Description of Dublin

Dublin is the capital of the Republic of Ireland on the Irish Sea.

It is considered a European growth metropolis and is Ireland's boomtown. For many travelers to Ireland, Dublin is the starting point of their journey. Almost a third of the country's population lives in the greater Dublin area. However, the city center is small and can be explored on foot.

The name Dublin
The name Dublin is an Anglicism from Dubh Linn (Irish for "Black Pool"), although this interpretation is not without controversy. Back when the Old Irish characters were still in use, the 'bh' was written with a dot over the 'b', so it read Dub Linn or Dublinn. The Normans who arrived on the still Old Irish-speaking island from 1169 onwards were unaware of this fact, leading them to start writing Dublin as they still do today, as 'Dublin'.

The New Irish name of the city, Baile Átha Cliath, goes back to a settlement founded by the High King Mael Sechnaill II in 988 and means city of the ford at the reed barrier.

The settlement of Dubh Linn probably existed as early as the first century, Baile Átha Cliath or simply Áth Cliath was founded right next to it in 988. The two cities quickly grew together. After the Norman invasion, Dublin replaced the Hill of Tara as the capital of Ireland. From the 17th century, Dublin grew rapidly with the help of the Wide Streets Commission, which radically redesigned the medieval city and laid out a network of wide and modern streets. Georgian Dublin was at one point the second largest city in the British Empire and much of the best architecture dates from this period. The Easter Rising of 24-30 April 1916 plunged the capital into chaos and the Anglo-Irish and Irish Civil War brought great devastation, destroying many of the finest buildings. The Irish Free State then rebuilt many buildings and moved Parliament to Leinster House. After the Second World War, from which the Republic of Ireland had largely stayed out, Dublin was hopelessly outdated as a city. The modernization only began very hesitantly at the beginning of the 1960s. Only in the last ten years, with great financial help from the European Union, has a lot been invested in the infrastructure and Dublin has experienced an enormous economic boom, which was particularly supported by the IT sector.

Region and City of Dublin
Attractions in the Dublin city area are to be described in this article. Airports and ferry ports are to be described in the Dublin Region article due to their supra-regional importance.


Getting here

By plane
Dublin International Airport (Aerfort Bhaile Atha Cliath, IATA: DUB). Dublin Airport is approximately 9 kilometers north of the city centre.

For the disabled there is the OCS. There is no assistance with check-in. The helpers then smuggle those affected in wheelchairs past long queues. Here, too, capacities are limited, first come, first served. In any case, registration by e-mail is required about 72 hours in advance. The post is in Terminal 1 between lanes 10/11.

The following airlines fly directly to Dublin from Germany:

Lufthansa. Three times a day Frankfurt am Main, twice a day from Munich.
Air Lingus. Frankfurt am Main twice a day, Berlin once a day, Munich twice a day and also from Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart, Vienna, Salzburg and Zurich.
Ryanair. Hahn, Bremen, Berlin, Memmingen, Stuttgart, Leipzig.

Arrival and Departure
You should compare bus routes to find out which one is closest to the booked hotel. As bus services are not available 24 hours a day, except from the city centre, taxis are often the mode of transport of choice for very early or very late flights.

A blue Aircoach Express bus runs regularly, approximately every 15 minutes, to the city center and the larger hotels, most of which are on the south side of the city. The journey takes about 30 minutes, a single journey costs 7 euros, return 12 euros.

At the airport - in front of Terminal 1, easy to reach on foot from Terminal 2 - there are also normal regular buses (No. 16 and 41, see also), which go to the city center every 12 minutes at the normal price (2022: €2.60) at peak times drive, journey time approx. 40 minutes. The buses, for example, stop at the centrally located O'Connell St. stop. Important: They only accept the right amount of money, there is no change, only a receipt for what you have paid too much (see local transport, could not be observed in 2022) . It makes sense for those arriving to buy a LEAP prepaid card at the newspaper kiosk in Terminal 1, lower level.

A taxi from the airport to the city center costs around €30−40. Since there are also minibuses, it can be worth it if you are traveling in a small group and can share the fare.

The major car rental companies all have a counter in the central terminal. If you have booked with a smaller local company, you may need to take a (free) shuttle service to their car park, which is usually right next to the taxi rank.

By train
Train travel in Ireland is rather unusual for tourists. However, the Irish capital in particular is relatively well developed. Dublin has two major railway stations, Heuston, in the far west of the city, and Connolly in the city centre. Connolly is more conveniently located in the center of town; this station is also the central point for many commuter trains that bring more than half a million people to the city to work every day.

Trains (IC) stopping at Connolly usually also stop at Tara Street and Pearse. Tara Street is the shortest distance to Heuston train station, approximately 2 miles. Rail portals charge about an hour for the Connolly to Heuston crossing.

