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Düsseldorf is the state capital of North Rhine-Westphalia and the official seat of the administrative district of Düsseldorf. The independent city on the Rhine is the second largest city in the state after Cologne with 621,877 inhabitants on December 31, 2019. In Germany, Düsseldorf is the seventh largest city by population. Düsseldorf is part of the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region with around ten million inhabitants and the Rhineland metropolitan region with 8.6 million inhabitants. The city at the heart of the central European economic area has long been in 6th place in Mercer studies on the cities with the highest quality of life worldwide.

In 1288 the place at the confluence of the river Düssel in the Rhine received the city charter. From the end of the 14th century to the beginning of the 19th century, the city was the seat of government of the countries of the Holy Roman Empire and the Confederation of the Rhine: the Duchy of Berg, the Duchy of Jülich-Berg and Jülich-Kleve-Berg and the Grand Duchy of Berg, from 1690 to 1716 also residence of the Count Palatine and Elector Johann Wilhelm von der Pfalz. From the 19th century onwards it was the seat of the administrative district of Düsseldorf and was the parliamentary seat of the Rhine Province in Prussia until the 20th century. During the German Empire, Dusseldorf developed into the “desk of the Ruhr area” in the course of high industrialization in Germany and became a major city in 1882 when it exceeded the 100,000 mark.

The metropolis on the Rhine is one of the five most important, internationally strongly intertwined economic centers in Germany. Düsseldorf is a trade fair city and the seat of many listed companies, including the DAX-listed Henkel group. It is also the German location with the highest turnover for auditing, corporate and legal advice, advertising and clothing fashion, as well as an important financial and stock market. It is also a leader in the art trade in Germany.

Düsseldorf has several Rhine ports. Its airport is the intercontinental hub of North Rhine-Westphalia. The city is also home to 22 universities, including the renowned Düsseldorf Art Academy and Heinrich Heine University. Düsseldorf is also well-known beyond the region for its old town (“longest bar in the world”), its Königsallee shopping boulevard (“Kö”), its Düsseldorf carnival, the Fortuna Düsseldorf football club and the Düsseldorf EG ice hockey club. Other attractions are numerous museums and galleries as well as the Rhine promenade and the modern media harbor. The cityscape is also characterized by numerous skyscrapers and church towers, the 240 meter high Rhine tower, many monuments and seven bridges over the Rhine. The large number of East Asian residents is remarkable, including the Japanese community, which is the largest Japanese community and the only Japantown in Germany. The center of this Japanese community is Immermannstrasse, which attracts tourists and locals alike with its various Japanese restaurants, shops and supermarkets.