Müritz National Park

Müritz National Park

 

Location: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Map

Area: 318 km2 (123 sq mi)

Tel. +49 3991 668849

 

Description of Müritz National Park

Müritz National Park is located in the South region of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern region of Germany. Müritz National Park reserve covers an area of 318 km2 (123 sq mi). Visitor center is situated in the small town of Müritzeum. Over 65% of the nature preserve is covered by forests and small meadows, while another 12% are covered by over 130 lakes, rivers and small creeks. The rest of the park is covered by marshes, swamps and bogs. These are mostly inaccessible to the public unless you feel dangerous or stupid. Swampy area is fairly dangerous especially if you travel alone. In general it is not wise to stray off the network of trails that covers over 660 km in length.

 

Characteristics
The national park, which covers a total of 322 km², is 72 percent covered by forests and 13 percent by lakes; eight percent of the area are moors and five percent meadows and two percent arable land.

The Vistula Ice Age shaped the landscape around 15,000 years ago. The glacier masses of the Pomeranian main terminal moraine left boulders, tongue pools, gullies and countless dead ice holes. The latter are now scattered all over the landscape as lakes (for example the Wienpietschseen) and Sölle.

In total, there are 108 lakes with more than one hectare and countless smaller still waters in the national park. With an area of ​​117 square kilometers, the Müritz is the largest body of water that lies entirely within Germany.

Müritz sub-area
The Müritz sub-area mainly comprises the eastern hinterland of the Müritz. Besides the Müritz, which is only partly in the national park, larger bodies of water in the western part are the Feisnecksee, Rederangsee, Specker See and Woterfitzsee. Some lakes on the east bank of the Müritz were at times part of the Müritz due to fluctuations in the water level caused by mill dams and the regulation of the Elde.

The highest elevation in the generally flatter Müritz part is the Käflingsberg at 100.3 m above sea level. NHN. Here is the Käflingsberg tower, a combined observation tower, fire station and mobile radio transmission tower.

Serrahn sub-area
The Serrahn sub-area comprises the eastern part of the national park and is located in the transition between the Mecklenburg Lake District and the Feldberg Lake District. In the densely wooded, hilly part of the national park there are larger lakes with the Großer Fürstenseer See, the Schweingartensee and the Zwirnsee. However, they are not as characteristic of the landscape as in the western part. The Serrahn sub-area is enclosed by the Feldberger Seenlandschaft nature park.

In the Serrahn sub-area, the Hirschberg (143.7 m above sea level) and the Warsberg (143.2 m above sea level) are the highest peaks in the national park. Other significant hills are the Serrahner Berge with 124.2 m above sea level. NHN. On June 25, 2011, parts of the forest in this protected area were named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The area received this international award together with four other forests in different parts of Germany, adding to ten primeval beech forests in the Slovak and Ukrainian Carpathians. Together they form the UNESCO World Natural Heritage "Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Old Beech Forests of Germany".

Climate
The Müritz National Park lies in a zone of transition from the subatlantic to the subcontinental climate. This means that the oceanic influence is only weakly pronounced and the continental weather is only of minor importance.

The microclimate in the Müritz area is significantly influenced by the lake. The annual temperature change is cushioned by the large water surface both when it warms up in spring and when it cools down in autumn.

Waren (Müritz) has the lowest February temperature in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania with a long-term average of −4 ° C. The fact that precipitation often rains down over the Müritz and the other large Mecklenburg lakes means that there is relatively little precipitation in the western part of the national park. In the eastern part, precipitation increases, especially in summer. The cause could be the strong summer warming of the sand areas and the associated increased thunderstorm activity, as well as the raining at over 140 m above sea level. NHN high heights of the Strelitzer Lobus, the Pomeranian terminal moraine, can be assumed.

In the eastern part, local climatic influences occur through large, closed beech forests with embedded depressions. So-called cold air lakes very often form in the depressions.

Geology
When the ice sheet melted over Northern Europe during the last glaciation around 12,000 years ago, the slowly flowing glacier ice pushed terminal moraines in front of it. As the ice masses thawed, the melt water washed up sand. The region owes its very sandy soil to this fact. In the course of the glacial series, such an area is called sander.