Dublin Heuston
The following long-distance trains run from Dublin Heuston:
Waterford, via Kilkenny, just under 3 hours drive
Cork, via Limerick Junction and Mallow, just under 3 hours drive
Limerick, 2½ hours drive
Galway, 2½ hours drive
Westport (Ireland), 3½ hours drive

Dublin Connolly
Connolly Station (Staisiun Ui Chonghaile) . The following long-distance trains run from Dublin Connolly:
Rosslare Europort, via Wicklow, just under 3 hours drive
Sligo, 3 hours drive
Belfast, 2 hours drive

More IC breakpoints
Tara Street Station on the Connolly-Rosslare route. Here the transition to Heuston is the shortest!
Dublin Pearse Station on the Connolly−Rosslare line

Stops in public transport
Cherry Orchard West Park, on the Heuston-Kildare route (connecting to Galway, Cork and Waterford)
Houwth Junction, on the Connolly−Dundalk route (connecting to Belfast)

By bus
The easiest way to get to Dublin (or from Dublin to other cities) from other cities is by bus. There are several providers, all brought under the umbrella of Transport for Ireland (route and ticket info) by the reform, covering all major routes and Aircoach serving Belfast, Cork and Dublin Airport. Aircoach stops at various points in the city center.

All long-distance buses have the Busáras Busáras central bus station as their destination, which is located in the city. There will be no luggage storage in this bus station since 2021. All information and ticket offices have also been closed (including the international ones for Eurolines to London and Leeds), there are only machines.

In the street
In principle, it is possible to enter either via Great Britain or via France by car on a ferry. Compare the articles Dublin Region, Rosslare Europort, County Antrim and Ireland. However, since you have to plan at least 250 € (in the high season, with the P&O Ferries from Great Britain, 2 passengers, return trip), it makes more sense to rent a car on site, especially for shorter stays.

Driving a car itself is not much fun in the city center. The roads are extremely narrow and sometimes in poor condition. A ring road around the city, the M50, guides traffic around without crossing through the centre. A fee of €1.80 only has to be paid for a bridge, otherwise the ring is free of charge. The airport is connected directly to this ring with a feeder, whereby traffic jams at the entrances and exits, which are usually huge roundabouts, are more the rule than the exception.

By boat
Dublin can be reached with regular and unfortunately very expensive ferry services via Liverpool or Holyhead. Tickets can be booked at www.aferry.de or www.directferries.de. However, the whole thing is only worthwhile if you want to travel to the Emerald Isle with your own car. A price comparison is recommended! See Dublin Region for details.

The Steam Packet Company runs to the Isle of Man in summer (2h55 speedboat or 4h45 ferry).



local transport
First of all, a little warning: Please always bear in mind that traffic drives on the left in Ireland. For pedestrians, this means that they always have to look to the right first when crossing the street if they do not want to run in front of the next car. Unfortunately, many Irish people have the bad habit, even made a topic of discussion by Irish comedians, of walking the streets in droves even when it's red, which you can't blame them for, given the sometimes minute-long wait for pedestrians to turn green. There is still a risk even if you join a group that ignores a traffic light.

Main modes of transport are the notoriously unpunctual bus (DublinBus), there is a tram (LUAS) with two unconnected lines, the suburbs along the seafront from Howth to Bray are linked by the DART, a suburban railway.

Starting with the opening of the tram (LUAS) and increasing after 2015, the new authority Transport for Ireland created the Leap Card, a value card (purchase price €5) that can now also be used nationwide in various locations, regional trains and buses. This follows the model of the London Oyster Card d. H. no real transport association has been created, just a means of payment. Although there are discounts when changing and changing modes of transport, it is difficult to see through how high they are. Otherwise, the card still has a daily and weekly upper limit, which would correspond to the price of a season ticket. Overall, it is difficult to estimate in advance what a single journey with a change will cost. This seems to be the intention of the operator. LUAS price examples for day and season tickets.

Some general information about public transport:
Buy a city map or use a map app, if possible as soon as you arrive. Dublin is very confusing for a newcomer. Even with a map you will sometimes have to search, as street names are by no means given on every corner.
buses also drive on the left. Many a tourist has forgotten this and got on the wrong side of the road and ended up in a completely wrong area.
Buses only stop when you give them a signal. If you stand still and motionless on the side of the road, the driver won't stop. Just give a short hand gesture.
If you don't have a prepaid card, you have to pay the driver directly and match it. Change is only given in the form of a scrap of paper, which can only be redeemed at DublinBus on O'Connell Street.
Plan your time. When a bus arrives depends on many factors, but has little to do with the timetable, as this only shows the departure time of the starting station. Straight lines that drive through the city center cannot be predicted due to the traffic conditions.
In addition to the unreliable timetables, the stops only have a very rough indication of the route, which indicates key points; there is no way around finding out about the bus route of your choice beforehand.
The Irish are generally very helpful. If you don't know where to go or where you are, just ask a passer-by, if they know something they will almost always help you very friendly.

rental car
Rental cars are a popular means of transport among individual travelers and are ideal for exploring the island. In general, it is advisable to rent from smaller local companies rather than from the big ones in the industry, because you can save 30-40% that way.
Irish Car Rentals
Argus rentals
Car Hire Ireland
Easirent Dublin Airport

Driving on the left generally applies in Ireland. When choosing a rental car, please also bear in mind that you have to use links to switch gears. It may therefore be advisable to use a car with an automatic transmission. If there are also destinations in Northern Ireland you would like to travel to, check with the car hire company to see if this is possible. It is a question of car insurance whether the car is also insured in Northern Ireland.

traffic rules

The right of way is usually clearly signposted, and on streets with equal rights, those coming from the right usually have the right of way. Since January 2005 the metric system has applied in the Republic of Ireland, i.e. distances and speeds are given in km or km/h.

