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Mannheim

 

Mannheim is located in the far north-west of Baden-Württemberg. The city is part of the Rhine-Neckar metropolitan region. The city was badly damaged in the Second World War. The reconstruction of the inner city was based on the architecture of the 1950s. The grid-shaped street network has been preserved and has given the city the nickname "Square City". Today Mannheim is known for the parks that were created on the occasion of the Federal Horticultural Show in 1975, for the music scene (including the Pop Academy) and for the multicultural character of many of the city districts.

A suggestion for a city tour can be found on A weekend in Mannheim.

Mannheim is located at the confluence of the Neckar and the Rhine and is the third largest city in Baden-Württemberg after Stuttgart and Karlsruhe. It was first mentioned in documents in 766. In the 15th century the place became part of the Electoral Palatinate. Elector Friedrich IV had the Friedrichsburg fortress built in 1606. At the same time, a grid-like road network was planned, which is the basis of the square city. In the Palatinate War of Succession, Mannheim was destroyed as was the residence of the Electoral Palatinate in neighboring Heidelberg. Elector Karl Philipp moved this residence to Mannheim and had a palace built, which, completed in 1760, was one of the most magnificent baroque palaces in Germany. Poets and artists such as Lessing, Schiller, Goethe and Mozart were welcome guests in this residence.

After the Electoral Palatinate was dissolved in 1803, Mannheim came to the Grand Duchy of Baden and the city lost its cultural importance. With the straightening of the Neckar and later the Rhine, the expansion of the port and the connection to the rail network, it gained economic importance. The Badische Anilin- und Sodafabrik BASF had its first company headquarters here, Freiherr von Drais worked on his first two-wheeler here, the world's first automobile from Carl Benz drove here in 1886, and this is where the Lanz company built the first Lanz Bulldog. Mannheim is home to one of the largest German marshalling yards and one of the most important inland ports.

City structure
There are 17 administrative districts in Mannheim. Four of them are particularly relevant to tourism:
City center and Jungbusch - the core of Mannheim. The city center is divided into squares like a chessboard by the Mannheim Palace. The Jungbusch is one of the central nightlife areas and is known for its multicultural atmosphere.
Neckarstadt-Ost and -West (with well-situated) - Located north of the Neckar. The district has the largest listed old buildings (19th / 20th century) in the city. Also multicultural, the district has become a trendy district in recent years. Cultural offers have been created and numerous cafes have settled here.
Lindenhof - Green residential area, located between the Rhine and the main train station. It is particularly interesting because of the Rhine promenade and the forest park.
Oststadt and Schwetzingerstadt - residential areas with a good gastronomic offer and the largest park in Mannheim, the Luisenpark.

The remaining city districts are summarized here based on their location:
North (Sandhofen, Schönau, Waldhof) - The northern districts are characterized by residential areas as well as industrial areas and large-scale industry.
East (Feudenheim, Käfertal, Vogelstang, Wallstadt) - quiet residential areas, lots of nature and high-rise buildings can be found in the eastern districts (north of the Neckar).
South (Friedrichsfeld, Neckarau, Neuostheim, Neuhermsheim, Rheinau, Seckenheim) - these districts are located between the Neckar and the Rhine and have a rural character. The large Mannheim power station in Rheinau with its chimneys up to 200 m high is unmistakable.