Pannonhalma Archabbey

Pannonhalma Abbey


Location: Vár utca 1, Pannonhalma, Győr-Moson-Sopron county Map

Tel: (96) 570 191

Bus:from Győr

Open: late Mar-May & Oct-mid-Nov: Tue-Sun 9am  - 4pm

Jun-Sep 9am - 5pm, mid-Nov-Late Mar: Tue-Sun 10am - 3pm


History of Pannonhalma Abbey

The Benedictine Archabbey of Pannonhalma was founded in 996 and has been operating continuously since then. It is located in Győr-Moson-Sopron county, in the Pannonhalma district, in the town of Pannonhalma (formerly known as Győrszentmárton). It is still inhabited by a community of about forty monks, who perform the liturgy in the spirit of the ora et labora, receive spiritual practitioners, operate a boarding grammar school, perform cultural work - run a library, archive, museum, publishing house, organize concerts - and work. including the maintenance of a winery, a brewery, an herb garden and the reception of guests.

Today's name Pannonhalma first appeared in the correspondence between the Benedictine monk Ferenc Kazinczy and the Benedictine monk Izidor Guzmics. Due to the attractiveness of the archabbey and the natural endowments of the area, the city is one of the most visited destinations on the tourist map of Hungary, the settlement is equipped for tourism. The main tourist attraction, the “millennial abbey” is not only of architectural significance, but with its versatile exhibitions and collections reveals cultural and historical monuments to the visitor. Due to its tourist significance, Pannonhalma is often understood only as the Benedictine Archabbey of Pannonhalma.

The spectacular complex of buildings of the archabbey was built on the hill of St. Martin, on the nearly 300-meter-high hill at the confluence of the Bakony and the Kisalföld. The Romanesque-style sub-church and belfry, as well as the Gothic basilica, have been complemented over the centuries by Baroque and Classicist-style parts of the building that define the present-day image of the archabbey. Numerous book rarities are preserved in the 400,000th collection of the 19th century library room. The whole building complex is crowned by one of the most famous works of Hungarian classicism, the 55-meter-high tower.



The original name of the city: Győrszentmárton. It has been inhabited since ancient times and, according to some historians, was built on the site of a Roman city called Civitas Pannonia. The first settlement is in the 10–11. In the 16th century it was a princely manor house and its property in the Panja Valley. The accommodation and then the village were established from 996, after Prince Géza settled on the hill Benedictine monks summoned from the Czech Republic. Stephen I confirmed the rights of the monastery.

Master Albeus, IV. Béla's authentic compiler, who was commissioned by the king to compile the estates of the monastery of St. Martin, mentions the village under this name around 1240. Father Uros (1207-1243), the builder of the temple that still stands today, repelled the Mongols from under the walls of the monastery fortress. After the Tartar invasion, the village was repopulated. In 1334, Károly Róbert confirmed the abbot of Pannonhalma in his fair law in Alsok. A 14–15. century is the time of the first great heyday. With the addition or merging of some neighboring, non-viable estates, accommodation or villages, the border increased, the population swelled and the arable population appeared, with it the land and even the major farming. Felsok (today's Váralja) is partly independent, but its market and fair space is shared with Alsok. The settlement rose to the rank of a village (villa), at that time it already had a church (1338) and a parish, which got its name from the patron saint of the basilica.

During the abbey of Máté Tolnai, Pannonhalma was given a prominent place among the Benedictine monasteries in Hungary, and in 1514 it became the main abbey, but during the century and a half of Turkish occupation, the monks had to flee several times for longer or shorter periods; the buildings were damaged. Most of them were restored and expanded in Baroque style under the archabbey of Benedict Sajghó.

II. Joseph ceased to function in 1786. The Benedictine order was restored by Francis I in 1802, which receives education as its primary task.

The most important stages in the development of the monastery can be read in the discussion of the individual parts.

In 1896, seven millennium monuments were erected in Hungary; one of them stands in Pannonhalma.

In December 1996, the archabbey and its surroundings were declared a World Heritage Site.

In December 2004, he received the Hungarian Heritage Award.

The Archabbey of Pannonhalma has carried out pastoral work since the beginning, in which it was directly subordinated to the Pope. In other words, the abbot and archbishop of Pannonhalma took care of filling the pastoral places (monastic priest) on the estates of the abbey with parish priests. He performed all duties that did not require an ordained bishop. This state changed in 1950 by restricting the operation of the order, and the parish priests of the diocese of Pannonhalma were taken over by the diocese of Győr. A II. after the Vatican Council, the former exempt diocese became an exempt territorial abbey.

After 1990, the archabbey regained its parishes from the diocese of Győr. Since the settlement of the dioceses on May 30, 1993, the Pannonhalma Regional Abbey has 15 parishes: Bakonybél, Bakonypéterd, Győr-Győrszentiván, Győr-Kismegyer, Győr-Ménfőcsanak, Győrasasszonyfa, Lázi, Nyalka, Pannonhalma, Tarazd, Táp Elders, Veszprémvarsány.

The parishioners partly live locally, and partly with the help of the other members of the order from the archabbey. The pastoral work of the Pannonhalma Basilica is led by a church director. The parish of Tihany supplies the parishes of Tihany and Aszófő in the archdiocese of Veszprém. In the diocese of Esztergom-Budapest, the Chapel of St. Sabina in Budapest, and in the diocese of Győr, the Benedictine churches of Győr and Sopron are also run by Benedictines.

Today, the Benedictine community in Pannonhalma has about forty members.

The Benedictines of Pannonhalma perform the liturgy in the spirit of the ora et labora, receive spiritual practitioners, operate the residential grammar school, perform cultural work - operating a library, archive, museum, publishing house, organizing concerts - as well as working on the financial foundations of the abbey. , maintaining a herb garden and welcoming guests.

The life of the Benedictine community is defined by a triad of prayer, work, and spiritual reading. The liturgy has an emphatic role: their day is determined by the liturgy of the prayer hours and the liturgy of the Eucharist. Reading the Scriptures and individual prayer also play a major role in the lives of monks.

The abbey has been hosting spiritual practitioners for about fifty years to celebrate the three holy days of Easter.

Pannonhalma Benedictine Grammar School and College


The Benedictine order in Hungary has been dealing with secondary school education and upbringing since 1802; he has always placed an emphasis on personal care and high quality training in his schools.

Pannonhalma is the first, oldest school in Hungary. Its foundation can be traced back to 996, King Stephen's son, Prince Imre, was also educated here. Today, the grammar school is one of the leading schools in the country. The grammar school also has a vocational school of church music, and is joined by a dormitory with about 300 places.

Social homes
The abbey also maintains two social homes.

Abbey products from Pannonhalma and Bakonybél at a Christmas market in Budapest
The best known herb is lavender, which grows on 5.5 acres of plantation and from which lavender oil is produced in their own plant.

The Roman viticulture and wine culture, which was completed centuries earlier, was revived in Transdanubia by the settled Benedictine monks. The abbey had its own winery until its nationalization after 1945. Renovating this tradition, after the change of regime, a cellar and a wine house with an area of ​​2,000 m² were built, and in the autumn of 2003 the winery was restarted.

The grapes are grown on their own plantations. For this, on the one hand, some of the former vineyards of the archabbey were bought back, and on the other hand, new plantations were planted. The Pannonhalma wine region is part of the Northern Transdanubia wine region, where white grapes are traditionally planted.