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Unter den Linden (Berlin)

Unter den Linden (Berlin)

 

 

Bus: 100, 157, 348

 

 

 

 

 

Description of Unter den Linden

Unter den Linden is one of the most famous and beautiful streets in Berlin. In the old times Unter den Linden was used as route for the royal family to leave their capital and go to hunting grounds. In the 17th century previously nameless name was named after lime trees that were planted along its length. In the 16th century, the predecessor of the present-day entertainment and shopping boulevard was nothing more than a bridle path , which had been built in 1573 at the behest of the Elector Johann Georg . He joined the Berlin City Palace with the Tiergarten, which was established in 1527 .

After the Thirty Years' War devastated the castle, Lust- und Tiergarten and the country suffered from the consequences of the war, Elector Friedrich Wilhelm began to create new gardens and avenues. He sent his gardeners on trips to re-create the pleasure garden with all sorts of foreign plants. Through the electoral governor in Cleves and Mark, Prince Johann-Moritz von Nassau-Siegen , the suggestion and the plan for the construction of a Dutch avenue , as a link between Lustgarten and Tiergarten. The old hunting lane was to be converted into a six-row gallery with 1000 walnut and 1000 linden trees. The center of this system ofVisual axes should form the city castle. However, there were problems with the purchase of the trees because the surrounding forestries were unable to raise 2000 trees within such a short time. So the setting of the trees was postponed to spring 1647. Already in the same autumn the Elector was able to visit the avenue, which was 250 long rhine rods (about 942 meters) long.

Unter den Linden still showed nothing of the vibrant life of the city. It passed through sandy fields with some farms. In 1663 the Kronprinzenpalais was built at the beginning of the street, though it was later moved into by the Crown Prince and Queen. As early as 1658, the young trees in the eastern part of the street fell victim to the newly-built fortifications. Berlin became a large fortress, In order to connect the Tiergarten park and the Lindenstra├če, which were located outside the walls, with the castle, the New Town Gate was built in front of the castle. However, the Wall was moved steadily west as the 'New Town' grew rapidly. As a result, the eastern part of the Unter den Linden was cleared and the beginning was now approximately where it is still today. The remaining part, which now lay outside the fortress and was not lined with any buildings, left the Elector in 1670 to his wife Dorothea . The enterprising princess divided the sandy fields into plots and sold them, creating the new suburb (from 1674: Dorotheenstadt). Only now did the road become more important due to increasing construction and traffic. The trees were cared for and some Holsteinian winter linden trees were added. Many Huguenots were already then in the New Town, which was limited in the south by the Lindenallee (then called Neustadtische avenue ), down. The Lindenallee lured the city dwellers out into the open and many painters made them their motives. The street was not paved yet and the walkers complained that they would always be wrapped in dust clouds when a coach passed them. But on a pavementthey had to wait a few more years. Also, the still simple houses were inhabited only by farmers and lower court officials. Soon, the magnificent buildings that have been preserved to this day have sprung up.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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