Permitted speeds (Republic of Ireland):
50 km/h in built-up areas
extra-urban (R-roads, local roads) 80 km/h
extra-urban (N-roads) 100 km/h
Motorway 120 km/h

Stop/ Parking:
yellow double line = no stopping
a yellow line = no parking
yellow dashes = no parking at certain times

Instructions for wheelchair users
Dublin is a predominantly wheelchair friendly city. There are no major gradients and only a few stairs or steps. The city center is relatively compact, so distances are usually short.

Around half of the buses used for airport transfers and the hop-on/hop-off city tours have boarding aids. The vast majority of sights such as Trinity College or the Guinness Storehouse can also be visited in a wheelchair without any major difficulties. In the evening with the wheelchair to a packed music bar in Temple Bar? Rarely a problem in Dublin!

The helpfulness of the people of Dublin should also be emphasized. Help is often actively offered, you don't have to ask for it first. Once you are recognized as unfamiliar with the area, you come into contact with people who can help you almost immediately. After our tour group (12 people, including 1 wheelchair user) had to take a bus that was not suitable for the disabled when transferring to the city, an employee of the bus company (Aircoach) telephoned all Dublin hotels to locate us - he didn't know our names - and provided us with a bus with a wheelchair lift for the return journey - at no extra charge, of course!

air coach
Dublin bus


Travel Destinations in Dublin


Basically, as a student, you should have either a student ID card or an international student ID card with you. Many entrance fees can be reduced by a few euros. The Jameson Distillery costs 7 euros for students instead of 9 euros, the Christ Church Cathedral costs 2.50 euros for students, the “hop-on hop-off” bus tickets and even the Guinness Storehouse also offer great discounts. (In 2015 we paid the normal price of 15.00 euros for the Jameson Distillery.)

Admission to the state museums National Gallery (Art) and the 3 sections of the National Museum (History) is free, special exhibitions may have an admission fee.



Christ Church Cathedral (Ardeaglais Theampall Chríost). Email: welcome@cccdub.ie. Dublin's oldest building.


Castles, palaces and palaces

Dublin Castle (Caisleán Bhaile Átha Cliath), Dame Street. The oldest surviving building is the Record Tower, built in 1226.



Trinity College with Old Library wikipediacommons College Green, Dublin 2. The campus itself is great for walking, especially on nice days. On the sprawling university campus in the heart of Dublin, the Old Library is the most impressive building. The library claims one copy of every book printed in Great Britain and Ireland and currently contains almost 3 million printed books in addition to 5000 manuscripts. Very impressive is the exhibition of the Book of Kells in the Old Library - Book of Kells, an Irish national treasure. From the ground floor you come to the 60 meter long Long Room with a venerable collection of writings, as well as the two oldest Irish harps. Photography forbidden, unfortunately. But you can buy all kinds of souvenirs in the visitor center (including a nice poster from Long Hall for 9 €).


Four Courts courthouse

Custom House former Customs House
National Library of Ireland National Library of Ireland, a reference library
Parliament of Ireland Today there is a branch of the Bank of Ireland here.



O'Connell statue
Molly Malone (Mol Ni Mhaoileoin)
Moore statue
The Spire (Spuaic Bhaile Átha Cliath) . 'The Spike' (a 120 meter tapered metal pillar on O'Connell St.) has been a new Dublin landmark since 2003. It stands on the site of Nelson's Column, which was blown up by the IRA in 1966 and was supposed to be finished by the millennium.



The National Gallery of Ireland (Gailearaí Náisiúnta na hÉireann), Merrion Square West, Dublin 2. Email: info@ngi.ie . edit info
Irish Museum of Modern Art Kilmainham, Dublin 8, Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art
The National Museum consists of different parts:
National Museum - Archeology Archaeology: Kildare Street, Dublin 2
National Museum - Decorative Arts & History Decorative Arts & History: Collins Barracks, Dublin 7
National Museum - Natural History Merrion Street, Dublin 2


Bridges, streets and squares

Grafton Street pedestrian zone
Henry Street - Pedestrian precinct, cheaper than Grafton
Dawson Street is known for many bookstores
Sean O'Casey Bridge footbridge over the River Liffey
Samuel Beckett Bridge footbridge over the River Liffey



