Budapest (German: Ofen-Pesth or Budapest, Latin: Budapestinum, Slovak and Czech: Budapešť, Polish: Budapeszt, Croatian: Budapesta, Yiddish: בודאפעשט, Romanian: Budapesta) is the capital and largest and most populous city of Hungary, currently the European Union 9 .'s most populous city. It is the political, cultural, commercial, industrial and transport center of the country, and it is also the seat of Pest County, but it is not part of it. In 2017, its registered population exceeded 1.7 (2.5 including suburbs) million people. The city's population was the largest in 1989, with a population of 2.1 million at the time, and it remained the country's most populous city even after the subsequent suburbanization. The area of the city is 525.14 square kilometers, and in this respect it is also first among the country's settlements. It is located 161 km southeast of Bratislava, 214 km southeast of Vienna, 441 km southeast of Prague, 545 km southwest of Warsaw, and 688 km southeast of Berlin.

The history of Budapest dates back to the Celts in the 1st century, as the city was originally a Celtic settlement. Around 89, the Romans founded the city of Aquincum on the right bank of the Danubius River, which served as the seat of the province of Pannonia Inferior, and which corresponds to today's Óbuda. Opposite Aquincum on the left bank of the Danube lay Contra-Aquincum, which corresponded to today's Pest. The Roman fortress was one of the important stations of the Pannonian limes. It was built at the beginning of the 2nd century and rebuilt from the ground up at the end of the 3rd century. Its significance was given by its unusually thick walls, control of the Eraviscus "capital" and supervision of an ancient commercial crossing. The fall of Rome and migration caused the depopulation of Aquincum. Huns, Ostrogoths, Longobards, Avars and Slavs arrived in Pannonia, followed by Hungarians in the 9th century. The first settlement they established was completely looted and destroyed by the Mongols between 1241 and 1242, during the Tatar invasion. The construction of Buda Castle began in 1243 on what was then known as "Pest Újhegy", today's Várhegy in Buda. In the 15th century, the restored city became the center of Renaissance humanism in the Kingdom of Hungary. At the time of the Jagiellonians, the three cities had 25,000 to 30,000 inhabitants, making them one of the largest cities in Europe, together with Prague, Vienna and Krakow. The city became an important center for the cattle and wine trade. This idyll was overturned by the Hungarian defeat in the Battle of Mohács in 1526, and then by the capture of Buda by the Turks in 1541. During the 150 years of Turkish subjugation, Christian churches were converted into mosques, and it was then that the spa culture of the capital became important. With the help of the Habsburgs, Buda was recaptured by the Christians from the Turks in 1686, but the area was only inhabited in the 18th and 19th centuries. century it was able to develop again. This was enhanced by the fact that, after the agreement, it was the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy alongside Vienna. On November 17, 1873, Buda, Pest and Óbuda were united, which is when Budapest was created. During this time, the city's most famous buildings were built, and it was then that it grew into a world city. The Second World War caused enormous damage to the city. In 1944, the retreating German army blew up all the bridges on the Danube, and for the next 6 months fierce fighting raged on the right bank. Part of the Castle Quarter was completely destroyed as a result of the artillery fire. In 1950, the administrative division of the city, which is still valid to this day, was introduced, 23 neighboring cities were united with the capital, thanks to which the area of the city increased by 2.5 times and its population by 1.5 times. In the fall of 1956, Budapest became the center of the revolution aiming to eliminate the communist power. The popular uprising was crushed by the Soviets.

Budapest is a Beta+ ranked global city, strong in trade, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education and entertainment. The financial center of Hungary, in 2014 it was the second fastest growing urban economy in Europe. The European Institute of Innovation and Technology, the European Police Academy and the first foreign office of the Chinese Investment Agency are located in Budapest. More than 40 colleges and universities are located here, including Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Corvinus University, Semmelweis University, University of Veterinary Medicine and Budapest University of Technology and Economics.

There are several UNESCO World Heritage sites in Budapest, including the view of the Danube bank, the Buda Castle Quarter, Andrássy út, Hősök tere and the Millennium Underground Railway, the world's first electric-powered underground railway and Europe's second underground railway after London. In addition, the city's Danube bridges are also important for tourism. There are about 80 geothermal springs in the city. Budapest is the capital with the most spas in the world. The world's largest thermal water cave system, Europe's largest synagogue (the Dohany Street Synagogue) and the third largest parliamentary building in the world, the Hungarian Parliament, are located here. Budapest attracts around 12 million international tourists every year, making it one of the most popular destinations in Europe. Top of Big7Media's 2020 list of the best European destinations, Which? and it was the third best European city in a public opinion poll.



Budapest is administratively divided into 23 districts. For travel purposes, a division according to the old subdivision of the city into:
Pest: the flat part of the city, east of the Danube
Buda: the hilly part of the city, west of the Danube
Óbuda: a special part of Buda on the west bank of the Danube, the oldest part of Budapest
Mnemonic: Buda = mountain, Pest = flat


Getting here

By plane
Budapest has one international airport: Ferihegy (BUD, Ferihegyi nemzetközi repülőtér; pronounced "Farihädj"), or since the end of March 2011 Franz Liszt Airport (after the Austro-Hungarian composer). The airport consists of three terminals (Terminal 1 and Terminals 2a and 2b), of which Terminal 1 was closed after the liquidation of Malev Airline in May 2012.

There are scheduled flights to Budapest from German-speaking countries from Swiss or the operating line Helvetic Airways (three times a day) from Zurich, with Austrian from Vienna (3 times a day), as well as from Lufthansa (from Frankfurt am Main and Munich) and Eurowings (among others Hamburg, Berlin, Bremen, Hanover, Düsseldorf, Cologne, Stuttgart, Nuremberg and Munich). The flight time from Frankfurt Airport is 1 hour 40 minutes, from Zurich about 1 hour 30 minutes, from Düsseldorf about 1 hour 30 minutes. The Hungarian low-cost airline Wizz Air also offers scheduled flights from Budapest to Dortmund, Hahn, Eindhoven and Maastricht-Aachen .

The Airport Terminal 2 is connected to the terminus of the M3 line Kőbánya-Kispest of the Budapest Metro by the city bus line 200E. In Kőbánya-Kispest it is possible to buy daily and weekly tickets, and the center of Budapest and central transfer points can be reached easily and quickly by metro. If you take line 200E to the subway station and from there only continue by subway, you need two single tickets for 350 forints each. With the first, the bus ride is compensated and with the second, you can travel any route on the subway. The line can also be changed. You can also purchase all types of tickets at the BKV information point at the airport. However, this only opens at 9 a.m., so it is not manned when an early flight arrives. However, it is possible to buy all types of tickets (single trip, day ticket, group ticket, ...) at the ticket machine in cash or with a credit card. Bus line 100E, which also starts at Terminal 2, goes straight through to Deak Ferenc ter and costs 900 forints per trip. The airport also has a train connection to Westbahnhof, which has about 100 trains a day. However, trains depart from Terminal 1, which is out of service.

Budapest Liszt Ferenc (Ferihegy) Airport internet (Budapest Liszt Ferenc nemzetközi repülőtér, IATA: BUD), H 1675, Budapest Pf 53, 1185 Budapest, BUD Nemzetközi Repülőtér. Tel.: +36 1 296 7000, fax: +36 1 296 6000, e-mail:

By train
Budapest is only about three hours by train from Vienna. The city has several major train stations, all of which are connected by metro but are far from each other. It is therefore advisable to find out about the exact point of arrival/departure well in advance.

South Railway Station Déli pályaudvar, Buda, Krisztina krt. 37/ A. the trains from the direction of Balaton arrive. Train connections start and end here with e.g. Zagreb, Ljubljana, Osijek and Sarajevo.
Western Railway Station Nyugati pályaudvar wikipediacommons, Pest, Nyugati tér. Many domestic trains come here from the west, such as from Szombathely and Esztergom. But international long-distance trains from Prague (Berlin) and Bratislava also go to the Nyugati.
East Railway Station Keleti pályaudvar, Pest, Baross tér, the international railway station. Numerous international long-distance and night trains start and end here, e.g. from Belgrade, Bucharest, Košice, Kiev and Lviv.
The Keleti train station is served every hour between 7 a.m. and 10 p.m. by trains from Vienna Central Station (journey time approx. 2:40 h). There are cheap ÖBB and MÁV tickets for around €20 per person and direction. Some of these trains go beyond Vienna e.g. also to Salzburg, Munich and Zurich.
Budapest-Kelenföld railway station Kelenföldi pályaudvar - the "suburban railway station" in the west of Budapest: Almost all long-distance trains that go to/from Budapest Déli and Keleti also stop there. The train station can be reached from e.g. with the new metro line M4. Kelenföld train station is recommended for travelers who have a destination in the west and south of the city. Coming from Vienna, you also save 20-30 minutes travel time compared to the "city tour" to the Keleti terminal station. There are also international ticket counters at Kelenföld train station.

Among others, the following long-distance connections Railjet and ÖBB-Eurocity Budapest pass through or start there:
Bratislava - Dresden - Berlin - Hamburg
Vienna - Munich
Brasov - Bucharest

By bus
The Népliget bus station in the southeast of the city is served by numerous international and domestic long-distance bus lines:
Budapest Népliget bus station, 9th district, Üllői út 131 (Metro Népliget). Tel.: +36 (1) 382-0888 (information weekdays 9am-4pm), +36 (1) 219-8086 (travel agency weekdays 8am-6pm weekends and public holidays 8am-4pm), email: info@ Open: 4:30am-11pm.

There are international bus connections from Vienna (5 times a day, from 6.50 euros), numerous German and Swiss cities (including Munich, Stuttgart, Zurich, Basel; several times a week) as well as Poland (Krakow and Wroclaw), Croatia, Slovenia, Ukraine and Bratislava . There is a direct bus connection from Cluj-Napoca (Romania), costs about 20 euros.

In the street
From southern Germany, Switzerland or Austria, the best way to get to Budapest is via Vienna via the Austrian A4 motorway and the Hungarian M1 via Győr and Tatabánya to Budapest. From the north and east of Germany, the route via the Czech Republic and Slovakia is an option. Here you follow the A17 from Dresden, which turns into the D8 at the Czech border. From Prague you follow the D1 to Brno and further on the D2, through Slovakia via Bratislava to the border at Rusovce/Rajka. Via the Hungarian M15 you reach the M1 at Mosonmagyaróvár. From here you take the M1 via Györ and Tatabánya to Budapest. The motorways and expressways in Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary require a vignette!

The most important trunk roads lead away from Budapest like a spider's web. In the inner city, the destination of the street is often not signposted, only the number. Since the streets are numbered clockwise starting from the west (M1) (two-digit and three-digit numbers are subclasses of the single-digit main streets), it is still easy to find your way around:

M1: Budapest-Győr-Vienna/Bratislava
M2: Budapest-Vac-Slovakia
M3: Budapest-Nyíregyháza-Ukraine/Romania
F4: Budapest Airport Szolnok Debrecen Ukraine/Romania
M5: Budapest-Szeged-Serbia
M6: Budapest-Dunaújváros-Pécs-Osijek
M7: Budapest-Balaton-Zagreb/Ljubljana

All those important main arterial roads have a connection to the M0 ring road. The bypass around Budapest, on which there is a constant risk of traffic jams and accidents due to the heavy volume of traffic and the state of the road, has been expanded in the past few years to up to 6 lanes and thus defused. The ring road has a gap in the mountainous northwest of the city.

By boat
Budapest can be reached in Germany from the departure port of Passau via a multi-day boat trip on the Danube.



Budapest has a well-developed public transport network consisting of buses, trolleybuses, trams, the suburban-like HEV train and, most importantly, the metro. Opened on May 2, 1896, the M1 Földalatti (yellow) is the oldest subway in continental Europe and a special attraction because it was built extremely low with a tunnel height of 2.85 m. The M2 (red, 1970) and the M3 (blue, 1976) are of Soviet design. The automatic M4 has been in operation on a section since 2014. • All lines run every 2-5 minutes and are fast. The tickets can be drawn from machines that can also be operated in English.

BKK provides a good overview of routes, timetables and tickets. Single tickets for bus or metro cost 350 Ft., from the bus driver (not all lines; then without transfer authorization) 450 Ft. Tickets that allow you to transfer between the bus and the metro are valid for 30 or 90 minutes; they cost 530/750 Ft. As a discount coupon book (10 pcs) of 10: 3,000 HUF. The strips can be torn off individually (so they are transferrable if you are not traveling alone). You can also use it over several days. It should be noted that one lane must be used for each individual journey. As an example, from Okotogon to Obuda Sziget you need one strip for the stretch Oktogon to Margit Sziget and then one for the stretch Margit hid to Obuda Sziget.

