Karlsruhe, Germany


With 308,988 inhabitants (July 31, 2020), Karlsruhe is the third largest city in the state of Baden-Württemberg after the state capital Stuttgart and Mannheim. It is the administrative seat of the administrative district of Karlsruhe and the district of Karlsruhe and itself forms an urban district (independent city). The city is the regional center for the Middle Upper Rhine region and transnational for parts of the southern Palatinate.

Karlsruhe, founded in 1715 from today's district of Durlach as a planned Baroque town, was the capital and residence of the former state of Baden. Characteristic of the original city map are the 32 streets all around from the castle to the park and the Hardtwald of the Upper Rhine Plain. Only the southern quarter was built close to the center; Karlsruhe owes the nickname "fan-shaped city" to its fan-shaped floor plan. Friedrich Weinbrenner's classicist buildings shape the image of the city expansion from the early 19th century.

Karlsruhe has been the seat of the Federal Court of Justice and the Federal Prosecutor General at the Federal Court of Justice since 1950 and of the Federal Constitutional Court since 1951, which is why the city is also known as the “Residence of Law”. Numerous authorities and research institutions of supraregional importance are located in Karlsruhe. Of the city's nine universities, the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) is the oldest and largest, and since 2019 it has once again been a University of Excellence. Large infrastructure facilities such as the two Rhine ports and the second largest refinery in Germany contrasts with an otherwise predominantly medium-sized economy. Karlsruhe is one of the most important European locations for information and communication technology. The Center for Art and Media (ZKM), one of the most important cultural institutions in the city, ties in with this. Others, such as the Badisches Landesmuseum or the Staatliche Kunsthalle, belong to the legacy of the residence period. In 2019, UNESCO accepted Karlsruhe as a “City of Media Art” in its network of Creative Cities.




1 St Stephen . (Catholic): The neoclassical rotunda built by Friedrich Weinbrenner is based on the Pantheon in Rome and is the largest Catholic church in the city. After being destroyed in the war, it was rebuilt in the 1950s with a simplified spire and a redesigned interior. It is the center of the "Karlsruhe" deanery.
2 City Church . (ev.): The evangelical town church on the market square was built from 1807 to 1816 according to the plans of Friedrich Weinbrenner in the style of classicism. After severe destruction in World War II, the church was rebuilt in the 1950s with a newly designed interior.
3 Small Church . (possibly). Built from 1719 to 1721 in Louis XVI style, it blocks the course of Kreuzstrasse. After being destroyed in the war, it would be rebuilt largely true to the original in 1946-49.
4 Lutheran Church . (ev.): Art Nouveau church with subordinate neo-Romanesque elements on Gottesauer Platz.
5 St. Bernard . (Catholic): Neo-Gothic church at Durlacher Tor.
6 Christ Church . (ev.): Neo-Gothic church at Mühlburger Tor.


Castles, palaces and palaces

Karlsruhe Palace, palace district 10, 76131 Karlsruhe. Forms the center of the city. The streets of the city center fan out from the tower of the baroque building, which was built in 1715. The castle houses the Baden State Museum with a collection from the Stone Age to the 19th century. Worth mentioning is the so-called "Turkish loot" of Margrave Ludwig. The castle tower is accessible and offers a beautiful view over the city.
Gottesaue Castle. A Renaissance castle that has been destroyed and rebuilt several times in the eastern part of Karlsruhe, which stands on the site of a former Benedictine abbey. Today it is the seat of the Karlsruhe University of Music.
The Karlsburg is located on the Schlossplatz in Durlach.



Karlsruhe City Hall, Karl-Friedrich-Str. 10, 76124 Karlsruhe (on the market square) . It was built from 1821 to 1825 by Friedrich Weinbrenner in a classical style. The town hall tower was stripped of plaster in the second half of the 19th century and bears a figure of the god "Mercury". The building, which was destroyed in 1944, was rebuilt from 1948 to 1954.
Badisches Staatstheater Karlsruhe. The building complex in "beton brut" was built in 1975. The theater is also known for the Handel Festival.
Concert hall, fairground . Built between 1913 and 1915 by the architects Robert Curjel and Karl Moser.
Black Forest Hall, fairground. Built in 1953 in just eight months. Remarkable is the cantilever concrete roof of the hall, which was built for the first time in such a size.
Prince Max Palace. A Wilhelminian-style building in Karlsruhe. It is named after Prince Max von Baden, the last Chancellor of the German Empire. The building was constructed between 1881 and 1884 according to plans by the architect Josef Durm. The banker August Schmieder, who made his fortune in Breslau, had the villa built as a retirement home. In 1894 it was acquired by Prince Max von Baden. The building was severely damaged in the air raids of World War II. After its reconstruction, it housed the Federal Constitutional Court and the University of Education for some time. Since 1981, the City Cultural Center with the Museum of Literature on the Upper Rhine, the City History Museum, and the youth library have been housed in the Prinz-Max-Palais.
Hereditary Grand Ducal Palace. The neo-baroque style building on Kriegstraße with an imperial dome has been the seat of the Federal Court of Justice since 1950 and was built by Josef Durm between 1891 and 1897.
The Margravial Palace. on Rondellplatz was built by Friedrich Weinbrenner in the style of classicism between 1803 and 1814. After the war was destroyed, the central part with the columned portico was rebuilt, but the side wings were not reconstructed.
The Supreme Court . has its seat in Karlsruhe and, as a constitutional body, is surrounded by a pacified district. It is protected by the federal police. The well-known main building in the rationalist style was designed by the architect Paul Baumgarten.
The State Mint. in the Stephanienstraße was built by Friedrich Weinbrenner and is today one of five German mints, in which between 210 and 250 million coins are minted annually.
The Sweden Palace. is a representative residential building in Karlsruhe, which was built between 1768 and 1770 in the Louis Seize style.
The State Art Gallery, Hans-Thoma-Strasse 2, 76133 Karlsruhe. Phone: +49 (0)721 926 33 59 . ith the adjoining Orangery, Heinrich Hübsch built it as the Grand Ducal Picture Gallery between 1836 and 1846 and is one of the oldest museum buildings in Germany.
The former department store Karstadt (Kaufhaus Karstadt). in Kaiserstrasse (today Karstadt) is one of the few surviving examples of department store architecture from the early 20th century.
The central station. Karlsruhe was built from 1910 to 1913 according to plans by August Stürzenacker. The building has both classical and Art Nouveau features. The station and forecourt form a typical ensemble of urban architecture from the years before the First World War.



The pyramid on the market square is the symbol of the city. Below her are the vaults of a former church in which the town's founder is buried, Margrave Karl Wilhelm von Baden-Durlach.
The constitutional column (Großherzog-Karl-Denkmal) on Rondellplatz is an obelisk flanked by two griffins and commemorates the entry into force of the Baden constitution of 1818.
The Kaiser Wilhelm Monument on Kaiserplatz is an equestrian statue commemorating the first German Emperor.
At the corner of Moltkestraße/Willi-Brandt-Allee there is a 17 memorial stone for Siegfried Buback and his companions (murdered here by the RAF in 1977).



Every year, always on the first Saturday in August, the Long Night of the Museums, KAMUNA for short, takes place.

Baden State Museum (in the Karlsruhe Palace) . Collection of art and everyday objects from the Stone Age to the 19th century. Open: Tue-Thu 10am-5pm, Fri-Sun 10am-6pm.
Natural History Museum, Erbprinzenstraße 13 at Friedrichsplatz. Phone: +49 (0)721 175 2111 . Admission is free with the Upper Rhine Museum Pass. Departments: Geology, Minerals, Prehistoric Life and Fossils, Habitats of the Earth. Vivarium: live animals in terrariums or aquariums, changing special exhibitions, etc. Open: Tue–Fri 9:30 a.m.–5:00 p.m., Sat–Sun, public holidays 10:00 a.m.–6:00 p.m. Price: €2.50, school classes €0.50 per student.
ZKM Center for Art and Media Technology. in the Lorenzstraße next to the server centers of web.de and 1&1.
Karlsruhe State Art Gallery, Hans-Thoma-Strasse 2, 76133 Karlsruhe. Phone: +49 (0)721 926 33 59 . Closed for refurbishment "for the coming years". There is an interim exhibition at the ZKM. Open: Tue-Fri 10am-5pm, Sat-Sun, public holidays 10am-6pm. Price: Main building: €10, reduced: €8, students: €2, families: €20, free entry with the Upper Rhine Museum Pass.
Transport Museum, Werderstrasse 63, 76137 Karlsruhe. Tel.: +49 (0)721 37 44 35, e-mail: Verkehrsmuseum-Karlsruhe@t-online.de, Verkehrsmuseum@Verkehrswacht-Karlsruhe.de . The volunteer-run museum shows a collection of historic motor vehicles, motorcycles and bicycles. The exhibition is supplemented by a large model railway layout. Open: Sun 10:00 - 13:00. Price: €4.00, €2.00 (students, pupils), free (up to 5 years).


Streets and squares

The market square forms the center of the city centre. Here you will find, among other things, the town hall, the grave of the city founder and some other buildings and monuments worth seeing. There are also many shops and cafes here.
Ludwigsplatz is one of the most popular squares in the western part of the city centre. Numerous restaurants, bars and cafés invite you to linger and have a cocktail after work. The motto here: "See and be seen". During the summer months, after-work parties are regularly held on Ludwigsplatz. It is connected to Stephanplatz via Erbprinzenstraße.
The Werderplatz is a lively square and the cultural center of the south of Karlsruhe. Multicultural and alternative shops and bars dominate here. In addition to shopping, you will also find the KOHI cultural center and the "Indian Fountain" - the landmark of the southern part of the city. For many Karlsruhers, there is no duplicate of the Werderplatz lifestyle in Karlsruhe.
Gutenbergplatz is a popular square in the western part of Karlsruhe with numerous shops, restaurants and cafés. Karlsruhe's oldest and loveliest weekly market takes place here every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday from 7:30 a.m. The Krautkopf and Pelikan fountains are eye-catchers on Gutenbergplatz.

The "Platz der Grundrechte" laid out in 2005 is located between the Zirkel and the Schlossplatz in the pedestrian zone between the Marktplatz and the castle. Here you will find 24 double-sided street signs dealing with the issues of right and wrong - with testimonies from judges, lawyers and citizens who have gotten into trouble with the law. The Square of Fundamental Rights is a gift from the city of Karlsruhe to the Federal Constitutional Court located here.


Parks and gardens

The castle park is very large and offers a nice atmosphere for young and old to go for walks, play Frisbee, football etc. or just let the sun shine on your head. In summer, the Schlossgartenbahn also runs, sometimes with a diesel or steam locomotive. This small train, built in 1967 on the occasion of the Bundesgartenbau, runs on a 2.5 km long circuit through the park.
Botanical Garden . The botanical garden is located on the edge of the palace garden, near the orangery and is considered the green oasis in the heart of the residential city of Karlsruhe. It houses over 20 special tree species from different continents, cacti display houses and numerous greenhouses with tropical plants. There is also a greenhouse that can be visited and a restaurant with an outdoor area. Open: Tue-Fri 10:00-16:45, Sat-Sun, Holiday 10:00-17:45. Price: adults €2.
The Günther-Klotz-Anlage is a green and leisure facility on the Alb.



The Turmbergbahn to the Turmberg in the district of Durlach is the oldest funicular in Germany (built in 1888). In good weather you have a view of the whole city and as far as the Palatinate and Alsace. There are several hiking trails there. Travel times from April to November 1 daily 10:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., in the other months, on weekends and public holidays 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., every 15 minutes or as required. The railway is still manned by a conductor who operates the railway and sells tickets. The Turmbergbahn is not integrated into the Karlsruher Verkehrsverbund, so separate tickets are required. On New Year's Eve, the cable car is also in operation until midnight. Fares for ascent or descent: Adults €2.00; Children (2-15 years) €1.20, ascent and descent: adults €3.00; Children (2-15 years) €1.90; Family ticket €5.50 (as of 2021).

Contact: Tel. +49 0721/6107-5885; Page of the KVV to the Turmbergbahn. not barrier-free The Turmbergbahn is not suitable for transporting wheelchairs (access via steps and very narrow doors)

Historical tram
On selected days, a club offers rides on the historic tram.


What to do

Celebrations and festivals

African Summer Festival. Annual African cultural festival held in July. A high cultural level is always guaranteed through the participation of representative music and dance groups from various African countries. These bring the visitors closer to their respective way of life. The African ambience is determined by music from Friday to Sunday. The program is rounded off by culinary specialties, drumming workshops, dance workshops, children's entertainment, a bazaar, an African market, a fashion show and exhibitions and readings by well-known African artists.
The party. Annual open-air festival over three days. Location: Günther Klotz facility (park southwest of downtown).
Durlach Old Town Festival. The city's biggest festival is celebrated every year on the first weekend in July. There is live music from mostly regional bands on countless stages. The local clubs offer cultural and culinary delights. The festival usually attracts around 200,000 visitors over the two days.
city birthday The city's birthday is celebrated every year in mid-June.
In mid-October there is a city festival in the city centre. with live music, lots of activities for young and old and a shopping Sunday.
The harbor culture festival. takes place annually at the end of June at the Rhine port. In addition to music and regional cuisine, there are boat tours, steam trains and helicopter tours.



Karlsruher SkateNite Every year in the summer months you have the opportunity to inline skate on streets specially cordoned off through the center of Karlsruhe. The event takes place every two weeks and is free of charge.
Karlsruher SC is currently playing in the second division. Tickets for games in the Wildpark Stadium are available from €9, concessions from €5.
From Durlach there is a nice bike path along the Pfinz to Pforzheim.
Bowling Center LAGO, Gablonzer Straße 13, 76185 Karlsruhe. Tel.: +49 (0)721 570 42 30. Bowling lanes, billiard and table football tables, beer garden and screens for live football broadcasts.
The Rock, Ziegelstraße 1 (near Westbahnhof). Tel: (0)721 5695482.



The whole of Karlsruhe is a creative city!

At Gottesauer Castle there is an open-air cinema for several weeks every summer.
At the beginning of September, more than 300 types of beer from all over the world are offered at the Karlsruhe Beer Exchange.
RetroGames e.V. is a museum for video game machines from 1976 to today. You can play at over 40 machines. For non-members Saturday from 9 p.m. or by appointment.
The Tempel cultural center on the site of the former Seldeneck brewery is a unique, listed building. It has also been an independent, socio-cultural center since 1984, supported by the Kulturverein Tempel e. V. as initiator and landlord. What is unique for Karlsruhe is that the temple is not just a stage for events, but above all a "breeding ground" for art, culture and social affairs. Here they work and rehearse in studios and on stages. Here are the spaces that are so rare for artists and cultural workers before their big public appearance. And for youth, district and cultural associations the space to develop their commitment.


Baths and bathing lakes

Indoor pools
The Europabad. is a water park with a wild water slide, among other things.
The Vierordtbad. is a wellness pool with a sauna landscape, including a steam bath, hot-air room and adventure showers. Brunch is served there several times a week. Textile-free bathing partially possible.

Outdoor pools
The Rüppurr outdoor pool. offers a 50m swimming pool, a non-swimmer pool, a paddling pool and a slide.
The Rheinstrandbad Rappenwörth. is an outdoor pool with several slides and wave pools.
The sunbath. is an outdoor pool that is open from March until the end of November.

Bathing lakes
The bathing lake Buchtzig offers peace and relaxation for young and old with its beautiful sand and meadow beach
The Weingarten quarry lake is located in the Breitheide leisure area, where you can also find barbecue facilities in the summer at specially built barbecue areas. The distance from Karlsruhe/city center is about 18 km.
The Fuchs & Gros quarry lake in Eggenstein is a very large lake that is interesting for many groups such as bathers, surfers or divers. The bathing zone (complete southern half) around the lake always offers sunbathing lawns and beach sections of different sizes.
More bathing lakes in and around Karlsruhe can be found here!


