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The small town of Lützen is located in the south of the state of Saxony-Anhalt at an altitude of 121 m in a very flat landscape. The Battle of Lützen took place here in the Thirty Years' War, which killed the Swedish King Gustav II Adolf and completely devastated the city. In May 1813, the first battle of the Wars of Liberation against Napoleon took place near Großgörschen, 6 km southeast of Lützen. The Röcken district is the birthplace of the world-famous philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.
The Gustav Adolf Memorial is located on the road from / to
Leipzig. The corpse of the King of Sweden was found not far from a
large field stone under a heap of dead people, trodden almost beyond
recognition by the hooves of the horses. For a long time only this
so-called Schwedenstein received the memory of the brave king. At
the occasion of the Victory Memorial Service in 1832, a cast iron
Gothic monument was erected over the stone. In 1907 the Gustav Adolf
Chapel was built.
Further into town you pass the town hall (Markt 1), which was built in the neo-renaissance style in 1884/85. The west side of the town hall is decorated with a statue of Gustav Adolf.
Museum in the Castle, Schlossstr. 4. Tel .: +49 (0) 34444 20228, Fax: (0) 34444 90693, E-Mail: Museum.Luetzen@gmx.de. The old Lützen Castle from the 13th century is not far to the south, across the street. It has housed the City and Regional History Museum since 1928. Open: Opening times: Tue-Sun 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
In the district of Meuchen, 2 km east of the city, you will find the Gustav-Adolf-Gedenkkirche (Clara-Zetkin-Straße 21). The Romanesque village church, originally from the 15th / 16th centuries. Century, was redesigned as a memorial church in 1912. The body of Gustav Adolf was first kept in the church for the purpose of cleaning before it was transported to the Weissenfels escort house.
Friedrich Nietzsche's birthplace, Teichstrasse 8 (Röcken village, 2.5 kilometers southwest of the core town of Lützen, on the road to Weißenfels). Tel .: (0) 34444-169705. The world-famous philosopher was born in the parsonage of Röcken because his father was a pastor here. The father died when the young Friedrich was five, and the family moved to Naumburg, not far away, where you can now find a more comprehensive Nietzsche museum and archive. In addition to the house where Nietzsche was born, the memorial also includes the church in which Nietzsche was baptized, his grave and a modern group of sculptures (“Bacchanal”). The small exhibition in three rooms was renewed in 2003 and is dedicated to Nietzsche's childhood, his relationship to Christianity and the history of his tomb. Open: November-March: Wed-Sat 10 am-4pm, occasionally Sun and Holidays (see website), April – October: Wed-Sat 11 am-5pm, Sun u. Public holidays 1 p.m. - 5 p.m.