For bus lines with an H in front of the number, you pay extra if you go beyond the city limits. Short-term tickets are available for 24 hours / 72 hours / 7 days for resp. 2500/5000/6500 ft. The 5/30 card for 4550 HUF is also interesting: here you get 5 24-hour tickets that can be used within a month. The date must be entered before the first trip of the day.
Fare evasion costs HUF 12,000 if you pay immediately, HUF 16,000 if you pay within 30 days, then HUF 32,000. (Status: Sep 2022)

Yellow: Vörösmarty tér ↔ Mexikói út., important stations: Opera (Opera), Hősök tere (Heroes' Square), Széchenyi fürdő (Széchenyi Bath)
Red: Déli pályaudvar ↔ Örs vezér tere, important stations: Déli pályaudvar (southern railway station), Batthyány tér (square on the Danube, opposite Parliament and at the foot of Castle Hill), Kossuth tér (parliament square), Keleti pályaudvar (eastern railway station)
Blue: Kőbánya-Kispest ↔ Újpest-Központ, important stations: Ferenciek tere, Nyugati pályaudvar (Western Railway Station), Árpád híd (Árpád Bridge) The route between Nagyvárad tér and Lehel tér is being reconstructed, rail replacement buses will operate here.
Green: Kelenföld vasútállomás ↔ Keleti pályaudvar, important stations Szent Gellért tér (Gellért Thermal Bath), Fövám tér (Market Hall)

The M1, M2 and M3 metro lines only intersect at one point, the Déak Ferenc tér. Metro line M4 crosses line M3 at Kálvin tér and meets line M2 at Keleti pályaudvar. Labels and notices on the metro are often in three languages (Hungarian, English, German), on buses and trains mostly only in Hungarian. In the metro, the stations are announced in good time, after a few days you can at least understand the names.

The Budapest Card is a discount card that, depending on the variant, replaces the travel card for two days (HUF 9,990) or three days (HUF 12,990) on all routes in the city and at the same time offers discounts on admission to museums, monuments, restaurants, etc. brings with it. Since entry to the permanent exhibitions has been free for some time anyway, the Budapest Card is hardly worth it anymore.

Seniors from EU countries and Switzerland (from 65) can use public transport in Budapest free of charge upon presentation of their passport or identity card.

There is a fee for parking in much of the city. There are corresponding zones, the prices in 2022 are 175-440 Ft./hour.

Yellow zigzag lines or continuous and broken yellow lines indicate stopping or parking restrictions.

Taxis are equipped with meters, as of 2022: basic price 700 Ft. + 300 Ft./km or 75 Ft./min waiting time.



1 Castle (Bus 16). In the south of the castle hill is the castle, which towers over the Danube and the chain bridge. Inside the building complex are the Hungarian National Gallery, the Ludwig Museum, the Budapest History Museum and the Szechenyi National Library. Since 2002 the castle has also been the seat of the Hungarian President. The castle has been destroyed several times in its history. The first fortifications at this point were built by King Béla IV in the 13th century, after the Mongol invasion of 1241, and have been the seat of the Hungarian kings ever since. The first documented mention of the then Gothic palace, the remains of which can still be seen today, dates from 1255. Later, the palace was increasingly rebuilt and expanded in the Gothic style, including under King Matthias, who introduced the Renaissance style. After years of siege, the invading Turks finally managed to conquer the castle in 1541. In the 145 years of occupation that followed, the castle palace gradually fell into disrepair, as the premises were used as stables, powder rooms and other storage rooms. Certain strategic areas were also important to the Turks, and they strengthened and expanded the fortifications so that repeated attempts by Christian armies to take the castle were doomed to failure. Finally, in 1686, the castle was besieged again, this time by Duke Charles V of Lorraine. After two months of bombardment of the castle hill and countless bitter battles, in which the complex was almost completely destroyed, the decisive attack took place on September 2, 1686, in which the Turks were crushed and finally driven out. Under the Habsburgs, the palace was gradually rebuilt from the early 18th century. At the end of the Second World War, however, it was again almost completely destroyed. And again it was rebuilt, this time according to the plans of the previous centuries. As early as 1968, certain sub-areas were opened for viewing, but further excavations and reconstructions are still taking place today. In 1987, the castle was finally declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site together with the banks of the Danube and Andrássy út.
2 Fisherman's Bastion (Halászbástya; Bus 16) . The section of the fortress wall surrounding the Fisherman's Bastion was defended by the fishermen from the neighborhood below in the olden days. At the end of the 19th century, the bastion was redesigned and given its current neo-Romanesque appearance. The seven towers are symbols for the seven conquering tribes. The Fisherman's Bastion offers a great view over the Danube to the Pest district. The upper part of the fortifications is chargeable during the day in the season. However, later in the evening you can enjoy the view of the nocturnal metropolis for free. In the bastion stands the equestrian statue of King Stephen I, which was erected here only a few years later. The Hilton Hotel, which is directly adjacent to the Fischerbastei, forms a strong contrast. The hotel was built in the 1970s and the reflection of the bastion in the brown glass front is a popular photo motif.
Parliament (Országház; metro station Kossuth Lajos tér, line 2 (red)). The third largest parliament building in the world and at the same time the largest building in Hungary is the symbol of Budapest. The neo-Gothic palace, which lies directly on the Danube, was built between 1885 and 1902. Inside there are over 700 rooms and 29 staircases. The building is modeled on Westminster Abbey in London. The Parliament can be visited, tickets for guided tours are sold in the visitor center, which is located at the north end of the building in a structure below street level (tram line 2, station "Országház, látogatóközpont"). There are German-speaking tours at least once a day, more often in the high season. You should find out whether there are any official dates on which Parliament is closed to visitors on the day you wish to visit. Sometimes there are long queues (waiting time over an hour), so it is advisable to queue early or the day before. It is also possible to order tickets online. The tour begins in a magnificent staircase made of marble and gold. The crown jewels of Hungary can be viewed in the central domed hall (the only room where photography is prohibited). In the further course of the tour you will also see the Gobelin Hall, in which there is an almost 30 square meter carpet with a historical depiction, and the Parliament Hall. Price: adult EU citizens HUF 3,500, non-EU citizens HUF 6,700, students up to 24 years of age about half each, children under 6 years of age have free admission.
3 Citadel (Citadella). Perched on top of Gellért Hill, the citadel, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, was built from the experience of the March Revolution. When the Hungarian Reichstag declared its independence from Habsburg-Lorraine and proclaimed the republic on April 14, 1849, the Hungarian urge for freedom was crushed by the Austrian army with the help of Russian and Croatian troops. Plans were now being made in Vienna to encircle Budapest with a fortress belt in order to be able to better control the capital militarily and to remind the population of Austrian supremacy. Except for the citadel, however, these plans were never implemented. On February 12, 1945, after heavy fighting with the German Wehrmacht, it was occupied by the Soviet Army. A Statue of Liberty was erected at the southern tip in 1947 to commemorate this liberation day.

Great Synagogue (Dohany Zsinagoga), VII. Dohány utca 2 / Budapest (metro lines 1, 2 or 3 to Dak tr; tram lines 47 or 49; bus lines 7, 7A or 78; trolleybus 74). Tel.: +36 1 342 13 35, fax: +36 1 342 89 49. The Great Synagogue in Budapest was built in Moorish style by Ludwig Förster between 1854 and 1859 and is the largest synagogue in Europe and the second largest in the world (the largest located in New York). During World War II, it was first damaged by the Germans in 1939. It later suffered further damage during the siege by the Soviet Army at the end of World War II. In 1991 the building was extensively restored. Open: Mon-Fri 10am-3pm, Sun 10am-1pm; closed on Jewish holidays. Price: 600 HUF. edit info
Actually, one cannot speak of a building here, but of a whole complex, which consists of the following five parts:

The synagogue itself has a length of 53 meters, width of 26.5 meters and 43 meter high towers and a capacity for almost 3000 people.
The Jewish Museum was built in 1931 and contains a collection of religious relics and a Holocaust memorial room (see also under Museums).
The Temple of Heroes was designed and built by Lazlo Vágó and Ferenc Faragó in 1931. This originally served to commemorate the Hungarian Jews who lost their lives during the First World War and has a capacity of approx. 250 people.
The Jewish cemetery is in the courtyard of the synagogue. In 1944/45 alone, two thousand Jews who had died of cold and hunger in the Jewish ghetto were buried there.
The Raoul Wallenberg Holocaust Memorial Park commemorates the 400,000 Hungarian Jews who died during the Holocaust and those who risked their lives to save many Jews from death.

Rumbach Synagogue (Rumbach Zsinagoga), Rumbach Sebestyén utca 9, 1075 VII. kerület, Budapest (metro lines 1, 2 or 3 to Dak tr; tram lines 47 or 49; bus lines 7, 7A or 78; trolleybus 74 (approx. 150 meters from the Dohány Street Synagogue)). This synagogue owes its name to the street on which it is found. Rumbach Sebestyén Utca, in turn, was named after Pest's medical officer, Sebestyén Rumbach, who lived here from 1764 to 1844. The synagogue was dedicated in 1872 and built by the conservative community. The women's gallery is separated here, there is no organ and the Torah lectern is in the centre. In 1941, the synagogue in the Jewish ghetto was converted into a barracks and Jewish prisoners were held here. The synagogue is now closed, but its external appearance is well worth seeing.
Central Market Hall (Nagy Vásárcsarnok), Vámház körút 1–3 / Budapest (metro from Kálvin Tér or tram line 47). The Great Market Hall (nagy = big) was designed and built from 1894 to 1896 by Samu Pecz, an architect and teacher at the Technical University. Originally, a ship canal and a railway line led directly to the hall to enable goods to be transshipped quickly. The building, based on a steel structure, is clad in colorful glazed bricks. There are almost 200 shops on three levels, offering the entire range of regional products, from fresh food and textiles to tourist souvenir shops. There are other, somewhat smaller market halls in the same style distributed throughout the city, which serve to supply the residents of the district and direct marketing by farmers in the surrounding area. These smaller halls are a bit more original and are also well worth seeing. Just look out for brick facades that resemble train station buildings and bear the lettering Vásárcsarnok. Open: Mon-Fri 6am-6pm, Sat 7am-1pm.
Opera House (Operahaz), Andrássy Út / Budapest. Tel: +36-1-332-8197, Email: Located on Andrássy Út, the opera was inaugurated on September 27, 1884. This was preceded by a 10-year tendering and construction phase, during which work often came to a standstill for financial reasons. What is remarkable here is that almost all the works were carried out only by Hungarian artists/companies. The only exceptions are the chandelier, which comes from Mainz, and parts of the stage, which come from Vienna. In June 1980, the opera house was closed for extensive renovations and reopened on September 27, 1984 to mark its 100th birthday. Open: Visit daily at 3:00 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. Price: 2800 HUF.
Zoo (Budapesti Állatkert), Állatkerti krt. 6-12 / H-1146 Budapest (tram line 17 to Szent Lukács Gyógyfürdő). This was opened in 1866 and is certainly one of the oldest zoological gardens in Europe. Both Hungarian Art Nouveau and oriental influences can be found in the architecture. The so-called palm house, which was designed by Gustave Eiffel, and the elephant house, which has received several awards, are particularly interesting and worth seeing. In addition to 500 animal and 4000 plant species, there is also a 3D cinema. Open: daily 10:00-16:00, closed on Mondays; in summer sometimes until 6 p.m.

Gül Baba Türbe (Gül Baba türbéje), II., Mecset utca 14/ Budapest (tram line 17 to Szent Lukács Gyógyfürdő. From there directly to Gül Baba utca and this about 100 meters up the hill. The paved road is in poor condition and only for off-road vehicles and pedestrians. After 100 meters, a staircase leads up to the left around the facility to the entrance. Alternatively, S-Bahn H5 and trams 2,4 & 6 to the stop at Margit Hid, the footpath is only slightly further) . Tel.: +36 (1) 326-0062, e-mail: The tomb of Gül Baba, who was born Cafer in Merzifon in the 15th century AD. In the service of Süleiman the Magnificent, he increasingly ended up in the conquered areas of the Balkan region with the Ottoman campaigns, until he finally reached Budapest in 1531. Here he founded a dervish association and in the course of this foundation was increasingly called Gül Baba (rose father), since he always carried a rose with him. According to the story, he is said to have introduced the rose to Hungary for the first time. He also wrote numerous poems that still influenced the works of the Hungarian composer Jenő Huszka 400 years later. In 1541, the year of the final conquest of the city, Gül Baba died in Budapest. Whether his death is related to the conquest is still disputed to this day. What is certain is that he was made the patron saint of the city of Buda and his body was buried on the Rose Hill (Rózsadomb). The mausoleum is considered the northernmost shrine of Islam. It is set in a small, very well kept rose garden with a large cedar and a water feature. Upon request from the security officer, the mausoleum will be opened. The whole complex is very peaceful and invites you to linger. The view of the Margit Sziged is certainly not fantastic but worth seeing. In the basement of the surrounding, newly built facility there is also a freely accessible exhibition, which u.a. shows historical maps of the area at that time. Open: daily 10:00-16:00.

Nyugati pályaudvar, Budapest (metro line 3 to Nyugati pályaudvar). The Western Railway Station is one of the three major train stations in Budapest and the most interesting historically and architecturally. From here a train left for Vac on July 15, 1846, ushering in the railway age in Hungary. The original building soon could not withstand the growth of the following years, since by the end of the 19th century half of today's railway network was built in Hungary. After a tender, Gustave Eiffel's Paris company was awarded the contract to build a new building. The new building was constructed between 1874 and 1877 while the station was in operation. In 1911 the railway depot was added. In 1990, McDonalds became an investor in the aging building. The station restaurant was converted into a fast food restaurant, which was adapted in concept and design to the more than 100 year old building.

