The city of Mezőkövesd in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county is the seat of the Mezőkövesd district. It is the fourth most populated settlement in the county after the county seat.
House of Folk Arts, Dance Barn, Matyóföld Folklore Festival
City Gallery (paintings by István Takács)
Kis Jankó Bori Memorial House
Saint László Church (frescoes by István Takács)
Zsóry Medical and Beach Spa
Hadas district (Matyó country houses, typical 19th-century country streets)
Agricultural Machinery Museum
His sports life
The city's football club is Mezőkövesdi SE, currently listed in the NBI. It also has an NB2 handball team, Mezőkövesdi KC 2022.
It is located at the southern edge of the Bükk region, at the
junction of the Great Plains and the North Central Mountains, in the
Borsodi-Mezoség region, 20 kilometers from Eger and 50 kilometers from
the county seat Miskolc.
The directly bordering settlements are: Bogács and Tard from the north, Mezőnyárád from the northeast, Mezőkeresztes from the east, Szentistván from the southeast, Egerlövő and Egerfarmos from the south, Mezőszemere from the southwest, Szihalom from the west, and Novaj and Szomolya from the northwest.
Its most important road access routes are highway 3 and the M3 motorway, which are the easiest to reach from the more distant parts of the country. The road passes a few kilometers south of the interior, in a west-east direction, and highway 3 passed through its center for a long time, avoiding it from the north for some time.
Among the surrounding smaller settlements, highway 253 with Andornaktálya (route 2502 according to previous numbering), Noszvaj with highway 2509, through Bogács with Bükkszentkereszt via highway 2511, Tarddal and Cserépváralja with highway 25 113, Egerlövöv and Ároktöv, and it is connected with smaller villages in between by road 3302 and with Szentistván by road 3303.
The area was already inhabited in the age of migration, and
archaeologists assume a large, populous Avar settlement here from the
numerous Avar graves discovered in the area. The first Hungarian
settlement was established at the time of the conquest, but the church
census of 1275 refers to it as an uninhabited village, presumably
destroyed during the Tatar invasion. From the 14th century, it was the
southernmost settlement of the Diósgyőr manor. It was already mentioned
as a market town in the 15th century.
Here, on March 28, 1450, János Hunyadi and bishop László Hédervári concluded the Mezőkövesd peace with the Hussites, according to which Giskra could keep the mining towns. In 1464, he received a seal from King Matthias, and later other privileges. According to the legend, the name of the people of the city and the surrounding villages, the Matyó ethnic group, also comes from the name Mátyás (the name originated in the 18th century; it was a distinguishing name used by the Protestant population of the northern areas, referring to the Catholic population of the area).
From 1544, the city was under Turkish rule, it was destroyed in 1552 - the year of the siege of the Eger Castle - it remained uninhabited for years after the 1596 Battle of Mezőkerestes, and did not regain its former population until the end of the Turkish era.
In 1784, Mezőkövesd redeemed itself from its feudal lord, the Hungarian crown. On February 28, 1849, the Home Army, which had been defeated in the Battle of Kapalna, fought a victorious battle with the imperialists under the leadership of György Kmety, Lajos Aulich and Richard Guyon at the border of the settlement.
The settlement flourished, the development of the railway line (1860s) had a good effect on it. In terms of population, the year 1941 holds the record, according to the census it had almost 21,000 inhabitants.
In 1939, the 72-degree, sulphurous spring of medicinal water emerged from a depth of 800 meters during an oil prospecting drilling operation on the family estate of parliament member Lajos Zsóry. The water promotes the treatment of rheumatic diseases, various wear and arthritis, injuries and orthopedic interventions, but it is also suitable for alleviating gynecological complaints. The Zsóry Spa and Beach Bath, or Zsóry Bath in short, was built here.
Today's Mezőkövesdje preserves its folk traditions as the "capital of Matyóföld", but at the same time, with its schools, sports facilities and other institutions, it also meets the requirements of 21st century cities.
1990–1991: Dr. Márton Somogyi (unknown)
1991–1994: János Pap (unknown)
1994–1998: György Herkely (Electoral Association Mezőkövesd)
1998–2002: Gyula Halmai (MSZP)
2002–2006: András Tállai (Fidesz-MDF-MKDSZ)
2006–2010: András Tállai (Fidesz-KDNP-National Forum)
2010–2014: Dr. Zoltán Fekete (Fidesz-KDNP)
2014–2019: Dr. Zoltán Fekete (Fidesz–KDNP)
From 2019: Dr. Zoltán Fekete (Fidesz–KDNP)
The settlement had to hold an interim mayor election at the end of May 1991, because the mayor, who was elected in the fall of the previous year, resigned from his post after a few months for reasons still unclear.
Changes in the population of the settlement:
In 2001, 70% of the settlement's population declared themselves to be of Hungarian nationality; there is also a Roma community in the settlement.
During the 2011 census, 85.8% of the residents identified themselves as Hungarian, 4% as Gypsy, and 0.5% as German (14.1% did not declare; due to dual identities, the total may be greater than 100%). The religious distribution was as follows: Roman Catholic 55.8%, Reformed 5.2%, Greek Catholic 0.4%, non-denominational 7.9% (29% did not declare).
Mezőkövesdi Television broadcasts every day of the week. Every week, it broadcasts one news program, one magazine program, two sports programs, one cultural program, as well as broadcasts of the meetings of the representative bodies, their repetitions, and a continuous picture newspaper between the edited programs via cable network.
Vilmos Balogh is an Olympian boxer
Actor József Bíró
János Bollók (1944–2001), antiquarian, doctor of linguistics, literary translator, university professor
Csézy (Erzsébet Csézi, 1979) is a singer
Berta Egri (born Unterberg; 1880–1950) actress
Mária Érdi is a sailing Olympian
Funktastic (Adorján Csató) rap musician
Sándor Garamszeghy (Béla Sándor Géczy, born Goits; 1879-1964) actor, writer
Kálmán Harsányi (1876–1929) was a writer
József Ittes (1954–) is an actor
Éva Jablonkay (1939-2010) Ferenc Liszt Prize winner (1977) Hungarian opera singer (alto)
József Jacsó (1962) Hungarian weightlifter, Olympic silver medalist. The Hungarian weightlifter who moved the largest mass (427.5 kilos, Seoul)
Iván Kápolnai (1925-2014) Hungarian statistician, economist, cultural and economic historian, librarian
Keleti Part band - Eletképek MK 1992
Bori Kis Jankó (1876–1954) embroiderer
János Kovács Jászai Mari Award-winning Hungarian actor
Sándor Lukács (1914-1984) high school teacher, school principal, member of parliament
Menachem Zevi Kaddari (1925–2011) Hebraist and linguist
Dr. József Morvay (1926-1987) Hungarian pharmacist, chemist, university professor
Dr. Zoltán Papp (1942 – ) professor of medicine, obstetrician-gynecologist, geneticist, health manager, forensic medicine expert, prominent figure in domestic obstetrics and gynecology, editor-in-chief of Orvosi Hetilap
Antal Pongrácz (1827-1880) first lieutenant, first lieutenant of the National Guard, clerk of Cserépfalu, clerk of the district court.
Mihály Pongrácz (1800-1879) was a Premontre canon and teacher
Film director Csaba Szekeres
István Takács (1901–1985) painter
Zubai Szabolcs (1984) Olympic 4th place Hungarian national team and Pick Szeged EHF Cup winning linebacker