Rock of Cashel

Rock of Cashel



Location: Cashel, County Tipperary


Rock of Cashel (Cashel of the Kings, St. Patrick’s Rock) is located near town of Cashel in the Tipperary County. This location served as traditional seat of the Kings of Munster before Norman invasion. In fact there is a legend that one of the kings converted to Christianity by Saint Patrick in the 5th century AD. Most of the buildings found on the site of Rock of Cashel date to 12th and 13th century. Ironically Rock of Cashel complex started with building a 28 meter (90 feet) round tower with a door 4 meters (12 feet) above ground level. Originally the stones were laid without use of mortar, simply using the weight of the rocks. Cement was added by modern archaeologists.
According to legend, back in the 4th century, Conall Cork, the leader of one of the Irish clans, founded a fortification here. They also say that in the middle of the 5th century St. Patrick, who converted the king of local lands to Christianity. According to later records, in 964, Rock of Cashel was captured by Brian Bor, the high king of Ireland, who was crowned here 13 years later.

In 1101, Rock of Cashel was transferred to the ownership of the church, after which it becomes a religious center. In 1152, Rock Cachel becomes the residence of the bishops, and in 1169 Donal O’Brien begins construction of a cathedral next to the castle. The construction of the cathedral was completed only in 1234. Almost all surviving structures belong to this period.


During the English Revolution in 1647, Cachel Rock was ransacked by Parliament troops led by Murrow O’Brien, later 1st Earl of Inchiquin. He also managed to take Cair Castle near Cashel. Many residents were killed, spiritual shrines plundered. According to historians, about 3 thousand people died. The inhabitants of Cashel sought refuge in the walls of the castle church, but were burnt alive by the Cromwell soldiers.

Since then, the castle has been perceived in Ireland as a symbol of the cruelty of the British, real courage and steadfastness of the spirit of the Irish.

In the XXI century, the castle is open to the public and restoration work is underway in it. National Monument at number 128. Candidate for UNESCO World Heritage List in Ireland.

Rock of Cashel

The building of Rock of Cashel originally had three levels, but wood rotted away. You can still see where it once was by rows of support stones in the walls.