Keleti pályaudvar, Baross tér / District VIII / Budapest (metro line 2 to Keleti pályaudvar). In terms of transport, the Eastern Railway Station is certainly the most important railway station in Budapest, as all international trains arrive and depart here. In the period from 1881 to 1884 this building was built in Neo-Renaissance style by the architect Gyula Rochlitz. At that time, the station was one of the first to have electric lighting and a central signal box. Monuments to inventors James Watt and George Stephenson stand in front of the entrance.

Vajdahunyad Castle (Vajdahunyadvár), Városliget / Budapest (metro line 1 to Széchenyi fürdő). Tel: (0)6 1 363-1973. This castle, located in the city park, is not only a popular destination because of the agricultural museum housed in the building. The castle, which is architecturally reminiscent of the Middle Ages, was built by Ignác Alpár in 1896 for the millennium celebrations. He used the famous castle of Hunedoara in Romania as a model. What is special about this building, however, only becomes apparent when you enter the complex, since all the architectural styles found in Hungary have been used here. Borrowings from the monastery church in Ják can be found here, as well as parts of buildings in the classicist and baroque styles. In front of the castle is the monument of Anonymus, dedicated to the legendary unknown historian of King Béla IV, who died in the 13th century. wrote the first Hungarian chronicle.

Magyar Állami Földtani Intézet, Stefáni utca 14 / Budapest (bus line 5 or 7 to Stefánia út / Thököly út). The Hungarian Geological Institute is just outside the city near the city park and is not only known for its collection of rocks and minerals. It is one of the most beautiful Art Nouveau buildings. Responsible for this building erected in 1899 was Ödön Lechner, who also designed the town hall of Szeged, among other things. Particular attention should be paid to the three figures on the pediment supporting a globe.

Academy of Sciences (Magyar Tudományos Akadémia), Roosevelt tér 9 / Budapest (tram line 2 to Roosevelt tér). When the reform movement gained momentum in the 19th century, it was Count István Széchenyi who founded the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. The Berlin architect Stüler created the appropriate building in the Neo-Renaissance style, which was handed over to its intended purpose on December 11, 1865. It still contains an important library with a distinctive oriental section. In addition to lecture and meeting rooms, the building also contains a magnificent ballroom with pictures by Károly Lotz. Smaller classical concerts are often given here. In 1999 the building was extensively restored.

Gresham Palace (Gresham-palota), Roosevelt Tér 5-6. / Budapest (tram line 2 to Roosevelt tér). Phone: +36 1 268-6000, Fax: +36 1 268-5000. London insurance company Gresham built this magnificent Art Nouveau building in 1907. In addition to ornaments, the facade also contains the bust of Sir Thomas Gresham, who gave the building its name and who is known to have founded the London Stock Exchange. The building, which at the time was equipped with the finest materials and the latest technical refinements, such as an elevator and central heating, initially served as a setting for a café, which was mainly frequented by the Hungarian elite. Today there is a hotel here.


Bridges, streets and squares

Freedom Bridge (Szabadság híd). The so-called Freedom Bridge was opened in 1896 under the name "Franz-Joseph-Bridge". As the last structural measure, he ceremonially drew a silver rivet with his monogram into the bridge. In keeping with the 1000th anniversary of the conquest, the bridge was equipped with 4 Turul birds, the same bird that, according to legend, led the Magyars here. In 1945, this bridge was also blown up by the retreating German Wehrmacht, but it was put back into operation in 1946. In 1956 the silver rivet was stolen from the bridge. Since then, a copy has been displayed under a pane of glass.

Chain Bridge (Szechenyi Lanchid). At the instigation of Count István Széchenyi, the renowned English engineer William Tierny Clark was commissioned to design a bridge in Budapest. In 1839, work began under the direction of Clark's namesake, Adam Clark. Finally, on November 20, 1849, this suspension bridge, which was the largest at the time, was ceremonially handed over to the population after work had been repeatedly delayed due to the freedom struggle. This first bridge over the Danube in the Budapest area was also the trigger for efforts to unite the cities of Pest and Buda, which was implemented around 1870. The bridge was completely destroyed in World War II, but rebuilt in 1949 for the 100th anniversary. For the 150th anniversary, the building was restored again and additionally equipped with fairy lights.

Elizabeth Bridge (Erzsébet híd). Today's Elisabeth Bridge dates from 1964 and is therefore a comparatively young structure. But in this place the river crossing durau has its tradition. Already in Roman times there was one of the main crossings over the Danube, so this is the narrowest point. The ruins of the Roman fortifications Contra Aquincum Castrum at the inner-city main parish church still bear witness to this today. So it was not surprising that the construction of a bridge began here in 1898 and was completed in 1903. The bridge, designed as a chain bridge, was the longest of its kind in the world at the time. This bridge was also blown up by the German troops in 1945 during the retreat. Construction of the new bridge did not begin until 1960. This bridge was the only one that was not rebuilt according to the old plans for traffic reasons. Instead, a suspension bridge was used. Only the old bridge pillars were reused. If you still want to look at the old bridge again, you can do so in Munich in the Deutsches Museum.

Castle District (Budai várnegyed). The district, which is completely under monument protection, which is directly adjacent to the Buda Castle and is also located on the Castle Hill, stretches from Szent György tér to Bécsi kapu over a length of about one kilometer and a width of about 200 meters. Here is the old town of Buda with numerous baroque buildings, columns and churches. In addition to the Fisherman's Bastion and the Matthias Church, there are many other buildings worth seeing and steeped in history.

Andrássy Út. The boulevard, which has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2002, starts near Deak Ferenc tér and leads to Heroes' Square. The street was built in 1870 after the parallel Kiraly Utca proved too narrow. Important buildings and places on or along Andrassy Út are the Hungarian State Opera, the Operetta Theatre, the Moulin Rouge, the Liszt Ferenc tér with the Music Academy, Oktogon Square and the Franz Liszt Memorial Museum in the Old Music Academy. Under Andrássy Út runs the "yellow" Millennium Metro - the oldest metro in continental Europe. The stops are seen from the city center: Bajcsy-Zsilinsky út, Opera, Oktogon, Vörösmarty utca, Kodály körönd, Bajza utca and Hösök tere.

Király utca. The heart of the Jewish quarter near the large synagogue and the Rumbach synagogue is currently threatened with demolition.

Heroes' Square (Hősök tere). Consisting of the Millennium Monument and the Hero Monument in the middle of the square and framed by the colonnade. The memorial, whose erection was decided by Parliament on the occasion of the millennium celebrations in 1896, was created by Albert Schickedanz and György Zala and completed in 1929. The 36m high column supports the archangel Gabriel, who in turn carries the Hungarian crown in one hand and the apostolic cross in the other. On the pedestal are the equestrian statues of Árpád and six other chieftains at the time of the conquest. In the surrounding colonnade one can find the most important historical characters of Hungary; from its beginnings under King Stefan I (Hungarian (Szent) István) to Lajos Kossuth de Kossuth et Udvard, a 19th-century Hungarian freedom hero. The square is closed off on the left by the Museum of Fine Arts (Szépművészeti Múzeum) and on the right by the Art Hall (Műcsarnok).

Vaci utca. The so-called Waiznergasse is the shopping mile of Budapest. Located in the center of Pest, the oldest trade route runs from Vörösmarty tér to the market hall. However, this can be divided into two parts. The first part runs from Vörösmarty tér to the access road to Erzsébet híd. Here you will find numerous department stores, boutiques and cafés and invite you to go shopping. Behind the underpass under the feeder to Erzsébet híd there are fewer shops but many restaurants join them.

Vörösmarty Square (Vörösmarty tér). The square, named after the Hungarian poet of the same name, is also the center of Pest. The M1 metro starts here and no other place in Pest is more frequented. In the center of the square there is a monument to the Hungarian poet Mihály Vörösmarty, which depicts him above the Hungarian people. Here is the engraved quote "Hazádnak rendületlenül légy híve, ó magyar", which means something like "From love and loyalty to the fatherland, Hungarian, always fulfilled". The square is surrounded by numerous former trading posts. Since the late 19th century, the Gerbeaud café and pastry shop has been located north of the square and is known nationally.



Matthias Church (Mátyás-templom; bus 16). Next to the Fisherman's Bastion is the Matthias Church on the Castle Hill. There has always been a church on this site since the middle of the 13th century. This place of worship was originally the 'Church of the German Congregation' in Budapest and was given a Gothic makeover by King Matthias in the 15th century. During the Turkish rule, the Matthias Church was a mosque. After the compromise between Austria and Hungary, Emperor Franz Joseph and Empress Elisabeth were crowned King and Queen of Hungary in this church on June 8, 1867. The current design of the church dates from the second half of the 19th century. The church presents itself as a white neo-Gothic building with a colorful roof made of majolica tiles.

Cathedral of St. Stephen (Szent István Bazilika). The largest church in Budapest is located near the Deák Ferenc tér (metro junction). The construction of this impressive cathedral was ill-fated from the start. Even the earthworks from 1848 had to be interrupted several times because Hungary's fight for freedom had broken out. The construction of the cathedral did not start until 1851, but the nature of the soil was misjudged. Due to faults in the foundation, the dome collapsed in 1868. It was finally completed in 1902. In the more than fifty years of building history, 2 construction managers died (only the third was able to complete the cathedral) and the building style was changed. During construction there was a saying "I'll do that when the cathedral is finished" when it was assumed that this would never happen. But the cathedral, which was finally completed and dedicated to the first Christian king István, is impressive with its 96 meter high dome and capacity for 8,500 people. Among other things, the right hand of the namesake is kept in it. The dome can be climbed over almost 300 steps to enjoy the wonderful panoramic view over Pest.

Reformed Church (Kálvin téri református templom). The Református templom near Kálvin tér was built in the 19th century. built in neo-gothic style. Characteristic is the porch with four columns. Worth seeing are the stained glass windows by Miksa Róth, the organ gallery and the pulpit by József Hild. Among other things, liturgical objects from the 17th and 18th centuries are kept in the church.

Franciscan Church (Alcantarai Szent Péter-templom), Ferenciek tere 9. Already in 1288 a Gothic-style Franciscan monastery was built here on Ferenciek tér, and in 1298 the Hungarian constitution was promulgated. The Turks temporarily used this house as a mosque until the Franciscans returned the building to its old purpose in 1690. From 1727, today's baroque-style church was finally built here. The building has a nave with six side niches filled with frescoes, altars and statues from the 18th and 19th centuries. In 1858 a tower was added to the church. A small fountain from 1835 can be found on the forecourt of the church. On this is a sculpture by Ferenc Uhrl depicting the Nereids (daughters of Neptune).

St. Michael (Szent Mihály-templom). This church can be found directly on Vaci utca. It was built by the Dominicans at the beginning of the 18th century. A girls' school was operated in the adjoining building until 1950. The single-nave church built in the baroque style is characterized by its excellent acoustics in addition to many works from the 18th century. Small classical concerts are often held here. Heated benches make this pleasant even in winter. The high altar, which shows St. Dominic with the Virgin Mary, and the frescoes on the ceiling are particularly worth seeing.

Inner-city main parish church (Belvárosi plébániatemplom). Just off Ertsébet hid on the Pest side, this church is close to the waterfront and downtown. At first glance, the church makes a somewhat inconspicuous impression. But anyone who is interested in the history of this city cannot avoid this building. This is the oldest church in Budapest, built on the foundations of a Roman fortification. This, named Contra Aquincum Castrum, was built in 294 AD. erected and remains of walls can be found 40 meters away. Around 1000 AD a church was built here in the Romanesque style. Part of the wall in the south tower dates from this period. And so it goes happily on. Every architectural style or religious trend has left its mark here. Highlights here are certainly the Turkish prayer niche to the right of the altar or the 15th-century Renaissance-style tabernacles. In the church you can buy a flyer for 50 HUF, which gives a brief overview of which part of the wall or niche belongs to which era. It seems almost irrelevant that Franz Liszt, among others, conducted and performed plays here or in 1211 AD. the engagement of St. Elizabeth to the Thuringian margrave took place.

Protestant church. The church to be found on Deák tér is built in the early style of classicism, and therefore forms a simple but noble contrast to the mostly baroque churches in Budapest. Although the building dates from the late 18th century, the façade was not completed in its present form until 1856. The church is also known for the Protestant state museum housed here and the sophisticated acoustics, which are often used for organ concerts.

Serbian Church (Szerb templom (Budapest)). On Szervita ter, not far from Váci utca, lies this beautiful baroque style building by Andreas Mayerhofer around 1730 AD. built church. In the 19th century A reform movement of Hungarian journalism was founded here by Mihály Vitkovics. The facade looks a little run down, but the interior of the church is notable for its numerous golden altars and a statue of Pope John XXIII. shine. In the center of the Szervita ter stands a pillar with the Virgin Mary.

Teréz Church (Avilai Nagy Szent Teréz-plébániateplom). Located on the corner of Nagymező utca and Király utca, the Teréz templom is a classical-style single-nave church. In addition to the large altar by the Hungarian classicist architect Mihály Pollack and the large chandelier from 1832, the altarpieces by the artist József Ágost Schöfft are particularly worth seeing.