Phoenix Park. The park is one of the largest urban parks in the world and is protected from further development by law. Especially at the weekend, recreational athletes or families cavort here, watching the free-roaming, very tame deer. Among other things, the residence of the American Ambassador and the Irish President is located in the park itself.
Dublin Zoo (Zú Bhaile Átha Cliath). Dublin Zoo is also located in Phoenix Park. Open: 9.30am-6pm. Price: adults € 21, children € 15.50.
St Stephen's Green (Faiche Stiabhna) . Donated by Arthur Guinness, the founder of the brewery, the Green is an important green lung in the bustling city centre. At lunchtime, many office workers eat their sandwiches here, and on weekends, street performers attract tourists in particular.
Merrion Square (Cearnog Mhuirfean) . Inside is the Oscar Wilde memorial. The park is directly opposite the government building.
Irish National Botanic Garden (Garraithe Naisiúnta na Lus), Glasnevin (Bus 83, 83C). Email: botanicgardens@opw.ie



Kilmainham Gaol Former prison where insurgents were imprisoned and executed. Visiting the building is only possible in guided groups. The tour lasts about an hour. You can spend the waiting time until the next tour either in the museum or in a small cafeteria.
Guinnessstorehouse The Guinnessstorehouse, St James's Gate, Ushers, Dublin 8: Here you can learn all about the production and history of the dark national drink. St James's Gate Brewery, where 60% of the beer drunk in Ireland is brewed, is located on James Street, easily reached by one of the countless double-decker buses. At the back of the property is the Guinness Storehouse, the brewery museum. The object shows the production process and the history of the company on seven floors, in the middle of which is an oversized Guinness glass. The museum is said to be visited by four million people a year, and the building does justice to them. In the 360-degree panoramic area on the top floor you get a free pint of Guinness, which at least partly justifies the €15 entry fee per person. On the ground floor there is a store the size of a supermarket, where all imaginable Guinness items (from bottle openers to hats) can be bought at local prices (Guinness T-shirt, good quality: €15).
The Old Jameson Distillery, Bow Street, Smithfield just off TempleBar and the Ha'Penny Bridge. Admission includes a whiskey tasting for four volunteers. They will have the opportunity to taste a Scotch, an American Whiskey and two Irish Whiskeys and choose their favourite. Everyone else has to be content with a glass of Jameson (also with cola or ginger ale).
Dublina, right next to Christ Church Cathedral. A multimedia presentation of Dublin's past featuring a model of Dublin in the 16th Century.
Writer's Museum. Museum dedicated to well-known Dublin writers and poets. Not recommended for school groups - expensive entrance fee and extremely boring. With the key combination "9999" you can change the language of the electronic guide.
Grand Canal Theater wikipediacommons new name: Bord Gáis Energy Theatre, on Dublin Docklands


What to do

hop on
Historical Walking Tour of Dublin

Regular events
Taste of Dublin. At the Taste of Dublin in Iveagh Gardens, over 30,000 visitors enjoy the outdoor food and drink festival each year.



Grafton Street, between St. Stephen's Green and Trinity College, is Dublin's main shopping street. It is a pedestrian zone. Nassau Street is another more tourist-oriented shopping street.

Stephen's Green Shopping Centre, Stephens Green West, Dublin 2. Directly on the nine-hectare St. Stephen's Park, which was paid for by the brewer Arthur Guinness in 1880, is a very beautiful shopping mall that is flooded with light and hidden behind an ornate Victorian facade. Worth a visit just to stroll through.
Powerscourt Centre, 59 South William Street, Dublin 2. A shopping center in central Dublin; the building dates back to the 18th century, the shops are grouped around a completely covered courtyard, where you can sit comfortably even when it rains. Regarding antiquarian bookshops, it should be noted that price negotiations pay off.
One of the main chains selling Irish souvenirs with a number of locations in Dublin is Carrolls Irish Gifts. The chain is sometimes referred to by less well-meaning voices as the Aldi of souvenir shops.

Christ Church Market The market takes place at Christchurch Cathedral on Thursdays from 11.30am to 3pm and on Saturdays from 11am to 4.30pm.



In Dublin you can now eat excellently, unfortunately often at excellent prices. Main courses typically start at €10 and go up to €40, averaging around €25. What applies to food applies even more to wines. Although already enormously expensive in the supermarkets, the price of a good bottle of wine is often doubled or tripled in restaurants.

A good tip are the many excellent Indian restaurants in the area around South William Street, parallel to Grafton Street. So-called 'early bird' menus are often offered there (approx. 5:30 p.m. - 7:00 p.m.) with three courses for around €15-18. The quality is usually very good, especially recommended are:

Khyber Tandoori, South William Street.
Shalimar, South Great Georges Street

In some restaurants it is customary to serve tap water with meals. However, the chlorinated water is not for everyone.

