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Kassel (officially Cassel until 1926) is an independent city, administrative seat of the administrative district of the same name and the district of Kassel. The only major city in North Hesse is the third largest city after Frankfurt am Main and Wiesbaden and one of ten regional centers in the State of Hesse. According to the Hessian State Statistical Office, Kassel had 202,137 inhabitants on December 31, 2019. The city states 205,076 inhabitants for December 2018.

From 1277 Kassel was the capital of the Landgraviate of Hesse, the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel (from 1567 to 1803) and the Electorate of Hesse (until 1866). Residences and castles still bear witness to this today, including in particular the orangery in Karlsaue and Wilhelmshöhe Palace in the mountain park, which has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2013. With the documenta, the city also hosts a globally important exhibition of contemporary art every five years; therefore Kassel has had the additional official title of documenta city since March 1999. With the establishment of the first comprehensive university in Germany (today's University of Kassel), Kassel became a university town in 1971.


Tourist information
1 Tourist Information City Center, Wilhelmsstraße 23, ☏ +49 561 707707, fax: +49 561 7077169, ✉ info@kassel-marketing.de.  M-Sa 09: 00-18: 00.
2 Tourist Information Wilhelmshöhe, Willy-Brandt-Platz 1, ☏ +49 561 34054, fax: +49 561 315 216, ✉ info@kassel-marketing.de.  M-Sa 09: 00-18: 00. at the train station Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe
3 Visitor Center Wilhelmshöhe, Wilhelmshöher Allee 380, ☏ +49 561 31680751, ✉ besucherzentrum@museum-kassel.de.  1 May-3 October: daily 10: 00-17: 00; 4 October-30 April: Sa Su 10: 00-16: 00.
4 Visitor Center Hercules, Schlosspark 28, ☏ +49 561 31680781, ✉ besucherzentrum@museum-kassel.de.  Tu-Su 10: 00-17: 00; 15 March-15 November: daily 10: 00-17: 00.


Cornerstones of the city's history
The city was first mentioned on February 18, 913 as "Actum Chassella". The document bears the signature of King Konrad I. At that time there was probably a royal court at the site of the city palace (today the location of the regional council). In 1189 Kassel received city rights. In the 12th century Kassel belonged to the Landgraves of Thuringia. In 1274 the Landgrave died: Heinrich Raspe IV. Despite three marriages childless. His niece Sophie insists that her young son Heinrich Hessen should become an independent Landgraviate. In 1378 the independent "cities" Altstadt, Freiheit and Neustadt, which were geographically close together, were merged into one city. In 1576 Philip the Magnanimous divided the Landgraviate of Hesse among his four sons as Hesse-Kassel, Hesse-Marburg, Hesse-Darmstadt and Hesse-Rheinfels. As a result, the position of Hesse in the empire was permanently weakened. Around 1700, Landgrave Karl von Hessen-Kassel shaped the city to this day through intensive construction work in the Bergpark and in the Karlsaue. In 1936, in the last wave of "incorporation", the urban area received its present size. In contrast to many other major German cities, Kassel was not expanded again after the Second World War. During the Second World War, Kassel was badly damaged, especially in the devastating air raid on October 22, 1943, the half-timbered architecture that had previously prevailed in the old town was almost completely destroyed. Since the reconstruction, modern, functional architecture has shaped the city center. In the new city center in the functional post-war style, the first pedestrian zone in Germany was set up in 1953 with the stairs street. In 1955 the Federal Garden Show was opened in Kassel. In 1981 there was another federal horticultural show. The Fuldaaue location at that time is still a popular local recreation area today. In 2013 the "Metropolis of North Hesse" celebrated its 1100th anniversary with a diverse program of events.

Those who are interested in the w: history of the city of Kassel should visit the city museum.

Worth seeing: City maps with various old city views from before the destruction in 1943. For the HNA project "Kassel before the bombing night on October 22, 1943" on step.de
Historical city maps and maps of Kassel and the Kassel Basin, which date back to the 17th century, can be found on Wikimedia Commons in the "Historic Maps of Kassel" category.

Kassel and the Brothers Grimm
The linguists and literary scholars Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm worked in Kassel for a long time. From 1812/1813 they also published their well-known collection of children's and household tales here. For the Grimms, collecting fairy tales was just a professional activity. The brothers also achieved great merits through their work on German studies. For example, Jacob Grimm published an extensive work on German grammar. In Leipzig they later worked on the creation of a German dictionary. The Grimms lived in Kassel u. a. a few years in the northern gatehouse on Wilhelmshöher Allee. Today, the Grimm Memorial is right across from the State Museum. Dorothea Viehmann (1755-1815). She told the Brothers Grimm about 40 folk tales. The Brothers Grimm added 36 of them to their well-known collection of fairy tales. Dorothea Pierson was born as the daughter of an innkeeper in Rengershausen. In 1777 she married the tailor Nikolaus Viehmann. In 1787 she moved with him into a small half-timbered house in Niederzwehren. By the way, her father's inn and brewery is now located directly on the A 49 motorway and belongs to the Hütt brewery (access by car via the Baunatal-Nord exit).