolley bus: 16, 17, 18, 27

Open: daily

 

Glyptothek (Munich)

Konigsplatz 3

Tel. 089-28 61 00

Subway: Konigsplatz

Open: 10am- 5pm Wed, Fri- Sun; 10am- 8pm Tue, Thu

 

History of Munchen

City foundation
Munich was first mentioned in 1158 as forum apud Munichen in Augsburg , after the Duke of Bavaria and Saxony, Henry the Lion, built a transition settlement of the salt road over the Isar approximately at the site of today's Ludwigsbrücke and founded a market.

With the Augsburg arbitration, however, the city of Munich was not founded; The already existing settlement was thereby granted by Emperor Friedrich Barbarossa only the market, coin mintage and customs law. However, the bishops of Freising received a third of the resulting income.

It is not known when the settlement named from 1158 "Munich" was actually founded and what its name was when it was founded.

Middle Ages
When Henry the Lion was ostracized by the Emperor in 1180, Bavaria fell to the Wittelsbachs and Munich to the Bishop of Freising . In 1240, Munich also came into Wittelsbacher ownership and became ducal residence as early as 1255 after the first division of the Land.

Since 1314, Duke Ludwig IV was German king, since 1328 also Roman-German emperor, and Munich was considerably expanded as his residence by a new second wall ring. At that time, Munich adopted the colors of the old empire , black and gold, as city colors.

Since the end of the 14th century, there were repeated uprisings of the citizens against the Dukes, who then moved their seat of government from the Old Court to the new residence on the outskirts. Because of the threat of the Hussites in 1429 the city fortification was reinforced by an outer wall ring.

In 1442, the Jewish citizens were expelled from the city. Thereupon no Jews lived in Munich until the second half of the 18th century.

In 1468, the foundation stone for the new St. Mary's Church " Frauenkirche " was laid, the construction of which lasted only twenty years.

Capital and residence of Bavaria
After the city had experienced a new cultural heyday in late Gothic , Munich became capital of the whole of Upper and Lower Bavaria in 1506 with the reunification of the duchies by Albrecht IV (1465-1508). In the following years, the influence of the citizenship went back further and the Wittelsbach determined from then on the development of the city. Munich was under the rule of William IV (1508-1550) and Albrecht V (1550-1579) a center of the Renaissance and the Counter-Reformation . In 1589 the Hofbräuhaus was founded by Wilhelm V. (1579-1597). Two early city ​​viewsare pictured with Georg Braun , Franz Hogenberg : "Civitates orbis terrarum" from 1572.

Under Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria (1597-1651) Munich 1628 electoral residence city of the very old Bavarians and in 1632 had to endure the occupation of Swedish troops. Munich had to pay a high ransom and put hostages in order to avoid its destruction. A little later, the plague broke out and killed a third of the population. After the end of the Thirty Years War in 1648, the city quickly recovered and opened under the Elector Ferdinand Maria (1651-1679) the Italian Baroque .

1704 Munich came in the War of Spanish Succession for several years under Habsburg occupation , since Elector Maximilian II Emanuel (1679-1726) had allied with France. An uprising of the citizens and peasants was ended bloody in the Sendlinger Mordweihnacht.

After the imperial coronation of Elector Karl Albrecht (1726-1745) Habsburg troops occupied Munich in 1742 for two years again. Maximilian III Joseph (1745-1777) gave up the great power politics of his predecessors and devoted himself to internal reforms, so the Bavarian Academy of Sciences was founded in 1759 in Munich. In 1789, on the order of Elector Karl Theodor (1777-1799), the layout of the English Garden in the Isar meadows and a little later, the medieval city fortifications were demolished.

Although Munich was already in 1328 imperial residence city, the rise to the big city began only 450 years later. Towards the end of the 18th century Munich grew rapidly, which was accelerated in 1806, when Bavaria was raised by Napoleon to the Kingdom of Bavaria and Munich became the capital of a twice larger country. If Munich had just 24,000 inhabitants in 1700, the number of inhabitants soon doubled all about thirty years, so that in 1871 170,000 people lived in Munich and in 1933 840,000. Under King Max I Joseph (1799-1825) began the planned expansion of the city, 1818 Munich was given a self-government with two mayors and two council colleges.

 

Under the reign of King Ludwig I of Bavaria (1825-1848), Munich became a well-known city of art. The classics Leo von Klenze and Friedrich von Gärtner designed the Ludwigstraße , the Königsplatz and the extension of the Munich Residenz .