St. Anna (Felsővízivárosi Szent Anna-plébániatemplom). Located on Batthyány tér and close to the banks of the Danube, this possibly most beautiful baroque church in Budapest not only had to endure many a flood. According to a design by Kristóf Hamon, construction began in 1740 and was completed 21 years later by Mátyás Nepauer. Many a time the church was badly damaged by war and natural disasters. Most recently, it was even threatened with demolition in favor of a new subway network. But fortunately this could be preserved and was restored in the 70s and 80s. Today it is a popular venue for organ concerts.

Szilágyi Dezső téri református templom. The Gothic-style church, located on the Buda side on Dezsö ter and on the banks of the Danube, looks a bit like the little brother of the Matthias Church. In fact, this is a Calvinist Church. With 15%, the Calvinist church community in Hungary is the second largest denomination after the Roman Catholic Church. However, the center of Hungarian Calvinism can be found in Debrecen.



Hungarian National Gallery (Magyar Nemzeti Galéria), Budavári Palota A-B-C-D épület / Szent György tér 2. / H-1014 Budapest, Szent György tér 2. Tel.: +36 20 4397 325, fax: +36 1 212 7356 . In 1957 the Hungarian National Gallery was established from the collections of the New Hungarian Picture Gallery and the Budapest Museum of Modern Sculptures, Medals, Prints and Drawings. When it was founded, the collection included well over 20,000 pictures, sculptures and medals. In 1975 the company moved to the Castle Palace in Buda. In the years that followed, the collection was supplemented by further exhibits and some permanent exhibitions. The crypt of the Habsburg Palatine followed in 1989. Open: daily except Mon 10:00-18:00. Price: Admission 3400 HUF, up to 26 and between 62 and 69 years 1700 HUF, over 70 years free. Discounts and free entry are only available for citizens of EU and EEA countries.
Ludwig Museum - Museum of Contemporary Art (Ludwig Múzeum – Kortárs Művészeti Múzeum), Művészetek Palotája / Komor Marcell u. 1. / H-1095 Budapest. Tel.: +36 1 555 3444, fax: +36 1 555 3458, e-mail: This museum includes a permanent exhibition that shows a large collection of European contemporary art in addition to works of American Pop Art by Andy Warhol, Claes Oldenburg and Robert Rauschenberg. One of the main focal points here is certainly Hungarian art from the 1960s. All of this is supplemented by changing individual exhibitions. Until 2005 the museum was housed in the Castle Palace in Buda. But then the move to the newly built Palace of Arts in the south of Pest directly on Lágymányosi Hid took place. Open: daily except Mon 10:00-20:00. Price: HUF 3400.
Budapest History Museum. When national awareness increased again in the 19th century, the historical museum was founded in 1887 to preserve Hungarian history. After many relocations, the museum's headquarters moved to the Burg Palast in 1967. Nevertheless, the historical museum is divided into three thematic parts, which can be found in different places:
Budapest History Museum - Vármúzeum (Budapesti Történeti Múzeum - Vármúzeum), Buda Castle Building "E", Szent György tér 2. Budapest, 1014. Tel.: +36 1 487-8800, fax: +36 1 487-8872. On the one hand, the most famous part and largest part can be found in the castle. Here you will find, among other things, a rich collection of Hungarian Neanderthal finds from the period from the Stone Age (100,000 BC) to Celtic finds from the late Iron Age (3rd to 1st centuries BC). Permanent exhibitions e.g. B. on Gothic Hungarian art or Budapest in the Middle Ages complete the spectrum. Open: Mar-Oct: daily except Mon 10am-6pm; Nov-Feb: daily except Mon 10am-4pm. Price: 1300 HUF. edit info
Kiscelli Múzeum - Fővárosi Képtár, Kiscelli utca 108. Budapest, 1037 (access from Batthyány tér by bus no. 60, from Kolosy tér by bus no. 165, or from Margit híd (on the Buda side) by tram no. 17 ). Tel.: +36 1 388-8560, fax: +36 1 368-7917, email: Another part can be found at 108 Kiscelli Street. Here the museum is dedicated to exhibits of recent contemporary history. This is supplemented by the Museum of Fine Arts. This can be found in a former monastery building complex. This monastery was closed by Joseph II in 1783. The buildings were now converted into barracks and hospital and ultimately stood empty until 1910. The furniture manufacturer Miksa Schmidt acquired this building for exhibition purposes and after his death in 1938 bequeathed the complex to the city with the condition that it be used as a museum from then on. Open: Apr-Oct: daily except Mon 10am-6pm; Nov-Mar: daily except Mon 10:00-16:00. Price: 1600 HUF, students and people over 62 years 800 HUF, over 70 years free.

As a third part, the numerous smaller and larger remains of the Roman period are under the administration of the museum. In detail these are:
Aquincum, III. District, Szentendrei út 139 / Budapest (HÉV suburban train from Batthyány tér to Aquincum, change side of the street, then towards the city center past the ruins, entrance on the left. This looks more like an abandoned garage parking lot, but you are in the right place here. ). Tel.: +36 1 430-1083, fax: +36 1 250-1650, e-mail: In Obuda there is a larger field of Roman ruins from historical Aquincum. When in the first century AD. Roman troops conquered this area (Pannonia), they built a temporary fortress here to control the nearby river crossing. In the second century AD. this was replaced by a brick castrum. Traders, farmers and other civilians quickly settled and built around it. With the rise of Aquincum to Colonia, civil and cultural life here, as well as in the entire Budapest area, expanded until the collapse of the Roman Empire at the end of the 4th century. Here in the complex you can find the remains of temples and residential complexes, streets or baths. There is also a market and a cemetery to discover. One of the baths is covered and invites you to dress up in Roman costumes with a small costume hire service, followed by a photo session (there are also children's sizes). The complex also includes the lapidarium with a collection of stone monuments and the museum which, in addition to numerous excavation finds, shows the reconstruction of a water organ found here. Open: daily 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. (closed on Mondays / 1 November - 14 April closed). Price: 500 HUF to 1600 HUF.

Small Amphitheater (Polgárvárosi amfiteátrum), corner of Szentendrei Utca and Zsófia Utca /Budapest (To be reached with the suburban train HÉV at the Aquincum stop. Here just around the fence.). The small amphitheater, also called the amphitheater of the civil town, is slightly smaller than the large amphitheater with dimensions of 85.5 by 75.5 meters and can be found in Obuda on the corner of Szentendrei Utca and Zsófia Utca. Located directly on two traffic arteries, it seems a bit lost, but due to its proximity to Aquincum (200 meters), it is definitely recommended as a follow-up visit. But from the 2nd century AD. This theater offered space for up to 7,000 spectators for all kinds of sports fights, animal fights or other cultural events. Price: free.

Large Amphitheater (Római katonai amfiteátrum), corner of Nagyszombat Utca and Pacsirtamesö Utca /Budapest (can be reached by bus lines 29,86,109 and 206 via the Nagyszombat utca stop or by tram 1,1A via the Flórián tér stop (from here follow Pacsirtamesö Utca 500 meters south.) From Flórián tér, where the center of the military camp was located 2000 years ago, it is about 500 meters to the amphitheater of the military town Amphitheater can still be seen over almost its entire area.Originally, this was a depression used by the army for training purposes in the early Roman period.In the second century AD, an amphitheater with a capacity of 10,000 to 13,000 spectators was built there.With the dimensions measuring 132m × 109m, it is among the largest theaters ever built outside of Rome ige can still be found at the end of the short axis.

Bath Museum (Thermae Maiores), Flórián tér /Budapest (By tram 1.1A via the Flórián tér stop). Tel.: +36 1 2501560. The remains of a Roman bath have been found right on Flórián tér. Studies have shown that there were already a disproportionately large number of baths here in ancient times. This of course leads to the conclusion that the Romans already knew the effects of the thermal springs in the Budapest area. This and the structure of the baths is explained in the baths museum directly on the remains of the Roman baths. Open: May-Sep: daily 10:00-18:00, closed on Mondays; Mar-Oct: only until 5 p.m., closed on Mon; Nov-Feb: closed.

Hercules Villa, Meggyfa Utca 19 /Budapest (By tram 1.1A via the Flórián tér stop, from here by bus 118 or on foot about 1km along Szentendrei Utca in a northerly direction, turn left into Bogdáni Utca, the first street left (Kerék Utca) and again the first street on the right (Hercules Utca. Follow this for 200 meters to your destination). Tel.: +36 1 2501560. Northeast of Flórián tér, the remains of a manorial villa were discovered in the 1950s in the yard of a school. The magnificent mosaic floors from the 2nd century AD are particularly worth seeing. with depictions from the Hercules myth. Open: May-Sep: daily 10:00-18:00, closed on Mondays; Mar-Oct: only until 5 p.m., closed on Mon; Nov-Feb: closed.

Cella trichora. East of Flórián tér are the remains of a Christian church from the 4th century AD. If you follow Vörösvári Utca 600 meters to the east from Flórián tér, you can turn into Körte Utca. After less than a hundred meters you reach the remains of these ruins at the next crossroads.

Against Aquincum. The remains are on the plague side directly at the inner-city main parochial church (see above).

Szechenyi National Library (Országos Széchényi Könyvtár), 1827 Budapest, Budavári Palota "F" building. Tel.: +36 1 224 3700, e-mail: This library was founded in 1802 by Count Ferenc Széchényi. Even then it contained 13,000 books and numerous manuscripts, coins, coats of arms and the like. A year later, this collection was also made accessible to the public. In 1846 the collection moved to the National Museum. The museum has been in the castle palace on the castle hill since 1985. Open: daily 10:00-21:00, closed on Mondays.

Mementopark (Szoborpark Múzeum, Statue Park), 22nd district (in the south of Buda), at the corner of Balatoni út and Szabadkai utca (about 1 hour by public transport: direct bus from Deák tér daily at 11:00 a.m. (in July and August additionally at 15 :00 h, 4900 HUF); alternatively, as the first destination, stop Kelenföld vasútállomás (Metro M4), from here change to bus 101B, 101E or 150 (every 15 minutes) and get off at Memento Park after 15 minutes). Tel.: +36 1 424 7500, e-mail: When a political change took place in Hungary in 1989, all the beautiful and less beautiful monuments from the communist period were banned from the inner city. However, there was some disagreement about how to proceed. The variants ranged from destroying all monuments to leaving selected statues standing. So in 1993 an interim solution was found in storage in a park in the suburb of Budatétény. There they are now on an area of a football pitch and are becoming increasingly popular as a new attraction. The monuments to Lenin and Béla Kun, designed by Imre Varga, are particularly worth seeing. Open: daily 10:00-17:00. Price: 1500 HUF.

Jewish Museum (Dohany Zsinagga), VII. Dohany utca 2 / Budapest (The synagogue can be reached by subway lines 1, 2 or 3 to Dak tr; tram lines 47 or 49; bus lines 7, 7A or 78; trolleybus 74.) . Tel.: +36 1 342 13 35, fax: +36 1 342 89 49. The museum was established in 1931 as an extension of the main synagogue. This museum depicts the history of Judaism from Roman times to the present day. The valuable Judaica collection and the collection of the Hungarian philosopher Theodor Herzl (1860-1904), who is considered the founder of Zionism, are particularly worth seeing. Of course, a special part is devoted to the Holocaust in Hungary. Open: Mon-Fri 10am-3pm, Sun 10am-1pm; closed on Jewish holidays. Price: 600 HUF.

Hungarian National Museum (Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum), 1088 Budapest, Múzeum krt. 14-16, Múzeum körút 14-16. (with buses (nr.9&nr.15), trams (nr.47 & nr.49) or metro line 3 to Kálvin tér). Phone: +36 1 338-2122, +36 1 327-7749, Fax: +36 1 317-7806, Email: The museum emerged from the Szechenyi National Library. But now the library is no longer even a part of the program offered here. The building and the park from 1837 to 1847 alone are worth seeing. In addition to many monuments, the largest Roman mosaic ever found in Hungary is on display in the porch. The museum has an archaeological collection that documents the history of Hungary from prehistoric times to the 20th century. While many stone finds from Roman times can be found in the basement, exhibitions from the 18th to the 20th century are shown on the 2nd floor. Up until the year 2000, the Hungarian royal crown could also be admired here before it went to Parliament. Open: daily except Mon 10:00-18:00. Price: Admission 1600 HUF, up to 26 and between 62 and 69 years 800 HUF, over 70 years free. Discount and free entry only for citizens of EU and EEA countries.

Ethnographic Museum (Néprajzi Múzeum), 1055 Budapest, Kossuth Lajos tér 12, Dózsa György út (behind the Parliament; metro line 2, bus lines 15, 70, 78, 115 or tram line 2 to your own stop). Tel.: +36 1 4732-440, fax: +36 1 4732-441, e-mail: The magnificent building was built by Alajos Hauszmann towards the end of the 20th century and originally housed the Supreme Court. If you take a closer look in the entrance area, you will discover many more indications of the original purpose. Since 1973, the 125 meter long palace has housed the Ethnographic Museum. Above all, the way of life, art and culture of the simple Hungarians is shown here. But there is also a collection on the subject of the Finno-Ugric ethnic group, to which the Hungarians are known to belong, and a collection on the subject of Stone Age finds from all over the world. The whole thing is supplemented by changing special exhibitions. Open: daily except Mon 10:00-18:00. Price: Admission 1000 HUF, up to 26 and between 62 and 69 years 500 HUF, over 70 years free.

