Druskininkai

 

Druskininkai is a city-resort in the very south of Lithuania, in Dzūkija, Alytus county, 60 km south of Alytus, near the border with Belarus. Druskininkai municipal center. Druskininkai is the oldest (since 1794) and the largest year-round balneological, mud and climatic resort in Lithuania. Druskininkai Old Town is an urban monument.

The city has 3 temples, 8 sanatoriums, many recreation centers, hotels, public library, Druskininkai Central Hospital (Balainė forest), polyclinic, post office (new post office building built in 1980, architect V. Banikovas), several parks. Two bridges were built across the Nemunas: the old Druskininkai bridge and in 2011 The Park Bridge was opened, connecting Druskininkai Old Town with Baltašiškės on the left bank of the Nemunas. 2015 A cable car has been built over the Nemunas.

 

Druskininkai resort is located in the southern part of Lithuania, in the Dzūkija region, on the right bank of the Nemunas River, between forests, lakes and moraine hills. There are 2 ha of forest per capita. The highest point of the city is the Health Park (K. Dineika) (105 m above sea level), the lowest - the bank of the Nemunas at the physiotherapy spa.

Druskininkai is surrounded by the Nemunas in a common west-east direction for 3.5 km. It includes the Ratnyčia (Ratnyčėlė), which runs 2 km through the eastern part of the resort, from south to north. In the southern part of the city there is Lake Druskonis, Vijūnėlė pond and Mergeliai akiai lake. In the eastern part of the resort - "Saulės takas" (Ratnyčia; author Algirdas Valavičius, architect V. Urnevičius), a pond with cascading baths, "Žilvinas" trail.

Climate
The climate of Druskininkai is characterized by favorable climatotherapy and recreational conditions. It is dominated by hilly, hilly terrain, rich in medium and small lakes. The average maximum air temperature in summer (June, July and August) is higher than 22 ° C. The average annual rainfall is 661 mm. The wind speed in the resort in July-September is 2.4–2.6 m / s. It is dominated by southwest, west and northwest, and in winter by southeast, east and southwest winds.

Nature
There are continental dunes overgrown with pine forests in Druskininkai heaths. The forests are dominated by pines, high biodiversity, many wings: vultures, terns, white-backed gulls, sea eagles, owls, aphids. Rare insects are found in Druskininkai heaths: mustard carpenters, rhinos, octopus beetles. In pine forests, in sun-heated places, often found: agile lizard, common snake, carp. An often noticeable beast is the common squirrel. A gray hare is found on the edges of the forest and in the waiting areas. There are predators: brown fox, mangoes live under spruce trees, wolves, lynxes, boars, deer can be found in Dzūkija forests. The largest beast of the pine forests is the moose.

Parks
There are several parks in the city. Among them, K. Dineika Health Park, A. Česnulis Sculpture and Recreation Park, Spa Park are the most visited.