Ludwig's son Max II (1848-1864) particularly promoted the humanities and gathered a circle of writers around (" The Crocodiles "). Max II emerged as his father as a builder. In the new " Maximilianstil " reminiscent of the English Gothic , among other things, the buildings on the Maximilianstraße, today one of the most exclusive and expensive shopping streets of the continent.

Under King Ludwig II (1864-1886), musical life experienced a new boom with several stays of Richard Wagner . In the 19th century, when Munich was repeatedly plagued by the plague, Max von Pettenkofer introduced the sewage system . As early as the end of the 19th century, Munich was considered one of the cleanest cities in Europe.

In the time Prinzregent Luitpolds (1886-1912) experienced Munich then a tremendous economic and cultural boom. Among others, the Prinzregentenstraße and the Prinzregententheater were built . At the turn of the century, Schwabing flourished as a bohemian district, with many important literary figures and painters of the time. In 1896, the Munich cultural magazine Die Jugend was published for the first time, which gave its name to the Art Nouveau style . In 1911, the artist association Der Blaue Reiter was founded.

Revolution, Weimar Republic and National Socialism
In 1916, during the First World War , Munich was hit in three French air raids by bombs that did no major damage. The worsening supply situation, on the other hand, posed a major problem for the population.

In 1935, Hitler awarded Munich the city ​​honorary title of the Nazi era: capital of the movement. In 1938, the Munich Agreement was concluded, which determined the connection of the Sudetenland to the German Reich.

On 1 December 1937, the race organization Lebensborn moved into the house of Thomas Mann , which was located at the corner of the former Föhringer Allee (since 1955: Thomas-Mann-Allee) and the Poschingerstraße. The headquarters of the SS organization remained in the building until 31 December 1939.

Like all major German cities, Munich was hit hard by Allied air raids during the Second World War (air raids on Munich). By the end of the war, the historic old town was destroyed to ninety percent and the city as a whole to fifty percent. It is estimated that about 6,000 people died and about 15,000 were injured.

Two days before the occupation of Munich by the Allies, called the resistance organization freedom action Bavaria , which consisted of military and civilian persons, on local broadcasting stations to rise against the National Socialist rule. The rebellion of the freedom action was ended on the same day by an SS formation. On April 30, 1945, ultimately occupied the US Army, without much resistance, the city of Munich. Elsewhere in Germany, the war continued until the beginning of May. He finally ended on 8 May with the unconditional surrender of the Wehrmacht.

Numerous memorial sites are reminiscent of the victims of National Socialism.

 

Getting there

By plane
Munich "Franz Josef Strauss" Airport (IATA Code: MUC) is the second largest in Germany and is therefore served from all over the world. It has only one disadvantage: it is about 40 km from the city center. To get to Munich, we recommend the S-Bahn (MVV) with two lines, both of which lead to the center: The S8 runs through the eastern parts of the city to the center (approx. 40 minutes). You should take it if you e.g. want to go to the New Mass; the S1 runs through the western parts of the city to the center (approx. 50 min.). Alternatively, there is an airport bus that goes directly to the main train station with just one stop in the north of Munich (approx. 45 minutes). This is the fastest connection for the north of Munich when there is not a traffic jam on the motorway.

Memmingen Airport, which low-cost airlines such as Ryanair use expressions like "Munich-Memmingen" or "Munich West" to refer to, is actually 110 km from Munich. You can therefore expect a considerably longer journey time. It can be reached via a bus and the A96.

By train
With 350,000 travelers daily, Munich Central Station is behind the front runner Hamburg and, together with Frankfurt Central Station, is the second busiest in Germany and easy to reach from all directions. The main station is a terminus in a central location at the west end of the pedestrian zone. With 32 above-ground and 2 underground tracks for the S-Bahn (plus 6 more for the U-Bahn that do not belong to the DB), it has the most main tracks of all train stations in Germany.

Numerous ICE, IC, EC and regional connections connect Munich with the rest of Germany and Europe. From Munich there are direct connections to Milan, Venice and Rimini via Innsbruck, to Prague via Pilsen, to Budapest via Vienna, to Belgrade via Villach and Zagreb, to Mannheim, to Essen via Frankfurt am Main and Cologne, to Berlin via Nuremberg and Leipzig , to Hamburg via Würzburg, to Lindau and Passau.

