Ermak Travel Guide

 

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Budapest

Budapest

Budapest is a beautiful capital of Hungary that stands on the banks of the Danube river. Its buildings, monuments and churches can rival an of the capitals on the European continent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pest Side of Budapest

 

Hungarian National Museum (Budapest)

Muzeum korut 14- 16
Tel. 1- 388 21 22
Open: Tue- Sun
Metro: Kalvin ter, Astoria
Bus: 47,49
www.mnm.hu


Inner City Parish Church (Budapest)

Marcius 15 ter 2
Tel. 1- 318 3108
Metro: Ferenciek tere

Parliament (Országház) (Budapest)

Kossuth Lajos ter 1- 3
Tel. 1- 441 49 04
Metro: Kossuth ter
Bus: 70, 78
Trolley: 2, 2A
www.parlament.hu

Budapest Parliament building is an official seat of National Assembly of Hungary. It was constructed in Neo- Gothic architectural style in 1885- 1904 on the Pest side of the Danube river on Lajos Kossuth Square.

Museum of Fine Arts (Budapest)

Hosok tere
Tel. 1- 469 71 00
Bus: 4, 20, 30, 105
Troll.: 75. 79
Open: Tue- Sun
Www2. Szepmuveszeti.hu

 

Great Synagogue and the Jewish Museum (Budapest)

Dohány ut. 2-8

House of Terror (Budapest)

House of Terror in Budapest is a former headquarters of Hungarian Communist Secret Police. Today it is open to the public a museum dedicated to a tragic pages in history of post- war Hungary when it was ruled by Communists. The museum is dedicated to victims that were incarcerated by the Secret Police.

Saint Stephen’s Basilica (Budapest)

Szent Istvan ter 1
Tel. 1- 338 2151
www.basilica.hu


 

State Opera House (Budapest)

Andrassy ut 22
Tel. 1- 331 25 50
Metro: Opera
www.opera.hu

 

Vajdahunyad Castle (Vajdahunyad vára) (Budapest)

Varosliget
Tel. 1- 363 19 73
Metro: Szechenyi Furdo
www.mmgm.hu

Vajdahunyad Castle is situated in the City Park. Despite its medieval look it is actually a modern structure. It was designed by an architect Ignác Alpár and constructed between 1896 to 1908 for a Millennial Exhibition that celebrated 1000 years of Hungarian or Magyar conquest of Carpathian Basin. It was intended to portray all the architectural styles including Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque. Original building was made of wood and cardboard, but it was later reconstructed in stone. There is a beautiful sculpture of Bele Regis Notarius or Notary of King Bela better known as Anonymous designed in 1903 by Miklós Ligeti. It is one of the most famous and iconic works of art of the city.

 

Heroes' Square (Hősök tere) (Budapest)

Shoes on the Danube memorial (Budapest)

Shoes on the Danube memorial might seem like a modern art sculpture. However it is dedicated to a tragic page in history of Hungary and Europe as a whole. Memorial is situated on the Pest side of Budapest. During World War II Nazi soldiers forced captured Jews into water. In a last cruel attempt to de- humanize their victims Nazis forced them to take of their shoes before being forced into waters of Danube waters. Those what managed to stay afloat long instead were shot by soldiers.

Széchenyi thermal bath (Budapest)

Állatkerti körút 11

Tel. +36 1 363 3210

 

 

 

Buda Side of Budapest

 

Fisherman's Bastion (Budapest)

Szentharomsag ter

Bus: Varbusz from Moszkva ter

Fisherman's Bastion is one of the most iconic buildings in Budapest. It was constructed in Neo- Romanesque architectural style in 1895. The building owes its strange name to a fact that in the medieval times it was a site for fish market. Fishermen from around Budapest came here to sell their catch at the walls of the medieval military fortifications. In time of war they also took arms to defend this part of city walls. A statue of Saint Istvan stands in front of the bastion. This legendary Hungarian king introduced Hungary and its people to Christianity. Fisherman's Bastion offers a great view of the Danube river and Pest region of Budapest.

Gellért Hill Hotel and Baths (Budapest)

Szent Gellert te.
Tel. 1- 466 61 66
Bus: 7, 7A, 86
Trolly: 18,19, 47,49
Entrance on Kelenhegyi

Matyas Church (Budapest)

Szentharomsag ter 2
Tel. 1- 4890717
Bus: Varbusz

Open: 9am- 5pm Mon- Fri, 9am- 1pm Sat, 1- 5pm Sun

Service 7am, 8:30am, 6pm

Museum: Open: 9am- 5pm Sun- Fri
www.matyas-templom.hu

Matyas Church is one of the most important Christian cathedrals in Budapest. It was constructed during Medieval times between 13th and 15th centuries. Although its official name is Church of Our Lady Mary, but it is known after legendary Hungarian king Matyas Corvinus who spent large sums of money to increase Gothic monument. Unfortunately little is preserved from its original design. In 1541 armies of Ottoman Turks stormed through Hungary and took Buda. They converted the church into the Great Mosque and used it for Muslim prayers. After Buda part of Budapest was finally liberated the church was badly damaged. It was reconstructed by the Franciscan Friars who gave it a Gothic architectural style. The church was further improved in 1873- 96 in Neo- Gothic style under supervision of Frigyes Schulek. The museum of Matyas Church is situated in the crypt and houses the Museum of Ecclesiastical Art.

