Ózd

 

The city of Ózd is located in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, the center of the Ózd district, the most populous settlement of the county after the county seat.

Its name comes from the folk name of the úz. The Uzes were a people related to the Turks who lived in the Al-Danube region and on the Russian steppes in the second half of the 11th century. They were scattered, some of them got into this valley, and from this name the name Ózd evolved - with the addition of the diminutive suffix “d”. This, of course, is just one possible explanation for the origin of the name. In 1325 we can meet the name of the settlement in the form of Ouz. In the 14th century we also find the personal name Ózd. The name of the settlement appeared in the following forms: 1272: Ovzd, 1323: Ouzd, 1388, 1471, 1549: Ozd, 1773: Oszd, 1780–81: Ózd, Ozd, 1785–86: Ózd, from 1873: Ózd.

 

Location
It is located in the industrial region of northern Hungary, 60 kilometers northwest of Miskolc. It is a settlement built in the valleys of the Gömöri-Hevesi hills belonging to the Northern Central Mountains. The “city of the seven valleys” can be approached from seven directions.

History of the city
The area has been inhabited since prehistoric times. The first authentic written record containing the name of the settlement dates from 1272. The settlement started to grow slowly from the end of the 13th century, but for a long time it was a small village in Borsod county.

At the beginning of the 20th century, there were seven other villages in the present-day area of ​​the town besides Ózd. In 1940 he annexed the villages of Ózd Bolyok and Sajóvárkony, then in 1949 he gained the rank of a city. The other five settlements (Center, Hodoscsépány, Susa, Szentsimon and Uraj) were annexed to Ózd in 1978. In 1999, part of the city, Farkaslyuk, became an independent village.

The city and its surroundings were far avoided by the struggles of history, in the hilly and hilly countryside in the centuries before industrialization the daily struggle was the exploitation of rich forests and arable lands of low and low productivity. The great change of the XIX. It happened in the middle of the 19th century when lignite deposits were excavated and an ironworks was built for their utilization. Metallurgy, which lasted for 150 years, is now largely history, but it has preserved the technical culture and creative thinking of the people living here. This has always been typical of the locals, as the distance from the capital, despite the unfavorable historical turn of events, they had to live here and find new ways.

The Ózd Metallurgical Plants (ÓKÜ) was one of the most significant metallurgical plants in the industrial region of Northern Hungary. However, after the regime change, its importance in heavy industry declined. This has also contributed to one of the most pressing problems in the region, unemployment.

The relics of the ironworks in Ózd - in the local language “the factory” and the associated workers ’colonies - have been a monumental area (MJT) since 2005.

Unemployment, which began in the early 1990s, made it difficult for the city to make a living. Many people went west in the hope of making a living. Slowly, metallurgical production also shrank, leaving more than 5,000 people unemployed.