The Starnberg station is a northern side wing of the main station concourse (tracks 27-36, on Arnulfstraße), the occasionally still used designation Holzkirchner Bahnhof refers to tracks 5-10 on the south side outside the station concourse (on Bayerstraße).

The main station is served directly by MVV with all S-Bahn lines, by the underground lines U1, U2, U4, U5 and the amplifier lines U7 and (only on Saturdays) U8 as well as numerous tram and bus lines.

In addition, the station also offers shopping for groceries, magazines, etc. on Sundays.

The advanced plans for the complete renovation of the less attractive main station were initially put on hold in May 2007 for cost reasons. Preliminary planning for a new building has been in progress again since November 2013.

Munich Central Station, Bahnhofplatz, 80335 Munich.

For more detailed information on rail connections and infrastructure, see the travel guide to Munich Central Station.

Other train stations in Munich:

The Munich Ostbahnhof in the Haidhausen district is also served by long-distance traffic, including night trains. For example, there is also a direct connection to Strasbourg that does not go through the main train station.
The Munich-Pasing train station is located in the west of Munich and is the fourth largest train station in Bavaria; it is also served by many long-distance trains.
The three Munich train stations are directly connected to each other with the S-Bahn (almost all lines).

By bus
The central bus station (ZOB) for Munich was reopened in September 2009 at Hackerbrücke. In addition to various restaurants, the modern building also houses infrastructure such as banks, pharmacies, drugstores and other shops.

From the central bus station there are various international bus connections from several travel companies to neighboring European cities, mainly in Eastern Europe and sometimes with stopovers in other German cities. The number of connections is currently increasing. Examples of regular bus connections (timetable) are:

Berlin (via Leipzig), Paris, Belgrade, Zagreb and Budapest have daily connections.
Barcelona, ​​Madrid, London and Budapest are served several times a week.
In South Tyrol, Dorf Tirol and Schenna are visited several times a week.
Freiburg - Friedrichshafen - Munich, (€ 36.50, MeinFernBus) since April 2012 first domestic German long-distance line.
ZOB (Central Bus Station Munich), Arnulfstraße 21 (near the main train station at the Hackerbrücke). Tel .: +49 89 4520 9890, email: zob@muenchen-zob.de.

 

Directions to ZOB by MVV: all S-Bahn and tram lines 16/17, Hackerbrücke stop

Other long-distance bus terminals in Munich are the Fröttmaning bus terminal on the northern outskirts of Munich in Fröttmaning with national and international connections and the Messestadt-Ost bus terminal with regional connections on the eastern outskirts of Munich in Riem an der Neue Messe.

The topic article long-distance buses in Germany provides an overview of the long-distance bus line operators in the Germany area and further information on long-distance buses and long-distance bus lines.

By street
Access to the environmental zone, which is the entire area within the Mittlerer Ring, has only been permitted with a green sticker since October 2012. This applies to all cars as well as buses, mobile homes and trucks. The Mittlerer Ring itself is not part of the environmental zone. For more information, also about the issuing points of the fine dust tickers and how to obtain a sticker over the Internet, see environmental zone in Munich, the price for the sticker is usually € 5.

You can travel to Munich by car from all directions. The motorways A8 (from / to Stuttgart or from / to Salzburg), A9 (from / to Nuremberg), A92 (from / to Deggendorf), A94 (from / to Altötting), A95 (from / to Garmisch-Partenkirchen) and the A96 (from / to Lindau).

The A99 forms the Munich motorway ring, which is not completely closed, as there is no connection between the A95 and the A8 in the direction of Salzburg in the south-west of Munich. The middle ring surrounds the inner city area, the old town ring the center. Radial streets lead into the city.

Parking in the city center, like most other cities in the world, is no fun. There are hardly any free parking spaces within the Mittlerer Ring. However, since the introduction of the parking license areas, paid parking spaces have been available, at least in the residential areas. Parking garages in the city center charge at least € 3 per hour. If you are arriving by car, it is advisable to clarify the parking options and prices with the hotel in advance.

 

 

Around the city

On foot
Munich does not feel like a cosmopolitan city, but as a large village, the distances are manageable. The city center between the main train station and Isartorplatz can be easily explored on foot. In a few places, however, you have to remind yourself that there are also busy streets in the city center where pedestrians do not have right of way.