Getting here

By plane
The nearest airport is about 30km south near Baden-Baden. To reach Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden Airport (IATA: FKB) by public transport, first take the S-Bahn to Rastatt or Baden-Baden, from where there are direct bus connections to the terminal. Depending on the time of day, the journey from the main train station takes between 40 and 70 minutes. There is also a bus connection with line 140, which runs from the train station in Heidelberg via Karlsruhe Hbf to Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden Airport.

The nearest major airports are Frankfurt Airport (IATA: FRA), Stuttgart Airport (IATA: STR) and Strasbourg Airport (IATA: SXB) . The former can be reached with the ICE from Karlsruhe every hour with a journey time of a good hour.

By train
Karlsruhe Central Station is served by several ICE, IC and TGV routes, e.g.:
ICE ... - Basel - Frankfurt - Kassel - Hamburg or - Berlin
ICE ... - Basel - Frankfurt - Cologne - Dusseldorf
IC Karlsruhe - Frankfurt - Kassel - Hamburg
IC ... - Basel - Cologne - Dortmund ( - Hamburg )
IC Karlsruhe - Stuttgart - Munich or - Nuremberg
TGV Paris - Strasbourg - Stuttgart - Munich
TGV Frankfurt-Marseille

Regional Express lines run to Stuttgart, Constance, Mainz and Neustadt an der Weinstrasse. Other routes are connected with regional trains, the RheinNeckar S-Bahn or a dense light rail network. With these trains, tourist destinations in the Black Forest (Albtal, Murgtal, Enztal, Schwarzwaldbahn) and in the Kraichgau can be reached without changing trains, some with network tariffs, as well as cities such as Heidelberg. Destinations in the Palatinate Forest or in Alsace near the border (Lauterbourg, Wissembourg) can be reached with one change and the regional tariff, at weekends also directly (Dahner Felsenland). In summer there is a cycle train to the Murg Valley on Sundays.

There are other stops in the city area for regional traffic: Hagsfeld on the route to Graben-Neudorf, West, Mühlburg, Knielingen on the route to Wörth am Rhein, Durlach on the routes to Heidelberg and Stuttgart.

The KONUS guest card for the Black Forest holiday region is valid until Karlsruhe.

By bus
Some long-distance bus lines stop on the south side of the main station near its rear entrance.
In the street

In Karlsruhe, environmental zones have been set up in accordance with the Fine Dust Ordinance. If you don't have the appropriate badge, you risk a fine of €100 when entering an environmental zone. This also applies to foreign road users.
Entry ban for vehicles of pollutant groups 1+2+3 (Info Federal Environment Agency)

The federal motorways A5 (Basel-Frankfurt) and the A8 (Karlsruhe-Munich) meet in Karlsruhe. You can drive to the city center via one of the exits Karlsruhe-Mitte, -Süd or -Durlach. The A65 from the direction of Rhineland-Palatinate turns into an expressway (Südtangente) shortly before Karlsruhe am Rhein, which leads to the A5.

By boat
Karlsruhe has its own port on the Rhine, which is mainly used for freight traffic. The excursion boats that anchor here have more entertainment than commercial value.

Mooring with pleasure boats is possible.

By bicycle
Among other things, Karlsruhe is located on the Rhine Cycle Path and the Heidelberg-Black Forest-Bodensee-Weg.


Transport around the city

Public transport

The public transport system in Karlsruhe is very well developed. Karlsruhe is particularly well-known for the Karlsruhe model, in which Stadtbahn lines are operated as trams in the city center and tracks of the “normal” railway are also used outside. This means that there are connections from the surrounding area directly to the city center without having to change trains.
Trams have the right of way at most crossings. All public transport is part of the Karlsruher Verkehrsverbund (KVV) and can (with the exception of the Turmbergbahn and Schlossgartenbahn) be used with a single ticket.

Proof of the success of the Karlsruhe model is the drastically increasing number of users, most recently 167 million passengers per year (2019). For this reason, too, the so-called combined solution has been in operation since December 2021, with which, among other things, a light rail tunnel — comparable to subways in other cities — was built under Kaiserstrasse, Karlsruhe’s main shopping street and pedestrian zone, and the construction of a second railway line in the war road envisages.

Most tram lines run every 10 minutes during the day, and every 20 minutes after 8:00 p.m. and on Sundays until around 1:00 a.m. There is a night line network on Friday, Saturday and public holidays, which can be used to reach most destinations at least every hour throughout the night.

limited barrier-free The barrier-free development of the stops and the use of suitable trains varies greatly. Newer branches of the route and the first converted stops in the city center currently only form a rather rudimentary network suitable for wheelchairs. There are also different vehicle heights: low-floor trains, i.e. trains with a particularly low boarding height suitable for 34 cm high platforms, medium-floor trains suitable for 55 cm high platforms and the S-Bahn RheinNeckar suitable for 76 cm high platforms. There are currently some transfer options between these at Durlach train station, at Gottesauer Platz stop and at Mühlburger Tor. Basically, the low-floor trams are the most barrier-free. However, it should be noted that step-free boarding is not possible on every platform; whether one is possible can be found on the network map or the passenger information displays.
All platforms at Karlsruhe Central Station can be reached by elevator. However, the tram stop on the station forecourt is not wheelchair accessible, but low-floor trams can be reached at the nearby Poststrasse stop. For more information, see the Stadtwiki Karlsruhe on the subject of barrier-free local transport and the KVV line network.

A distinction is made in Karlsruhe:
purely inner-city lines whose numbers do NOT begin with an S (currently 1-6 and 8) and which are operated with low-floor trams
Stadtbahn lines to the surrounding area, the number of which begins with an S
Lines without two-system technology that run entirely with low-floor light rail vehicles (S1/S11 and S2).
Lines with two-system technology, which often run with medium-floor trams, sometimes also with high-floor trams (S31/S32, S4/S41/S42, S5/S51/S52, S6, S7/S71, S8/S81). Barrier-free entry to medium-floor trams is possible at the Tullastraße and Mühlburger Tor stops, as well as at all stops in the tunnel and some DB stops.
Furthermore, the barrier-free line S3 of the S-Bahn RheinNeckar also reaches Karlsruhe Central Station

So there are lines with different destinations that differ only by the S in the number, which can be confusing for non-residents.



A single trip for the Karlsruhe city area costs €2.80 (as of 2021).[2] The day pass is recommended. They are available in the City/3 honeycomb versions (e.g. the city of Karlsruhe plus a neighboring honeycomb) for single travelers or for a maximum of five people, as well as Regio (KVV area) and RegioX (KVV plus some other routes). They are also available from the bus drivers of the city buses, from the ticket machines at the bus stops and from the ticket machines in the trains. Tickets are no longer available from the drivers of the city trams and trams.

Bahncard holders can purchase a BahnCard ticket for single journeys. This costs about 25% less than the normal price. These tickets are available from machines, but not from the driver.

Attention: At normal KVV machines you can get non-validated tickets that have to be validated on the train or on DB trains on the platform, while at DB machines and KVV machines on DB premises you can get tickets that have already been validated. If you want to buy tickets in advance, you should pay attention to the information on validation at the machine.


By bicycle

In the 2018 cycle climate test by the ADFC, Karlsruhe was awarded an overall score of 3.15 as the most cycle-friendly city in Germany.

In Karlsruhe, Deutsche Bahn operates its “Call a Bike” station-based bicycle rental system at both of its stations. In addition, since 2014 there has been the KVV.nextbike rental system (formerly fan bike) from Nextbike. This is a free-floating system, which means that bicycles can be parked freely within a larger zone. Pedelecs (“e-bikes”) and cargo bikes (“cargo bikes”) are also offered under more restrictive conditions.



The motto also applies to the whole of Karlsruhe: Miles, Malls and More. One strolls along the shopping streets in the Kaiserstrasse, Karlstrasse and Waldstrasse. Most department stores and retail stores are located on Kaiserstrasse. A somewhat upscale selection of shopping facilities can be found in the Postgalerie and in Waldstraße behind it. The Post Gallery in the former main post office in Karlsruhe is one of the most beautiful shopping galleries in Germany. Flooded with light, spacious, modern and well-kept, the Post Gallery has been presenting itself as a nationally known, unique shopping mall with a total of over 50 different specialty shops, shops and restaurants since 2001. In November 2012, the Irish textile retailer PRIMARK opened its first branch in Baden-Württemberg in the Post Galerie. Ettlinger Tor, a few meters south of the market square, is a large shopping mall with many shops. The Ettlinger Tor Karlsruhe has three levels, the galleries have a sales area totaling approx. 33,000 square meters with 130 specialist shops and an overwhelming variety of fashion, trends and accessories, cosmetics, beauty and wellness. With literature and consumer electronics, with brands and labels, surrounded by restaurants, cafés and bars. Ettlinger Tor is open until 10 p.m. on Thursdays.

Reisebuchladen-Karlsruhe.de (Volker Hager & Michael Oberdorfer GbR), Herrenstraße 33. Tel.: +49 721 47008896, fax: +49 721 47008895, e-mail: Info@Reisebuchladen-Karlsruhe.de.



It is said that the region around Karlsruhe has one of the best kitchens in Germany. Influenced by the surrounding regions, particularly Alsace and Switzerland, there are a variety of interesting dishes. In most regional restaurants and beer gardens you can get typical dishes such as meatloaf in different variations, Maultaschen and tarte flambée. Typical side dishes are potato salad, spaetzle, sauerkraut and pretzels.

In addition, as everywhere in Germany, a large selection of international cuisine has settled. Italian, Turkish and Spanish restaurants are particularly common.

The region is also a well-known wine region.

Most restaurants offer a lunch menu for 5-10 euros.

The student pub Die Kippe. on Gottesauer Strasse. From the university you go only 5 minutes. In the Kippe there are 5 different student meals for everyone every day. The dishes cost less than €3 and are very popular with the students, so it's correspondingly lively.
The 1 Cafe Enamel. is like the Café Bleu an offshoot of the Kippe. Accordingly, both the menu and the look are in the typical style with "Studi" (or "Hammer") food and "Hammer breakfast" for 3.90 euros as well as enamel signs on the walls. However, the Café Emaille is a bit more elegant and less rustic than the Kippe, thanks to the large panoramic windows, plenty of space and a small adjoining room with sofas.
The cafete of the university is also inexpensive. Danger! You can only pay with cash in the cafete, for the canteen you have to buy a credit card!
The 2 Ballermann. next to the main building of the university there are burgers, currywurst, gyros and co. Bundesliga games are also broadcast on a screen.
3 Mömax Restaurant, Am Storrenacker 2, 76139 Karlsruhe (industrial area). Phone: +49-721-6659252-11, email: karlsruhe@moemax.de. Very cheap, especially the offers from the advertising booklet.

Littfass: Student bar with cheap dishes
Weinstube/Restaurant "Seilerei" at Kaiserstraße 47 with an extensive menu, cozy atmosphere and the best service. http://www.seilerei-ka.de/
The El Taquito on Herrenstrasse offers extensive Mexican cuisine and good cocktails.
The Toro Tapasbar is a cozy little restaurant that serves a variety of Spanish tapas and Basque dishes. With a bit of luck, you can meet real celebrities here. Wonderful holiday mood.
In the La Dolce Vita at the Saumarkt in Durlach there is fine Italian cuisine at reasonable prices.
The Spanish restaurant Besitos on the market square has good tapas and cocktails.
The Viva is a vegetarian restaurant on Lammstrasse.

artist bar. Old-rustic and partly listed inn in Karlsruhe-Daxlanden.
Oberland wine bar. Very good restaurant in the Akademiestr. 7, nice little courtyard.



Rauerei Moninger, Zeppelinstraße 17 (bus stop Sinner). Tel.: +49 721 5307689. The restaurant serves inexpensive regional cuisine and 6 home-brewed draft beers. Open: Mon–Sun 11:00 a.m.–12:00 a.m.; Kitchen: 11:30 - 22:00.
Wolfsbräu, Werderstrasse 51, 76137 Karlsruhe. Tel.: +49 721 3545770. Delicious salads and pizzas, along with home-brewed beer. Open: weekdays and public holidays 4:30 p.m.–12:00 a.m., in winter from 5:00 p.m., weekends 11:45 a.m.–1:00 a.m. Price: Pizza from €7.
Vogel Hausbräu Durlach, Amalienbadstrasse 16, 76227 Karlsruhe. Tel.: +49 721 819680. Small brewery with a few smaller dishes, nice beer garden in summer. Price: main courses from €7.
Hoepfner Burghof, Haid-und-Neu-Strasse 18, 76131 Karlsruhe. Tel.: +49 721 622644. The brick brewery building looks like a castle with battlements. Hotel, restaurant with Baden cuisine and a large beer garden next door. Open: Kitchen hours: Mon–Sat 11:30 a.m.–2:00 p.m. and 5:00 p.m.–10:00 p.m., 2:00 p.m.–5:00 p.m. small menu, Sunday and public holidays 11:30 a.m.–9:00 p.m. Price: Main courses 10€ - 22€.




The Pinte, Leopoldstr. 15. Tel: +49 721 28649. The door is normally locked, you have to ring the bell to be let in. Open: Tue-Fri from 7 p.m., Sat from 8 p.m.
Kippe, the 7 Das Stovchen and the Cafe Emaille are typical student bars with cheap drinks and simple dishes.
Beer Academy, Douglasstr. 10, D-76133 Karlsruhe. Tel: +49 (0) 721 27302. Smoking area. Large selection of beers. Open: Fri & Sat until 3:00.
Cafe Zero (near Marktplatz). There's beer and cocktails in an interesting, ornate setting.
Titanic, Kronenstr. 3, 76133 Karlsruhe. KSC fans meet at the Titanic after games.
Bray Head, Chapel Street. There are locally brewed Irish beers, as well as Irish whiskeys and food.
Milano Bar, Marienstrasse (corner of Schützenstrasse). Mixed music, there is a foosball table and several televisions on which football, among other things, is broadcast. It is smoked. Open: All day, Sun-Thu until 2am, Fri until 4am (with DJ), Sat until 3am.
Kranz, Pfinztalstr. 39, 76227 Karlsruhe-Durlach. Tel.: +49 (0)721 405485. In the Kranz in Durlach there is beer, schnapps and Kurdish cuisine. Also well attended during the week. Open: 17:00-1:00.
Scruffy's. Rustic Irish pub, where you quickly get the feeling of really being in Ireland. The staff mainly speaks English.


Bars and lounges

Elios Bar, Ettlinger Strasse. Most famous cocktail bar in Karlsruhe.
Cafe Vienna. Pub that turns into a dance floor in the evening, student pub in the Oststadt.
King Carl. Unique penthouse bar specializing in premium cocktails. It is in the middle of the Europlatz in the heart of Karlsruhe.
Oval Lounge. There is always something to hear, see and enjoy here: The Oval Lounge regularly invites interesting artists from music, art and culture and offers a wide range of interesting events and parties.
Deelight Lounge, Hirschstrasse 11 a. Tel.: +49 (0) 721 20 400 585. The small cocktail bar "Deelight Lounge" is located in the middle of Karlsruhe's party mile. It is characterized by what is perhaps the "best cocktails in town" and its intimate, very hospitable atmosphere.


Clubs and discos

Gothec Club. National and international techno acts (Liebing, Beyer, Motte and many more) at their finest.
Krokokeller, Bürgerstraße 14. The charming vaulted cellar in the middle of Karlsruhe city center, near Ludwigsplatz, has been the place to go for a relaxed audience of all ages for over 15 years.
The city center, Baumeisterstraße 3. Tel.: +49 (0)721 3546381, e-mail: info@die-stadtmitte.de. A very nice beer garden, which also invites you to sit outside in winter. Casual clothing style is welcome. Theatrical performances and concerts are also held regularly.



Karlsruhe Youth Hostel, Moltkestrasse 24, 76133 Karlsruhe. Tel.: +49 (0)721 28248. Price: BB €22.70 including bed linen.