If you want to eat really cheaply, you usually have to be content with snacks or fast food. However, alongside the ubiquitous Golden Arches and Burger Kings, there are a few more recommendable alternatives. You can get a good and above all fresh sandwich from a chain called O'Briens Sandwich Bars, which can really be found on every street. The Subway chain is now also known from Germany. Calculate around €5 per person for both, €7 with a drink. In a similar price range is the burger and fries chain Eddie Rocket's City Diner, which now operates typical diner-style restaurants in several locations throughout Dublin.

Rock fans should definitely visit Captain America, on the 1st floor at the south end of Grafton Street. Every rock star who visits Ireland immortalizes themselves there.

The many smaller takeaways that are lurking for customers on practically every side street are not recommended. Here, thanks to the British, cooking is done with a microwave and deep fryer and not much else. A particularly chilling example is the Abrakebabra chain. Please stay away from it and don't even get the idea of wanting a doner kebab in Dublin. Although this is often praised, it has nothing to do with the right food.

101 Talbot, on Talbot Street. Excellent fusion cuisine and good value for money. Please reserve seats as it is always full. Open: Only from 5 p.m.

Especially in the middle price level, it is worth taking a look at restaurants away from the shopping street. There are often price differences of 5 to 10 euros to comparable restaurants in the tourist areas.

The Italian Kitchen, Clonshaugh, Dublin 17. Italian restaurant in North Dublin.
Mansion House. Fire Restaurant and Conference and Events Centre.

coffee and cake
Butler's Chocolate Cafe. The Butler's Chocolate Cafe chain offers Italian-style coffee specialties and sweet side dishes such as biscuits and chocolates at moderate prices.


Night life

No visit to Dublin would be complete without having at least a pint (or more) in a pub (or more). Pubs are a dime a dozen, whether you're in the city center or just outside. The chances of finding a pub in less than 5 minutes are more than good. Unfortunately, that doesn't come cheap either. For a pint (0.586l) you have to calculate between 4.50 and 5 € (2015: 5.00 - 6.00 euros, in the Temple Bar Pub even 7.50 euros).

Cocktails are sometimes offered, but they are often overpriced and don't taste good. Ireland is a beer drinking nation. In a pub you order Guinness, Smithwicks, Kilkenny or another local beer. Alternatively one can also have different European or American beers. Meanwhile, German beers are also very popular, so that many pubs also have Pils or wheat beer on tap, with German bottled beer being almost standard. By the way, a shandy is called Shandy and is ordered with the desired type of beer. "One Heineken Shandy, please." Cider, which is tapped like beer from the barrel, is also a popular drink.

Temple Bar
Between the banks of the Liffey in the busy Dame Street lies the tourist-oriented pub and artists' district of Temple Bar with old brick houses, cobblestone streets, numerous pubs and souvenir shops as well as street musicians and artists. Intense nightlife: several groups of similarly dressed girls of different ages roam the pubs, where live music is often played to accompany the Pint of Guinness (regularly €5.00). We had the impression that the men here have to be afraid of the wild girls. In the restaurants on the upper floors of the around 200-year-old houses, you can eat your fill at cheap prices from the pretty touts who lure guests on the cobblestones in front of the inns. There is a large portion of fish & chips for €10. The later the evening, the more musicians appear in the streets, who make the city ring out there alone, in pairs or as bands and encourage many passers-by to spontaneously dance. There are also souvenir shops here that are open late: wonderfully sturdy hoodies for €19.95 each and T-shirts for €9.95 each. However, the atmosphere and life on the streets make a visit to the district a must for tourists.

Traditional pubs
O'Donoghue's, Baggot Street, Dublin 2.
Grogan's, South William Street, Dublin 2.
The Long Stone, 10 Townsend Street, Dublin 2.

Modern pubs
The Odeon, Harcourt Street, Dublin 2. This attractive bar on Harcourt Street is housed in an old train station, with the new tram line stopping just outside.
Craw Daddy, Harcourt Street, Dublin 2. Located right next to the Odeon with seating out front and leading straight onto Club POD (Place of Dance). On weekends there may be longer waiting times at the entrance later in the day.
Ba Mizu, South William Street, Dublin 2. Just opposite Grogan's, in the Powerscourt Townhouse Shopping Centre; quite a contrast.
Café en Seine, Dawson Street, Dublin 2. A typical and not entirely unattractive example of Dublin's new mega pubs.
John M. Keating, Mary Street (extension of pedestrianized Henry Street), Dublin 1. Contemporary bar and restaurant in the former St Mary Church. As such, it is still listed on most city maps. Charming ambience.

The Porterhouse, 16-18 Parliament Street, Dublin 2. Tel: (0)1-6798847. Different beers are brewed here. The closest thing to traditional Guinness is the Plain Porter, which can easily compete with its better-known brother in terms of taste (beware of the blunders: the beer from the competitor, Guinness, is of course not available here). The connoisseur can use the card on display to find out about the character, hop and barley varieties of the various brews (why do the Irish have to brew a beer called 'templeBräu' whose name they then cannot pronounce?). In addition to a variety of beers on tap, the fridges behind the counter offer a bottle for every taste, including more than 20 Belgian beers and more than 12 German varieties. In total, well over 100 beers from all over the world are on offer. The multi-storey pub is recommended not only because of its beer selection - it is also worth a visit because of the live music and the pleasant atmosphere.
Messrs. Maguire, Burgh Quay, Dublin 2 (just off O'Connell Bridge) . a beer is brewed there that differs from normal Guinness in that it has a fresher taste. Open: probably closed.