Transportation
The easiest way to get around the city is usually by public transport:

MVV
The MVV (Münchner Verkehrsverbund) maintains a dense and diversified network of the local public transport system with a common tariff system, which means that the tickets purchased are valid for all local transport. The means of transport are fairly punctual. In a Europe-wide study of 23 major cities in 2010, the ADAC awarded MVV first place in the overall ranking with top marks (very good) for the individual criteria of travel time, changes and information. Only the fares were rated as too expensive and only sufficient. Mobile phone reception has also been possible in the tunnel sections in the MVG network since 2012. There is a rarely enforced alcohol ban in the vehicles.

The underground lines U1 to U6 have a time interval of 5 or 10 minutes, depending on requirements (since two lines always meet on one route in the city center, there is sometimes a 2-3 minute cycle), the distance between the stops is inner-city area is less than 1 km. The U7 amplifier line runs during rush hour and the U8 line at weekends.

The seven S-Bahn lines connect the city with the surrounding area with 800,000 passengers every day. The time interval of the lines is 20 minutes in the inner area close to the city, and 40 minutes for some outer areas. In Munich city center between the Donnersbergerbrücke stops and the Ostbahnhof, all lines run on one route, the so-called trunk line, and thus approx. Every 2 ½ minutes, during rush hour every 2 minutes The inner city is currently being specifically planned and has had building rights for a first section since January 2014.

The main line is also the bottleneck in Munich's public transport: the possible capacities and the technical condition of the line, which was created around 1970 for the Olympics, are controversial between supporters and opponents of a second main line. The fact is that in recent years there have been more and more train cancellations and delays in the operation of the Munich S-Bahn due to operational disruptions.

The tram runs across the city on various lines. Basically, it travels above ground. In addition to their transport function, some routes are also of interest to tourists, as they lead past places worth seeing, such as B. Line 19 between Stachus and Max-Weber-Platz, which leads completely through the famous Maximilianstrasse and up to the Bavarian State Parliament (Maximilianeum).

Over 40 different bus routes operate in Munich. A distinction is made between city buses (three-digit numbers, operate on short routes) and metro buses (two-digit numbers, operate on longer routes with fewer stops). The latter are rarely on time during rush hour, but run every 10 minutes, so this is less of a problem. The obligation to show the driver a ticket after 9 p.m. on the bus, introduced a few years ago, is only implemented consistently at bus stops that are rarely used.

The individual lines of the U1 with U8 and those of the S-Bahn lines S1 with S8 and the special line S20 are each assigned a color. The assignment of the direction of travel to the tracks on the platform can be seen on the display panel above the platform: out of town the terminus and inward to Marienplatz or Hauptbahnhof.

Night lines
On weekdays the tram lines N16, N19, N20 and N27 and the night buses N40 - N45 run every hour. For the nights Fri / Sat and Sat./Sun. as well as before public holidays, the cycle is compressed to every half hour. The central transfer point with coordinated departure times is at Stachus. N80 and N81 drive from Pasing to Germering. Shortly after 2 a.m. there is a late S-Bahn per route on the weekend.

Tariffs: (as of December 15, 2019)
Current price overview (increases take place annually at the timetable change in December)

The tariff system was reformed in 2019 - since then the urban area has been called "Zone M".

The day tickets: For any number of trips on one day in different variants:

 

Price: Single day ticket adult zone M = € 7.80; Partner day ticket for 5 adults indoor space = € 14.80. Day ticket for children = 3.20 € Before starting the journey, a validation is required.
CityTourCard: Special day ticket, with a discount on currently more than 30 admission prices such as: BMW Museum, Allianz Arena, Bavaria Filmstadt, Sea Life, Hard Rock Cafe, etc. Info. The discounts on the offer only pay off if you visit 3-4 attractions in one day.
Examples: Day ticket inside: € 12.90, group ticket € 19.90; 3-day indoor area: 22.90 €, 3-day total network: 35.90 €.
Single ticket: For one person and one trip in one direction (€ 3.30 for Zone M), transfers and breaks are permitted, return trips and round trips are not permitted; as a short distance: four stops, of which a maximum of 2 underground stations, otherwise: after the zones traveled through. Maximum travel times: 3 hours (short distance: 1 hour) or 4 hours. A validation is required before starting the journey. For children, the single ticket costs € 1.50. The short-haul ticket costs 1.70 euros or one stripe on the stripe card (does not apply to the U21 stripe card).
Strip ticket: System like single tickets, depending on the tariff, the corresponding number of strips are validated by the strip ticket. E.g .: Two strips have to be stamped for zone M. The short distance is a strip, here a maximum of 4 stations can be covered, of which a maximum of 2 with S- / U-Bahn. (Price for the 10-strip ticket = € 14.00). A validation is required before starting the journey. For each additional zone, 2 strips are due again. Children (6-14 years) pay a flat rate of 1 lane, no matter how far they drive. U21 offer: Young people (15-20 years) pay only 7.70 euros for the U21 strip ticket, e.g. B. only 1.54 euros for a trip in zone M.
Isarcard: the weekly and monthly card;
For any number of trips in the selected rings (1–16) during a week or a month. The IsarCard weekly ticket is valid for seven consecutive days. In addition, it applies beyond the last day of validity until 12 noon the next day. The monthly pass is valid for one month and beyond the last day of validity until 12 noon the next day. Example: If the monthly pass is purchased on the 11th of the month, it is valid until the 11th of the following month at 12 noon.
(The inner area of ​​the day ticket consists of several rings (1–4)! No validation required, valid from the time of purchase. If you move around a lot within the selected zones / rings, a weekly stamp (compared to day tickets) pays off for 3 or more daily trips from a stay of three days.

