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Sassnitz

 

The city of Sassnitz (until February 2, 1993 Saßnitz) is a state-approved resort on the Baltic Sea. It is located on the Jasmund peninsula in the northeast of the island of Rügen and belongs to the district of Vorpommern-Rügen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Germany).

For many centuries it was primarily a small fishing village, around 1890 a larger port and the railway connection were added. Saßnitz became a popular ferry location and seaside resort. The place only received city rights in 1957, making it the second youngest city in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

In 2012 Sassnitz received the UNESCO World Natural Heritage title for the rich primeval beech forests in the Jasmund National Park. To the north-east of the city center, the chalk coast begins with the Stubbenkammer and the Königsstuhl. Sassnitz is also known for its spa architecture in the spa district and for the Sassnitz ferry port in the southern district of Mukran.

 

Geography

Location
The urban area of ​​Sassnitz extends in the northeast of the island of Rügen, in the eastern part of the Jasmund peninsula to the Schmalen Heide in the south. This landscape is best known for its chalk cliffs. In addition, ice age deposits shape the landscape. Depressions are often occupied by smaller lakes. The most striking chalk cliff is the 118 meter high Königsstuhl. Large parts of the urban area cover different forest forms with their typical habitats. The forest on the coastal slopes is a specialty. There are rare woody plants such as wild pears, wild apples and yews. The city is located on the coastal slope at the southern end of the Stubnitz, a seven and a half kilometers long and up to four kilometers wide beech forest. The remaining areas are moors, beaches, meadows, pastures and settlement areas. In the south of the urban area near Mukran are the Wostevitz ponds, a protected marshy depression. The Steinbach flows through the built-up urban area.

There is another lake near the Königsstuhl, the Herthasee, which is around 150 meters in diameter and up to eleven meters deep. It is shrouded in legend and therefore a magnet for tourists.

The city of Sassnitz forms a basic center for its region, with partial functions of a medium-sized center (including the ferry port with international connections).