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Wolfsburg is an independent city in the east of Lower Saxony. The city was founded in 1938 as the headquarters of the Volkswagen factory and is the fifth largest city in Lower Saxony with around 125,000 inhabitants.

Wolfsburg is one of the few city foundations in Germany in the first half of the 20th century. Until May 1945, the city was called the city of the KdF car near Fallersleben. The city was designed as a place to live for the employees of the Volkswagen factory, where the KdF car - later the VW Beetle - was to be produced. In 1972 the population exceeded 100,000, making Wolfsburg a major city. In 2010, the gross domestic product per capita was the highest of all German cities.

Wolfsburg forms a regiopole region with the cities of Braunschweig and Salzgitter as well as one of the nine regional centers in Lower Saxony and belongs to the metropolitan region of Hanover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg. The closest larger cities are Braunschweig around 26 kilometers southwest, Magdeburg around 64 kilometers southeast and Hanover around 74 kilometers west.

Wolfsburg - a city without a history?
Lower Saxony's most famous city is undoubtedly Hanover. In second place is a relatively small town with 125,000 inhabitants, the name of which is known around the world: Wolfsburg stands for Volkswagen, the automobile manufacturer that has been based in the town on the Aller since 1938.

For most of them, Wolfsburg is nothing more than the home of Volkswagen. In fact, the Volkswagen factory, the largest automobile factory in the world, takes up a large area of ​​the city, is announced on street signs and can be seen from afar.

Originally, the city and factory were largely separated by the Mittelland Canal. There were only a few parts of the city on the other side of the canal, and the plant was accessed via bridges and later through tunnels. In the meantime this line has blurred. The districts in the north of the city have grown. Volkswagen has also settled south of the canal.

The closest link between the factory and the city is the Autostadt, a theme and adventure park - not just for car enthusiasts. It is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Germany. When it opened in 2000, it wasn't just the Volkswagen group that built a figurehead that binds customers or woos them. At the same time, the city of Wolfsburg has gained another attraction.

Wolfsburg as a historical place

Wolfsburg was mentioned in a document as early as 1302. At that time it was the seat of the aristocratic von Bartensleben family. It includes today's "Alt Wolfsburg" north of the city center. In addition to the castle and the castle church of St. Marien, this district includes several farmsteads and half-timbered houses.

To the east of the city center there are also several historic buildings in the villages of Heßlingen and Rothenfelde (Heßlingen was mentioned in a document as early as 871), including the St. Anne's Church from 1250. The districts of Fallersleben and Vorsfelde are also historically significant.

Fallersleben, for example, was first mentioned in a document in 942, then as "Valareslebo". Excavations have shown that as early as 200 BC. A settlement stood at this point. The center of Fallersleben consists of an old town with historic half-timbered buildings, the Fallersleben Castle, the old brewery (built in 1765) and the Michaliskirche from 1805.

Wolfsburg as a grown city

Until 1951, Wolfsburg was still part of the Gifhorn district. On October 1, 1951, Wolfsburg became an independent city. Since then the license plate has been WOB. At that time Wolfsburg had almost 30,000 inhabitants. That number grew significantly in the years that followed. In 1970 the city already had almost 90,000 inhabitants.

The 100,000 inhabitant mark was broken in 1972 with the Lower Saxony regional reform. At that time, 20 towns were incorporated into Wolfsburg, so that the population soared to 131,000. These included the cities of Fallersleben (12,000 inhabitants) and Vorsfelde (11,000 inhabitants). The city area multiplied from 35 to 204 km². Many of the then incorporated districts and city districts are no longer structurally separated from the old city center. However, each incorporated town still has its own place name sign and its own local mayor.

Wolfsburg is divided into the following 16 districts:
Almke / Neindorf - 2,200 inhabitants
Barnstorf / Nordsteimke - 3,450 inhabitants
Brackstedt / Velstove / Warmenau - 2,300 inhabitants
Detmerode - 8,600 inhabitants
Ehmen / Mörse - 6,700 inhabitants
Fallersleben / Sülfeld - 14,850 inhabitants
Hattorf / Heiligendorf - 3,550 inhabitants
Hehlingen - 1,750 inhabitants
Kästorf / Sandkamp - 2,000 inhabitants
Middle-West - 18,800 inhabitants
these include: Laagberg, Wohltberg, Hohenstein, Rabenberg, Eichelkamp, ​​Klieversberg, Hageberg
Neuhaus / Reislingen - 8,300 inhabitants
Nordstadt - 10,350 inhabitants
these include: Kreuzheide, Tiergartenbreite, Teichbreite, Alt-Wolfsburg
City center - 14,200 inhabitants
these include: Stadtmitte, Hellwinkel, Schillerteich, Heßlingen, Rothenfelde, Steimker Berg, Köhlerberg
Vorsfelde - 12,600 inhabitants
Wendschott - 2,100 inhabitants
Westhagen - 9,900 inhabitants


Getting there

Wolfsburg is conveniently located on the A2 and A39 motorways and is a railway junction on the Hanover-Berlin ICE route, from which routes to Braunschweig and Magdeburg branch off.