Hotels & Hostels
Hotel Garni Betzler, Amalienstrasse 3, 76133 Karlsruhe. The house is conveniently located yet quiet, in the middle of Karlsruhe. You can easily reach the most important places in the city on foot. Feature: Garni.

Camping Durlach, Tiengener Str. 40, 76227 Karlsruhe. Phone: +49 (0)721 94303430.

Other accommodation
Karlsruhe has a very active couchsurfing community.

Hotel ALFA Karlsruhe-City, Blumenstrasse 17, 76133 Karlsruhe. Tel.: +49 721 299 26. In a good location on Ludwigsplatz, the center of Karlsruhe's pedestrian zone.
Art Hotel Royal, Kriegsstrasse 94, 76133 Karlsruhe. Phone: +49 (0) 721 - 93 38 05-0. The Hotel Royal is located in a listed building, which has been extensively renovated and has its own art collection with contemporary art. A bar is attached to the spacious lounge.

Schlosshotel Karlsruhe, Bahnhofplatz 2, 76137 Karlsruhe. For guests who appreciate tradition and the most modern amenities, the castle hotel, built in 1914 as a grand hotel in the heart of the fan-shaped city of Karlsruhe, is still the first address for overnight stays, meetings and celebrations.
Novotel Karlsruhe City, Festplatz 2, 76137 Karlsruhe. The modern Novotel Karlsruhe City is in a perfect downtown location with a direct connection to the congress center. The fully air-conditioned 4-star superior hotel has 246 elegant rooms.
Hotel Erbprinz, Rheinstrasse 1, 76275 Ettlingen. The Erbprinz is distinguished by the fact that it is a luxury hotel in Ettlingen with a 5-star superior rating. On the other hand, its location is extremely attractive: close to the Black Forest and Alsace, to Karlsruhe, Baden-Baden and Stuttgart, it attracts both private guests and corporate customers.



Karlsruhe has a total of eight universities. The most famous of them:
KIT (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology), Kaiserstrasse 12, 76131 Karlsruhe. Phone: +49 721 608-0. The KIT was created in 2009 through the merger of the former Technical University (formerly Fridericiana) and the Research Center (formerly Nuclear Research Center)
Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences, Moltkestrasse 30. Tel.: +49(0)721 925-0.
University of Education, Bismarckstrasse 10, 76133 Karlsruhe.
University of Music, in Gottesaue Castle. edit info
University of Design, Lorenzstr. 15. In the neighborhood is the ZKM (Center for Art and Media Technology)

In addition, Karlsruhe has more than a dozen grammar schools, a number of secondary schools, and commercial and industrial vocational schools. Also worth mentioning:
The Center Culturel Franco-Allemand offers French courses for all levels.
The European School in the Waldstadt
The community college.



Karlsruhe is considered the "Internet capital" of Germany. Presumably influenced by the university, which played an important role in the development of the Internet in Germany, there are over 2,500 large and small IT companies here. Some nationally known are United Internet (1&1, GMX, web.de), ptv and billiger.de. 40% of all German websites are managed by Karlsruhe companies and Europe's largest data center is located in the city.



No problem in Karlsruhe - due to various security for the Federal Constitutional Court and the Federal Court of Justice, there is a constant presence of the police and federal border guards. In the ranking of the safest cities in Germany, Karlsruhe is in 16th place out of 37. There are 10,718 crimes per 100,000 inhabitants per year.



Karlsruhe has a high density of hospitals. Here, the large complex of the Municipal Clinic stands out. But the smaller hospitals, such as the (new and old) Vincentius Hospital, the Deaconess Hospital and the Marien Clinic should not go unmentioned.


The Karlsruhe Municipal Clinic, founded in 1907 in the north-west of the city, is the largest hospital in the Middle Upper Rhine region with around 1,400 beds and more than 4,000 employees. Since 1995, a private cardiac surgery clinic with 89 beds, which belongs to the Helios Clinic Group, has been adjacent to it. The St. Vincentius clinics have around 800 beds and the Karlsruhe-Rüppurr deaconess hospital around 500 beds.

The Paracelsus Clinic in Durlach had 157 beds and was closed at the end of February 2018.

The rescue helicopter Christoph 43 of the DRF Luftrettung is stationed at the St. Vincentius-Kliniken. The Karlsruhe Air Rescue Center has existed since 1975.


Practical hints

Tourist information at the main train station, Bahnhofplatz 6, 76137 Karlsruhe. Phone: +49 721 3720-5383, +49 721 3720-5384, Fax: +49 721 3720-5385. Open: Mon-Fri 8:30am-6:00pm, Sat 9:00am-1:00pm.
The Karlsruher Stadtwiki is an extensive, non-commercial encyclopedia about Karlsruhe with almost 20,000 articles about the city and the region.




Before the city was founded

Several villages and the cities of Durlach and Mühlburg were located in the vicinity of the planned city of Karlsruhe, which was only founded in the Hardtwald in 1715. These places, which are now incorporated into Karlsruhe as districts, have a much longer history than today's core city.

In Knielingen, Rüppurr and Durlach there is evidence of hatchets and bronze ingots from the Bronze Age. In 1911 a cemetery was found with ten burials from the younger Iron Age. On the edge of a Roman settlement in the Grünwinkel district, three brick kilns and a pottery kiln were uncovered in 1922–1927, which were believed to have operated from the end of the 1st century AD to the end of the 2nd century. A grave field with 44 burials and many other traces such as individual graves, brick kilns or coins indicate a Roman settlement.

In 786 the oldest district Knielingen was first mentioned in a document. The Counts of Hohenberg built the castle complex on the Turmberg near Durlach in the 11th century. In 1094 they donated the Benedictine monastery Gottesaue, on whose grounds Gottesaue Castle has stood since the late 16th century. The monastery favored the growth of nearby settlements such as Mühlburg, Knielingen or Neureut. In the year 1196 Durlach was first mentioned as a town.

In 1525 Mühlburg, Durlach and Neureut joined the peasant revolt. Baden-Durlach became Protestant in 1556 and as a result the Neureuters bought themselves free from serfdom in 1563. When Margrave Karl II moved his residence from Pforzheim to Durlach in 1565, the city experienced an economic and cultural boom.

Rintheim, Durlach, Hagsfeld and Mühlburg were destroyed in the Thirty Years War. During the Palatinate War of Succession, French troops destroyed the royal seat of Durlach, Gottesaue Castle, Rintheim, Mühlburg, Knielingen and Daxlanden in 1689, but Rüppurr was not destroyed.

In 1699 Huguenots who had fled settled in Neureut. A new district developed, which was called Welschneureut. In contrast, the old district was called Teutschneureut.


18th century

Karlsruhe is one of the last major European city foundations on the drawing board. Karl Wilhelm, Margrave of Baden-Durlach, swapped the mediaeval narrowness of his former residence in Durlach for a new city that was open in structure and spirit.

According to legend, Karl Wilhelm fell asleep while riding a hunt in the Hardtwald. He dreamed of a splendid castle that lay like the sun in the center of his new residence, the streets of the city were like the rays of the sun. Karl Wilhelm had his dream city designed (see also: planned city) and founded the residence named after him ("Carols Ruhe") on June 17, 1715 with the laying of the foundation stone for the Karlsruhe castle tower.

The actual motives for the foundation have not been passed down. The radial structure, which is also seen as the urban embodiment of absolutism, corresponds to the typology of a hunting star and opened up the Hardtwald as a hunting area. The tower initially served as a hunting and pleasure palace. Karlsruhe only became the residence of the margraviate of Baden-Durlach in 1718.

The city complex has been preserved to this day: the castle is located in the center of a circle from which roads radiate into the city to the south and avenues through the Hardtwald to the north. From the castle tower in the center you can see all the rays. There are a total of 32 streets and avenues. This number corresponds exactly to the division of the compass rose. The southern quarter of the full circle formed the built-up urban area and extended to the Durlach – Mühlburg road, today's Kaiserstrasse. The floor plan is reminiscent of a fan, which is why Karlsruhe is known as the “fan city”. The streets were named after the members of the House Order of Loyalty, which was founded on the occasion of the laying of the foundation stone. The planning, which was entirely geared towards the prince, initially provided neither a town hall nor a market square.

With the letter of privilege dated September 24, 1715, which summarized his idea of ​​a model city and already bore many signs of an ultra-modern image of the state and people, Karl Wilhelm created incentives to colonize Karlsruhe. Much appears in the “privileges” that the European peoples fought for in the revolutions of the following years, up to the 20th century, as a good right for every person: personal freedom, economic freedoms, equality before the law, political participation. People from France, Poland, Italy, Switzerland and many German countries took part in the construction of Karlsruhe. The city's first mayor, Johannes Sembach, was from Strasbourg.

After the reunification of Baden-Durlach with the Margraviate of Baden-Baden in 1771, Karlsruhe was the residence of the entire Margraviate of Baden.


19th century

From 1806 the city was the residence of the Grand Dukes of Baden. In 1818 Grand Duke Carl in Karlsruhe enacted the Baden constitution, which was very liberal for the time. In 1822, the first specially built parliament building on German soil was built in Karlsruhe (Ständehaus Memorial). Friedrich Hecker, one of the leaders of the Baden Revolution of 1848/49, was one of the members of the Baden Estates Assembly.

In 1825, Grand Duke Ludwig I founded the Polytechnic as the nucleus of the University of Karlsruhe, and since 2009 the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. In 1846, one of the first volunteer fire brigades was established in Durlach alongside the Heidelberger.

In the course of the Baden Revolution, Grand Duke Leopold fled to Koblenz in May 1849. Until the suppression of the insurgents in Rastatt by Prussian troops in July, Baden was de facto a republic. With the first German administrative court and with it the first possibility in Germany to enforce civil rights against legal violations of the state, Karlsruhe 1863/64 marked a milestone on the way to turn subjects into citizens.

From September 3rd to 5th, 1860, the Karlsruhe Congress took place in Karlsruhe, the first international specialist congress of a natural science discipline. In 1862 - earlier than anywhere else - the proverbial Baden liberality found its expression in the civil equality of the Jews.

On November 4, 1876, the first symphony in C minor, Opus 68 by Johannes Brahms was premiered by the Grand Ducal Badische Hofkapelle in Karlsruhe. On January 21, 1877, the first horse-drawn tram in Karlsruhe ran. On September 16, 1893, the first German girls' grammar school was opened in Karlsruhe, today's Lessing grammar school.


20th century

In 1901, the population exceeded 100,000, making Karlsruhe a major city. In the course of time, numerous neighboring communities were incorporated or incorporated, including Durlach, from where the city of Karlsruhe was founded.

During the First World War, the city with its arms factories (including German arms and ammunition factories) and its train station was the target of 14 air raids with a total of 168 dead and 344 injured. In the heaviest attack on June 22, 1916, around 40 bombs hit the area at Ettlinger Tor, where a performance by the Hagenbeck circus was taking place. 120 people, including 71 children, were killed.

After the November Revolution of 1918, Karlsruhe lost its function as a residence and became the capital of the Free State of Baden. Karlsruhe was also, as in the times of the monarchy, the seat of the regional commissioner district of Karlsruhe.

The 21st German Fire Brigade Day took place in Karlsruhe from August 3 to 8, 1932. It was the last one before Nazi rule and World War II.

During the Second World War, Karlsruhe lost its political importance when Alsace, unofficially annexed to the Greater German Reich, was combined with Baden to form the Gau Baden-Alsace, the planned Reichsgau Upper Rhine, and its political center was moved to Strasbourg. In the Wagner-Bürckel action, the Jews still living in the area of ​​this Reichsgau were deported to the Camp de Gurs camp. Likewise, the families of the Sinti and Roma, who mainly lived in the “Dörfle”, were deported to Auschwitz in May 1940 from the police headquarters on the market square over the Hohenasperg.

Between 1940 and 1945, 135 air and artillery attacks by the Allies on Karlsruhe are documented, including 13 major attacks with more than 100 bombers. At least 12,000 tons of high explosive and incendiary bombs were dropped over the city. 1,754 people died and 3,508 were injured. Karlsruhe was, depending on the calculation basis, 24 to 38% destroyed. On April 4, 1945, the French 1st Army occupied the city after little resistance.

After the war, Karlsruhe was added to the American occupation zone and the state of Württemberg-Baden, and since the creation of the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, Karlsruhe has belonged to it.

In the Federal Republic of Germany, Karlsruhe became the "residence of law": in 1950 the Federal Court of Justice began its work there. The Federal Constitutional Court followed on September 28, 1951. The first president was the FDP politician Hermann Höpker-Aschoff. From 1952 to 1972, Karlsruhe was the seat of the administrative district of North Baden, and since January 1, 1973 it has been the seat of the administrative district of Karlsruhe.

The 1967 Federal Horticultural Show took place in Karlsruhe. On this occasion, the city garden, zoo and palace park were, in some cases, significantly redesigned and adapted to the leisure needs of the citizens.

In 1969, the city of Karlsruhe was awarded the Europe Prize for its outstanding efforts to promote European integration.

In 1972 the city began to set up pedestrian zones on Kaiserstraße. The current state of a continuous pedestrian zone from Kronen- to Europaplatz was achieved in 1984.


On January 1, 1972 Hohenwettersbach and Stupferich were incorporated. Wolfartsweier joined on January 1, 1973. Grötzingen and Wettersbach followed on January 1, 1975. The municipality of Neureut was the last to be incorporated on February 14, 1975, despite strong resistance from the residents there, following a decision by the State Court. Colloquially, people still speak of “compulsory” incorporation or “compulsory incorporation”.

On April 7, 1977, Federal Prosecutor General Siegfried Buback was murdered on the way to work together with his driver and a judicial officer by terrorists from the Red Army Faction.

On January 12 and 13, 1980, the federal party Die Grünen was founded in the congress center.

Germany's first real e-mails were received and sent on August 2, 1984 in the computing center of Karlsruhe University: The Karlsruhe internet pioneer Werner Zorn answered the official welcome message from the US American CSNET, a manufacturer-independent platform for electronic communication by scientists.

From July 20 to 30, 1989, the third alternative World Games took place in Karlsruhe, an international competition for athletes whose sports are not represented in the Olympic program. 1965 athletes took part in 19 disciplines.

Baden-Airport GmbH was founded on June 13, 1995. In Rheinmünster-Söllingen, 30 km to the south-west, the company expanded a former Canadian military airfield to the Karlsruhe / Baden-Baden airport and thus connected Karlsruhe to the international air traffic network.


21st century

In 2003, in the neighboring Rheinstetten district of Forchheim, the Karlsruhe Exhibition Center was opened to host national and international trade and public fairs.

On September 7, 2005, the ECE Ettlinger Tor shopping center, the largest inner-city shopping center in southwest Germany, opened its doors after a construction period of around two years. About four years earlier, the first inner-city shopping center in Karlsruhe was opened on September 27, 2001 in the former main post office on Europaplatz with the Postgalerie.

On May 25, 2009, the city received the title “Place of Diversity” awarded by the federal government. On January 21, 2010, Prime Minister Günther Oettinger, State Secretary Rainer Bomba and the Lord Mayor of Karlsruhe Heinz Fenrich broke ground for the construction of the tram tunnel on Europaplatz as part of the combined solution, which is supposed to relieve the main shopping street from rail traffic.

In the second quarter of 2014, the population of Karlsruhe exceeded 300,000 for the first time.

In 2015, the city held a summer festival called KA300 to celebrate the city's 300th birthday. The Schlosslichtspiele Karlsruhe, which took place for the first time on the city's birthday, has meanwhile established itself as an annual event.




The Karlsruhe urban area lies entirely on the right bank of the Rhine and predominantly in the Upper Rhine Plain. In the east it includes the Turmberg and the adjacent heights but also the edge of the hill country at the transition from the southern Kraichgau to the northern Black Forest. The districts of Durlach, Wolfartsweier, Hohenwettersbach, Grünwettersbach, Palmbach and Stupferich have been part of the Black Forest Middle / North Nature Park since January 2021.

