Kőszeg

 

Kőszeg (German: Güns, Croatian: Kiseg, Vendul: Küseg, Slovak: Kysak) is a town on the western edge of Vas County, near the Austrian border. The center of the Kőszeg district. District of town: Kőszegfalva.

Due to its rich past, it has often played a significant role in the history of Hungary and Austria. He was the only one in Vas County to receive the title of royal city as early as 1328, which was confirmed in 1648 with the rank of a free royal city. In 1532, Captain Miklós Jurisics defended his city from the attack on the Turks, thus preventing the occupation of Western Hungary and Vienna. The successful advancement of the city first brought fame and then economic prosperity. As wars have since been avoided, it has now become one of the richest cities in our country in terms of monuments. He was awarded the János Hild Prize for the renovation of the historic city center in 1978, and in 2004 he was awarded the title of “Settlement of the Year” based on the vote of Hungarian Television viewers. In 2009, the Association for the Írottkő Nature Park operating in the settlements of the Kőszeg Mountains was awarded the title of "Hungary's most developing ecotourism destination". It is the center of the Kőszeg Landscape Protection Area, offering many sights for nature lovers.

The city mixes three cultures: Hungarian, German and Croatian. The Germans settled under Austrian rule for 200 years, while the Croats settled after the Turkish invasion. International relations are represented by the twin cities, the Douzelage organization and the colorful urban programs. There is a university in Kőszeg.

 

Viticulture and viticulture were introduced by the Romans, and this is mentioned in 1279, as evidenced by the “Book of the Future of Grapes” from 1740. In addition to its natural beauties, the largest snow thickness (151 cm) and the most precipitation (1510 mm) in Hungary were measured in the city.

Among the first famous people connected to the city are the writer Géza Ottlik, the author of the book School on the Border and the ornithologist István Chernel, obsessed with skiing, and Gyula Lóránt, a member of the Golden Team.