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Hanover
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Hanover

 

Hanover is the capital of Lower Saxony. The city lies on the Leine and the Mittelland Canal and has around 524,000 inhabitants ("Region Hannover": 1.2 million). The Hanover region consists of the former district of Hanover and the city of Hanover.

Districts
Hanover is divided into 13 districts:
Ahlem-Badenstedt-Davenstedt
Bothfeld-Vahrenheide
Buchholz-Kleefeld
Döhren-Wülfel
Herrenhausen sticks
Kirchrode-Bemerode-Wülferode
Linden Limmer
Misburg-Anderten
center
North
Ricklingen
Südstadt-Bult
Vahrenwald list

Hanover emerged from a medieval settlement that was in a flood-protected location on the banks of the Leine. From 1714 to 1837 there was a personal union of the kingdoms of Great Britain and Hanover. As a result of the German War of 1866, the Kingdom of Hanover was annexed by Prussia. During the Second World War, Hanover, as an important traffic junction and location of important war operations, was repeatedly the target of Allied bombing attacks from 1940 onwards. The degree of destruction in the city center was 90%.

 

Getting there

By plane
The airport (IATA code: HAJ) is located north of Hanover in Langenhagen. From there you can take a taxi (approx. € 20) or the S-Bahn line S-Bahn-Logo.svg 5 to the city center / main station (€ 3.40 (as of March 2016, GVH price overview) ).

By train
The main train station is located in the center of Hanover and, as a junction, is also a transfer station: to the north Hamburg and Bremen, to the east via Magdeburg or without a stop with the ICE from Berlin, to the south Göttingen, Kassel, Frankfurt, Munich and to the west Bielefeld, Ruhr area, Osnabrück and - via Hilversum - from Amsterdam.
Hanover main station is also the departure and destination station of the Hanover Southern Railway, the historic railway line from Hanover via Göttingen to Kassel and back that is used by regional traffic today.
Hanover-Langenhagen Airport and the exhibition grounds can be reached by S-Bahn from the main station. See also S-Bahn and Regionalbahn Hannover.
The Hanover-Messe / Laatzen station is also served by regional traffic from Göttingen, Hildesheim and the main station; Long-distance trains also stop on demand at trade fairs.

By bus
The bus station (so-called ZOB, Zentraler Omnibusbahnhof) with international connections and regular service is located directly behind the main station in the city center on Raschplatz.

By street
To the east of Hanover, the A 7 runs past Hamburg – Kassel. It crosses the A 2 Dortmund – Berlin, which runs along north. The city's expressway network consists of three roads which, together with the A2, form a ring around the inner city districts:

The Messeschnellweg is the continuation of the B 3 from Celle (coming from the north) and connects the A 2 and the A 7 (coming from the south) to the east with the exhibition center. From the Südschnellweg the B 3 becomes the B 6 and continues to Hildesheim.
The Westschnellweg, on the other hand, runs as the B 6 coming from Nienburg and Neustadt through the western part of Hanover. At the Südschnellweg it becomes the B 3 towards Göttingen.
The Südschnellweg, which begins on the Westschnellweg, crosses the Messeschnellweg and ends at the symbol: AS 12 Hannover-Anderten of the A 7.
Since January 2008, so-called environmental zones have been set up in the city center in which only cars with an environmental sticker are allowed. Drivers without a sticker have to expect a fine of 40 € and a point in Flensburg. For more information, including how to purchase the particulate matter ticker, see www.hannover.de/de/umwelt_bauen. Entry into the zone is only permitted with the green sticker.

Similar to Hamburg and Braunschweig, a city ring runs around the city center of Hanover.

By boat
Since Hanover is located on the Mittelland Canal, it is theoretically possible to arrive by ship. In fact, there are only four cargo ports. However, if you want to arrive with your own yacht, you can drop anchor in the Hanover marina, which is also located on the Mittelland Canal.

The Leine is a suitable area for water hikes. It has been continuously passable since Salzderhelden, albeit with numerous transfer points, and can be driven on to Schwarmstedt, from where you can paddle the Aller all the way to the Weser.

By bicycle
The Leine-Heide-Radweg comes from Eichsfeld in Thuringia via Göttingen and leads via Walsrode to Hamburg.
The Green Ring leads around Hanover, leading cyclists past beautiful corners. This path can be explored using a map, but you can also follow the blue markings (blue lanterns, curbs, posts, manhole covers, etc.) without a map.

 

Around the city

Public transportation
Hanover has a very dense and well-developed local public transport network, so that you can use public transport almost anywhere in the city.

S-Bahn and regional trains
Hanover has had an S-Bahn network since Expo 2000. The trains may only be boarded with a valid ticket, otherwise an increased fare is due. The S-Bahn also run outside the GVH tariff area and then require a DB ticket, which is not valid for light rail vehicles and buses. Regional trains can also be used with the GVH ticket.

You can reach many destinations in Lower Saxony with regional trains. Some lines also go to the neighboring federal states of Bremen, Hamburg, North Rhine-Westphalia and Thuringia.

Light rail
Hanover has had an S-Bahn network since Expo 2000. The trains may only be boarded with a valid ticket, otherwise an increased fare is due. The S-Bahn also run outside the GVH tariff area and then require a DB ticket, which is not valid for light rail vehicles and buses. Regional trains can also be used with the GVH ticket.

You can reach many destinations in Lower Saxony with regional trains. Some lines also go to the neighboring federal states of Bremen, Hamburg, North Rhine-Westphalia and Thuringia.

Light rail
In the light rail and local trains, the tickets must be purchased from the machine before starting the journey, and if necessary also validated (see imprint on the ticket). Tickets can also be purchased from the driver on the bus. If you have two journeys or more per day, it is usually worth buying a day ticket instead of single tickets. There are also short-distance tickets for short journeys (3 stops on the tram, 5 on the bus; not valid on the S-Bahn and local trains).

The Lower Saxony ticket is also valid in the GVH area.

Bike lanes
The cycle paths in Hanover are extremely well developed and are highly recommended for exploring the city by bike. Bicycles can be parked, repaired or borrowed in the bicycle station right next to the train station (€ 7.50 per day, week on request - open Monday to Friday 6 a.m. to 11 p.m., Sa / Sun 8 a.m. to 11 p.m. 3539640).

Shipping
A special feature is the regular transport of Üstra Reisen on the Maschsee, which is offered from Easter to the end of October and with which you can make a round trip on the lake for 6 € (moorings Maschsee). You can explore the Ihme, the Leine, the Mittelland Canal and the branch canals with the Hanoverian passenger boat service.