The Rhine, one of the world's most important waterways, forms the western city limits, to which the state of Rhineland-Palatinate connects. The city center is 7.5 km from the river, measured from the market square. The small tributaries of the Rhine, Alb and Pfinz, flow through the plain in the urban area from the Black Forest and Kraichgau to the northwest. The city of Karlsruhe was founded away from the flood zones of the rivers on the lower terrace of the Upper Rhine (Hochgestade), which overlooks the lowlands of the Rhine floodplains in the west and the Kinzig-Murg-Rinne off the hills in the southeast and east by several meters. In the Rhine floodplains there are several old Rhine waters and the Knielinger See quarry, the largest lake in Karlsruhe with an area of ​​80.5 hectares.

The lowest point of the urban area is at the oil port on the Rhine at 100 m above sea level. , the highest in the animal enclosure at Grünwettersbach at 323.2 m above sea level. and the market square in the city center at 114.9 m above sea level.

The total area of ​​the city is 173.46 square kilometers. In terms of area, it ranks 30th among the major German cities (see: List of major cities in Germany). The largest extension in north-south direction is 16.8 km, in east-west direction 19.3 km.

The 49th parallel runs through Karlsruhe. The city is thus on the same geographical latitude as a large part of the state border between the USA and Canada and (approximately; viewed in west-east direction) the cities of Vancouver (Canada), Paris (France), Regensburg, Prešov (Slovakia) and Hulun Buir (China).

The city is part of the agglomeration of Karlsruhe / Pforzheim, which also includes some municipalities in the Karlsruhe district (especially the large district towns of Bruchsal, Ettlingen, Stutensee and Rheinstetten), the city of Pforzheim, the north-western part of the Enzkreis and the city of Mühlacker and the municipality of Niefern -Öschelbronn in the northeastern Enzkreis. Within the Middle Upper Rhine region, Karlsruhe is one of the 14 regional centers in Baden-Württemberg, which are designated according to the 2002 regional development plan. Cross-border Karlsruhe is part of the trinational metropolitan region of the Upper Rhine. In addition, in the Pamina Eurodistrict (Palatinat, Middle Upper Rhine and North Alsace) there are links with communities in the southern Palatinate and Lower Alsace.


Neighboring communities

The following cities and municipalities border the city of Karlsruhe. Going clockwise, starting in the north, they are called:

Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Stutensee, Weingarten (Baden), Pfinztal, Karlsbad, Waldbronn, Ettlingen and Rheinstetten (all districts of Karlsruhe) and on the opposite side of the Rhine, Hagenbach and Wörth am Rhein (both districts of Germersheim in Rhineland-Palatinate)



With an annual mean temperature of 11.0 ° C, Karlsruhe is one of the warmest cities in Germany and with an average annual sunshine duration of 1805 hours it is also one of the sunniest. With 21.4 hot days and 68.0 summer days per year (averages for the reference period 1981–2010), Karlsruhe has the highest values ​​of all German weather stations in both categories. The mean annual total precipitation of 783 mm (reference period 1981–2010), however, is close to the German average of 789 mm.

The protected location in the Upper Rhine Graben means that Karlsruhe is often oppressive in summer. The winters, on the other hand, are mostly mild and often characterized by the high fog typical of the Rhine Valley. On a long-term average, Karlsruhe has 60.7 frost days and 11.1 ice days per year.

On August 9 and 13, 2003, the then official German heat record, which had existed since 1983, was set in Karlsruhe with an absolute maximum temperature of 40.2 ° C, although it only lasted until summer 2015. The lowest temperature ever recorded in Karlsruhe was −25.4 ° C and was measured on January 18, 1940.


City structure

The urban area of ​​Karlsruhe is divided into 27 districts, which are further subdivided into city quarters, formerly also known as city districts. The eight inner districts are marked in red on the following map, the 19 outer districts in green and yellow. Apart from Oberreut, the Waldstadt and Weiherfeld-Dammerstock, three new housing estates of the 20th century, the outer districts go back to formerly independent towns and villages that are significantly older than Karlsruhe itself.


Protected areas

There are eight nature reserves in the city of Karlsruhe. This means that 728.74 hectares of the city area are under nature protection, which is 4.2 percent.

Old Karlsruhe Airport: 69.1 hectares
Altrhein Kleiner Bodensee: 216.8 hectares (of which 87.8 hectares are in the city of Karlsruhe)
Altrhein Maxau: 34.6 hectares
Burgau: 291.1 hectares
Erlachsee: 16.4 hectares
Fritschlach: 86.8 hectares
Kälberklamm and Hasenklamm: 21.1 hectares (of which 0.1 hectares in the city of Karlsruhe)
Weingartener Moor-Bruchwald Grötzingen: 255.6 hectares (of which 142.8 hectares are in the city of Karlsruhe)

The 17 landscape protection areas in Karlsruhe cover around 5760 hectares and thus a third of the city area. They extend over all natural areas of Karlsruhe. Directly adjacent to the castle in the city center are the parks of the castle gardens and the northern Hardtwald forest, a 15 km long forest area that extends into the neighboring district of Karlsruhe and is designated as a landscape conservation area. South-east of the main station is the Oberwald, a 583-hectare conservation area close to the densely populated Südstadt.



In 1556 the Lutheran Reformation was introduced in the Margraviate of Baden-Durlach. Founded by the Margraves of Baden-Durlach, Karlsruhe was Protestant. In order to settle the area around his new castle Carols Ruhe, the founder of the city, Karl Wilhelm, created a number of incentives for new residents in his letter of privileges dated September 24, 1715. First and foremost was freedom of religion. The first Catholics and Jews soon moved in. In 1771 Karl Friedrich von Baden-Durlach inherited the possessions of the extinct line of Baden-Baden, which had remained Catholic, and like Karl Wilhelm promoted religious tolerance. The Garden of Religions was created in this tradition in 2015. In 2022, the 11th WCC assembly will take place in Karlsruhe from August 31 to September 8, for which around 4,000 Christians from all over the world have registered.


Denomination statistics

Until 1987 there were more Protestants than Catholics in Karlsruhe. According to the results of the census on May 9, 2011, 92,054 inhabitants of Karlsruhe belonged to the Catholic Church, 86,753 inhabitants were Protestant, 110,365 inhabitants were assigned to the categories "other", "not belonging to any public religious community" or "no information". According to a calculation from the census figures for people with a migration background, the proportion of Muslims in Karlsruhe in 2011 was 5.6% (around 16,300 people).

At the end of 2017, the proportion of Catholics was 28.6% and that of Protestants 26.0%. 45.4% of residents were non-denominational or belonged to a third denomination or religion. From 1970 to 2017, this proportion has increased by more than 37 percentage points and by more than 15 percentage points since 2000. In 2022, the proportion of Catholics was 24.8%, the proportion of Protestants was 22.9% and 52.3% of the residents were non-denominational or belonged to another denomination or faith community.


Catholic Church

At the beginning of the 19th century, the Roman Catholic Christians in the city received their own church, the Church of St. Stephen, consecrated in 1814. The Roman Catholic parishioners belong to the City Deanery of Karlsruhe within the Middle Upper Rhine-Pforzheim region of the Archdiocese of Freiburg. Karlsruhe is the seat of the regional office, which includes the deaneries of Baden-Baden, Bruchsal, Karlsruhe, Pforzheim and Rastatt. In 1992 the 91st German Catholic Day took place in Karlsruhe under the motto "A new city is rising". Services according to traditional and Taizé liturgy are celebrated.


Evangelical Church

Karlsruhe is the seat of the Evangelical Church in Baden. The regional bishop also resides here. Unless they are members of a free church, the Protestant parishioners belong to the church district of “Karlsruhe and Durlach” within the church district of North Baden. The dean's office for the church district is also in Karlsruhe, but the dean's office for the church district of Karlsruhe-Land, which also includes the district of Neureut, is in Bruchsal. The semi-independent Evangelical Community Association AB was founded in Durlach and had its headquarters in Karlsruhe until the 21st century.

Association of Evangelical Free Churches
The following churches represented in Karlsruhe are full or guest members of the Association of Evangelical Free Churches: an Adventist congregation, an apostolic community, an evangelical free church congregation (Baptists), a free evangelical congregation, six congregations of the United Methodist Church, an evangelical Anabaptist congregation in Durlach and one Mennonite and a Salvation Army church. The Federation of Free Church Pentecostal Churches is represented by seven churches (Agape Church including Ethiopian daughter church, Alive Church, Christian Church Jesus for All Nations, Free Christian Church, Gospel House Karlsruhe, International Christian Church Karlsruhe and Meeting Point Life).


Other Christian communities

There are other free church congregations in Karlsruhe, including two Brethren congregations, the old Catholic congregation "Christ's Resurrection", the Christian Association of Young People, a congregation of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Baden and congregations of the New Apostolic Church. Of the numerous charismatic and Pentecostal churches in the network Forum Leben are: Christliches Zentrum Karlsruhe, Mosaik church Karlsruhe and Fabrik88. Furthermore, there is the free Pentecostal Missionswerk Karlsruhe, the city church, icf karlsruhe and a church of God. In addition, there are a wide variety of foreign-language groups, such as a Latin American evangelical group, an Anglican and three orthodox communities: a Greek-Orthodox, a Romanian-Orthodox and a Serbian-Orthodox.

Other Christian-related groups include the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) with a church in Southwest City, Christian Science, the Christian Community, Jehovah's Witnesses and an "Early Christian Church" (Universal Life).



Karlsruhe is the seat of the Jewish religious community in Baden, a synagogue, a Chabad rabbi and several Jewish cemeteries.

Before the Shoah there was a large Jewish community. Personalities such as the Talmud scholar Nathanael Weil, the politician Moritz Ellstätter and the doctor Rahel Straus came from Karlsruhe. The Karlsruhe synagogues were built by leading Karlsruhe architects, in 1806 by Friedrich Weinbrenner and the successor building in 1871 by Josef Durm. There was also an orthodox synagogue by Gustav Ziegler and a community center by Curjel & Moser. According to the census of June 16, 1933, 3,358 citizens of the Jewish faith lived in Karlsruhe and today's districts.

The synagogues were destroyed in the November pogroms of 1938, and during the Wagner-Bürckel action in the summer of 1940, 893 Jews were deported from the city to Camp de Gurs in southern France. In 1988, the city archive created a commemorative list for the more than 1000 murdered. With the help of voluntary sponsors, biographies are added to the memorial book for the Jews of Karlsruhe.

In 1971 a new synagogue was inaugurated on Knielinger Allee, and in 2006 the Jewish community had 830 members again.



There are ten prayer rooms and a German-speaking Muslim group in the city for Muslims living in Karlsruhe.


Other religious communities

There is also a Bahai community, centers for Kadampa, Diamond Way, Vipassana and Zen Buddhism, a group of cities from Eckankarn and a Sathya Sai center.



Mayor and mayor

After the castle was founded in 1715, a settlement was built nearby, in which a mayor was appointed from 1718. From 1812 the mayors received the title of Lord Mayor. Frank Mentrup (SPD) has been the acting mayor since March 1, 2013. On December 2, 2012, he was elected in the first ballot with 55.26 percent to succeed Heinz Fenrich (CDU), who has been in office since 1998. For the first time in 42 years, the mayor of Karlsruhe is no longer from the CDU. On December 6, 2020, Mentrup was re-elected mayor in the first ballot with 52.6 percent of the votes. The term of office of the Lord Mayor is eight years.


Municipal finances

In 2009, the income (receipts) of the city of Karlsruhe amounted to 893.86 million euros. The expenses (expenses) of the same years amounted to 902.75 million euros. One of the city's most important sources of income is the trade tax. In 2009 they took in 228.9 million euros. At the end of 2008, the city of Karlsruhe had a debt of EUR 159,884,000, of which EUR 22,264,000 had been repaid. No new debt was taken on.

The 2022/2023 budget of the city of Karlsruhe provides for ordinary income (income) of 1,485,604,697 euros for 2022.[69] For 2022, the budget provides for ordinary expenses (expenses) of 1,545,211,556 euros. The budget balance for 2022 is therefore negative and amounts to 59,606,859 euros. Ordinary income of EUR 1,538,860,207 and ordinary expenses of EUR 1,588,426,635 are planned for 2023 (balance: EUR −49,566,428).

For the years 2022 and 2023, the assessment rate for property tax A and B is 490 percent each. The assessment rate for trade tax is 450 percent for the years 2022 and 2023. Furthermore, a dog tax of 120 euros per dog and year, a kennel tax of 240 euros and an amusement tax, which depends on the type of equipment (with or without the opportunity to win), are levied.


Federal and state politics

The city of Karlsruhe is included in the Bundestag constituency of Karlsruhe-Stadt. The directly elected member of the Bundestag is Zoe Mayer (Greens).

At the state political level, Karlsruhe is divided into the Karlsruhe I and II constituencies. In the former, Ute Leidig (Greens) is the owner of this direct mandate. On February 1, 2019, she took over this position from Bettina Lisbach, who became Mayor for the Environment and Climate Protection of the City of Karlsruhe. In the Karlsruhe II constituency, Alexander Salomon (Greens) won the direct mandate in 2016.


Economy and Infrastructure

In 2016, Karlsruhe had a gross domestic product (GDP) of 19.505 billion euros. The city thus took 19th place in the ranking of German cities by economic output. The share in the economic output of Baden-Württemberg was 4.1 percent. In the same year, per capita GDP was EUR 63,147 (Baden-Württemberg: EUR 43,632, Germany EUR 38,180) and was thus well above the regional and national average. In 2016, the city's economic output recorded nominal growth of 3.3 percent. There were around 235,500 employed people in the city in 2016. The unemployment rate was 4.5 percent in September 2020, slightly below the Baden-Württemberg average of 4.6 percent and well below the nationwide unemployment rate, which was 6.2 percent. In 2020, the inhabitants of the urban district of Karlsruhe had the third-highest average income of all urban and rural districts in Baden-Württemberg at 43,514 euros (only the urban district of Stuttgart with 49,375 euros and the district of Böblingen with 50,244 euros each had a higher average income).

Karlsruhe is a member of the regional action group Technologieregion Karlsruhe. In 2009, Karlsruhe took sixth place in the rankings of the New Social Market Economy Initiative (INSM) with regard to the “most successful” cities in Germany. In an evaluation of the interregional cooperation network of the fifth research framework program of the European Union, Karlsruhe was the only region represented in the top group of the most active industrial research regions in 2009 without any significant participation of large companies.

In the so-called Future Atlas 2016, the independent city of Karlsruhe ranked 46th out of 402 rural districts and independent cities in Germany and is therefore one of the places with "high future prospects". In the 2019 edition, it was ranked 23rd out of 401.



Road traffic

Karlsruhe can be reached via three autobahns and several federal highways. The European routes E 35 (Amsterdam-Rome) and E 52 (Strasbourg-Salzburg) run over the motorway network here.

The A 5 (Frankfurt am Main–Basel) runs through the eastern part of the city as the European north-south axis. In Karlsruhe, it has five connection points: Karlsruhe-North, Karlsruhe-Durlach, Karlsruhe-Mitte, Ettlingen and Karlsruhe-South. At the Karlsruhe interchange, the A 8 branches off eastwards in the direction of Stuttgart; its Karlsbad junction is in the Karlsruhe districts of Palmbach and Stupferich. On the Rhineland-Palatinate side of the Rhine, the A 65 curves north via Landau in der Pfalz and Neustadt an der Weinstraße to Ludwigshafen am Rhein. After the state border at Lauterbourg in northern Alsace, the French A 35 (Autoroute des Cigognes) begins in a southwesterly direction to Strasbourg with a branch to Paris and Mulhouse.