Museum of Fine Arts (Szépművészeti Múzeum), Dózsa György út 41, 1146 Budapest (The nearest stop is Hősök tér, served by metro line 1 and bus lines 20E, 30, 30A, 75, 79, 105, 979). Tel.: +36 1 469 7100, fax: +36 1 469 7171, e-mail: When Hungary celebrated the millennium in 1896, it was decided to found a museum of fine and fine arts. But first a building had to be built. So, 2 years later, the decision was made to put out a tender for the plans of Albert Schickedanz and Fülöp Herzog. Construction began in 1900 and six years later, on December 1, 1906, the museum was inaugurated. Even before moving in, the collection was enormous. Numerous donations and purchases had led to one of the largest European collections. These included paintings by Rubens, Leonardo da Vinci and Pierre-Auguste Renoir. The focus of the exhibition is around 2,500 works by old masters of European painting from the 13th to the 18th centuries. This is supplemented by an Egyptian collection, a collection of antiquities, a collection of old sculptures, a graphic collection and a collection of modern art. Open: daily except Mon 10:00-17:30. The museum is currently closed and will reopen in 2018[obsolete].. Price: approx. 1600 HUF.

Art Hall (Műcsarnok), H-1146 Dózsa György út 37., piazza degli Eroi (The nearest stop is Hősök tér, served by metro line 1 and bus lines 20E, 30, 30A, 75, 79, 105, 979) . Tel.: +36 1 460 7000, fax: +36 1 363 7205, e-mail: The Art Hall is located opposite the Museum of Fine Arts on Hősök tér. It does not have its own collection, but shows changing exhibitions. The building was also designed by Albert Schickedanz and Fülöp Herczog and inaugurated in 1895. With the Ernst Múzeum (1065 Budapest, Nagymező u. 8.) and the Dorottya Gallery (1051 Budapest, Dorottya u. 8.), the Kunsthalle has two other rooms in the Pest area. Open: daily 10:00-18:00, Thurs 12:00-20:00, closed on Mondays.

Labyrinth (Budavári Labirintus), Entrance 1: 1014 Budapest, Úri utca 9 / Entrance 2: 1014 Budapest, Lovas út 4/A. Tel: +36 1 212 0207, Email: The maze is permanently closed. The underground passages that run through the castle hill have been set up over a length of 1.2 km for a special kind of permanent exhibition. The corridors feature light and sound installations, paintings and sculptures on five different themes (Primeval Labyrinth, Historical Labyrinth, Other World Labyrinth, Labyrinth of Courage and Labyrinth Exhibition). It's worth looking into every niche, otherwise you'll overlook a lot. A special highlight can be experienced from 6 p.m., when all artificial lights are switched off and oil lamps are distributed. Open: daily 9:30-19:30. Price: 2000 HUF.
Wine Museum (Magyar borok háza), I.kerület, Budavár, Szent György tér, Nyugati sétány. Phone: +36 1 267-1100, Fax: +36 1 267-1100. In this museum, the history of winegrowing is explained as well as the 22 different winegrowing regions in Hungary. Of course, the pálinka gets its own room. The whole thing can be found in the freshly restored part of the castle hill between the castle palace and the old town on the castle hill. Wine cellars were discovered here that were already in use in Roman times. These can also be visited. Finally, after so much theory, it is of course possible to enjoy the practice in the form of a wine tasting. Open: daily 12:00-20:00; Oct-Apr: Mon day off. Price: 900 HUF (without wine tasting).


Parks & Caves

Margit Sziget. Margaret Island is located between Árpád and Margaret Bridges. This island is the green heart of the Hungarian capital with opportunities for walking and sports. Really quiet because the island is free from car traffic. Originally, this was called Haseninsel and housed a Dominican convent there. But when Béla IV faced the Tartars, he promised to send his daughter Margaret to this monastery in case of victory. So he defeated the Tatars and sent his daughter to the monastery. She spent her whole life there and was beatified shortly after her death in the 13th century. The island has borne this name ever since. In the 18th century, as part of the conversion to a local recreation area, extensive parks were laid out. There are also numerous busts, monuments and buildings or building remains here. The water tower listed as a World Heritage Site and the ruins of the Dominican convent with a church bell from the 15th century are particularly noteworthy.
Varosliget. The city park adjoining the Hősök tere is one of the most popular local recreation areas in Budapest with an area of 1.2 km². In 1810, this former swamp area was transformed into a park by the French landscape gardener Nebbion. Over the years, more and more various leisure facilities have settled here. Here you can find i.a. Vajdahunyad Castle (see building), Zoo (see building), Ice Rink, Széchenyi Bath (see Baths), Metropolitan Circus, Vidámpark (with a wooden roller coaster from 1922), Restaurant Gundel (see Food) and the Transport Museum.
Obuda Sziget. This island in the Danube, lying to the north of the Margit, naturally takes its name from its location. The island is best known for the annual Sziget Festival (see events). But the island, which is open to the public, also offers a whole range of nightclubs in addition to a golf course and swimming pool. The best way to get to the island is with the Szentendrei HÉV, which runs between Batthyány tér and Szentendre. The Filtatorigát stop here is also ideal for visiting the Sziget Festival. (The current timetable can be found on the HEV page.)
Új köztemető (on Kozma út; by tram 28, 37 or bus 68, 95, 201E, 202E) . The large city cemetery lies away from the center in a southeasterly direction. Here is the grave of Imre Nagy and his companions, who were buried here in plot 301 after the suppression of the 1956 uprising and their execution. They have been rehabilitated since 1989 and were to be reburied in a newly designed grave complex, but Imre Nagy's family had spoken out against it, and the wish was granted. The Jewish cemetery is directly adjacent to the municipal cemetery. Here you will find, among other things, the mausoleum of the Schmidl family, which was built in 1902 in the Hungarian Art Nouveau style.
Kerepesi temető. This cemetery can be found near Ostbahnhof. Here you can find many tombs and mausoleums of famous Hungarians. Mention should be made here e.g. the poet Mihály Vörösmarty, the former Prime Minister Count Lajos Batthyány or the composer Ferenc Erkel. The artists' sector, the arcades and some mausoleums are particularly worth seeing. It is appreciated by the citizens of Budapest above all for the peace and quiet in the middle of the city. The cemetery can be reached by tram line 24 / stop Dologház utca.
Pálvölgyi Cave (Pál-völgyi-barlang), 1025 Szépvölgyi út 162/ District II / Budapest (with line 65 to the Pál-völgyi cseppkőbarlang bus stop right in front of the cave). When in 1904 a pit supervisor observed a sheep suddenly literally disappearing from the meadow, he found access to this cave during the rescue operation that was initiated. And that's something to be proud of. With a length of about 14km, it is the third largest stalactite cave in Hungary (the longest is in the Aggtelek National Park). In 1944 it was included in the list of Hungarian nature reserves. The cave leads to a depth of 100 meters and has a constant temperature of 11°C. Therefore, one should dress accordingly. A 500m long section is visited in one round. This sounds relatively short, but large differences in altitude are covered here. Therefore, at least 45 minutes should be planned for the visit, which is only possible with a guide. During a guided tour you can see some strange stalactite formations or petrified imprints of ancient shells. A tour always starts 15 minutes past the hour. Open: daily 10:00-16:00, closed on Mondays.
Szemlöhegyi Cave (Szemlő-hegyi-barlang), Pusztaszeri utca 35/ District II / Budapest (The cave can be reached by bus lines 291 and 111 to the "Szemlő-hegyi-barlang" stop. Alternatively, you can take the H5 to the Szépvölgyi bus stop út and walk out of town along Szépvölgyi út to Pusztaszeri utca (a small wooden sign shows the way). The cave was discovered by accident in 1930 during construction work. In the 1980s, extensive work made it accessible to the public. The unusual-looking so-called pea stones are particularly interesting here. During research work, a thermal spring was also discovered inside the cave. At the beginning of the 1990s, a healing effect of the air on respiratory diseases could also be proven in this context. Since then, the cave has also been used for medical therapy purposes. The approximately 2 km long grotto is partially illuminated and guided tours are organized every hour. During a single tour, the environmental pollution of two weeks is said to be washed out of the lungs. Longer stays are also possible. While these tours are free for locals, this service is chargeable for foreigners. However, there is currently a waiting period of around 9 months for a place for a longer stay. Open: Mon, Wed, Fri 10:00-15:00, Sat-Sun 10:00-16:00. Guided tours of the cave take place every hour and are in Hungarian and English. Price: The tour costs 1000 forints per person.


What to do

Thermal baths
Over 120 thermal springs in the urban area have shaped the history of the city. The Romans already used the springs for their bathhouses and brought bathing culture to Budapest. The oldest baths date from the period of Turkish rule: the Rudas and Kiraly baths date from the mid-16th century. Since 1934 Budapest has been a state-approved spa. Some baths have separate bathing days for men and women.

2 Gellert Baths (Gellért Szálló) wikipediacommons. Architecturally spectacular swimming and thermal baths on the banks of the Danube. Price: Day ticket from HUF 4,900.
3 Széchenyibad (Széchenyi gyógyfürdő) wikipediacommons. 10 pools in an architecturally attractive atmosphere in the city park. Chess boards are partially embedded in the bathrooms. Price: Day ticket from HUF 5,900.
4 Kiraly Bad. Dating back to 1565, this bath represents one of the few remains of the Ottoman period. Open: "Closed indefinitely" since 2020.
5 Raczbad. The bathroom dates from the 16th century and is currently being renovated.
6 Lukác's bath. The bath, known as an artists' meeting place, offers a 1800m² park. Open: 7:00-19:00. Price: day ticket from 3500 HUF, weekend 3900 HUF.
7 Rudas bath. This almost 500-year-old Turkish bath was last renovated in 2005 and also offers a pump room with medicinal spring water for a drinking cure. Price: Day ticket Mon-Fri 5500 HUF, WE 6900 HUF.
8 Danubius Thermal & Conference Hotel Helia. In this 4-star hotel in Scandinavian style there is a wellness area with sauna, steam bath and four pools.
9 Danubius Thermal Hotel Budapest, Margitsziget. Bathing complex on Margit Sziget with a swimming pool and 4 medicinal pools.
10 Ramada Plaza Budapest (The Aquincum Hotel). In the elegant hotel on the banks of the Danube there are also thermal pools, a sauna and a steam bath.

City tours
By public transport above ground:

Tram line 2 from the market hall along the Danube to the parliament
Bus 16 from Széll Kálmán tér metro station to Matthias Church and on to Erszébet tér
Tram 61 from Széll Kálmán tér through Buda to Móricz Zs. körtér, then tram 6 back through Pest
As usual in all larger cities, there are also sightseeing tours in Budapest.

Hop-on hop-off tours and their advertising can be found in every hotel and at every metro station in the city center, be it from ProgramCentrum or City Tour.
Boat trips during the day or in the evening with the boats of Legenda
to borrow a bike
MOL Bubi is a public bike sharing system. The offers for 24 hours, 72 hours or 7 days are interesting for tourists. Requires the app.

Sziget Festival Budapest, organization: Orlay u. 5-7, 1114 Budapest. Tel.: +36 1 372 0650, e-mail: In the first half of August, the Sziget Festival takes place on Óbudai Island. Almost 400,000 participants experience the most famous Hungarian musicians and foreign stars. You can also take part in theater performances, film screenings, exhibitions, classical music concerts and sports programs. Price: Entry prices vary, in 2022 there were passes from €250-475.



The oldest and most famous shopping street in the city is Váci utca. This is located directly behind the Danube bank on the Pest side of the city and leads from Vörösmarty tér parallel to the bank to the market hall. In the first part between Vörösmarty tér and Erzsébet híd you will find many boutiques of well-known brands, souvenir shops and one or the other specialty shop. The advice to those who want to shop is to look into one or the other side street, as many shops have also settled here over the course of time. Chic boutiques are becoming rare behind Erzsébet híd, but there are one or two art or antique shops. At the end of Váci utca, the market hall is the absolute shopping highlight for anyone interested in Hungarian products.

Those who are less interested in traditional shopping and who like to have everything in one place will of course also find various shopping centers in Budapest. The most important are:

Skala Metro. Right at Westbahnhof.
Duna Plaza. This shopping center offers an ice rink in a futuristic building in addition to all conceivable shopping opportunities. Accessible via the M3 Gyöngyösi utca / Váci út station.
Western City Center. This shopping center is also located directly at the Westbahnhof and has a cinema as well as a roof terrace where you can indulge in ice skating from October to March. In summer you can sometimes go up from here in a hot air balloon.
Campona. The Campona Shopping Center is located a bit outside of the city in the south, but this huge complex offers a shopping center, cinema, massage center and above all a tropicarium with a huge shark tank, which you can cross in a 13 m long tunnel.
Eurocenter Obudai. As the name suggests, this shopping center is located in Óbuda and offers a go-kart track as a highlight. Accessible by line 17, Perényi út stop.

