10 largest cities in Germany
Frankfurt am Main
Hamburg is the city with the largest port in Germany. After
Berlin, it is the second largest German city with 1.8 million
inhabitants and is about 80 km away from the Baltic and North Sea
and at the confluence of the Alster and Bille with the Elbe. Hamburg
is an independent federal state between Schleswig-Holstein and Lower
Saxony. With the large overseas port, the dammed Alster and the many
canals, the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg lives on, by and with
In addition to the harbor, St. Pauli and the Reeperbahn, musicals and festivals such as the harbor birthday attract numerous visitors every year. International artists choose it as a tour location and some just started their big breakthrough here, like the Beatles in the Indra Club at the Große Freiheit.
Hamburg is divided into seven districts, each of which in turn includes several districts, a total of 104:
Districts north of the Elbe: St. Pauli, Neustadt, Altstadt, Hafencity, St. Georg, Borgfelde, Hammerbrook, Hamm, Rothenburgsort, Horn, Billbrook and Billstedt.
Districts south of the Norderelbe: Finkenwerder, Waltershof, Steinwerder, Kleiner Grasbrook, Veddel and Wilhelmsburg.
District in the mouth of the Elbe, 110 km away: Neuwerk with its three North Sea islands Neuwerk, Scharhörn and Nigehörn.
Districts: Altona-Altstadt, Altona-Nord, Sternschanze, Bahrenfeld, Groß Flottbeck, Othmarschen, Ottensen, Blankenese, Iserbrook, Lurup, Nienstedten, Osdorf, Sülldorf, Rissen.
Districts: Eidelstedt, Eimsbüttel, Harvestehude, Hoheluft-West, Lokstedt, Niendorf, Rotherbaum, Schnelsen, Stellingen.
Districts: Alsterdorf, Barmbek-Nord, Barmbek-Süd, Dulsberg, Eppendorf, Fuhlsbüttel, Groß Borstel, Hohenfelde, Hoheluft-Ost, Langenhorn, Ohlsdorf, Uhlenhorst, Winterhude.
Districts: Bergstedt, Bramfeld, Duvenstedt, Eilbek, Farmsen-Berne, Hummelsbüttel, Jenfeld, Lemsahl-Mellingstedt, Marienthal, Poppenbüttel, Rahlstedt, Sasel, Steilshoop, Tonndorf, Volksdorf, Wandsbek, Wellingsbüttel, Wohldorf-Ohlstedt.
Districts: Allermöhe, Altengamme, Bergedorf, Billwerder, Curslack, Kirchwerder, Lohbrügge, Moorfleet, Neuallermöhe, Neuengamme, Ochsenwerder, Reitbrook, Spadenland, Tatenberg.
Districts: Altenwerder, Cranz, Eißendorf, Francop, Gut Moor, Harburg, Hausbruch, Heimfeld, Langenbek, Marmstorf, Moorburg, Neuenfelde, Neugraben-Fischbek, Neuland, Rönneburg, Sinstorf, Wilstorf.
City districts of great tourist interest
During the day: St. Pauli with the Landungsbrücken, Neustadt, Altstadt, Hafencity with the Speicherstadt
Around the Alster
Stairs district: Blankenese - (villas on the banks of the Elbe with a lot of views)
evenings and nights: St. Pauli with the Reeperbahn, Ottensen, Schanzenviertel, Karolinenviertel, St. Georg.
The city's development began probably 1,200 years ago
with the construction of a Saxon castle. It was replaced by the
Hammaburg, which gave Hamburg its name, in the 9th century. Today's
old town covers roughly the area that the medieval merchant and
craft town of Hamburg occupied at the end of the 13th century. At
that time, an estimated 5,000 people lived within the city walls, in
1691 there were already around 40,000. From the year 1200 the
consolation bridge over the Nikolaifleet connected the episcopal old
town with the new merchant town.