Bundesautobahn 5: Frankfurt am Main - Darmstadt - Heidelberg - Karlsruhe - Freiburg im Breisgau - Basel
Bundesautobahn 8: Karlsruhe - Pforzheim - Stuttgart - Ulm - Augsburg - Munich - Salzburg

Three main roads cross Karlsruhe. The B 3 runs in a north-south direction on the eastern edge of the Rhine plain from Heidelberg via Freiburg im Breisgau to the German-Swiss border to Weil am Rhein and along the towns near the Rhine the B 36 from Mannheim to Rastatt. The B 10 from Stuttgart to Eppelborn crosses the city area in an east-west direction before it merges with the A 65 on the other side of the Rhine near Wörth. To the west and via further sections of the B 10 and the A 8 there is a connection to the Saarland. In the neighboring town of Pfinztal, the B 293 branches off from the B 10 to Bretten and Heilbronn as a diagonal in the autobahn rectangle A 5 / A 8 / A 81 / A 6.

Federal highway 3: Hamburg - Hanover - Kassel - Frankfurt am Main - Darmstadt - Heidelberg - Karlsruhe - Freiburg im Breisgau - Weil am Rhein
Federal highway 10: Eppelborn - Pirmasens - Karlsruhe - Pforzheim - Stuttgart - Ulm - Nersingen
Federal highway 36: Mannheim - Karlsruhe - Rastatt

The Südtangente has an important function as a feeder road. In addition, it provides the east-west connection from the A 5 / A 8 to the A 65. It begins in the eastern Karlsruhe district of Wolfartsweier, initially as the B 3, and as a result runs westward as a district road that is similar to a motorway, has a connection to the A 5 at the Karlsruhe-Mitte junction and continues as the B 10 from the “Kuhler Krug” junction to the Rhine. There the Südtangente or B 10 with the Rheinbrücke Maxau is the only road connection in Karlsruhe across the Rhine. Plans for the north tangent as a further east-west connection and a second Rhine bridge for road traffic are under discussion.

There has been an environmental zone in Karlsruhe since January 1, 2009. It includes the districts of downtown east and west, south town, south west town as well as parts of Mühlburg and the east town. Since 2012, only motor vehicles with a yellow or green sticker are allowed to enter the area; since January 1, 2013, a green sticker is required.

According to an investigation by the Bundesverband CarSharing e. V., with 2.71 shared cars per 1,000 residents, Karlsruhe had by far the best developed range of shared cars of any German city with more than 50,000 residents in 2017.



Since the construction of the Baden Main Railway from Mannheim in the 1840s and the Rhine Valley Railway to Basel, Karlsruhe has developed into an important railway junction. Karlsruhe Central Station is a stop in the European high-speed network and is one of the 21 stations in the highest price class 1 of DB Station&Service. There are direct connections with the German ICE and some French TGV train pairs to Berlin, Hamburg, Cologne, Munich, Amsterdam, Marseille, Paris, Zurich and Milan as well as to Frankfurt Airport. There are direct Nightjet connections to Berlin and Hamburg.

The Rheintalbahn Mannheim–Basel and the Baden Rheinbahn from Mannheim to Rastatt (formerly to Haguenau) are two of the busiest railway lines in Germany. The Rhine Valley route to Basel will be expanded to four tracks as the northern main access road to the Gotthard Base Tunnel. In east-west long-distance traffic, the main line for Europe (TEN 17) via Karlsruhe will be expanded from Paris to Bratislava to become a high-speed line. The Karlsruhe–Mühlacker railway in the direction of Stuttgart and the Winden–Karlsruhe railway also run in an east-west direction. The private Alb Valley Railway as well as many regional railway and overland tram services are served by Stadtbahn trains, see the section on local public transport.

The long-distance trains stop at the main station, some also at the Karlsruhe-Durlach station. Both stations were relocated in 1913 and 1911 respectively. In particular, the location of the first Karlsruhe train station, built in 1843, on the ground floor on the outskirts of the city center hindered both the railway operations and the development of the city. It was therefore rebuilt in an elevated position south of the Stadtgarten, 1.7 kilometers from the market square. The old station hall was initially used as a market hall, and since 1975 the Badisches Staatstheater has stood there. In 2008, Karlsruhe Central Station received the Station of the Year award. On the southern side of the main station, opposite the station forecourt, is the arrival and departure point for national and international long-distance buses.

Karlsruhe is the location of one of seven Deutsche Bahn operations centers and a traction power converter plant. The Karlsruhe repair shop was in operation until 1997. The goods yard near the city center was shut down by 1996. Some functions, such as a container terminal, are now located on the site of the otherwise largely shut down marshalling yard. Further tracks for freight traffic can be found in Karlsruhe-West. Most of the numerous sidings were also closed. There is still freight traffic within Karlsruhe only to the Rhine port, the refinery and the paper factory.



Public transport from Karlsruhe is one of the best in Germany. Therefore, almost all destinations in the city and the region are easily accessible.

In local public transport, the city center can be reached from most parts of the city with one of the seven tram lines or one of the light rail lines without changing; in the outskirts, the offer is rounded off with buses. In addition to three single-system light rail lines, there are also eight other two-system light rail lines in the surrounding area. At system changeover points, the two-system light rail vehicles switch between the 750 volt direct current of the tram network and the 15 kV alternating current of the Deutsche Bahn AG (DB) rail network. Since 1992, the number of passengers in local rail transport in the Karlsruhe region has increased significantly thanks to these “tram trains” invented here, which on the one hand aroused the interest of other transport companies in the “Karlsruher model”. For example, the number of passengers on the Karlsruhe–Bretten route rose by 560 percent after the Stadtbahn went into service. On the other hand, however, capacity bottlenecks in the city center are noticeable due to the bundling of the lines.

Six tram and light rail lines ran through the Kaiserstraße pedestrian zone on just one track in each direction. The situation in the city center was to be eased within a decade by means of an extensive urban development project, the combination solution: In the first part of the project, rails under the Stadtbahn tunnel were laid under the Kaiserstraße from the Durlacher Tor in the east to the Mühlburger Tor in the west, as well as a southern branch with a level triangle from the Marktplatz to the congress center under Karl-Friedrich- or Ettlinger Straße. In addition, in the Kriegsstraße project section, the main artery for road traffic, some of which has already been lowered, will be converted into a car tunnel to the east of Mendelssohnplatz. A new railway line will then be laid on the Kriegsstrasse tunnel up to the Karlstor. As the last part of the project, the pedestrian zone between Kronenplatz and Europaplatz as well as southwards from Marktplatz is to be free of trams. The light rail tunnel with seven underground stations was opened on December 11, 2021.

The combined solution is controversial. In 2002, the city was able to get the majority of the population behind it with 56 percent (voter turnout: 74 percent) after the previous project was rejected in a referendum in 1996 with 67 percent and a turnout of 45 percent. The project continued to be discussed in the city. Although a new citizens' initiative reached the required number of signatures (quorum) at the end of 2009, it failed in legal proceedings. The construction of the light rail tunnel therefore began in spring 2010. The initial cost estimate of 500 million euros was forecast in 2013 to be just under 870 million euros. In contrast to the initial estimate, this does not relate to the pure construction costs, but to the extrapolated (also indicated for the first time) production costs, which e.g. include financing costs. In this respect, the numbers are not comparable.

The inner-city tram and bus lines as well as the S 2 light rail line are operated by Verkehrsbetriebe Karlsruhe (VBK). Most of the light rail lines in the surrounding area run for the Albtal-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft (AVG).

Furthermore, Karlsruhe is the terminus of lines S 3 and S 9 of the S-Bahn Rhein-Neckar from Germersheim via Heidelberg, Mannheim and Bruchsal or from Groß-Rohrheim via Mannheim and Graben-Neudorf, which are operated by DB Regio. Diesel vehicles drive to the Palatinate in the direction of Landau and Neustadt. Regional Express trains run to Stuttgart and Aalen as well as via Offenburg and the Black Forest Railway to Konstanz or to Basel via Freiburg.

All public transport can be used at the same fares as the Karlsruher Verkehrsverbund (KVV).

Also worth mentioning from a tourist point of view are the Schlossgartenbahn Karlsruhe, which runs a circuit in the castle park on Sundays and public holidays during the summer months, and the Turmbergbahn on the Durlacher Turmberg, a vantage point.



With its location in the flat Rhine plain, Karlsruhe offers good conditions for cycling. Karl Drais from Karlsruhe invented the forerunner of today's bicycle, the running machine. Karlsruhe is a founding member of the Working Group of Bicycle-Friendly Municipalities in Baden-Württemberg (AGFK-BW) and was one of the first three cities in Baden-Württemberg to receive the state award for “bicycle-friendly municipalities” in 2011 due to its success in promoting bicycles.

In 2002, bicycle traffic in the city of Karlsruhe accounted for 16 percent of total traffic and 18 percent of domestic traffic. In October 2005, the municipal council passed a 20-point program to promote cycling in order to make Karlsruhe more bike-friendly. The aim was to increase the share of cycling in the choice of transport to 21 percent by 2012 and to 23 percent by 2015. According to the latest mobility study, the share of bicycles was 25 percent in 2012 and 27 percent in domestic traffic. Accordingly, in 2013 the target was updated to 30 percent in 2020. The objectives for road safety and bicycle parking have also been adjusted compared to the 20-point program by a unanimous decision of the planning committee.

City routes North and South were set up to bypass the Kaiserstraße pedestrian zone, which is closed to cyclists during shop opening hours. In numerous road redesigns, previously four-lane roads have been improved with cycle lanes or protective lanes and separate turning lanes for cyclists. In many places, the conflict with right-turners has been defused by cycle lanes to the left of the right-turn lane. The cycle route network is mostly provided with cycle signposts. So far, only 33 percent of the one-way streets have been opened to cycle traffic in the opposite direction. In addition to numerous bicycle parking spaces in the city center, in densely populated residential areas and at schools, two bicycle parking garages were built at the main station.

In Karlsruhe, in the extended inner city area, DB Rent offered the Call a Bike flex bicycle rental system until 2013, which was financially supported by the city. In 2014, this system was replaced by the fan wheel, which was operated in cooperation with nextbike. In 2019, this became KVV.nextbike with the Karlsruher Verkehrsverbund as the client and distribution reaching into the surrounding area.

Karlsruhe was named "Germany's most bicycle-friendly city" in 2018 and 2020 by the Allgemeine Deutscher Fahrrad-Club (ADFC) in the category of cities between 200,000 and 500,000 inhabitants.



With the Rhine ports of Karlsruhe, the city has the second most important inland port in Baden-Württemberg after Mannheim. In 2017, the port ranked sixth among German inland ports with goods handling of 7.27 million tons (according to figures from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office). On the German side, it is the southernmost lock-free access to the North Sea via the Rhine.

The six basins of the Rhine port, also known as the city harbour, extend finger-like up to more than three kilometers from the river towards the city centre. A gate in the access basin has been protecting the port area, where numerous companies are based, from flooding since 1987. The oil port, where the Karlsruhe refinery ships its finished and semi-finished products, is located almost eight kilometers down the Rhine from the city port. The oil port has the larger share of goods handling at the Karlsruhe Rhine ports.

The excursion ship MS Karlsruhe departs from the Rhine port for tours to Strasbourg, Speyer and other round trips.

Engineers from Karlsruhe, especially Johann Gottfried Tulla, planned to straighten the Upper Rhine in the 19th century. Plans made in the early 19th century to build a ship canal from the Rhine to the city several kilometers away were not realised. Leopoldshafen, ten kilometers to the north, received this name (after Grand Duke Leopold) in 1833 after the port there had started regular shipping traffic for Karlsruhe as well. When the Maxau Railway from Karlsruhe to the Palatinate opened in 1862, the city built the port of Maxau on the Rhine bridge. It only inadequately met the requirements of the transport system and today serves as a marina. In 1901, today's Rhine port, planned by Max Honsell, went into operation, which was later expanded several times. In 1909 the Rhine was expanded to such an extent that reliable shipping was possible. The oil port opened in 1963.

Because the hydraulic engineering laboratory of the then Technical University was available in Karlsruhe, today's Federal Institute for Hydraulic Engineering (BAW) was located in the city after the Second World War and continues to have its headquarters here.


Air traffic

Large parts of the upper airspace in Germany are monitored by the Karlsruhe control center of the German air traffic control (DFS). It has the radio call sign Rhein Radar and is one of four DFS control centers in Germany. More than 450 air traffic controllers are employed in Karlsruhe. The rotary radio beacon with the name Karlsruhe DVOR/DME and the identifier KRH, which is located east of the city limits near Wöschbach, is used for radio navigation in air traffic.

The city of Karlsruhe has a stake in Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden Airport, which is the second largest commercial airport in Baden-Württemberg with around one million passengers a year. It is located in Rheinmünster-Söllingen, about 40 kilometers by road from Karlsruhe, and serves as a base for the low-cost airline Ryanair, among others. Larger international airports in the area are Frankfurt Main Airport, around 130 kilometers away, and Stuttgart Airport (around 80 kilometers). The distance to Strasbourg Airport is about 100 kilometers.

Even before the First World War, the parade ground in the north-west of the city served as Karlsruhe's first airfield and anchorage for airships. From 1924 it was expanded to an airfield for scheduled services. After the Second World War, the American armed forces confiscated the area near the city and used it as a military airfield until 1993. Today it is a nature reserve. In 1957, Karlsruher Flughafen GmbH started operating the Karlsruhe-Forchheim airfield in the neighboring Forchheim district of Rheinstetten, about 8 kilometers south of Karlsruhe. It was given up in 2000 as part of the rededication of the Canadian military airfield in Söllingen as a regional airport. The Karlsruhe Trade Fair Center was built on the Forchheim site by 2003. Business and tourist air traffic was relocated to Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden Airport. The Rheinstetten glider airfield, which opened in 2004, remained in Forchheim near the former airfield site.


Drinking water supply

The Karlsruhe public utility company is responsible for obtaining, treating and distributing the drinking water. The drinking water for Karlsruhe is obtained exclusively from groundwater. Underneath the city there are four aquiferous layers of gravel and sand, one below the other, which reach down to a depth of over a hundred meters. Currently only the upper two layers are used for drinking water production. In this way, sufficient water reserves will also be available for future generations.

Four waterworks treat 25 million cubic meters of raw water annually (Durlacher Wald Welt-Icon, Hardtwald Welt-Icon, Mörscher Wald Welt-Icon and Rheinwald Welt-Icon). The Mörscher Wald waterworks is currently (2021) being completely rebuilt. Only iron and manganese removal is carried out to treat the raw water. There are 64 wells in total, and the five water protection areas cover a total area of 183 square kilometers. In addition to the urban area of Karlsruhe, some surrounding communities and the "Zweckverband Wasserversorgung Albgau" are also supplied. The high-altitude districts of Hohenwettersbach, Grünwettersbach, Palmbach and Stupferich receive their drinking water from the "association for the water supply of the hills between Alb and Pfinz".

After treatment, the drinking water enters the 913-kilometer-long pipeline network. With a total hardness of 3.25 millimoles per liter (18.2 degrees German hardness), the water falls into the “hard” hardness range.

The gross consumption price is 2.51 euros per cubic meter.



The discharge and cleaning of the waste water is the responsibility of the city of Karlsruhe. The 1,100-kilometer-long sewage system transports the waste water to the central Welt-Icon sewage treatment plant. 57 percent are built as a mixed sewer system, the rest as a separate system. The maximum flow distance is eleven kilometers, the longest flow time is eleven hours. 52 pumping stations pump sewage from lower-lying drainage areas where the natural gradient to bodies of water or collecting sewers is not available or too low.

The plant was put into operation in 1913. Up until after the Second World War, wastewater treatment here was only carried out mechanically using rakes. Sand traps, settling tanks and drying beds were added at the beginning of the 1950s, and the activated sludge process has been used since 1977.

Today, 64,000 cubic meters of wastewater are cleaned every day (up to 340,000 cubic meters when it rains) and discharged into the Rhine. The sewage treatment plant has a size of 875,000 population equivalents. The resulting sewage sludge is dried and then burned together with the fat trap and screenings in our own incinerator with a fluidized bed furnace. Unlike in many other plants of this size, there is no previous digestion of the sewage sludge with the generation of sewage gas. The waste heat from the kiln is used to generate electricity and to dry the sludge. The resulting ash (10 cubic meters per day) is used as an aggregate for backfilling in mines.