Irish are a very musical people and following the international success of Irish musicians, Dublin offers a vibrant music scene which is easy for tourists to immerse themselves in. In addition to the "traditional" Irish music, which is unfortunately increasingly only played for tourists in many pubs, it is a good idea to watch up-and-coming rock bands in the evening. For this it is advisable to get a copy of the publication "The event guide", which is available free of charge e.g. B. in record shops. For larger concerts, you can buy concert tickets in advance via TicketMaster, even from home.

Interesting locations:
Eamonn Doran's, 3a Crown Alley, Temple Bar, Dublin 2. Right in Temple Bar.
Voodoo Lounge, 39-40 Arran Quay, Smithfield, Dublin 7. Also very centrally located.
Whelan's, 25 Wexfort St, Dublin 2, just south of the city centre.

New Year's Eve
Fireworks are illegal and therefore unspectacular or non-existent.



Bed & Breakfast is one of the best ways to find good (comparatively cheap) accommodation, along with normal hotels. These are mostly private single-family houses in which a handful of rooms are rented including breakfast. The B&B signs are mainly found on typical access roads and are becoming rarer in the city center. It's quite common to just knock on the door and ask for a room. However, in the high season in July and August it can sometimes take some time to find a free room. In Dublin itself you pay around €35 per person per night. Even if it is not very common, a little negotiating skill can lower the price, especially since you rarely get a written invoice.

Fáilte Ireland, the Irish Tourist Board, has a good online accommodation search engine.

Almara Accommodations Dublin

You should be careful with hostels. Even for youth hostels, the standards offered are comparatively low. At Hostels.com you can easily compare prices and include the experiences of previous guests in your own decision. Paddy's Pallace, for example, is recommended with reservations. There are also excellent excursions and tours offered, but you should be able to do without toilet paper, they regularly run out. Likewise on cupboards, tables and chairs in the room. Leaky, draughty windows and defective heating in the room are commented on with a shrug of the shoulders and a reference to a "hostel". Isaac's hostel is seriously discouraged. Although it is often praised, cleanliness and hygiene leave a lot to be desired.

Generator Hostel, Smithfield Square, Dublin 7, at the rear of the Old Jameson Distillery. New since 2011. At that time the hostel was clean and the beds were in very good condition. However, you should make sure to get a room that is not too close to one of the fire doors, otherwise you won't be able to close your eyes. The public kitchen was very puny and poorly equipped and the dining room doubles as a billiard room and has quite loud music. The hostel has a very nice, large in-house bar. It's worth going even more across Smithfield Square, there is The Cobblestone Pub, a well-known music pub.
Camac Valley. You can camp at the campsite in Clondalkin. Bus 69 (from Aston Quay) takes about 45 minutes.

For hotels and accommodation of all kinds, the Visitdublin site is a one-stop destination.

The cheapest are the accommodations at Custom House and Parnell St., where you can find accommodation from around EUR 80. In other hotels in the chain, however, EUR 300 is not the end of the story.

Shelbourne Dublin. The Shelbourne Dublin enjoys great popularity, which is located in the 5-star area and is located directly on St. Stephen's Green, one of the most beautiful parks in Europe.
The Clarence Hotel wikipediacommons. Probably the most expensive hotel, which can be found directly on the Ha'Penny Bridge in the Tempelbar district. It is only 4 star quality and is owned by Paul David Hewson and David Howell Evans, also known as Bono and The Edge from Irish rock group U2. They leased it to an operator. The hotel still enjoys cult status. Feature: ★★★★. Price: One night costs from 200 EUR upwards.



Trinity College Library Longroom is one of the largest library rooms in the world.



With an ongoing economic boom, finding a job in Dublin is comparatively easy. In almost every hostel there is a bulletin board where backpackers can find mostly poorly paid offers at short notice. The vibrant pub scene is always in need of fresh workers, but it's safe to assume that you'll almost never get a seat behind the bar. Poorly paid "keg lugging" or tip-free cleaning is unfortunately more the rule than the exception for assistants in pubs.

A particularly strong market is call centers. Since there is an extremely high fluctuation in this area, people rarely work for the same company for more than a year, and there are always offers for German-speaking applicants.

A number of private agencies take care of the regular job market.

jobs. The largest Irish site with daily updates.
Jobs2Ireland. The Irish Jobs Board with the Careers Council.
Monster. The Irish offshoot of the well-known portal. An individual CV can also be left here.
PE Global. Global recruitment agency in Ireland.
German job exchanges and temporary employment agencies also place people in Ireland.

TIP: If you are registered as unemployed in Germany, the employment agency sponsors a flight and a three-month job search in Ireland. A conversation with the responsible advisor can help here.