Gellért Hill Cave (Budapest)

Gellert rakpart 1a

Bus: 7, 7A, 86

Trolley: 18, 19, 47, 49

Gellert Hill Cave houses a Christian church situated in the natural caverns along a Danube river flow. It was discovered in the 13th century by Eusebius of Esztergom who established a house of prayer here.

 

National Dance Theatre (Budapest)

Szinhaz utca 1-3

Tel. 318 6066

Bus: 5, 16, 78, Varbusz

Open: 1- 6pm Mon- Sun

Golden Eagle Pharmacy Museum (Budapest)

Tarnok utca 18

Tel: 375 9772

Bus: 16, Barbusz

Open: March- Oct: 10:30am- 5:30pm Tue- Sun

Nov- Feb: 10:30am- 3:30pm Tue- Sun

Golden Eagle Pharmacy Museum is devoted to historic pharmacy that opened here in 1688 under supervision of Ferenc Ignac Bosinger. In 1740 it got a name of Golden Eagle that became known throughout Budapest. In 1974 museum was opened on the site of the former pharmacy. It is dedicated to the pharmaceutical industry from the Renaissance and Baroque periods.

Royal Palace aka Buda Castle (Budapest)

Szinhas Utica
Bus: 5, 16,78 Varbusz

 

Hungarian National Gallery (Budapest)

Royal Palace Wings B, C, D

Tel: 375 75 33

Bus: 5, 16, 78, Barbusz

Open: 10am- 6pm Tue- Sun

www.mng.hu

Hungarian National Gallery of Budapest houses one of the largest collection of Hungarian Fine art ranging from Medieval period to the 20th century. Gallery grew in size so it was moved here in 1975. It takes wings B, C, D of the Royal Palace of Budapest.

Matyas Fountain (Budapest)

Royal Palace

Bus: 5, 16, 78, Varbusz

Beautiful Matyas Fountain stands in the courtyard of the Royal Palace situated between wings A and C. It was designed by Alajos Strobl and erected here in 1904. It was dedicated to legendary Hungarian king Matyas Corvinus.

Budapest History Museum (Budapest)

Szent Gyorgy ter 2

Tel. 225 7809

Bus: 5, 16, 78

Open: March- mid- May, mid- Sept- Oct: 10am- 6pm, Mon, Wed- Sun

mid- May- mid- Sept: 10am- 6pm daily,

Nov- Feb: 10am- 4pm Mon, Wed- Sun

Budapest History Museum also known as the Castle Museum holds one of the largest collections of artifacts devoted to history of Hungary dating back to the Ancient Roman times. Budapest museum was heavily damaged during World War II. After the end of hostilities Hungarian workers started reconstruction of the building and accidentally discovered medieval remains of much older castle in the Southern Wing E. These ruins were uncovered and kept as part of the museum.

Szechenyi National Library (Budapest)

Szent Gyorgy ter 6

Tel. 224 38 45

Bus: 5, 16, 78

Open: Sept- Jul: 1am- 9pm Mon, 9am- 9pm Tue- Fri, 9am- 5pm Sat

Szechenyu National Library of Budapest is situated in the wing F of the Royal Palace. It was formed in 1985 as a place for collecting some of the most important documents in the history of Hungary. One of the most interesting manuscripts include Corviniani, a collection of ancient books that once belonged to King Matyas Corvinus.

Ludwig Museum Budapest - Museum of Contemporary (Budapest)

Disz ter 17

Tel. 375 9175

Bus: 5, 16, 78

Closed to the public

Wing A of Budapest Royal Palace is home to Museum of Contemporary History and the Ludwig Collection since 1991. Ludwig Collection consists mostly of 150 modern works of art donated by two German philanthropists Peter and Irene Ludwig. Museum of Contemporary History on the other hand is devoted to history of modern Hungary, especially its Communist period that lasted from the end of World War II and final break up of the Communist block in the late 80's and early 90's.

Sandor Palace (Budapest)

Szent Gyorgy ter 1- 3

Bus: 5, 16, 78, Varbusz

Closed to the public

Sandor Palace was constructed in 1806 by the orders of Count Vincent Sandor and designed by architects Mihaly Pollack and Johann Aman. It served as an official residence of primer minister between 1867 and 1944. During World War II it was badly damaged by the hostilities, however after the war ended it was extensively restored. Today it serves as a residence of the President of Hungary, hence it is closed to visitors.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Citadella (Budapest)

Bus: 27

Open: daily

Hotel Citadella Tel 466 5794

Citadella Discotheque Tel 209 3271

Open: 10pm- 4am daily

Restaurant Tel 386 4802

Open: 11am- 11pm daily

Citadella or simply the Citadel is a massive defensive fortification situated on a hill overlooking Budapest. It was constructed in 1850- 54 by the Habsburg dynasty that ruled Austro- Hungarian Empire. After the failed nationalist Hungarian uprising of 1848- 49 monarchs were afraid that their power is slipping so instead of reasoning with the residents of Budapest or Hungarians in general they decided to erect an imposing fortress that was protected by 60 cannons. At a notice this fire power could unleash furry over a civilian city reducing it to ruins.

Aquincum (Budapest)

Aquincum is the ancient town that was found by the Ancient Romans during their reign over the region. Even though Hungary was an outpost on the frontier of the empire Romans invested large sums of money to civilize local peoples. They constructed several public buildings that were common in other cities throughout an empire. This includes steam baths, amphitheatre and many other buildings.

 

Amphitheatre (Budapest)

 

Roman Baths (Budapest)

 

Ancient Sundial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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