But Budapest is the shopping metropolis in Hungary. Therefore, it is often worthwhile to search specifically:

Fashion: If you are looking for something upscale, we recommend Fashion Street on Deák Ferenc Street (between Deák ter and Vörösmarty ter). All luxury brands such as Boss, Lagerfeld & Co can be found on two floors on 12,000 m². But anyone who now warns that you don't have to go to Budapest for that is undoubtedly right. They are recommended to visit one of the many Hungarian designer shops. Here you will find dresses, hats, bags, shoes etc. that can only be found here. Porcelain: Queen Victoria had her porcelain brought to her from Budapest. The pattern created in her honor has since been called Victoria. But not only this pattern created by the Herender company can be discovered here. Numerous Hungarian porcelain manufacturers display their best pieces in their specialist shops in the city to change hands or just to be admired:

Herend Porcelain, Budapest, 1061, Andrássy út 16. Tel.: +36 1 374-0006, fax: +36 1 374-0007, e-mail: Porcelain of the well-known luxury brand from Herend near Veszprém.
Zsolnay Porcelain, Budapest, Váci utca 19-21. Email: Porcelain from Pécs was awarded at the World Exhibition in Paris in 1878.
Haas & Czjzek, Budapest, Bajcsy Zsilinszky út 23. The specialist shop of the traditional brand from the Czech Republic also offers porcelain from Herend, Zsolnay and Hollóháza near Miskolc



The currency of Hungary is the Forint (HUF), which comes in denominations of 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, 10,000 and 20,000.
In Budapest, you can rarely pay with euros, and if you do, then the exchange rate is much worse than in forints. In addition, card payment (compared to other countries) is rarely possible. It is therefore best to pay in cash. It should be noted that there are few bank ATMs in Budapest, while individual Euronet ATMs (which tend to charge higher fees) can be found on every corner. ATMs with lower fees can be found e.g. from the "OTP Bank" or the "Erste Bank".


Where to eat

In addition to international cuisine, there are also various specialties in Budapest that are famous far beyond the city limits:

A particular specialty of the city are the Palatschinken, small, filled pancakes. The term has nothing to do with ham, but is a corruption of the Hungarian Palacsinta. Palacsinta are not eaten individually, but the guest puts together a menu from several sweet and savory fillings.

Gundel, Állatkerti út 2., H-1146 Budapest. Tel.: +36-1-468-40-40, fax: +36-1-363-19-17, e-mail: Probably the best-known restaurant in the city, founded in 1910, is famous for its Palacsinta.
Gerbeaud Budapest, 1051 Budapest Vörösmarty tér 7-8. Tel.: +36-1-429-9000, fax: +36-1-429-9009, e-mail: Cake creations such as Esterházy and Dobos cakes from Gerbeaud are well known. In this café from 1858, which was last renovated in 1997, you have the opportunity to indulge in this and many other pleasures.
As Budapest has one of the largest Jewish communities outside of Israel, it is not surprising that there are a number of Jewish specialty restaurants here.

Fülemüle Étterem, 1085 Budapest, Köfaragó u. 5. (The restaurant is located directly at the entrance to Gyulai Pál utca). Tel.: +36 1 266-7947, email: In addition to Jewish cuisine, this multi-award-winning small restaurant can also shine with very good Hungarian cuisine at good prices. An extra menu can be prepared for vegetarians on request. Open: Daily 12:00 p.m. – 10:00 p.m. / Fridays and Saturdays also until 11:00 p.m. Price: main course from €8.00 to €20.00.

The good Langosch is rare in Budapest and has been supplanted by Burger King and McDonalds. But fortunately there is still one last bastion in the market hall at the end of the Vaci ùcta. Another Hungarian highlight is the Baumstrietzel (colloquially also called tree cake, Hungarian Kürtőskalács), which is available in various flavors. In general, the food is good and varied. Here are a few squares and streets with a wide range of restaurants to give the hungry tourist a first orientation:

Vaci útca (Waiznergasse) - Is Budapest's oldest commercial street. Of course, this well-known promenade is often the first address for normal tourists. Especially in the part between Erzsébet híd and the market hall there are numerous restaurants, but on closer inspection they turn out to be mediocre Italian restaurants (don't let the bouncers fool you). There are, however, a few pleasant exceptions:

Fatâl, 1051 Budapest, Váci utca 67. Tel.: +36-1-2662607. In a side street it goes into the rustic cellar. Hearty Hungarian cuisine awaits you there at good prices. In summer there are also tables on Váci utca.
1000 Tea, Váci utca 65. Tel.: +36-1-337-8217. Also located in a back yard (there is a small information sign) the smell of incense sticks greets you as you enter. Comfortable seating areas and, as the name suggests, types of tea from all over the world (e.g. China, Taiwan, Korea, Turkey, Nepal, Andes, Sri Lanka or India), which are served in the respective traditional cups, are the basis of the tea house. There are also small snacks. The ideal place to rest from shopping stress. Open: Mon.-Sat. 12pm-9pm.

Liszt Ferenc ter (Franz Liszt Square) - near the Oktogon (subway station of the same name on line 1) on Andrássy Út you will find this square, which is particularly popular in summer. Lined by 14 restaurants (as of 2009) serving international cuisine, the choice is large and the space is filled with tables. In summer, the atmosphere invites you to linger beyond the actual intake of food. Otherwise there are plenty of clubs in the area. For those who would like to reserve a table beforehand, here are a few contacts:
Menza, 1061 Budapest, Liszt Ferenc tér 2. Tel.: +36 1 413-1482. Good breakfast with extensive coffee menu. The restaurant is also visited by many Hungarians. If you want to avoid a long wait, you should reserve a table by noon at the latest. Open: Daily 10:00 - 24:00.

Ráday utca (Ráday Gedeon Street) - Here you will find over 40 different restaurants, pubs and clubs. Due to the Ibis hotel located here, the clientele is more touristy, which does not detract from the quality of some localities:
IF Kávézó, 1092 Budapest, Ráday utca 19. Tel.: +36 1 299 0694, fax: +36 1 299 0695, e-mail: A striking number of poultry dishes. The homemade lemonade is particularly recommended. The status of a jazz café is underlined with regular live music. Open: Daily 10:00 a.m. – 12:00 a.m.

szt. István körút (Saint Stephen I Boulevard) — is a section of the Big Nagykörút (Ring Boulevard) of Budapest.
Cafe «Europa» («Európa» Kávéház), 1055 bp. Szent István Krt. 7-9 Tel.: +36 1 3122362, fax: +36 1 3122362, e-mail: Open: Wed.-Sat. 12.00-24.00.

If you would like to eat something in Buda on Castle Hill, you can of course do so too. But it should be mentioned here that the value for money is not comparable to the restaurants in Pest. Of course, these are overflowing with tourists, especially during the season, and these are usually processed on the assembly line.


Night life

Budapest has a rich nightlife.

Gödör Club, Erzébet ter. Big club in the heart of the city center, under the very busy Erzébet square. Student audience, in the evenings almost always live acts (jazz). Sometimes free of charge, but also for a few hundred forints. The club has a large terrace. Erzébet Square is populated all day with skaters, bikers and laid-back groups enjoying a six-pack of beers. Nice place!
The Montemartre is recommended. It is on the direct route from St. Stephen's Basilica to the Danube. Student bands play there every Tuesday evening, which guarantees a good atmosphere.
Around the Klauzal tér you will find two super bars with an artistic flair, where the Budapesters gather in the evenings. From time to time a troop of Englishmen pass through on a pub crawl. However, the atmosphere is more conducive to lively conversation over a few beers than to a binge.
The Liszt Ferenc tér seems to be a center for tourists: restaurants, bistros and bars are lined up on both sides of the long square. The traditional dishes and beers are advertised in German, English and sometimes also in Hungarian.
A nice place is also the intersection of Hajós utca and Ó utca. Here you will find two inexpensive restaurants and a bar that openly communicate with each other.

In summer, beer gardens are opened in various places, often near the banks of the Danube, a bit away from the center, where bands often play. The Zöld-(Green) Pardon is recommended here. It is located directly on the banks of the Danube and the Petofi Hid and is very easy to reach with tram lines 4 and 6, which run on the outer ring.

Szimpla Kert (Ruin Bar), Kazinczy utca 14., Budapest 1075, Hungary. Budapest's ruin bars are also famous. It is mostly backyards and old buildings that have been abandoned and where art, music, bars and mostly young people like to meet.
Gozsdu-udvar. The Gozsdu-udvar, a building complex with several backyards, offers many places to eat and drink. Various pubs also offer live music or you can dance. The alley stretches from Dob utca 16 to Király utca 13.

Ruin Pubs
The pub scene in the old Jewish Quarter in Budapest has a very special charm. Many of the ruin pubs that are now typical of Budapest's nightlife have settled here. Some, like Szimpla at Kertész u. 48, have gained real cult status in recent years. The popular student café is located in an empty factory building. Offshoots of the famous pub can already be found on Lake Balaton (summer only) and in Berlin. Other ruin pubs have set themselves up in old garages – such as the pub with the name “kuplung” at Király utca 46, which is easy for German guests to understand – or fill old abandoned backyards with new life. An important cultural center in the old Jewish quarter is the Sirály, a multi-cultural meeting point at Király utca 50. A spacious cultural oasis has emerged in a former bookshop. There is a café with its own library on the ground floor, while exhibitions are shown on the upper floor. Theatrical performances are held in the basement of the building. Alternative films are also shown here almost every day ( Before the operators occupied the building around five years ago, it had been empty for a long time.


Where to sleep

Budapest charges a 4% tourist tax on overnight stays.

Youth hostels
The International Youth Hostel Association lists 3 houses. There are also about 90 private hostels.

Apartment Sinko, Garay ter 3. Tel.: +36-309 665 390. Two-room apartment in the center of Budapest (7th district), with free internet access, directly from the owner, for 1 - 4 people for rent. The apartment is located 4 minutes walk from the Ostbahnhof and the city park. Price: 13 - 28 euros/person/night (min. 2 people).
Apartment Akacia, Pósa Lajos utca 9. Two-room apartment with a garden for 1-5 people, or room for 1-3 people, free parking, 14th district, WIFI.
Apartment St.Michael, János u.75, 1162 Budapest. Phone: +36-20-9459401. Apartment in the 16th district with a green area. See website for prices. Features: free WiFi, air conditioning.

Aquamarina Boat Hotel, Rozgonyi Piroska utcai Hajóállomás, 1031, Budapest. Tel.: +36-1-2408288, fax: +36-1-2407887, e-mail: Just outside on a 19th century Russian steamboat. The hotel was last renovated in 2006, as was the website. Price: from €55 (SR).
Hotel Benczúr, Benczúr ut. 35, 1068 Budapest. Phone: +361 479-5650, Fax: +361 342-1558. The hotel is located in the city's embassy district, near Heroes' Square and the yellow metro. A rich breakfast is included, as is internet access in the in-house bar. Feature: ★★★. Payment Types Accepted: Debit Card, Credit Card, PayPal, AliPay.
Deep Guest House, Csengery utca 45, 1067 Budapest. Slightly quirky hotel; the cavernous basement used to be a night club, today the showers and the kitchen are located here with unchanged decoration. But clean and cheap. Conveniently located near Oktogon Square.
Mercure Budapest Korona, Kecskemeti utca 14 1053, Budapest. Tel: +36 1 4868800, Fax: +36 1 3183867, Email: Modern superior hotel in the center of Pest near Kalvin ter. In addition to spending the night, the guest can also use the sauna, swimming pool or restaurant. A monitored parking garage is also available. The hotel often offers early booking discounts for top events in order to fill up the hotel. If the hotel is overbooked, people will try to move early bookers to cheaper hotels in Buda because of technical problems. It pays to be persistent and, if necessary, to talk to the managing director, then the technical problems usually disappear into thin air. Feature: ★★★★.

Camping Haller, Haller Str. 27., Budapest, 1096. Tel.: +36 1 476-3418, Mobile: +36 20-367-4274. Open: summer season from June 1st. Reception 8:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m., gate closes at 11:00 p.m. Price: Prices: 1800 ft. per person/per night, 1900-2900 ft. per tent/per night, 3600 ft. per mobile home/per night.



Budapest is the seat of many universities. Some also offer German students the opportunity to study in German, including the following:
Andrássy Gyula German-speaking University of Budapest, H-1088 Budapest, Pollack Mihaly tér 3 (postal address: Levelezési cim: H-1464 Budapest). Tel.: +36 1 2663101, +36 30 525 50 43, Fax: +36 1 266 3099. Specialized in constitutional law.
Semmelweis University, H-1085 Budapest, VIII. Üllői út 26. Tel.: +36 1 459 1500. Medical University.
Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Mûegyetem rkp. 3-9., H-1111 Budapest, Pf. 91, H-1521 Hungary. Tel.: +36 1 463 1111, Fax: +36 1 463 1110. Offers German-language faculties in civil engineering, electrical engineering, computer science, mechanical engineering and transport, as well as others in English and French.
Budapesti Corvinus Egyetem (Corvinus University of Economics and Public Administration), Fővám tér 8., H-1093 Budapest. Tel.: +36 1 482 5000. A state-run educational establishment with a focus on teaching and research in economics and related subjects. It was founded in 1920 as the economics faculty of the then Royal Hungarian University, was renamed the Karl Marx University of Economics in 1953 and has borne the name of w:Matthias Corvinus since 2003. Today it also offers bachelor's and master's programs in foreign languages.



