Alytus

 

Alytus - a city in the south of Lithuania, in Dzukia, the administrative center of Alytus county and Alytus region; sixth in Lithuania in terms of population. The city is located on both banks of the Nemunas, 105 km from Vilnius and 69 km from Kaunas. Industrial and cultural center of the south of Lithuania.

 

History

The first mention in written sources dates back to 1377. City rights granted in 1581.

At the end of the XIX century. strengthening the western borders of the Russian Empire, it was decided to fortify Olitu (Alytus) located in a strategically important place. In 1890 Olita became a third class fortress of the Russian Empire.

In the very first days of the Great Patriotic War on June 22-23, 1941, a major tank battle took place in the Alytus region. During World War II, about 10-20 thousand Jews were shot in Alytus (the exact number is not known; detailed research has never been done, and in various sources the mentioned number is 60 thousand. From July 1941 to April 1943, a concentration camp operated on the territory of the barracks prisoner of war camp "Stalag-343". From May 1943 to July 1944, there was a camp for displaced persons, mainly from the western regions of Russia. Some of the prisoners were used for agricultural work in the estates of Lithuanian peasants. about 2 thousand Soviet prisoners of war and civilians perished.A memorial complex with a white obelisk in the center (now on the territory of Alytus City Park) was created on the site of the common graves.

In July 1944, during the storming of the city and the crossing of the river by units of the 11th Guards Army, many soldiers and officers were killed. After the war, a cemetery with burials of 2,891 Soviet soldiers was equipped in the park on Ulonu Street, among them 6 Heroes of the Soviet Union: Colonel G. Emelyanov of the Guards, Senior Lieutenant V. Kalinin of the Guards, N. Nikonov, Junior Sergeant, N. Tikhonenko, Private A. Tikhonenko, I Tonkonog, junior sergeant T. Akhmedov.