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Hortobágy National Park

Hortobágy National Park



Location: Hajdú-Bihar county  Map

Area: 800 km²




Description of Hortobagy National Park

Hortobagy National Park is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve situated in a Hajdú-Bihar county in Hungary. Hortobagy National Park covers an area of 800 km². Every year the plains of the protected area is flooded by river Tisza turning this land into a fertile ground for Hungarian Grey Cattle. Huge herds were rounded up by Hungarian version of cowboys who became famous for their horseback riding skills and unique outfits. Unfortunately a dam was constructed in the area of Hortobagy National Park in 1846. This stopped regular flooding of the plains and greatly affected biosphere of the region as well as regular peasants. Only in the 50's of the last century some attempts to restore previous biodiversity and way of life were initiated. Many channels were dug to create alternative routes for deliverance of water to the region. It yielded good results. Now over 350 species of birds come back to the protected wetlands of Hortobagy National Park to nest here and raise their young.










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