In general, Budapest is one of the safest cities in Europe. Raids are rare, as are fights. It can happen that you are ripped off by con artists, money changers, taxi drivers from the small private companies. However, you are never seriously endangered. Be careful at the Eastern Railway Station (Keleti Pu.)! Directly opposite the platforms there are some exchange offices that display wrong exchange rates, just so that black changers can get a good deal in front of this shop with their also wrong exchange rates. When exchanging money, you should be as careful as possible to avoid being given any practically worthless foreign (e.g. Belarusian) banknotes instead of forint notes.

As mentioned above, Budapest is one of the safest cities, but visiting some areas of the eighth district, Josefstadt (Józsefváros), is not recommended if you don't want to be approached by drug dealers and prostitutes who may be found there. The questionable part of this district is actually limited to a few seedy streets east of the Great Ring Road (Nagykörút), but that's not usually where the average tourist goes anyway.

When visiting the huge Chinese market in Kobanya Kispest, beware of thieves. Carrying firearms is strictly forbidden here (this is also indicated by signs at the entrance). The huge, delimited area represents its own small microcosm with some of its own rules. Gang crime is quite the order of the day here and police presence is rather rare here. Obvious wearing of valuable jewellery, digital cameras and other luxury items should be avoided for your own safety. If you follow these rules, however, this area does not pose any major danger. Caution: the majority of the goods on offer there are fakes and plagiarisms from China. Importing these goods to Germany or other EU countries can result in criminal prosecution!



Non-stop medical care: Falck SOS Hungary, tel. +36 200-0100
Dental emergency service non-stop: Tel. +36 267-9602
Emergency call: 104


Practical hints

Tourist info: Városháza Park Hut (1052 Budapest, Károly körút), 9:00-19:00
Consular Section German Embassy, Úri utca 64-66., 1014 Budapest. Tel.: +36-1-488 3500. Open: Appointments only.
Consular Section Austrian Embassy, Benczúr utca 61068 Budapest. Tel.: +36-1-479 70 10. Open: Online appointment only. Only one request per appointment. Bring a black ballpoint pen with you.
Consular section of the Swiss Embassy, Stefánia ùt. 107. Tel.: +36 1 460 70 40.
Many Budapesters, especially young people, speak English. But German is also widespread, while French is hardly spoken. In tourist areas, the menus of larger restaurants are usually in three languages (H, E, D), although the translations sometimes take a little getting used to.

Important: Hungarian is known to be a “language of its own”; it is not closely related to any other European language, there are only distant relationships with Estonian and Finnish. Even the linguistically skilled traveler will therefore find it difficult to find their way around without local help. It helps immensely to equip yourself with a basic vocabulary of 10-15 phrases beforehand and to familiarize yourself with the basic pronunciation rules of the Hungarian language. See also the Hungarian phrasebook.

Internet cafes, on the other hand, are not uncommon in Budapest.


The origin of the name

Pest and Buda, the capital and the capital of Hungary, were only mentioned together by their common name starting from the reform era. The more common form was Pest-Buda, placing the name of the larger (and more nationally significant) city before it, but occasionally there was also the form Buda-Pest, which is better suited to the Hungarian language and avoids consonant congestion. This name variant comes from Count István Széchenyi's 1831 work entitled Világ. When the cities were united in 1873, the name Budapest was chosen as a matter of course for the new seat and capital.

The name Buda denoted the Roman settlement built on the site of the ancient Aquincum in the early Árpád period, which was only referred to as Old Buda after the Tatar invasion, after the construction of the Buda castle, then called Újbuda. According to our medieval chronicles, the city was named after the brother of the Hun king Attila, but this is probably only true that the origin of the name could indeed have been a personal name (there are people named Buda in medieval sources). According to another, unverifiable hypothesis, the origin of the town name could be the Slavic word voda ("water"), just as the final source of the ancient Latin name Aquincum could be a Celtic word with a water-related meaning.

According to some opinions, the origin of Pest's name goes back to ancient times, as the name of Contra-Aquincum appears in Ptolemy's 2nd century work "Geógraphiké hüphégészisz" (Introduction to the mapping of the earth) as Peszion (Πέσσιον, iii.7.§2). According to the more accepted explanation, however, it is related to Gellért Hill on the Buda side, because the word means "cave" or "rock cavity" in Slavic languages, and in the old Hungarian language the furnace was called pest, as it was, for example, in some parts of Székelyföld in the 20th century was also used. This is how today's Gellért Hill, which hides the hot-water cave ("hot furnace"), became Pest Hill, and the river crossing at the foot of the mountain, which has been used since ancient times, became Pest-rév, and this is where the settlement on the other side finally got its name. This interesting "overseas migration" of the name can be clearly traced in our earliest medieval sources. The German name of Buda, Ofen (Hungarian: "furnace"), also has a similar origin, which, like the Slavic word pest, also means cave or cavity in the Southern German dialect. It is interesting that a certificate from before the Tatar invasion refers to the settlement on the left bank of the river, i.e. today's Pest, as Ofen, but later the local Germans applied this name only to the castle hill in Buda.



The written history of the area of today's Budapest begins with the Roman garrison, Aquincum, which was built in i. s. They were founded around 89 on the west bank of the Danube (in today's Óbuda area). Aquincum i. s. From 106 to the beginning of the 4th century, it was the center of one part of the divided Pannonia province, Lower Pannonia (Pannonia Inferior). Its population was around 20,000. The governor's palace, built on today's Óbuda Island, was sometimes visited by the Roman emperors themselves. Several Roman auxiliary camps (Albertfalva, Campona) and counterforts (such as Contra-Aquincum) can be found in the area of the modern city.

According to Anonymus' description, after the conquest, leader Árpád chose Budavára, the erstwhile "city of King Attila", as his tribe's residence due to its central geographical location, and he was buried here in 907, in the neighboring White Church. This place is usually identified with Óbuda (although some people look for it in Pesthidegkút or in the nearby Pilis mountains).

The town is connected to the legend of Bishop Gellért, who was murdered by pagan insurgents on the side of today's Gellért Hill (the then Pest Hill) (according to legend, he was locked in a spiked barrel and rolled down the hill), the memory of which is preserved by the current name of the place.

The Roman heritage of Óbuda and Pest, the ruins of thousands of buildings, were visible for centuries, but during the Árpád era, real, bustling medieval cities were gradually built in their place. Óbuda's road network has survived from Roman times, and its population was engaged in viticulture. Church estates were established on its territory, and a castle was built in the 13th century. In 1223, the city was devastated by a great fire, in which the houses built mainly of wood burned to ashes. Pest was already surrounded by a wall in the 12th century, and in 1230 it received a letter of privilege from II. From Endre.

ARC. In 1241, King Béla set out from Pest against the Tatars. After the losing battle, the Tatars burned Pest, then crossed the frozen river in the winter of 1241/42 and destroyed Óbuda as well. The entire population of the two cities was massacred. For example, the people of Pest were buried in the city's main church, today's Belváros parish church, where they crowded together to pray.

After his return, the king had a stone castle and a new town called Újbuda built on the so-called Pest Hill, today's Várhegy (between 1247 and 1265). These were the first urban buildings here, forming the basis of the later famous Buda Castle. ARC. Béla's castle, which stood near today's Mátyás Church, could be defended better in case of attacks than the lower-lying Óbuda castle (its presumed ruins were also excavated by archaeologists).

ARC. True to his vow during the Tatar invasion, Béla gifted Nyulak Island (today's Margit Island) to the church, and placed his youngest daughter Margit, who became a famous saint of the town, in the Dominican nunnery built here.

After the extinction of the Árpád House, Buda supported Wenceslas against Róbert Károly, who was patronized by the Pope, and therefore the Pope placed the city under an ecclesiastical curse, and the parish priest of Buda in turn placed the Pope under an ecclesiastical curse. In 1302, the sons of Márk Csák and Baron Jakab Cseszneki from Anjou unsuccessfully besieged the castle, but they caused great damage to the buildings and destroyed the Buda vineyard. In the end, the city had to accept the winner Róbert Károly. His son Lajos the Great made Buda the royal seat. The city was already a real bourgeois city, a large number of craftsmen, industrialists, and merchants lived here. In addition to the Hungarians, there was a significant number of German hospices, and of course it also had a Jewish population. The population of Pest, which had a hard time enduring the ravages of the Tatars, also began to recover, in the 15th century it regained the right to elect judges, and around 1470 it became a free royal city.

The reign of Sigismund of Luxemburg and then Matthias is the highlight of the cities' history before the Turkish era. Zsigmond founded a university in Óbuda in 1389. The Renaissance court of Mátyás exerted a great attraction on the educated people of the time, raising the cultural standard of the city and the royal court. In 1473, the first Buda printing house, András Hess, produced the Buda Chronicle. After Mátyás's death, the country was shaken by feudal disputes, an economic crisis, and then by the peasant uprising of György Dózsa, but the culture of the two cities continued to grow during the reign of the Jagielló House in Buda. The historical monuments of the Buda Renaissance can be seen today in the Buda Royal Palace (Budapest Historical Museum), while the monuments of the Pest Renaissance can be seen in today's Downtown Parish Church. The Turkish subjugation put an end to this development.

In the second half of the 15th century, under King Matthias, Buda became the capital of the country, and its Renaissance royal palace was famous in Europe. At the same time, Pest, located on the left bank of the Danube, also developed into an important trading city. In 1541, the two cities fell into the hands of the Turks, who established their headquarters in Buda during their 150-year rule. The image of the city was adapted to the Eastern urban ideal, baths, bazaars, and mosques were built. Buda and Pest were recaptured by the Habsburgs from the Turks in a bloody war in 1686, during which the two cities were completely destroyed.

In the Baroque era of the 18th century, urban life only slowly unfolded again. Buda's modern development was founded by Mária Terézia when she moved the royal institutions here from Bratislava and the university from Nagyszombat. However, the real development started only in the first half of the 19th century, during the reform era, when Pest became the cultural and economic center of the country. The Széchenyi chain bridge connecting the two cities was built as a symbol of the era.

"The location of Buda-Pest falls out, and it seems to be the right unifying center in many respects. However, if the two cities and their surroundings are left in their natural state, unification can, in my judgment, only take place over the course of centuries; in which centuries, however, so many forces against unification can develop that Buda-Pest will probably never leave the ranks of provincial cities, and will not be able to serve as a unifying point. So the question revolves around this, or rather the mission: to find out what kind of development the two sister cities are capable of."
– Count István Széchenyi: Buda-Pest dust and mud

The Pest revolution of March 15, 1848 was one of the main events of Hungarian history, and this day is now a national holiday. During the revolutionary events of 1848, Pest-Buda became the capital of the country, and after fighting it fell into Austrian hands. With the capture of Buda in 1849, the Hungarian army achieved one of the greatest military successes of the War of Independence.

The Austrian repression following the fall of the War of Independence halted development for a while, but after the settlement of 1867, cosmopolitan growth began. The leaders accepted the unification of Pest, Buda and Óbuda in December 1872, and today's Budapest was created in the fall of 1873. The day of the capital is celebrated on November 17 to commemorate the unification, because in 1873 the council of the united city met on this day, taking over the management of affairs from the council of the suburbs (however, this was only one of the events of the reorganization related to the unification, the municipal election was already held in September was held, and the mayor and mayor were elected in October). Budapest became the fastest growing city in Europe, the population doubled in twenty years and swelled to nearly three quarters of a million by the turn of the century. It was then that the image of today's city was formed, with bridges, boulevards, a modern transport network, Europe's first underground railway outside Great Britain, the inner and outer districts, the Parliament and other national public buildings. Budapest's theaters, cafes, spas, sparkling cultural life and the famous "Pest night" became world famous. The millenary exhibition and celebrations were held in 1896 as a symbol of development.


20 century

At the beginning of the 20th century, the development that gained momentum after the compromise continued, for example, between 1909 and 1910, electric public lighting was introduced.

The 1910 census counted 880,371 inhabitants in Budapest at the time, while the largest suburb, Újpest, had 55,000. The vast majority of the population spoke Hungarian (85.9%), 9% declared themselves German and 2.3% Slovak. The religious composition was as follows: Catholic 59.9%, Israelite 23.1%, Reformed 9.9%, Lutheran 4.9%.

However, the First World War and the subsequent events, the Aster Revolution of 1918-1919 and the Soviet Republic, halted the city's development until then.
The Trianon Peace Treaty was followed by the consolidation policy of the Horthy era. Many people moved (or fled) from the annexed Hungarian-inhabited areas to the capital. Many of them lived in railway stations and railway carriages. Thus, the population exceeded one million by the 1930s. Due to the mass demand for housing, the first housing estates were built, for example the Wekerletelep and the State housing estate. Masses of the poor also lived in slums (for example, the Mária Valéria housing estate).
In 1924, the Magyar Nemzeti Bank was founded, and in 1925, Magyar Rádió began broadcasting. In 1933, the demolition of Tabán began. Between 1934 and 1940, four new districts were added to Budapest's public administration.