Local Businesses

With the dm drugstore chain, the largest drugstore group in Germany has its headquarters in Karlsruhe. EnBW Energie Baden-Württemberg, an international energy group, has its headquarters in Karlsruhe and operates the Rheinhafen steam power plant here. The MiRO mineral oil refinery in Knielingen is the second largest oil refinery in Germany. It is the destination of two crude oil pipelines, the Southern European Pipeline (SEPL) from Fos-sur-Mer (France) and the Transalpine Oil Pipeline from Trieste (Italy). Cronimet, a trader in steel scrap and alloying elements, has its headquarters in Karlsruhe's Rheinhafen port. Siemens has one of its largest and oldest locations in Germany in Karlsruhe and, with 4,500 employees, is the largest private employer in the city.

United Internet AG, known under the brands 1&1, Web.de and GMX, operates Europe's largest data center in Karlsruhe. About 40 percent of all German websites are managed in Karlsruhe. The Frankfurt IT service provider Atruvia (formerly Fiducia & GAD IT AG) has a location in Karlsruhe and is one of the largest private employers in the region. Around 2,500 Internet and telecommunications companies have sprung up around the university.

Other important employers come from the banking and insurance sectors. Karlsruhe is one of the headquarters of the Landesbank Baden-Württemberg and the seat of the L-Bank (Landeskreditbank Baden-Württemberg – Förderbank), the national cooperative bank BBBank, the Deutsche Bausparkasse Badenia and the BGV / Badische Versicherungen. Regional banks are Sparkasse Karlsruhe, Volksbank pur and PSD Bank Karlsruhe-Neustadt.

The State Mint of Karlsruhe is one of the five state mints where the German euro coins are minted. Coins from Karlsruhe bear the origin letter "G". The Karlsruhe Mint was founded in 1827 and has operated together with the Stuttgart Mint since 1998 under the name State Coins of Baden-Württemberg.

The French tire manufacturer Michelin has its German headquarters and a tire factory in Karlsruhe and publishes the German edition of the Michelin hotel and restaurant guide here. Rosenbauer Karlsruhe manufactures turntable ladders and hydraulic platforms for fire brigades. Stadtwerke Karlsruhe is a major supplier of local electricity, water and district heating and operates the West thermal power station in Mühlburg. Stora Enso produces magazine paper at the Maxau mill on the Rhine. In Durlach, the manufacturer of medicinal products made from plant-based raw materials, Dr. Willmar Schwabe his headquarters. Cosmetics manufacturer L'Oréal operates its only German plant in Karlsruhe, which is the company's largest production site outside of France. Physics instruments and the logistics service provider Simon Hegele also have their headquarters in Karlsruhe. In 1948, one of the leading German manufacturers of professional microphones, Schalltechnik Dr.-Ing. Schoeps GmbH was founded and has its headquarters and production facility there to this day. The sanitary wholesaler Pfeiffer & May was founded in Karlsruhe in 1906 and, with a turnover of over 680 million euros in the 2017 financial year, is one of the most important wholesale companies in the economic sector.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Karlsruhe was the third largest brewery location in Germany after Munich and Dortmund. Today's industrial breweries are the Hoepfner private brewery and the Hatz-Moninger brewery. Founded in 1985, Vogelbräu is a pioneer among home breweries in southern Germany.


Commercial centers

The Siemens industrial park in Karlsruhe was founded in 1997 as a result of the location of Siemens AG. The available space is aimed in particular at companies in the high-tech and service industries. In Oststadt there is the technology factory start-up center in a former sewing machine factory and the newly built technology park. Numerous start-ups (often offshoots of the university) are offered a first home here.


Event centers

In November 2003, Karlsruher Messe- und Kongress-GmbH opened its new exhibition center, Messe Karlsruhe, south of Karlsruhe, in Rheinstetten, directly on the B 36. Exhibitions, trade fairs and other events can be held in the four halls, each measuring 12,500 square meters. Events with up to 14,000 visitors take place in the dm-arena. The gross exhibition area is about 52,000 square meters. The trade fair replaced the inner-city Karlsruhe Congress Center as the largest trade fair and event center in the Karlsruhe region, which has over 20,000 square meters of exhibition space in four halls and a 10,000 square meter festival area. The congress center includes the town hall with event rooms for 4000 people, the Black Forest Hall, the concert hall and the garden hall.

The Europahalle, opened in 1983, is a large sports hall that was also used for concerts and events with up to 9,000 visitors. Since the summer of 2014, it has been closed to major events for fire safety reasons. As a replacement, the dm Arena received additional grandstands and sports facilities. A smaller multi-purpose hall with 1,200 seats is the Badnerlandhalle Neureut, built in 1977.

The large annual spring fair and autumn fair as well as large flea markets and circus performances take place on the fairground on Durlacher Allee.




The Karlsruhe studio of Südwestrundfunk (SWR) is located on Kriegsstraße. The Badenradio regional program is broadcast from here by SWR4 Baden-Württemberg. The Karlsruhe studio of the radio station Radio RPR (Rheinland-Palatinate Broadcasting) is also located at Kriegsstraße 130, which is responsible for the North Baden and South Palatinate region. As a private local provider, Die Neue Welle broadcasts (until December 31, 2006 Hit1 - the reporter radio), which had received the license from the Baden-Württemberg State Office for Communication as Hitradio RTL. However, RTL withdrew in mid-2003. Originally, the broadcaster Welle Fidelitas was the licensee. Apart from the commercial and public stations, there is also a free radio, Querfunk, which broadcasts its programs in the afternoons, evenings and at weekends. In the mornings and in the early evening hours, the LernRadio of the Karlsruhe University of Music and the campus radio of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology alternate on the FM frequency 104.8 MHz, as well as Radio Fri and Querfunk on Mondays. In addition, the private broadcaster Radio Regenbogen runs a studio in Karlsruhe.



The Karlsruhe studio of the SWR in the Kriegsstraße is the seat of two television editorial offices. The ARD television editorial office for law and justice produces the ARD guide on law here for Das Erste and reports ARD-wide on legal issues such as the decisions of the local supreme courts. The SWR Mittelbaden television editorial office in Karlsruhe produces reports from the region for SWR Fernsehen and ARD. As the closest major city to the film production location of Baden-Baden, Karlsruhe is regularly the scene of SWR shootings, including the Tatort episodes set in Ludwigshafen and Stuttgart, the former Tatorts set in Karlsruhe with Chief Inspector Eugen Lutz, Chief Inspector Hanne Wiegand and Tatort in Constance Chief Inspector Klara Blum and Chief Inspector Kai Perlmann.

Regional private television stations in Karlsruhe are BW Family.tv (since February 2006) and Baden TV (since May 2011). R.TV (2003 to 2011) and B.TV Baden (1995 to 2004) are no longer on the air.



Cinema films were and are regularly produced in Karlsruhe. Oscar winner Volker Schlöndorff shot The Moral of Ruth Halbfass here in 1972, Maren Ade her debut film The Forest for the Louder Trees and Ilker Çatak the literary adaptation Räuberhande. Gregor Jordan filmed the military satire Army Go Home! here in 2000. with Joaquin Phoenix. Especially in the last two decades, the production volume has increased significantly, which can be explained by the increased settlement of film production companies such as kurhaus production or Baden-Badener Ziegler Film and the establishment of the film house on the Alter Schlachthof creative park. The filmmaker network Filmboard Karlsruhe is also located there, which oversees film productions in cooperation with the Filmcommission Baden-Baden/Karlsruhe.



The Badische Latest News (BNN) is the only daily newspaper that is published in Karlsruhe as a print medium. It has a sold circulation of 97,664 copies and appears with nine local editions in the districts of Karlsruhe, Rastatt, Ortenau and Enzkreis as well as in the urban districts of Baden-Baden and Pforzheim.

There are also some free weekly newspapers: The BNN publishing house also publishes the Sunday newspaper Der Sonntag and is involved in the Karlsruher Kurier, which includes the Karlsruhe city newspaper, the official gazette of the city of Karlsruhe, which can also be accessed online via the city’s homepage. The weekly paper is distributed in the city and region on Wednesdays. Inka, Klappe auf and RaumK are free news magazines with a focus on cultural events.



Karlsruhe plays an important role in the development of the Internet in Germany. Germany's first e-mails were received at the University of Karlsruhe in 1984 and all German domains were managed from 1994 to 1998. The first Internet connection to the People's Republic of China was also established from Karlsruhe. As a result of a study on active users, websites and the internet climate, Karlsruhe was named “Germany's internet capital” in 2003. On May 6, 2014, a public, freely accessible WLAN was put into operation in Karlsruhe. This enables citizens and tourists to use the Internet wirelessly with a WLAN-enabled device free of charge and for an unlimited period of time after registering.

Since the BNN had no online service for a long time, the regional news portal ka-news.de was able to establish itself independently. This has been published since the year 2000 and is thus one of the first regional online daily newspapers in Germany. The Stadtwiki Karlsruhe, founded in 2004, was named the largest city wiki in the world in a list that lasted until 2009.

The online magazine meinKA, a city portal for Karlsruhe and the region, has also been available since 2019.


City magazine

In addition to the newspapers, there are various free city magazines such as Klappe auf, INKA Stadtmagazin or FRIZZ Das Magazin. These can be found monthly in many display locations in the city of Karlsruhe and contain event information as well as local topics of all kinds.


Educational media offerings

Karlsruhe is one of the two locations of the Baden-Württemberg State Media Center, which is subordinate to the Baden-Württemberg Ministry for Culture, Youth and Sport. The other location is Stuttgart.

The non-profit organization Stadtjugendausschuss e. V. operated Internet café for children and young people Info-Line at Kronenplatz 1 serves children and young people as a research and communication space with the help of an educational staff. Other media facilities of the City Youth Committee e. V. are located in the Jubez media workshop and in many of the association's children's and youth centers.



With the Federal Constitutional Court and the Federal Court of Justice, Karlsruhe is the seat of a constitutional body and the supreme court of ordinary jurisdiction. The concentration of the judiciary is taken up in advertising slogans such as "Residence of the Law" or "Capital of Culture 2010 - rightly so". In common phrases such as "go to Karlsruhe" or "Karlsruhe has conceded the law", the name of the city has become synonymous with the highest courts.

The Federal Constitutional Court had its first official seat from 1951 in the Prinz-Max-Palais. In 1969 it moved into the modern pavilion built by architect Paul Baumgarten on the site of the theater on Schlossplatz that burned out during World War II. The headquarters of the Federal Court of Justice has been the Hereditary Grand Ducal Palace on the southern edge of the western inner city since 1950, on the site of which several new buildings for the court were built.

Furthermore, there is a higher regional court (with general public prosecutor's office) as well as a regional and two district courts (Karlsruhe and Karlsruhe-Durlach) in the ordinary jurisdiction. There is also an administrative court, a labor court and a social court in Karlsruhe. Until September 1, 2012, the Bundeswehr maintained two chambers of the Southern Military Service Court in Karlsruhe, which has its headquarters in Munich.



Karlsruhe is the seat of various federal, state and local authorities. Some have their origins in Karlsruhe's time as the capital of Baden, and numerous others were settled here to compensate for the loss of the capital's function after the Second World War.

The Attorney General at the Federal Court of Justice has had its own building on Brauerstrasse since 1999. It was previously based on the grounds of the Federal Court of Justice.

The Baden-Württemberg Court of Auditors, based in the western part of Karlsruhe, is the highest state authority and has the same status as the ministries. The Oberfinanzdirektion Karlsruhe was founded in 1826 as the tax authority of the Grand Duchy of Baden and has been the only central tax authority in Baden-Württemberg since 2005. The Landesoberkasse Baden-Württemberg, which is also located here, is subordinate to it, the central state and court cash register with an average monetary turnover of around 1.2 billion euros per booking day. The two tax offices in Karlsruhe-Stadt and Karlsruhe-Durlach share responsibility for the city of Karlsruhe in tax matters. The Karlsruhe-Durlach tax office also looks after parts of the district of Karlsruhe.

The Municipal Audit Institute of Baden-Württemberg, the Municipal Supply Association of Baden-Württemberg and the State Institute for the Environment of Baden-Württemberg are institutions or corporations under public law based in Karlsruhe that are subject to ministerial supervision. There is also an employment agency, a forestry department and a main customs office. The Karlsruhe correctional facility in Weststadt serves as a pre-trial detention center for male prisoners. The police headquarters in Karlsruhe is responsible for the city and district of Karlsruhe. The Federal Police Inspectorate in Karlsruhe guarantees the protection of the Federal Constitutional Court and acts as a railway police officer. The district military replacement office in Karlsruhe was closed at the end of November 2012 as part of the Bundeswehr reform.

The regional council of Karlsruhe is responsible as a medium authority for the administrative district of Karlsruhe, in some areas also for the entire federal state. It operates the state reception facility for refugees, which is also located in Karlsruhe. Until 2014 it was the only initial reception facility in Baden-Württemberg for asylum seekers and other refugees with a capacity of around 1,000 people. As the seat of the Middle Upper Rhine region and the district of Karlsruhe, to which the city itself does not belong, Karlsruhe is also home to their administrations.

Since 1952, Karlsruhe has been the seat of the federal and state welfare institution. The German pension insurance Baden-Württemberg also has its headquarters in the city, as well as a location for the social insurance for agriculture, forestry and horticulture (SVLFG), as well as district administrations of the professional association for the construction industry and the professional association for health services and welfare care. The municipal association for youth and social affairs in Baden-Württemberg with a branch in Karlsruhe replaced the state welfare association in Baden in 2005.

In the Suedendstraße are the headquarters of the Southern Office of the Federal Railway Fund, the Karlsruhe location of the Karlsruhe/Stuttgart branch of the Federal Railway Authority and the local branch of the Deutsche Bundesbank.


Education and Research

The seven public and two private universities in Karlsruhe had a total of around 41,800 students in the 2013/2014 winter semester. The main areas of study are in the scientific, technical and artistic subjects. With numerous research institutions located here, Karlsruhe has a high concentration of researchers. With the topic "The Challenge of Democracy", Karlsruhe was one of the ten German cities that bore the title Meeting Place for Science in the Science Year 2009. In 2012, Karlsruhe bore the title City of Young Researchers, jointly awarded by the Körber Foundation, the Robert Bosch Foundation and the Deutsche Telekom Foundation, and was one of ten cities to win the title City of Science in 2013. Karlsruhe is still a “Corporative Supporting Member” of the Max -Planck Society.


Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)

The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology is a university in the state of Baden-Württemberg and a national research center in the Helmholtz Association. It has approximately 25,000 students and 9,400 employees. The KIT is the largest research center in Germany and the largest employer in Karlsruhe. It was formed on October 1, 2009 as a merger of the University of Karlsruhe and the Research Center Karlsruhe. The former cooperation between the two institutions has thus become a single entity, a single legal entity. The KIT enjoys a high reputation in subjects such as chemistry, physics, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, civil engineering, industrial engineering, computer science and information management. The physicist Heinrich Hertz discovered the existence of electromagnetic waves during his professorship in Karlsruhe. Ferdinand Braun, inventor of the cathode ray tube and Nobel Prize winner for physics, held a professorship in Karlsruhe from 1883 to 1887. The chemist and Nobel Prize winner Fritz Haber developed the synthesis of ammonia when he was a professor at the Technical University, while Ferdinand Redtenbacher laid the scientific foundations of mechanical engineering here. Karlsruhe University had Germany's first computer science faculty and was one of the first three universities nationwide to be awarded the title of elite university in 2006 as part of the excellence initiative, which it held until 2012.