further special tariffs:
Seniors travel cheaper with the IsarCard 65.
the IsarCard 9 a.m. is valid on weekdays except between 6 a.m. and 9 a.m.

Young people can take advantage of special offers in connection with their school / apprenticeship ticket.
Taking bicycles with you: if you want to use your bike, you have to buy a bike day ticket for the entire network (€ 2.50 for the entire network). During peak times, taking on the underground is restricted (see below).
Tickets: Tickets are available from machines and kiosks. The machines take change and bills up to € 50), you can save money with some cards.
Mobile phone ticket: Since December 2013 it has also been possible to pay directly with the smartphone: In order to be able to use the mobile phone ticket, one of the timetable apps from MVV (MVV Companion), MVG (MVG Fahrinfo München) or the Munich S- Bahn (Munich Navigator) are loaded and a registration with the indication of the bank details has taken place. Single tickets, day tickets, bicycle day tickets, stripe tickets as well as the “City Tour Cards” and the “Airport City Day Ticket” are currently available for visitors. Stripe tickets and weekly and monthly tickets cannot currently be booked by mobile phone. After the electronic purchase, a controllable QR code is transferred to the mobile phone, and the identity card or passport must be kept ready.

Further information from the MVV. Here you can also look up the scheduled travel times or z. B. display the shortest connection from point A to B.

The page on the route network plans of the MVV (download as PDF file).

Website for the MVV app, a timetable information as a smartphone app for Android, iOS and Windows Phone.

Telephone timetable information (telephone computer): 089 41424344;

According to a study by the internet portal ab-in-den-urlaub.de, the price structure of the Münchner Verkehrsverbund (MVV) is not considered to be excessively more expensive compared to other cities. For single trips and the connection to the airport, however, Munich is well above the German average.

Bicycle transport

You can take a folded folding bicycle with a tire size of up to 12.5 inches free of charge and at any time, even on buses and trams. Bicycles up to 20 inches can only be transported free of charge in S-Bahn and U-Bahn and in approved regional trains outside of the closing times. For bicycles with tires larger than 20 ", an additional" MVV bicycle day ticket "for € 3 must be purchased. The bicycles can only be used outside the blocking times (Monday to Friday from 6 to 9 am and 4 to 6 pm) and can only be taken on S-Bahn, U-Bahn and regional trains

Public transport barrier-free
U-Bahn: barrier-free All 94 Munich subway stations are barrier-free with elevators that do not always work. The C-series cars, which have been in use since 2000, can be boarded with wide entry doors without a step; inside there is significantly more space thanks to the fold-up seats. All platform edges are equipped with a tactile strip in front of the safety strip.
When entering the older underground carriages, a step of 5 cm has to be overcome. With these trains, some of which are still in use, there have been repeated fatal accidents because blind people got into the gap between two subway cars and fell onto the track. This is no longer possible with the new cars. Since 2016 there have been permanently installed, yellow ramps for easy wheelchair access for the door directly behind the driver's cab at some stations.
S-Bahn: partially barrier-free Of the 138 S-Bahn stations, around 100 are currently barrier-free, and half are considered to be optimally equipped. Entry into the ET 423 series vehicles (built since 1998), which are only used in Munich, is step-free with a folding ramp operated by the driver. At the Zugspitze and Zugende there are multi-purpose areas near the driver's cabs for wheelchair users.
Tram: barrier-free Almost all of the 148 tram stops are handicapped accessible (lowered curbs). Modern low-floor trams are used almost exclusively, which are equipped with an electric lift for wheelchairs at the driver's first door.
Buses: barrier-free Low-floor buses with a folding ramp are mainly used as a boarding aid, recognizable by the disabled sign.
Wheelchair users should position themselves at the top of the trains (U-, S-Bahn, tram) so that they can be seen by the driver. The middle door should be used when entering the buses (signal buttons to the driver outside and inside, parking space). The newly installed emergency telephones in Munich can also be operated in wheelchairs and have both Braille on the individual keys and tactile letters for the visually impaired.