At the end of the Second World War, the city suffered heavy losses. After the German occupation in 1944, part of the population fell victim to the Holocaust, and another part (38,000 people) lost their lives during the 102-day siege. A significant part of the city's buildings fell into ruins, all the bridges were blown up. Unfortunately, the areas with the richest architectural treasures of the city suffered the greatest damage: the Downtown and the Castle District. To this day, the full restoration of the damage has not been completed, and sometimes there are dented areas and facades bearing bullet marks remind us of the destruction of the Soviet siege. Many valuable buildings were demolished, or reconstructed not according to their former form, or with simpler solutions.

After the years of reconstruction, on December 20, 1949, the Parliament voted for the law that annexed twenty-three surrounding, previously independent settlements to Budapest on January 1, 1950: seven cities and sixteen large communities (see the list in the Budapest district section), which through which Greater Budapest was created. In the 1950s, Stalinist oppression weighed on the people of Budapest, which led to the outbreak of the 1956 revolution, and its street battles shook the city. From the 1960s, Budapest experienced its second great development period under the "soft dictatorship" of the Kádár regime. In 1970, the first metro line was opened. Large housing estates were built one after the other, and hundreds of thousands more flocked to the capital from all over the country, whose population reached 2.1 million by the 1980s. Since the regime change in 1989, the number of the population has started to decrease significantly, which is partly due to the mass migration of the citizens of the capital to the settlements of the agglomeration. The population decline has been reversed since the second half of the 2000s.



Neolithic, Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age finds, as well as Celtic and Eraviskus settlements.
1st century The Romans found the city of Aquincum, which became the capital of the province of Pannonia, the largest and most populous settlement in the Danube region.
896 During the conquest, the conquering Hungarians establish a settlement here.
1046 Saint Gellert is pushed from the mountain into the abyss by pagans, he was Prince Imre's teacher. Gellért Hill was later named after him.
1241 The Tatars attack the city, then IV. King Béla has the first royal castle built on the castle hill.
1270 Saint Margaret IV dies. The daughter of King Béla on Nyulak Island, whose name the island is today (Margit Island).
1458 King Matthias begins his reign, under his rule Buda becomes the center of the Hungarian Renaissance. His reign lasts until his death in 1490.
1541 The city falls into Turkish hands, the Turks build several mosques and baths in Buda.
1686 Recapture of the city with Habsburg help, Buda and Pest were completely destroyed.
1773 Election of the first mayor of Pest
1777 Mária Terézia moves the royal institutions and universities to the city, and massively settles German-speaking people in Buda and Pest.
1795 Ignác Martinovics and other Jacobin leaders are executed in the area west of the Buda Castle, which is now called the Blood Field.
1810 A fire destroys the Tabán district.
1825 Beginning of the Reformation. Pest becomes the cultural and economic center of the Kingdom of Hungary, where the first National Theater and the Hungarian National Museum are built.
1838 In March, a huge flood ravages Pest, and a significant part of the city's buildings are destroyed.
1842 The construction of the Széchenyi Chain Bridge begins.
On March 15, 1848, the Pest revolution breaks out, which leads to the establishment of the Batthyány government.
On January 5, 1849, the Austrian armies occupy the city, but the Hungarian army recovers it during the "Spring Campaign". At the beginning of the summer, however, they recaptured the city and executed Lajos Batthyány on October 6 in the courtyard of the Újépélet on the site of today's Szabadság tér.
1849 Construction of the Chain Bridge is completed.
1867 An agreement is reached, as a result of which an unprecedented civil development begins.
1873 The former cities of Pest, Buda and Óbuda are united on January 1, creating the current Hungarian capital, Budapest. On November 17, the new board will take over the management of the united capital.
1874 The first cog railway is delivered.
1878 Electric street lighting appears in the center of the city.
1896 Time for the millennium celebrations. The Underground Railroad, the Parliament, Ferenc József, and today's Freedom Bridge are inaugurated as the second in the world.
1918 The Aster Revolution, the formation of the Károlyi government
1919 The establishment of the Soviet Republic (March 21) and its fall, after which the Romanian army enters Budapest on August 4.
1924 Establishment of the Hungarian National Bank.
1925 Hungarian Radio begins broadcasting.
1944 The Germans occupy the city. The Arrow government deports 50,000 Jews from the city and moves 70,000 to the designated ghetto in Pest.
1945 Siege of Budapest. The Soviet army besieged the city on January 5, and the retreating German forces destroy all the Danube bridges. The nearly 80,000 German and Hungarian defense forces are completely destroyed, 38,000 civilians in the capital are also killed, and the Soviets abduct a large number of residents of the capital and its surroundings.
On January 1, 1950, Greater Budapest was created by annexing 23 surrounding settlements to the capital.
On October 23, 1956, the Hungarian revolution broke out against Soviet oppression. The insurgents who fought the longest held their own until November 11, in Csepel.
1960 Large-scale restoration of the city after the war damage.
1987 The Buda Castle District and the view of the Danube bank are classified as a world heritage site by UNESCO.
2002 Andrássy út, Hősök tere and the Millennium Underground Railway are added to the world heritage list.
2008 The northern bridge of the M0 motorway, the Megyeri bridge, is handed over.
2014 The M4 metro is handed over after 8 years of construction.



The area of the capital is 525.14 km². It is surrounded by the county of Pest, whose 81 settlements belong to the agglomeration of Budapest. The capital is 25 km in the north-south direction and 29 km in the east-west direction. Its lowest point is the level of the Danube river, which at medium water level is 96 meters, while its highest point, János-hegy, is 527 meters above sea level. It plays a central role in Hungary's transport, as radial highways and railway lines of international importance run into Budapest. The geometric center of the capital is on Martinovics tér in the 10th district. Its territory is divided into two fundamentally different parts by the 28-kilometer long Danube section running north-south.

On the right bank of the Danube in the direction of its flow, on the western side, the Buda Mountains belong to the central region of the Danube Mountains. On the left bank, on the eastern side of the capital, lies the Pest alluvial cone plain belonging to the Danube plain, which is surrounded by the slopes of the Gödöllő hills belonging to Cserhát from the northeast along the administrative border of the capital. The coast of the river is accompanied by the Vác-Pesti-Danube valley and the Danube bend to the north of the Csepel-Sziget peak, and the Csepeli plain to the south, which small landscapes are also part of the Danube plain.

Buda is basically a residential and recreational area, with economic zones in the north and south, while Pest is an administrative, commercial and industrial center with large residential areas and entertainment facilities. The Danube, the largest river in Central Europe, is decisive in its natural features, which crosses the capital like a river in a north-south direction, with a length of about 30 kilometers and an average width of 400 meters. There are three islands in the Budapest section of the Danube. The largest of these is Csepel Island in the south, with only its northern tip within the city limits; this is followed by Margit Island, which is located in the heart of the city and looks back on its historical past, and to the north of it lies Óbudai Island, also known as Hajógyári Island. Beyond the northern border of the city begins the Szentendrei Island, which stretches up to the Danube Bend. The Danube is the basis of the capital's water needs (until 2010, it also received half of its wastewater). It is one of the most important waterways in Europe, and it also provides recreation, sports and travel opportunities for the population of the big city. Budapest is a city extremely rich in natural values, including caves, springs, habitats of plant communities, and extensive parks under nature protection. Gellért Hill is located in the heart of the city. Among the rare natural values, the Pál valley cave system, the Sas-hegy Nature Reserve and the Merzse marsh should be mentioned.



Budapest is located below the temperate zone, a city with a (humid) continental climate, the average annual temperature is 11.0 °C. July is the warmest month, with the average monthly temperature approaching 21°C. The highest temperature so far (40.7 °C) was registered on July 20, 2007. The coldest month is January, when the average values are around -1.6 °C. The lowest temperature so far (-29.3 °C) was measured on January 13, 1987. The average limit day for the last spring frost is April 15. The heat island phenomenon is often experienced in the inner districts. The number of sunny hours per year is 2040. The annual average of precipitation is 516 mm, the rainiest months are June and November. The Danube most often has two tides, one at the end of winter (ice tide) and another at the beginning of summer (green tide). Budapest is a capital protected from the wind, which is due to the ranges of the Carpathians and the Transdanubian Central Mountains. The prevailing wind direction is northwest-southeast. In autumn and winter, the wind is often calm, which causes fog formation.


The impact of climate change

As a result of the recently accelerating trend due to climate change, the weather in the capital, along with Hungary, is starting to become noticeably Mediterranean. Long, hot and dry summers, short, mild and snow-poor winters, the shortening of spring and autumn, in addition to the increasing average annual temperature and duration of sunlight, infrequent, but sometimes large amounts of rain fall between frequent drought periods, causing even flash floods in some areas. characterized by rain.


Wild life

The Danube, which bisects Budapest, also plays a kind of dividing role in terms of wildlife. In terms of character, the districts on the Buda side are more residential and recreational areas, while the Pest side is the center of industry, commerce and public administration, integrated with large residential areas. With regard to plants, it can be said that the majority of parks and green areas are the result of human hands and are constantly changing. However, there are parts on both sides of the capital that have special and noteworthy wildlife, as well as three islands that belong to the city and whose wildlife is different from the parts of the big city. Places worth mentioning with the special plants of Gellért Hill and the entire wildlife of the Merzse Swamp. The largest standing water in Budapest dates back to the 16th century. Naplás lake in the district, whose immediate surroundings have been a landscape protection area since 1997. Lake Naplás, together with the nearby Cinkotai park forest and the Merzse marsh, is an important resting place for many waterfowl during the spring and autumn bird migration periods. There are several excellent fishing waters in the city, of which the fishing spots provided by the Danube stand out, such as Hárosi Bay.



Populations of temperate species adapted to metropolitan environments. There are a large number of pet dogs and cats, as well as other domestic animals, and stray specimens of these can also be found regularly. Tons of excrement produced by pets every day (200,000 dogs, 40 tons of excrement) burdens the environment, and "thanks" to careless farmers, dogs in particular cause significant pollution with the dirt they leave on the streets. There is also a risk of infection when shoes are brought into the living space and dry excrement enters the air stream.

In Budapest - unique among the capitals of the world - rats have not caused health or economic damage since the 1970s. According to the WHO, the best long-term rat eradication was achieved here thanks to the former Bábolna State Farm. Since the summer of 2018, a group of companies with a somewhat cheaper offer has been carrying out rat extermination. Since then, the number of sightings has multiplied, and a rat even caused disruption in the operation of the subway.

Among the birds, the most typical are the common pigeon (Columba livia), the house sparrow (Passer domesticus), the barn swallow (Apus apus), the Balkan sparrow (Streptopelia decaocto), the black thrush (Turdus merula), and the common crow (Corvus corone). , the magpie (Pica pica), the common kingfisher (Larus ridibunus), the common tit (Parus major) and some finches (Fringillidae), as well as the domestic rust-tailed (Phoenicurus ochruros). There are also predatory birds such as the red falcon (Falco tinnunculus), which is represented by 70-80 pairs, and there are also peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus). With the milder winters, the favorite birds also appear: e.g. parrots regularly come out into the open, and a pair of budgies (Myiopsitta monachus) have even been observed to have built a nest.

There are also migratory birds that appear periodically. Large cormorants (Phalacrocorax carbo) arrive in large numbers in winter. The birds that also process the city's waste in the riverside areas are the seagulls, among them the yellow-legged gull (Larus cachinnans) and the storm gull (Larus canus). The birdlife of the Merzse marsh is also very colorful, perhaps among the many bird species that live here are the common ptarmigan (Botaurus stellaris) and the grebe (Merops apiaster). Naturally, the marsh is home to various species of frogs, water slides and terrapins.

In the capital section of the Danube, fish that can be caught in the drifting sections are e.g. toothfish (Sander lucioperca), river catfish (Silurus glanis) and rosy mullet (Barbus barbus), while in quieter parts carp (Cyprinus carpio), crucian carp (Carassius), pike (Esox lucius), halibut (Aspius aspius), grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), various smaller fish and bream can occur more frequently. There is a species of fish, such as the viza (Huso huso), which used to be common, and for example a part of the city (Vizafogó) was named after it, but now it can no longer reach its former spawning grounds due to the construction of floodgates. Installations have already been made in order for the visas to return, so that they can occur again on the Danube sections in Hungary. As a result of the improvement of water quality, the so-called "Danube bloom" can be seen again since 2012, which is the mass appearance of a protected species of water lily (Ephoron virgo), which had not been seen for nearly forty years due to water pollution.



Budapest's original vegetation has survived only in the mountainous part and only partially, the vast majority of the city's plants have already been planted. These can be found on the one hand in the rows of trees planted next to the roads, and on the other hand in the city's parks. However, it is worth mentioning the common horsetail (Ephedra distachya) living on Gellért and Sas hills, which is a highly protected medicinal plant. Another well-known plant of Gellért Hill, which occurs only here in Hungary, is the highly protected yellow foam carnation (Silene flavescens).

There are several notable trees among the planted trees. The oldest tree in Budapest is probably the Crimean linden (Tilia x euchlora), estimated to be five hundred years old, standing in a garden in Pesthidegkút, but the white acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia) planted in 1789 at the Lánchíd bridgehead in Pest, as well as the oldest Lebanese cedar (Cedrus libani) in Eastern Europe, which the II. district, in the park of Sári Fedák's former villa, and despite its age of 120-150 years and its enormous height of 12 meters, it can still be considered a "child", as it can live up to 2000-3000 years.