Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm (Dessau-Wörlitzer Gartenreich)

Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm

Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm is a charming English- style landscaped garden in Saxony-Anhalt region in Germany.

 

Location: Saxony-Anhalt Map

Constructed: 18th century by Leopold III, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau
Area: 142 km2 (54.8 sq mi)
Open: Mar, 6th Nov- 1st Dec: 10am- 4pm Wed- Sun
Apr and Oct- 3rd Nov: 10am- 4:30pm Tue- Sun
May- Sep: 10am- 5:30pm Tue- Su

 

Description of Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm

Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm is a charming English- style landscaped garden in Saxony-Anhalt region in Germany. Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm was constructed in 1764 for Prince Leopold III, Frederick Franz of Anhalt- Dessay, and covers an area of 142 km2 (54.8 sq mi). It was designed by architect Friedrich Wilhelm von Erdmannsdorff with help of gardeners of Johann Leopold Ludwig Schoch and Johann Friedrich Eyserbeck.

 

History
The landscape park in and around Dessau was created by Leopold III. Friedrich Franz von Anhalt-Dessau founded. As Prince of Enlightenment, he rejected the baroque garden and looked for models for his garden creation that were based on nature: Stourhead and Ermenonville.

Attractions
Castles and parks
According to the garden realm's homepage, this includes:

Wörlitz Castle with Wörlitz Park
Gothic house in Wörlitz Park
Oranienbaum Castle
Mosigkau Castle
Luisium Castle
Großkühnau Castle
Georgium Castle (this is where the Anhaltische Gemäldegalerie is located)
The park on the Sieglitzer Berg

 

Historical buildings
The following historical buildings are listed on the overall map of the Garden Realm:
Historical cemetery Dessau
Grave monument in Drehberg
Elbe Customs House
Schoolhouse in Griesen
Obelisk at Ochsenwall
Vineyard house in the Kühnau landscape park
Proteus stone
Sweden House
Tower of the eight winds also called Napoleon's Tower
several (11?) wall guard houses
Wallwitzburg

Churches
During the founding period, numerous churches were built or rebuilt and expanded in the garden realm:
today's suburbs of Dessau-Roßlau:
Church in Waldersee (former place name Jonitz, 1722–1725)
Church in Mosigkau (1789)
Church in Mildensee (former place name Pötnitz, 1804-1806) and
Church in Großkühnau (1828–1830).

 

in the east of the garden kingdom:
Church in Oranienbaum (1707–1712)
Church in Riesigk (1797–1800)
Church in Wörlitz (1804–1809)
Church in Vockerode (1810-1812) and
Church in Horstdorf (1872)

 

already erected:
Church in Rehsen (1680, 1707)
Church in Goltewitz (13th / 14th century), now part of Oranienbaum. Goltewitz did not originally belong to Anhalt, but was Saxon / Prussian and the church as a branch of the church of the Jüdenberg community was thus abroad.