10 largest cities in Germany
Frankfurt am Main




The federal city of Bonn is an independent city in the administrative district of Cologne in the south of North Rhine-Westphalia and the second seat of the government of the Federal Republic of Germany. With 329,673 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019), Bonn is one of the twenty largest cities in Germany. Bonn belongs to the metropolitan regions of Rhineland and Rhine-Ruhr as well as to the Cologne / Bonn region. The city on both banks of the Rhine was the federal capital from 1949 to 1990 and the seat of government of the Federal Republic of Germany until 1999, after which it became Germany's second seat of government. The United Nations has had a seat in Bonn since 1951.

Bonn can look back on more than 2000 years of history, which goes back to Germanic and Roman settlements, and is therefore one of the oldest cities in Germany. From 1597 to 1794 it was the capital and residence of the Electorate of Cologne. Ludwig van Beethoven was born here in 1770. In the course of the 19th century, the University of Bonn, founded in 1818, developed into one of the most important German universities.

In 1948/49 the Parliamentary Council met in Bonn and worked out the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, whose first parliament and government seat was Bonn in 1949. As a result, the city experienced an extensive expansion and grew together with Bad Godesberg via the new parliament and government district. This resulted in the rebuilding of the city of Bonn through the merger of the cities of Bonn, Bad Godesberg, the city of Beuel on the right bank of the Rhine and the communities of the former district of Bonn on August 1, 1969.

After reunification in 1990, the Bundestag passed the Bonn / Berlin resolution in 1991, as a result of which the parliamentary and government headquarters were relocated to the federal capital Berlin in 1999/2000 and numerous federal authorities to Bonn in return. Since then, the Federal President, the Federal Chancellor and the Federal Council have had a second official seat in the Federal City; in accordance with the Berlin / Bonn Act, six federal ministries have their first official seat, the other eight a second seat. With the addition of the federal city to the name, the federal government is strengthening Bonn as the second seat of government.

As the seat of 20 United Nations (UN) organizations, Bonn shows a high degree of international integration. In addition, the two DAX companies Deutsche Post and Deutsche Telekom are legally resident in Bonn.

Especially because of the headquarters of organizations and companies, the cityscape is increasingly characterized by several high-rise buildings in addition to church towers.