10 largest cities in Germany
Frankfurt am Main
Cottbus is an independent city in the state of Brandenburg. After
its state capital Potsdam, it is the second largest city and next to
Brandenburg an der Havel and
Frankfurt an der Oder one of the four
regional centers of the state. Although only a small Sorbian
minority lives in the city, Cottbus is considered the political and
cultural center of the Sorbs in Lower Lusatia. The city is a
service, sports, science and administrative center. There is an
Olympic base here, the Cottbus State Theater and the Cottbus campus
of the Brandenburg Technical University.
In the sporting field, Cottbus is known for the tournament of champions in apparatus and artistic gymnastics as well as the successful work in cycling. In addition, almost a fifth of Cottbus residents are active in one of the approx. 140 sports clubs. Considering their size, there are a relatively large number of parks and green spaces, such as Prince Pückler's Branitz Park. In the next few years, the Cottbuser Ostsee is to increase the recreational value as a future project.
Cottbus was mentioned for the first time in 1156 and, as the largest city in Lusatia today, has been almost entirely Brandenburg and Prussian since the 15th century.
It is not far from the Spreewald and can be reached with direct connections from Berlin, Dresden and Leipzig.
When you think of Cottbus, you usually associate this city with
GDR prefabricated buildings, a Bundesliga soccer team, open-cast
lignite mining landscapes, Fürst-Pückler and the nearby Spreewald.
But Cottbus has much more to offer than dreary prefabricated
buildings. Thanks to a flourishing textile industry in the 19th and
20th centuries, the city has a beautifully preserved medieval old
town center and new-city Wilhelminian-style quarters. Many parks
around the old town center give the city a really "green" face.
Certainly the suburban prefabricated housing estates do not have so
much to offer, but here, too, enormous efforts are being made to
dismantle these districts or to make them more attractive. The city
on the Spree is often associated with the more than 150-year-old
saying and tongue twister "The Cottbus stagecoach cleans the Cottbus
stagecoach box blank". Since then, in addition to the heraldic
animal "river crab", the stagecoach has been found as an original
The city of Cottbus was first mentioned in a document in 1156. Your name goes back to the Wendish. At that time it consists of a castle and an open settlement, the castle being called "Chotibuz". Choitsche Budky means something like "beautiful little houses". The town charter was granted around 1230. The city of Cottbus has been known for three specialties since around 1800: cloth, grain and beer and the Baumkuchen. Historically, the rulership of Cottbus changes several times. For example, at the beginning of the 19th century, Cottbus was under Saxon sovereignty. The rest of the time it is an enclave of the Mark Brandenburg or is later completely ruled by Prussia. The city experienced an enormous economic boom from 1860 onwards. The first drapery factories settled here and the military opened the first infantry barracks. From 1865 the railway from Berlin to Görlitz via Cottbus was built, which led to a technical and economic boom. Other railway companies run their lines via Cottbus. Among other things, the important cloth factory towns Guben and Forst (e.g. carpet, hat, uniform factories) and Wroclaw are connected. In 1885, Dr. Carl Thiem, the founder of trauma surgery in Germany, opened his private clinic, from which today's Carl Thiem Clinic emerged. In 1886 the telephone network was installed. When the three largest German carpet factories at the time merged, a state college for the textile industry was even founded in 1895.
Many of the districts are formerly independent communities. As a result of these incorporations, the area of the city has grown to 164km² in recent years. In 2006 the city celebrated its 850th anniversary. On October 1st, 2008 it was the 100th anniversary of the opening of the unique Art Nouveau theater. Federal President Horst Köhler was a guest on the occasion of the ceremony. A special program, in which the citizens of Cottbus were also integrated, celebrated the birthday.