As citizens of the European Union, German nationals do not need a work permit. As in every country, the administrative procedures are unavoidable, but they are limited compared to Germany. A good overview of the necessary steps can be found here

Apartment Search
Anyone who has checked into a hostel when they arrive in Dublin will soon want to get out again. Since the rents are staggeringly high, there are thousands of places where you can rent a room or share a flat. A tolerably large room in a reasonably tidy house currently costs between €300 and €400 plus around €100 in additional costs. The central contact point for rental offers and requests is Daft.



Dublin is generally considered a comparatively safe travel destination. Still, it's a big city with the usual problems. Anyone who thinks they have to count their money under a lonely street lamp at three in the morning will certainly be happy to be helped. Assuming a little common sense, it's no more dangerous than in any major German city.

Recently Irish have been warned about the area around the Vegetable Market on Mary Street (extension of Henry Street pedestrian precinct) and Capel Street, as well as some corners near Docklands.



No vaccinations are necessary for Ireland, and there are no particular illnesses to be feared. You can drink the tap water without any problems, even if it is quite hard and contains a lot of lime. Even in summer, a light rain jacket or an umbrella is always recommended, because it can rain every day, no matter how good the day looks in the morning. However, the rain showers are not cold or disturbing in the warm months, but more like a gentle light precipitation, Irish Mist.


Practical hints

It's generally not a problem to get along in Dublin if you behave as openly and friendly as the Dubliners. If you ever have a problem with the city map or local public transport, you can confidently speak to a few passers-by or, if you are obviously helpless, they will speak to you straight away. The rather relaxed togetherness contributes a not inconsiderable part to the atmosphere of the city.



The first official language in Ireland, and required by the Constitution, is Gaelic. However, this language is only spoken by a few people, especially in the west of the island, as their first language. However, every student has Gaelic classes and all traffic signs, public notices etc. are bilingual. In English the language is called "Irish" but it is also sometimes said "Gaelic" because the word often confuses foreigners into believing that "Irish" is the English spoken in Ireland. The English of the Irish is called Hiberno-English. English is, of course, the number one slang and lingua franca. Tourists and first-time visitors to Ireland are intimidated upon arrival by the harsh accent and fast-paced way of speaking. However, the Irish are generally a very friendly people and have no problem repeating something slowly and clearly if it was too fast. However, one should always listen carefully when Irish people are talking to one another in order to get used to the local pronunciation. Incidentally, the dialect spoken in Dublin is by no means the worst, so it can be much more incomprehensible in Cork.



Dublin has its own free WiFi network called "Dublin City Wifi".



Landscape and location

The city is located on the east coast of the island of Ireland at the mouth of the River Liffey in Dublin Bay. Dublin is on average 20 meters above sea level.

The Liffey divides Dublin into the north (Northside) and the more plush south (Southside), although the division is less sharp today than it was in previous decades. The inner city gets its structure from the cross from the River Liffey with its numerous bridges and the main axis O'Connell Street-Grafton Street-Harcourt Street. Most of the department stores are located here, but also Trinity College with its famous library and the city park St. Stephen's Green. Streets in typical Georgian style are mainly found in the area around Merrion Square, near the National Gallery and the seat of government (Leinster House), around St Stephen's Green, but also on the north side at Mountjoy Square. This area is surrounded by the North Circular Road and the South Circular Road. Outside the city center are the residential quarters, some of which still have a very uniform style; the classic working class district of Cabra consists of long rows of tiny brick houses, Marino is an example of a middle-class development conceived at the drawing board, in Beaumont semi-detached houses predominate.



The city has a maritime climate characterized by mild winters, cool summers and few extreme temperatures. Contrary to popular belief, the amount of rainfall is just under half that of western Ireland. Dublin has on average the same number of rainy days as London. The average daily maximum temperature in January is 7.6 °C and in July 18.9 °C. The sunniest months are usually May and June with an average of 6 hours of sunshine per day. The rainiest month is on average August, the driest months are March and April.

Dublin has a microclimate that makes the city a few degrees warmer than the surrounding area. There is also a small difference in temperature between the city center and Dublin suburbs (which are a bit cooler) as well as the city center and Dublin Airport to the north of the city.

Due to the mild climate, the lowest temperature measured so far is −12 °C, the highest 31 °C. Snow is rather rare in winter.



The history of the settlement is closely linked to the history of Ireland in general.

The first known mention of the place is in the writings of Ptolemy from the year 140 under the name of Eblana. The city originally consisted of a Celtic settlement called Áth Cliath, which means "hurdle ford". In 842 Vikings founded their own village next to it, which they called "Duibhlinn", roughly "black pond", after a body of water they used as a harbor at the mouth of the River Poddle in the Liffey. The Kingdom of Dublin they founded lost power after the Battle of Clontarf in 1014.