Other colleges

Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences (HKA), founded in 1878 as the Grand Duchy of Baden Building Trades School, later State Technical College, from 1971 University of Applied Sciences and since 2005 Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences (until 2021 with the addition "Technology and Economics"). With around 8,200 students (as of 2013/2014), it is the second largest university in the city.
University of Education Karlsruhe, founded in 1958 from the former teacher training institute (1942-1952) or university for teacher training (1936-1942), which goes back to the school seminar founded in Karlsruhe in 1768. University statute since 1965 and scientific university since 1971. About 3,900 students (as of 2013/2014).
The Karlsruhe Regional Center of the Fernuniversität in Hagen, which has been in the city center since 2013, offers part-time distance learning courses. It is a member of the Baden-Württemberg Advanced Training Network. Around 4,500 students in the region are assigned to it.
The Baden-Württemberg Cooperative State University in Karlsruhe was founded in 1979 as a vocational academy. The approximately 3,000 students (status: 2013/2014) from the fields of business and technology are trained by the DHBW together with numerous partner companies in the region.
State Academy of Fine Arts in Karlsruhe, founded in 1854 as a painting academy by the Prince Regent, later Grand Duke Friedrich I, and expanded in 1869 to include an arts and crafts school. The two schools merged in 1926 under the name Badische Landeskunstschule. Well-known professors included Hans Thoma, Georg Baselitz and Markus Lüpertz.
Karlsruhe University of Art and Design (HfG), founded in 1992 in connection with the Center for Art and Media (ZKM). The focus is on media art, design, scenography, art history and media philosophy.
The Karlsruhe University of Music goes back to the singing institute founded in 1812. In 1837 a music education institute was founded, which was combined with the municipal conservatory in 1910. This resulted in the Badische Hochschule für Musik in 1920, which was taken over by the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1971 and has been run as a Hochschule für Musik ever since. It has had its headquarters in Gottesaue Castle since 1989. The professors working there include the composer Wolfgang Rihm.
Karlshochschule International University, state-approved private business school with an intercultural profile and over 500 students.
EC Europa Campus, private university with around 250 students (as of 2013/2014) in the study center in Karlsruhe.


General and vocational schools

In Karlsruhe there are 20 elementary schools, 12 special education and counseling centers and 12 junior high schools as well as 11 general secondary schools, 4 vocational secondary schools and 5 independent secondary schools.

Today's Lessing Gymnasium was founded in 1893 as the first girls' Gymnasium in what is now Germany. The European School in Karlsruhe, which opened in 1962, is one of 14 European Schools that provide instruction in their mother tongue to the children of parents who work in EU institutions. The Goethe-Gymnasium, which opened in 1908, is the only school in Karlsruhe that offers a bilingual English course. The Carlo Schmid School Karlsruhe is a state-approved vocational school that is independently sponsored by the International Association.


Training and further education

The adult education center in Karlsruhe, founded in 1947, is one of the largest adult education centers in Baden with 3,700 events per year (as of 2006) and over 36,000 customers. The VHS Karlsruhe is also responsible for the evening schools in Karlsruhe to catch up on school qualifications and the youth art school in Karlsruhe.

The leadership academy of Baden-Württemberg, headquartered in the Schwedenpalais in Karlsruhe, offers a training program for managers from the public sector. It was founded in 1986 as the management academy of the state of Baden-Württemberg and became independent in 2001 as an institution under public law.

Karlsruhe is home to three state seminars for didactics and teacher training at vocational schools, grammar schools and secondary schools, as well as a pedagogical specialist seminar with departments for musical and technical teachers and special education.

One of the ten Bundeswehr technical schools in Germany is located in the south of the Karlsruhe forest city. In 2011, when conscription was suspended, the former civil service school near the main train station became the Karlsruhe Education Center, the largest of 17 such facilities in Germany that prepare for federal voluntary service.


Research centers and institutes

High-ranking institutions are associated with the name Karlsruhe, which are located in the former (nuclear) research center Karlsruhe and today's North Campus of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology in Hardtwald near Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen. The Institute for Transuranium Elements (JRC-ITU), founded in 1957, is a research institute of the European Commission specializing in the fields of nuclear safety and security. The Karlsruhe reprocessing plant was in operation from 1971 to 1990 and is being dismantled, as are several research reactors on the site.

With the Fraunhofer Institute for Optronics, Systems Engineering and Image Exploitation (IOSB) and the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI), two institutions of the Fraunhofer Society and the ANKA Synchrotron Radiation Research Laboratory, a member of the Helmholtz Association, have their headquarters in Karlsruhe. In addition, the Max Rubner Institute, a federal agency of the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture, resides in the city. IT research and industry plays an important role in the technology region of Karlsruhe. Part of this is also the FZI Research Center for Information Technology, which was founded out of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. Other research institutions located in the fan-shaped city are:

the Agricultural Technology Center Augustenberg
the Max Reger Institute/Elsa Reger Foundation (MRI), since 1996 in Karlsruhe
the Chemical and Veterinary Investigation Office in Karlsruhe (CVUA), which carries out investigations as part of official food monitoring and animal disease diagnostics in Baden-Württemberg.



The General Landesarchiv Karlsruhe was founded in 1803 as the main archive of the state of Baden. Today, in Baden-Württemberg, it has the task of securing the official archives of bygone eras for the administrative district of Karlsruhe. These are court files, records of the state authorities, documents, archives of monasteries and knightly orders, church files and the like. In addition, many aristocratic and private archives are kept.

The Southwest German Archive for Architecture and Civil Engineering (saai) preserves and researches architectural documents from south-west Germany. Founded in 1989 by the state of Baden-Württemberg at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, it is based on the KIT site in the east of the city centre.

The Karlsruhe City Archive has been archiving important documents relating to the history of the city since 1885. It researches the history of Karlsruhe and publishes media about the city and its history. Other public archives are the district archive of the district of Karlsruhe, which has existed since 1992, and the regional church archive of the Protestant regional church in Baden.



There are over six million books and other media in Karlsruhe's academic and public libraries.

The Baden State Library is a scientific universal library with a stock of over 2.8 million media. As a regional library, it is responsible for the administrative districts of Freiburg and Karlsruhe and exercises the legal deposit right. It has its origins in the Markgräfisch-Badische Hofbibliothek, founded around 1500 as the Pforzheim Castle Library. Since 1987 it has been housed in a new building on Erbprinzenstrasse designed by Oswald Mathias Ungers. The collections include numerous historical manuscripts from the holdings of the nobility and monasteries in the state, including the Donaueschingen Nibelungen manuscript C and the Donaueschingen Wigalois manuscript (Cod. Don. 71) since 2001.

The KIT library (library of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology) is the largest of the Karlsruhe university libraries. It emerged at the end of 2009 from the Karlsruhe University Library, which was founded in 1840 as the library of what was then the Polytechnic, and the library of the Karlsruhe Research Center. The library has a total inventory of over two million books and 28,000 journals, as well as multimedia documents and microforms. The focus is on the areas of natural sciences, technology and economics. Registered users can use the KIT Library South around the clock and borrow and return books via a self-checkout system. The KIT Library operates the Karlsruhe Virtual Catalog, a meta search engine for German and international online library catalogues.

Since 2009, the KIT library has also supplied the Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences – Technology and Economics with the Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences (FBH) specialist library on Moltkestrasse. The Karlsruhe University Library, which was previously used jointly by the PH and Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences, has since been geared to the needs of the Karlsruhe University of Education. The shared library of the ZKM and the Staatliche Hochschule für Gestaltung has around 50,000 books with a focus on 20th-century art. The libraries of the State Academy of Fine Arts, the University of Music and the Cooperative State University are primarily available to students.

The Karlsruhe City Library is the public library of the city of Karlsruhe with a stock of over 300,000 media. It was founded in 1921 and has been housed in the reconstructed new Estates House since 1993. The city library includes district libraries in Durlach, Grötzingen, Mühlburg, Neureut and Waldstadt. One of its branches is the American Library, which was created in 1996 as a gift from the withdrawn US garrison and has around 35,000 English-language books. The city library also operates a children's and young people's library in the Prinz-Max-Palais and a media bus that runs on the outskirts of the city.

With over 150,000 volumes, the art library of the Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe is one of the largest publicly accessible museum libraries in Germany.

The library of the Federal Constitutional Court with around 400,000 volumes is a court-internal scientific library that is not generally accessible. The library of the Federal Court of Justice is also accessible to a limited extent to external users.



Cultural prizes

A number of important cultural prizes are awarded in Karlsruhe or, in some cases, are deeply rooted in the city. For example, the Bambi, which is the oldest German media prize, was created in 1948 by the Karlsruhe publisher Karl Fritz and was awarded in Karlsruhe in the years 1948-1964 and 1998. Other important awards given include:
The Hermann Hesse Prize, a literary prize first established in Karlsruhe in 1956.
The Scheffel Prize, which is awarded to high school graduates by the Literary Society of Karlsruhe for outstanding academic performance.
The Erich Schelling Architecture Prize, which has been awarded every two years since 1992 for forward-looking architectural designs and contributions to the theory and history of architecture. It is named after Erich Schelling, the builder of the Black Forest Hall.
The Giga Hertz Prize for Electronic Music, awarded by the Center for Art and Media since 2007.

During the ARD Radio Play Days, which have been held annually at the Center for Art and Media since 2006, the ARD German Radio Play Prize, the ARD Online Award, the Premiere in the Net Young Talent Prize, the German Children's Radio Play Prize and the Children's Radio Play Prize of the City of Karlsruhe are presented.



The Karlsruhe dialect is a mixture of the dialects of the surrounding regions that has emerged over the past three centuries. South Franconian influences can be felt from the north and east, Palatinate from the north-west, Swabian from the south-east and Lower Alemannic from the south. However, the latter have left the smallest traces in the "Karlsruhe".

Linguistically, the dialect of Karlsruhe is one of the southern Franconian dialects, colloquially the dialect is referred to as Baden or "Brigande German".

A linguistic peculiarity is the "Karlsruher accusative", which is characterized by the fact that the people of Karlsruhe do not use it: "It doesn't make a good impression."



As a multi-genre theatre, the Badisches Staatstheater Karlsruhe includes opera, ballet and drama as well as the Junges Staatstheater, which was founded in 2011. It is sponsored by the state of Baden-Württemberg, the city of Karlsruhe bears half of the subsidy requirement. Since 1975 it has been housed in a new building at Ettlinger Tor with a large building (1,000 seats), a small building (350 seats) and a studio (150 seats, since 2011). The State Theater emerged from the Grand Ducal Court Theater, whose building on Schlossplatz was destroyed in an air raid in 1944. The theater Die Insel on Karlstraße has been the venue of the Staatstheater since 1997; before that it was an independent private theatre. The Karlsruhe Handel Festival and every two years events of the Karlsruhe European Culture Days take place at the Staatstheater.

The Karlsruhe Theater Night takes place every year on the last Saturday in the summer holidays.

There are also several private, free and amateur theaters in Karlsruhe:
Sandkorn-Theater, founded in 1956, in the Theaterhaus Karlsruhe
Jakobus-Theater, founded in 1972, in the Theaterhaus Karlsruhe
Puppet theater "marotte", founded in 1987, in the Theaterhaus Karlsruhe
Chamber theater founded in 1956
Theater "Die Käuze", basement theater founded in 1967
Theater in the Organ Factory e. V., founded in 1987
Theater "The Spur", founded in 1961
Bluemix Children and Youth Theater e. V., founded in 1994, closed in 2004 after reallocating the municipal subsidy
"Badisch Bühn", dialect theater with restaurant, founded in 1982
UniTheater Karlsruhe e. V., founded in 1990
Social theater workshop: Karlsruhe e. V., founded in 2006
Figure theater "One World Theater" at the old slaughterhouse
The Physics Theater at KIT, founded in 2002
The theater die insel was run privately from 1950 to 1999.


Movie theater

The largest cinema in Karlsruhe is the Filmpalast at the ZKM. It has ten cinema halls with a total of almost 3000 seats. Karlsruhe's oldest cinema, the Filmtheater Schauburg, shows not only current blockbusters but also alternative films and original versions and organizes open-air cinema screenings at Gottesaue Castle in summer. Both houses offer a weekly preview, as does the Universum-City cinema on Europaplatz. The cinema Die Hebe, which closed in 2010 after more than 50 years, reopened in the same year as a cinema cooperative, but had to close permanently in August 2018. Connected to this was the municipal cinema Kinemathek Karlsruhe in Studio 3, which now exists independently and continues to show films. There are also regular performances organized by the student culture group AFK at the University of Karlsruhe.


Cultural centers

The youth and meeting center (Jubez) on Kronenplatz is run by the Stadtjugendausschuss operated. It offers concerts and other stage events as well as a wide range of courses and courses. The Tollhaus cultural center offers a cultural program that changes almost every day in the fields of music, dance, cabaret, circus, comedy and puppet theatre. Other cultural centers are the Tempel cultural center in Mühlburg, the Gotec cultural center, the Substage music club, the KOHI-Kulturraum e. V. and the Durlach organ factory.

The working group culture and communication (AKK) with venue in the old stadium of the university and the student organized culture and communication center Z10 are involved in student cultural life.



In addition to a variety of cabaret events, e.g. B. in the Tollhaus cultural center or in the Sandkorn Theater, Karlsruhe has an active cabaret scene. Well-known artists from this scene include the chanteuse Annette Postel, the comedian Boris Meinzer, the singer and comedian Gunzi Heil, the comedy cabaret rastetter & wacker, the clown Schorsch, the cabaret group Die Spiegelfechter, the magician and pantomime Peter Herrmann, the humorist Pierre M Krause and the dialect poet Harald Hurst. Members of the pyramidal KleinKunst-Verein PKV have been organizing annual acrobatics meetings and juggling conventions since the 1990s, including the European Juggling Convention EJC 2000 and 2008, the world's largest juggling meeting.




The Bachchor Karlsruhe is the oldest and largest oratorio choir in the city of Karlsruhe. Specialized almost exclusively in oratorio works until 1996, the choir is now also at home in modern choral literature. It belongs with the CoroPiccolo to the evangelical city church. The SchrillMEN - gay choir Karlsruhe is a German male choir of homosexuals. It was founded in 1988 with the goal of gay emancipation. Fetz Domino is a gospel choir with a band from Karlsruhe. His style is a mixture of gospel, soul, pop and worship. The Karlsruhe Oratorio Choir at the Christ Church is one of the most traditional choirs in Karlsruhe. He devotes himself to the whole range of classical and modern choral music. In addition to the oratorio, the choir rehearses demanding a cappella works and participates in the design of festive cantatas at the Christ Church.

Other choirs are:
Cantos Solis
Cantus Juvenum Karlsruhe
the choir of the Evangelical student community
the choir of the Catholic university community
the choir of St. Stephen
the Durlach choir
the chamber choir Studio Vocale
the choir at the Luther Church (Oststadt)
the Karlsruhe Chamber Choir of the Helmholtz High School, 1985 first prize winner of the German Choir Competition
the Unibigband Karlsruhe, the (Bigband of the University of Karlsruhe)
the university choir and chamber choir of the university
vocal resources – Choir of the Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences
the vocal ensemble milagro and
the workshop choir



The Badische Staatskapelle Karlsruhe is the concert and opera orchestra of the Badisches Staatstheater. Its origins go back to a court chapel of the Margraves of Baden-Durlach, mentioned in 1662. The chamber orchestra Ensemble 13, which was founded by Manfred Reichert in 1973, has taken part in world premieres of works by Wolfgang Rihm, Luigi Nono and Iannis Xenakis. The Karlsruhe Police Music Corps, founded in 1981, is the largest police orchestra in Germany with over 70 musicians (as of 2012).

Other orchestras in Karlsruhe are:
the Academic Chamber Orchestra Karlsruhe
the BA Orchestra, Orchestra of the University of Cooperative Education Karlsruhe.
the Bartholdy Orchestra
the Collegium Bismarckianum (orchestra of former members of the Chamber Orchestra of the Bismarck Gymnasium)
the Collegium Musicum (university orchestra)
the University and Chamber Orchestra of the University of Music
the youth orchestra of the city of Karlsruhe e. V
the Air Force Music Corps 2
the Weiherfeld Chamber Orchestra
the Karlsruhe Chamber Philharmonic
the senior orchestra Karlsruhe e. V
the symphony and chamber orchestra at the university and
the Waldstadt Chamber Orchestra
the early music ensemble Les Escapades


Rock, metal and pop scene

Karlsruhe has a lively live club scene with numerous opportunities to perform. In 2002, an overarching initiative to promote pop music in Karlsruhe and the region was launched. The city and the initiative are partners in the Regionet project of the Baden-Württemberg Pop Academy in Mannheim. The young band competition new.bands.festival has been held under different names for more than 25 years in cooperation with the organizers of Das Fest.

