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Bamberg (medieval: Babenberg, Bambergisch: Bambärch) is a Franconian city in the Bavarian administrative district of Upper Franconia and the location of the Bamberg district office. It is the largest medium-sized town in Bavaria, a university, school and administrative center, the seat of a higher regional court and the public prosecutor's office in Bamberg, an important economic center in Upper Franconia and the seat of the archbishopric of the same name. The most famous building is the four-tower Bamberg Cathedral, one of the earlier imperial domes.

The city is shown in the regional planning as the regional center of western Upper Franconia and is part of the Nuremberg Metropolitan Region. Bamberg has around 78,000 inhabitants, making it the largest city in Upper Franconia; the agglomeration has around 117,000 inhabitants.

The old town is one of the largest largely intact historical city centers in Germany and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1993. In addition, Bamberg is known nationwide for its diverse beer tradition as well as for the traditional nurseries with large cultivation areas in the middle of the city.


Bamberg is located on a northeastern branch of the Steigerwald near the confluence of the Regnitz in the Main at the end of the Upper Mainland. The city was built on seven hills, the city planners of the Middle Ages presented Bamberg as a German Rome. The hills of the seven-hill city are the Domberg (oldest inhabited hill), the Michelsberg with the monastery, the Kaulberg with the upper parish, the Stefansberg with St. Stephan, the Jakobsberg with St. Jakob, the Altenburg and the undeveloped Abtsberg.

Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
The Bamberg Symphony Orchestra is also a global ambassador for the cultural city of Bamberg; they were founded in 1946 by former members of the German Philharmonic in Prague and musicians from Karlsbad and Silesia. The orchestra has city status, some of the orchestra members are counted among the best musicians in their fields in Germany; the multi-award-winning orchestra was ranked sixth in Germany by Focus magazine. The local venue is the Bamberg Concert and Congress Hall, where the symphony orchestra can be heard between the world tours; Bamberg is considered to be the most internationally active German symphony orchestra.

Since July 2003, the Bamberg Symphony has been holding the title "Bavarian State Philharmonic". The status of the State Orchestra was awarded by the Bavarian State Government, so that the future financial future is also secured. Further information and concerts: www.bamberger-symphoniker.de 

In terms of sport, the city's passions revolve primarily around basketball, Bamberg feels like the "current German basketball capital" (Dirk Nowitzki): Brose Baskets Bamberg are currently collecting all important national titles from the German champions (nine times since 2005), German Cup winners (1992, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2017) and BBL Champions Cup (2007, 2010) between the champions and the cup winners. The club also received top marks in the fan rating (sports picture). The home games take place in the Brose Arena. Info: brosebaskets.de.

The Castrum Babenberch on today's Domberg has been documented since 902. The first cathedral was built in 1007.

At first Bamberg was strongly influenced by the emperors, prince-bishops and clergy high on the Domberg, but then the citizens of their settlement on the "Sand" (today the center of the old town), located on the Regnitz and at the foot of the Domberg, gained economic strength and Financial strength increasingly important for the city's history. Horticulture (growing vegetables and liquorice root seeds) has long been the main industry. The glycyrrhizin in the root has a sweetness 150 times stronger than sugar, it is still used today in the production of liquorice. The cultivation of licorice is documented in Bamberg for 1536, in the 16th and 17th centuries 200 to 300 quintals were harvested annually.

Twenty of the former 400 nurseries have remained and vegetables are also grown in Bamberg's presence. The nickname of the "Bambärcher" (Bamberg) is the "Dswiebldreedä" for onion treading: in the sandy soils of Bamberg, onions also thrive particularly well at the given time The young onion shoots have been trampled over since ancient times in order to promote tuber growth.

For the economic importance of the townspeople in the Middle Ages, there are also the many breweries, the oldest tracing their history back to the 13th and 14th centuries. There are still nine completely independent brewery restaurants that produce forty different types of beer. Bamberger and Kulmbacher are fighting for the title of "beer capital" in Germany. From Bamberg's point of view, the discussion has been decided in favor of Bamberg.


One of the most recent episodes in Bamberg's long history is that of the official seat of the government of the Free State of Bavaria: Kurt Eisner proclaimed the Soviet Republic in Munich after the end of the First World War and was murdered on February 21, 1919. His successor, the socialist Johann Hoffmann, elected Bavarian Prime Minister on March 17th, fled with his cabinet and the state parliament on April 7th from the revolutionary and uncertain Munich to Bamberg and officially relocated the seat of the Bavarian government to Bamberg on the following day. The Bavarian State Parliament met in the Harmoniesaal on Schillerplatz, the office of the Bavarian Prime Minister was the office of the Mayor of Bamberg. On May 24, the cabinet submitted a draft constitution to the state parliament, which entered the history books as the Bamberg constitution and was passed by the Bavarian state parliament in Bamberg on August 12, 1919. The work was the first democratic constitution for Bavaria. On August 17th, the Bavarian government returned to Munich with the state parliament.

Bamberg was largely spared from bombing raids during World War II. Bamberg's old town is one of the largest largely preserved old town ensembles in Germany.

In 1993 the 142 hectare core area of ​​the inner city with its approx. 1,200 monuments, consisting of the mountain town, the island town and the gardening town, was added to the world heritage list. In the justification, the model character is cited, which "represents in a unique way the Central European city developed on the basis of an early medieval structure". It goes on to say: "The numerous monumental buildings from the 11th to 18th centuries - a synthesis of medieval churches and baroque town houses and palaces - keep architectural-historical moments alive that affected the whole of Europe. The architecture in Bamberg worked across Central Germany to Hungary and shows close connections to Bohemia in the baroque period. "