Svartifoss Waterfall




Location: Map

Height: 82 ft (25 m)


Svartifoss Waterfall is located in Vatnajökull National Park (former Skaftafell National Park) in Iceland. Its name means "black fall" after black lava columns that surround the waterfall. Svartifoss Waterfall reaches the height of 25 meters (82 feet). Svartifoss is one of the most famous waterfalls in the country, due to its beautiful surroundings made of unusually regular, valid basalt factors. The coefficients were formed about 300,000 years ago, when lava flowed down Skaftafellsheiði and filled an old river channel. During slow cooling, the rock contracted and split into coils perpendicular to the cooling surface.

The Stuðlaberg formation around the waterfall was Guðjón Samúelsson's inspiration for the design of many buildings, e.g. of the ceiling in the hall of the National Theater, the external appearance of Hallgrímskirkja and Akureyrarkirkja.


These basalt columns have inspired many Icelandic architects to create magnificent masterpieces of classical architecture, the most notable of which are Hallgrimyur Church in Reykjavik and the National Theater.