By plane
The closest commercial airport is Hanover Airport (IATA code: HAJ), which can be reached in just 45 minutes. We recommend the S5 from the airport to Hanover main station and from there either the regional express (1 hour) or ICE (31 minutes) to Wolfsburg.

Braunschweig-Wolfsburg Airport is used for general air traffic.

By train
There are connections to Wolfsburg Hauptbahnhof by regional train, regional express, InterCity and InterCityExpress. The regional trains also stop in the Fallersleben district of Wolfsburg.

From the south (Braunschweig): With the regional train you can reach Wolfsburg in 20 minutes from Braunschweig, the ICE is only slightly shorter. From Frankfurt am Main (ICE connection every two hours) it takes a good 3 hours, Karlsruhe 4:15 hours, Basel a good 6 hours.
From the west (Hanover): With the regional express it takes just under an hour from Hanover. The ICE or IC takes half an hour from Hanover, Osnabrück 1:45 hours, Dortmund 2:15 hours, Cologne 3:15 hours, Amsterdam just under 5 hours.
From the east (Berlin): There is an ICE every hour from Berlin, the journey time is a little over an hour. Regional trains run hourly from Magdeburg, travel time 1:15 hours.

By bus
Long-distance buses from Flixbus travel to Wolfsburg. The Wolfsburg long-distance bus stop is located near the entrance to the Autostadt and can be reached on foot from the center over the city bridge to the other side of the Mittelland Canal.

The Wolfsburg bus network is part of the Braunschweig region's transport association, which means that there are numerous regional bus connections to the surrounding area, including to Gifhorn (line 170) or Braunschweig (line 230). City buses run between all parts of the city and district within Wolfsburg. You can change at the central bus station, 200 m from the main train station.

In the street
From the north (Lüneburg): Federal road B 4 to Gifhorn, there in the direction of Wolfsburg on the B 188.
From the west (Bremen / Hanover): A 2 to the Wolfsburg-Königslutter junction, then take the A 39 towards Wolfsburg to the Wolfsburg Nord exit.
From the south (Göttingen / Kassel): A 7 to Dreieck Salzgitter, there on the A 39 towards Braunschweig and Wolfsburg to the Wolfsburg Nord exit.
From the east (Berlin): A 2 to Kreuz Wolfsburg-Königslutter, there on the A 39 towards Wolfsburg to the Wolfsburg Nord exit.

By boat
Mittelland Canal to Wolfsburg-Fallersleben port or Wolfsburg pier opposite the Autostadt.


Around the city

Wolfsburger Verkehrs GmbH (WVG) operates bus routes within Wolfsburg. It belongs to the Verkehrsverbund Braunschweig (VRB). The ZOB at the north end of the pedestrian zone, 200 m from the main train station, serves as the central transfer station.

201 Kästorf - Nordstadt - city center - Laagberg - Westhagen - Detmerode
202 Wendschott - Vorsfelde - city center - Rabenberg - Detmerode
203 Sülfeld - Fallersleben - city center
204 City center - Westhagen - Mörse - Ehmen - Fallersleben - city center
214 City center - Fallersleben - Ehmen - Mörse - Westhagen - city center
241 City center - Fallersleben - Ehmen - Fallersleben - city center
205 Wendschott - Vorsfelde - Reislingen - city center - Eichelkamp
206 Fallersleben - Westhagen - Detmerode
207 Reislingen south - city center - Hageberg - Laagberg
208 Neuhaus - City center - Badeland (Allerpark)
209 City center - Nordsteimke - Hehlingen - Almke - Neindorf - Heiligendorf - Barnstorf - Nordsteimke - city center
219 City center - Nordsteimke - Barnstorf - Heiligendorf - Neindorf - Almke - Hehlingen - Nordsteimke - city center
211 Nordstadt - Vorsfelde - Neuhaus
212 Vorsfelde - Velstove - Brackstedt - Warmenau - Kästorf - city center
218 City center - Hattorf - Heiligendorf - Neindorf - Almke
230 Wolfsburg - Flechtorf - Apprenticeship - Braunschweig
There are also numerous special bus routes, for example to the Autovision Forum (line 244), regional buses (e.g. to Braunschweig, Helmstedt, Gifhorn), buses to the Volkswagen factory and buses to the Volkswagen Arena.

Out and about by bike
Wolfsburg's cycle paths are usually well developed and long-distance routes are signposted at central intersections. Nevertheless, orientation is difficult for those unfamiliar with the area, as no inner-city destinations are signposted. Cyclists are also likely to have difficulties in the city center, where many streets are either closed to cyclists as pedestrian zones or do not have separate cycle paths. Here it is advisable to leave your bike at the train station or town hall and continue your way to the city center on foot.

Boat tour
An old Hamburg excursion boat, the MS Osterbek, runs on the Mittelland Canal from the landing stage in front of the Autostadt. She makes five one-hour tours every day on the Mittelland Canal for up to 60 people.

Departure times: 11:00 a.m., 12:30 p.m., 2:00 p.m., 3:30 p.m. and 5:00 p.m.
Prices: adults 6 euros, children (4-14 years) 4 euros