Additional information
MVV website on accessibility
Accessibility of the S-Bahn in Munich (Bundesbahn)

 

Dodger
The "increased transport fee" is € 60. Ticket inspectors usually appear in groups of three and civilian. You identify yourself unsolicited by means of blue ID cards with a photo. Trying to negotiate when there are complaints is pointless. If necessary, a forgotten card can be handed in at the MVG headquarters, the fee is then reduced to € 5. There were still platform tickets in Munich for entering the underground stations (40 ¢), these were abolished in July 2019. Occasionally, the exits of entire underground stations are cordoned off and all passengers checked. The security forces are also authorized to check tickets.

By bicycle
Thanks to the many cycle paths, Munich is easy to explore on two wheels. There are even city tours by bike. The only problem is the often inconsiderate motorists. But be careful: there have recently been police on bicycles that will catch up with you relatively quickly and stop you if you as a cyclist have done something wrong. Bicycles from Deutsche Bahn - Call a Bike are available for visitors throughout the city, which can be borrowed easily (by mobile phone) and parked at every intersection.

There are also rental bikes from the MVG (MVG Rad) - the bikes can be rented and returned at fixed stations as well as at any other location. There are also rental bikes from providers such as oBike.

Important to know: Cycling in Munich's pedestrian zone is forbidden and will be followed by law enforcement officers.

Here you can find information about the cycling network in the Bavarian capital: Radlnetz

Taxi

For those who are traveling in a group, a taxi can also be an economical way of getting to their destination. Taxi fares are based on the current taxi tariffs in Munich. For a trip from the city center to the area around the Mittlerer Ring, depending on the traffic situation, a good 10 to 15 euros are to be estimated.

However, those who do not pay attention to the distance need not be surprised when it gets more expensive. From the east to the west end at rush hour, € 35-45 can easily come together.

In particular at mass events such as Oktoberfest, New Year's Eve, Carnival and football games, longer waiting times must be taken into account when requesting a taxi.

In the street
Exploring Munich by car is not recommended, especially for non-residents. Motorists in Munich are plagued by two problems: traffic jams or slow traffic on the ring roads, inward and outward streets at almost any time and the lack of free parking spaces. It is best to park in the Park & ​​Ride areas of the local public transport (MVV), which exist around the city at S-Bahn and U-Bahn stops, and then change. This is cheaper, faster, more relaxed and protects your nerves and the environment.

Parking spaces in the city center (within the Mittlerer Ring) of Munich are available for a fee, at least in the residential areas and since the introduction of parking tickets and parking permits. Parking spaces in the center are generally very difficult to get hold of during the day and also at night; the multi-storey car parks (parking guidance system) are recommended. On the popular shopping days e.g. For example, on the Advent weekends, the access roads to the center and the parking garages are often overcrowded and blocked early in the day.

Parking tickets: are available from machines on the street. They are only valid for the parking license area shown on the traffic signs. The tariff is on weekdays from 9 a.m. to 11 p.m. for every 12 minutes or part thereof: € 0.20, maximum charge € 6 per day;
There are parking zones in particularly sensitive areas in the districts of Schwabing, Lehel and Haidhausen / Au. In the parking zones, the following applies on weekdays from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m.: Parking along the blue lines costs € 0.50 for every 12 minutes or part thereof. Otherwise, there is a restricted stopping ban in all unmarked places and an absolute no-stopping ban in places that are not clearly visible.
Parking permits are only available for a fee for residents with proven need;
A parking guidance system in the area of ​​the center shows the free spaces in the parking garages.
The city has discovered a bubbling source of income in the parking fees and is therefore happy to check it frequently.