With the Substage music club, the old Hackerei, the NCO Club and Stadtmitte, there are also stages where artists and groups from the metal and hardcore scene regularly play. There is also the annual Knockdown Festival, a one-day indoor metal festival in the Black Forest Hall. From 2006 to 2018, the New Noise Festival was also a, most recently decentralized, outdoor and indoor hardcore festival.



The Center for Art and Media (ZKM for short) was opened in Karlsruhe in 1997 and is considered the largest institution for media art in the world. It sees itself as a platform for encounters between art, science, politics and business. In addition to research facilities, it includes the Media Museum and the Museum of Contemporary Art (MNK for short). The Municipal Gallery is also housed in the hall of the ZKM, a former ammunition factory. The ZKM was visited by 233,264 people in 2010.

The Baden State Museum in Karlsruhe Palace is the largest cultural, art and state history museum in the Baden region of Baden-Württemberg. In 1921 it was opened for the first time. After being destroyed in World War II, it was rebuilt in 1953 and was accessible again 3 years later. It is often the scene of special exhibitions, including regular large state exhibitions. A heart of the collection, which includes cultural-historical exhibits from over 5000 years, is the "Turkish loot" of Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden-Baden. The State Museum had over 180,000 visitors in 2010.

The State Museum of Natural History in Karlsruhe (SMNK for short) is a scientific research museum. Its origins lie in the mid-18th century margravial Baden collections of curiosities and natural objects. In addition to fossils, minerals, specimens of domestic and exotic animals, the permanent exhibitions also show living animals in the vivarium. It was visited by 162,545 people in 2010.

The Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe is a museum of fine arts and houses paintings by mainly German, French and Dutch masters from a total of eight centuries. The core of the collection consists of 205 mostly French and Dutch paintings from the 17th and 18th centuries, which Margravine Karoline Luise acquired between 1759 and 1776. In 2010 the Staatliche Kunsthalle had 96,216 visitors.

The Staatliche Majolika Manufaktur Karlsruhe is the only ceramics manufactory in Germany and was founded in 1901. The museum in the majolica manufactory offers an overview of the production of the grand ducal, later state manufactory.

In the Ständehaus, a "Ständehaus memorial" commemorates its former use as a parliament building.

The Baden School Museum in Karlsruhe in the Waldensian School in Palmbach shows the school history of the last two hundred years.


Regular events

Many events take place annually. In particular, "The Festival" gained nationwide fame because it is one of the largest open-air events. Other notable festivals and performances are listed below.

End of January: AStA Uni Winter Festival
February/March: International Handel Festival, since 1985
Carnival Sunday: Carnival parade in Durlach
Shrove Tuesday: Shrovetide parade in Karlsruhe
April: Shrill in April. lesbian-gay cultural festival (1990/1991 to 2013)
May: Independent Days Filmfest, independent low and no-budget film festival
May/June: The Gulaschprogrammiernacht, an annual gathering of hackers organized by the Karlsruhe CCC-Erfa Entropia. Hot goulash is served here.
May/June: Spring Fair. Annual market at the Messplatz
May/June (at Pentecost): Hoepfner Castle Festival
May/June: Christopher Street Day
June: Tribute to Carl Benz. Vintage car show on Schlossplatz with a parade of automobiles through the city center (cycle: every two years)
End of June: AStA university summer party, large open-air event
End of June: Science Festival Effects, since 2013 (biennially)
Last weekend of June: Car Park Festival, festival organized by student residences
Last full weekend of June: Port Festival
June/July: Linden Blossom Festival on Gutenbergplatz
First weekend in July: Durlach Old Town Festival
Mid/late July: Das Fest, one of Germany's major open-air music festivals
Late June–early August: Tentival at the Tollhaus cultural center
July/August: Open-air cinema at Gottesaue Castle
July: African Summer Festival
First Saturday in August: KAMUNA (Karlsruher Museumsnacht), since 1999
August/September: Festival of Lights in the Stadtgarten (every two years in August, odd years)
Beginning of August to mid-September: Castle Light Show
Beginning of September: Beer exchange on the Schlossplatz, since 2002
Last Saturday in the summer holidays: theater night
September/October: culture market on Kronenplatz
October/November: Pride Pictures at the Kinemathek
October: Autumn Mass. Annual market at the Messplatz
November/December: Christmas market on the market square
December: Knock Out Festival. Heavy metal festival in the Europahalle or Schwarzwaldhalle



Honorary citizen
The city of Karlsruhe has granted honorary citizenship to 48 people since 1821, but six people have been revoked. Among the honorary citizens of the city of Karlsruhe are Chancellor Otto von Bismarck and Federal President Heinrich Lübke.

Sons and daughters of the town
Important personalities who were born in Karlsruhe are the inventors and pioneers of transport Karl Drais (1785-1851) and Carl Benz (* 1844 in Mühlburg). Among other things, Drais created the first typewriter and the draisine, a prototype of today's bicycle. Benz developed the first automobile with a combustion engine. The important architect of classicism Friedrich Weinbrenner was born in Karlsruhe, as was the writer Joseph Victor von Scheffel, author of the epic poem Der Trompeter von Säckingen, and the painter Karl Hubbuch. Wolfgang Rihm, one of the most important contemporary composers, was born in Karlsruhe in 1952 and still lives there. The philosopher Peter Sloterdijk holds the chair for philosophy and aesthetics at the State University of Design in Karlsruhe, of which he was also rector. He comes from Karlsruhe, as do the choreographer Sasha Waltz, the director Maren Ade and the contemporary architect Ole Scheeren. Well-known athletes born here are the national football players Oliver Bierhoff, Oliver Kahn, Renate Lingor and Mehmet Scholl, the boxer Regina Halmich and the table tennis player Steffen Fetzner.

Personalities who worked in Karlsruhe
The people working in Karlsruhe include scientists and university teachers such as the physicist Heinrich Hertz, the Nobel Prize winners Ferdinand Braun and Fritz Haber or the architect Egon Eiermann, artists who worked at the Baden court or the art academy such as Horst Antes, Georg Baselitz and Markus Lüpertz, the poet Johann Peter Hebe, Baden politicians like the father of the Baden constitution Karl Friedrich Nebenius or federal and constitutional judges like the later Federal President Roman Herzog.


Garrison town

Even before joining the Confederation of the Rhine in 1806, the first barracks were set up in Karlsruhe and billeting was lifted for peacetime. In 1803 the dragoon barracks were built on the eastern Kaiserstraße, in 1804 the infantry barracks were built east of the Mühlburger Tor (today's Europaplatz), which were completed in 1827 and demolished in 1899. From 1818 Gottesau Castle became an artillery barracks. A military hospital was established in 1845. With the completion of the front building on Kaiserallee in 1843, the new grenadier barracks began and was completed in 1898. In 1892, the Royal Prussian Academy for Cadets in Karlsruhe was built on the extended Moltkestrasse. The infantry barracks were built west of the cadet establishment in 1895. The telegraph barracks were built on Hertzstrasse in 1906–1907, which became the seat of the Technical University after 1945 until the old buildings on Kaiserstrasse were rebuilt. Karlsruhe was part of the demilitarized zone until 1936, after which it immediately became a garrison town again. As early as 1937, the Rhein barracks and the Mackensen barracks were rebuilt.

From the end of the Second World War until 1995, Karlsruhe was a military base for the American armed forces. The deployment took place as part of the occupation and later the NATO mission of the United States Army. The barracks buildings are now used exclusively for civilian purposes. The blocks of flats in Nordstadt were renovated, expanded by one floor and converted into rental or owner-occupied apartments. The 516th Sig Gp, the 29th Sig Bn, the 17th Sig Bn, and the 532nd FA Obsr Bn were stationed in it. The Neureuter barracks were the only barracks in Karlsruhe built by the Americans after the end of World War II. From the end of the Second World War until 1991, the 135eme Régiment du Train was stationed in Karlsruhe and was housed, among other things, in the infantry barracks, which the French army renamed General Pagezy barracks at this time. A second location was the grenadier barracks on Kaiserallee.

After the founding of the Bundeswehr, the first units moved into the Karlsruhe Dragoon barracks on February 27, 1957. Within the framework of NATO, units of the Bundeswehr took over the tasks of the other NATO armed forces. On April 1, 1958, Unit K of the US Navy Rhine River Patrol was officially replaced by the Bundeswehr's River Engineer Company 791 in the Rhine port. This was the first transferred task from the United States armed forces to the German armed forces since the occupation. More barracks were built by the Bundeswehr. So in the Rintheimer Querallee and in the Kirchfeldsiedlung. The villa at Kantstraße 1a, which was also used by the two previously existing chambers of the Southern Military Service Court, was handed over to the Federal Agency for Real Estate Tasks in 2012.



The most important sports facilities in the city are the Wildparkstadion football stadium and the Europahalle large sports hall, which has only been able to be used to a limited extent since 2014 for fire safety reasons. Before its completion in 1983, the Black Forest Hall was the scene of major sporting events, such as the Wrestling World Championships in 1955. Since 2003, the DM Arena at the Karlsruhe Trade Fair Center has been another venue.

In 1989 the World Games, the world games for non-Olympic sports, took place in Karlsruhe with 1965 participants in 19 sports. In 2008, Karlsruhe was the venue for the Special Olympics, Germany's largest sporting event for people with intellectual disabilities. In 2021, the city applied to host a four-day program for an international delegation to the Special Olympics World Summer Games 2023 in Berlin. In 2022 she was selected to host Special Olympics Switzerland. This made it part of the largest municipal inclusion project in the history of the Federal Republic with more than 200 host towns.


Alpine sports

One of the largest sports clubs in Karlsruhe is the Karlsruhe section of the German Alpine Club, with the DAV Karlsruhe climbing center (Art of Climbing) and several alpine huts. It was founded in 1870.



The most successful basketball team in the city at the moment is the PS Karlsruhe Lions, who, after several promotions in a row, have been playing in the ProA league since 2017, where they made the playoffs in 2018. They play their home games in the Lina Radke Hall.

The basketball club BG Karlsruhe played from 2003 to 2007 in the first basketball league and then for several years in the ProA league.

Karlsruhe was one of the organizers of the 1985 European Basketball Championship.


Football/ soccer

The most successful football club in the city is Karlsruher SC, which played in the Bundesliga as early as 1963. He has been playing in the 2nd Bundesliga since the 2019/20 season. Greatest successes were the German championship title of the predecessor club Phönix Karlsruhe in 1909, two DFB Cup victories in the years 1955 and 1956 and three times participation in the UEFA Cup under coach Winfried Schäfer with reaching the semi-finals in 1993/94. National players such as Oliver Kahn, Mehmet Scholl and Jens Nowotny began their professional careers at KSC. The club plays its home games in the Wildpark Stadium.

With the Karlsruher FV, German champions 1910, there was a second, similarly important club in the early days of football, which, however, gradually disappeared into insignificance after the Second World War. The women's soccer team of ASV Karlsruhe-Hagsfeld played in the 2nd Bundesliga from the 2007/08 season to the 2009/10 season.



The city of Karlsruhe celebrated its cycling tradition (see section on cycling) repeatedly by hosting major cycling events. In 1987 Karlsruhe was the starting point and in 2005 the destination of a Tour de France stage. In 2004 the city was the starting point and in 2006 the destination of the most important German stage road race, the Deutschland Tour. From 1996 to 2003, a pair time trial with world-class cycling professionals took place here every year. For cyclists, the area around Karlsruhe offers both flat training routes and mountain routes in the nearby northern Black Forest.



Two important annual track and field events take place in Karlsruhe: The International Indoor Track and Field Meeting, which was last known as the Indoor Meeting and took place in the Europa Hall from 1985 to 2014. Since 2015, the international athletics meeting has been held in the Karlsruhe Exhibition Center (Hall 2). The Baden Marathon, which has been held annually in September since 1983, is a big city marathon.



Regina Halmich, who was boxing world champion from 1995 to 2007, comes from Karlsruhe. The former world boxing champions and Olympic participants Markus Bott and Sven Ottke started for Karlsruher SC. Other successful boxers from the club were Horst Rascher and Alexander Künzler.


Other sports

In the district of Grünwettersbach, ASV Grünwettersbach has been playing in the table tennis Bundesliga since the 2015/16 season. The club also has a team in the 3rd Bundesliga South.
The tennis club TC Rüppurr in the south of the city had a long tradition of being part of the men's tennis national league, until the women's team was promoted to the national league in 2005 and it was promoted. In the following years 2006 and 2007 the women were able to win the German championship title and in the years 2008, 2015, 2016 and 2018 they came second in the table.
The volleyball players of the SSC Karlsruhe have been playing in the second volleyball federal league south since 2017.
The Karlsruhe rock 'n' roll club RRC Golden-Fifties Karlsruhe e. V. is one of the largest German rock 'n' roll clubs. The club's flagships are the boogie formation "Boogie@Motion" (world champion 2007, vice world champion 2005, German vice champion 2005 and 2006) and the rock 'n' roll formation "Gofi-Team" (German vice champion 2004 and vice world champion 2003 and 2004). 2004). In the past, the club, in cooperation with the KMK, has repeatedly organized important international tournaments in the Europahalle.
The canoe racers of the Rheinbrüder Karlsruhe club have won numerous German championship titles and several medals at world championships.
TSV Grünwinkel 1862 e. V. is particularly successful in the Indiaca area and can record a number of championship titles as well as the organization of the Beach Indiaca tournament, which takes place once a year and is one of the largest in Germany.
The 1st AFC Badener Greifs were founded in 1982 in Eggenstein. From 1986 to 1993 the team played for American Football in the 1st Bundesliga. In 1987 the German vice championship was won.
With the Karlsruher SV, Karlsruhe has a club that plays in the 3rd Bundesliga.
Karlsruhe is the seat of the Neindorff Riding Institute, founded by Egon von Neindorff, one of the most important places for the preservation and training of classical horsemanship.
The SC 147 Karlsruhe was founded in 2004 and has been playing in the second snooker Bundesliga since the 2006/07 season.
The PBC Karlsruhe was 1989, 1991 and 1993 German pool billiard team champion.
The TanzSportClub TSC Astoria Karlsruhe e. V. has a wheelchair dance group that is coached by Andrea Naumann, the German Vice Champion in wheelchair dance standard and Latin.
There is a large sport climbing scene in Karlsruhe. This is mainly due to the nearby sport climbing areas such as Battert, Murgtal, Südpfalz or Schriesheim. Two climbing halls also allow training in winter. In addition to The Rock, a privately operated hall at Westbahnhof, the DAV section Karlsruhe has its climbing and section center in the Traugott-Bender-Sportpark in Waldstadt.
Karlsruhe is the birthplace of the modern variant of the Slavic game Gorodki with lightweight throwing sticks made of sturdy plastic. There are two of the most modern playgrounds in the world here. In 2006 the Gorodki World Championships took place in Karlsruhe. Participating countries were Belarus, Germany, Finland, Russia, Sweden and Ukraine.
The RocKArollers are the roller derby team of the SSC Karlsruhe. It was founded in 2010, has been a full member of the WFTDA since 2015 and has also been playing in the 3rd Bundesliga South since 2015.
The TackleTigers are the Karlsruhe Jugger Team. They were founded in 2013 and have since taken part in numerous tournaments and championships in Germany and Europe. Since 2015 there has been a second team - Die KuschelKätzchen - to give less experienced players the opportunity to gain gaming experience.
The KIT SC Engineers (until August 2013 Karlsruhe Engineers) are an American football team.