The city was taken in 1170 by the Anglo-Normans led by Richard de Clare and his Irish ally, Diarmuid Mac Murchadha Caomhánach. From 1172 Dublin became the administrative center of the Anglo-Normans. The city at the time had extensive international trade links with Scandinavia, Iceland, Great Britain and, increasingly, France.

The area of jurisdiction of the city was laid down in a charter in 1192. A total of six square miles of territory was granted by decree of King Henry II. The city remained essentially self-governing within these boundaries.

In 1204, King John of England ordered the construction of a fortress in Dublin (Dublin Castle) to strengthen his position of power in the country. In the following centuries this castle developed into the British administrative center in Ireland. The British Viceroy resided in this castle until 1782.

In 1229, free and honorary citizens were granted the right to elect a mayor every year. The city council was made up of 24 prominent citizens, mostly merchants.

The plague came to Dublin in 1348 and caused a considerable decline in the (now predominantly English) population.

Dublin was the capital of the Kingdom of Ireland from 1541 to 1800.

In the 17th century the city expanded rapidly and, as the seat of the Irish Parliament, cemented its position as the capital of Ireland. After a rebellion by the United Irishmen in 1798, which aimed to establish Ireland as an independent republic, Ireland was united with the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1801 by the Act of Union to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Dublin now became the headquarters of the British administration in Ireland.

The famine between 1845 and 1849 (or 1851), which went down in history as the Great Famine, Irish potato famine or Irish An Gorta Mór, was the result of several failed potato harvests - due to the then main food of the poor population of the island was destroyed - but also the social and political conditions. More and more rural residents fled to the capital in search of food. The famine devastated Ireland, killing an estimated one million Irish people and causing another million to emigrate, primarily to Canada, Australia and the United States.

In 1916 there was an uprising against the British (Easter Rising) in the city. In 1919 Irish MPs established the Irish Parliament Dáil Éireann and declared Ireland's independence. The Irish War of Independence followed and then the Irish Civil War, which caused great damage in Dublin. Many of the most important buildings were destroyed.

In 1922, after the end of the Anglo-Irish War, the independence of 26 of Ireland's 32 counties was recognized by the former colonial power and Dublin became the capital of the Free State of Ireland. Free State status was superseded in 1937 by the Irish Constitution (Bunreacht na hÉireann), which made Ireland, or Éire in Irish, the state name and the elected President of Ireland the head of state. In 1949 Ireland left the British Commonwealth and declared itself a republic.

Since Ireland joined the European Community in 1973, Dublin has developed into a European metropolis. This was accompanied by the displacement of parts of the resident population from the city center (gentrification) accompanied by social and political tensions.

Place name
The place name Dublin is the English form of Duibhlinn [ˈdivʲ.lʲiːnʲ] (Irish for "Black Pond", dubh, black, linn, pond) and was adopted by the Vikings for their own village. "Black" here means deeper water that was suitable for creating a port. Its approximate place is now occupied by Dubh Linn Garden just south of Dublin Castle. The River Poddle, which emptied into the Liffey here, now runs underground.

The town's Irish name is Baile Átha Cliath (Irish for 'City of the Hurdle Ford'), which refers to a settlement founded by King Mael Sechnaill II in 988 at the strategically important easternmost ford across the River Liffey. By cliath (hurdle, reed hurdle) is meant a wickerwork made to facilitate crossing the ford (Irish áth).

Around 530,000 people live within the city limits. Approximately 1.2 million people live in the Dublin Region (Réigiúin Átha Cliath), which also includes the suburbs and satellite towns as well as some more rural regions of the former County Dublin. Approximately 1.1 million people live in the Greater Dublin Area (CSO Census 2011), this area includes the urban area including the suburbs in Counties Fingal, South Dublin and Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown, but not the rural regions.



The city was historically the center of brewing (including Guinness). Over time, Dublin developed into a center for the pharmaceutical industry (including Pfizer) and the IT sector (including the European headquarters of Google, Microsoft, Facebook, PayPal, Zynga and Yahoo). Most recently, at the end of September 2011, Twitter announced the establishment of its European headquarters. According to a study by PWC in 2011, Dublin was the second most attractive city for company headquarters in Europe after Antwerp.

Dublin is also the financial center of Ireland. Many European banks (including Citigroup, Commerzbank, WestLB, LBBW, Helaba) and insurance companies (including Irish Life, London Life) have branches there. In addition, the (most important) Irish stock exchange, the Irish Stock Exchange, and the Irish Enterprise Exchange are based in Dublin.

The four largest Irish airlines Aer Arann, Aer Lingus, CityJet and Ryanair have their headquarters in the city.

The time of the "Celtic Tiger" also saw large-scale and costly revitalization of the inner city, above all the conversion of the old harbor areas into office and residential space. The largest projects include the Docklands areas of Dublin Docklands and Spencer Dock.

Tourism plays an important role in Dublin's economy. With almost five million foreign visitors, Dublin was the 25th most visited city in the world in 2016. Tourists brought in $1.9 billion in revenue that same year. Most of the foreign visitors came from Europe and the USA.