An alleged license from Barbarossa from 1189 to use the trade routes as well as freedom from customs and duties on the Elbe served Hamburg to secure independence. In the 14th century, Hamburg expanded control of its most important trade route to the mouth of the Elbe with the fortified tower on Neuwerk and the Ritzebüttel office (today Cuxhaven). From the end of the 16th century Hamburg set up offices in important trading cities and developed into a world trading city. The first German stock exchange was established in 1558. Trade in goods such as coffee, tea, spices and tobacco flourished. Hamburg benefited even more from the liberation of the North American colonies in 1776 and from the South American countries from 1810 to 1825. Hamburg did not have to join the German customs area until 1888, but was allowed to build a free port and the Speicherstadt. In 1911 Hamburg's population exceeded the million mark. With the incorporation of Bergedorf, Wandsbek, Altona and Harburg in 1937, Hamburg gave Cuxhaven to Prussia. In 1939 the city had 1.7 million inhabitants.
Although Hamburg was spared the Thirty Years' War, other disasters later plagued the city: the Hamburg fire in 1842, the cholera epidemic in 1892, the bombings in World War II in 1943 and the devastating storm surge in 1962. Hamburg did not hesitate, Hamburg tore down and rebuilt. There was little historical left, but new and interesting architectural styles were implemented in each epoch.
The gate to the world
The slogan dates from the time when people set out to explore the world, to travel, to emigrate and to transport freight. They were merchants who made a lot of money trading and who determined what was going on in the city. For more than 800 years, foreign goods, new ideas and exotic people have come to the city via the Elbe. The city is shaped by foreign influences. Wealth and poverty are close together. Cultural institutions were set up with foundations, but also social institutions. Today the city offers a wide range of options, something for every taste. The nightlife is colorful, sometimes flashy.
The port of Hamburg is the city's lifeline. Here goods from overseas are handled and distributed to the hinterland. Big money is still being made here.
City full of contrasts
Hamburg is a city full of contrasts. On the one hand the colorful and at the same time poorest district of St. Pauli with what, according to the company, is the most sinful mile in the world, the Reeperbahn. On the other hand, the upright and rich Blankenese with its countless villas and romantically beautiful views from the Elbe slope and the Elbe beaches below. Hamburg looks different on every corner and yet everything fits together harmoniously. On the weekend mornings to play ball in the city park in Winterhude, in the afternoons to shop around the town hall, where you can choose between the magnificent Mönckebergstraße shopping street and the district between the town hall and the Gänsemarkt with its narrow streets, old houses and the Alster and Nikolaifleet ( Fleet = canal), which give you the feeling of being in a "mixed city" of Venice and Amsterdam. In the early evening, then having a cocktail in one of the beach bars on the Elbe and at night to party in one of the countless clubs on the Reeperbahn. The whole thing is rounded off with a visit to the fish market early on Sunday morning. It doesn't matter whether you meet for a café in posh Eppendorf or Harvestehude, or for a beer in the alternative Schanzenviertel, where things can get hot on May 1st.
City in constant change
Hamburg lives from the port, so everything is done to ensure that growth is undisturbed, even if houses and apartments have to be sacrificed. A good 120 years ago, 22,000 people had to leave their homes for the Speicherstadt to be built. Today we marvel at the Wilhelmine beauty of these warehouse complexes. After these camps became uneconomical, new life established itself in the old walls and an entire quarter has become a tourist attraction. The southern newer warehouses were torn down. The first new houses and inviting promenades are grouped around these harbor basins. 12,000 people and 40,000 office jobs are to be created in this district. The new HafenCity is under construction.
Geographical transition region
Hamburg is only 6 m above sea level. The ebb and flow can still be felt in Hamburg, the Elbe is brackish, which means that fresh water mixes with the sea water. Except for the Harburg Mountains in the south, everything is flat marshland. The Lüneburg Heath also begins here in Lower Saxony. In the north, the flat land merges into the slightly hilly geest landscape of central Holstein. The Elbe lowlands in the east extend into Saxony-Anhalt. In the west lies the Elbe-Weser triangle.
The North Sea, 80 km away, and the flat landscape shape the climate. It's maritime: mild in summer, but sometimes damp. The temperature differences between summer and winter are less great than those of the continental climate prevailing in the south and east of Germany. The winters are also mild and the snowfall is limited. The precipitation corresponds to the north German average. Of the summer months, July is the warmest with an average of 17.4 ° C and in winter the coldest month is January with around 1.3 ° C.