Neringa

 

Neringa is a town on the Curonian Spit, between the Baltic Sea and the Curonian Lagoon (west coast); resort. It is the longest (about 50 km) and westernmost city in Lithuania. The city is administratively Neringa municipality, it covers most of the Curonian Spit, its adm. center - Nida. Curonian Spit National Park. There are two post offices (central in Nida LT-93012).

Neringa is a particularly popular holiday destination. There are many high sand dunes here, in Juodkrante - Raganų kalnas, in Nida - Parnidis dune. Neringa is visited by many tourists not only from Lithuania, but also from other countries, especially from Germany (before the Second World War, many Germans lived here who had to leave their native lands after the war).

The largest part of Neringa territory consists of forests (83.9%), roads - 1.7%, built-up area - 0.7%, waters - 0.01%, agricultural land - 0.2%, other land - 13.5 %.

Several settlements are located from south to north - Nida (near it Purvynė and Skruzdynė), Preila, Pervalka, Juodkrantė (near it Karvaičiai), Alksnynė. The Curonian Lagoon (the shore is very winding) washes the city to the east, and the Baltic Sea to the west. The whole city is located in the Curonian Spit National Park.

The warmest in Neringa is August, its average temperature is about 17 ° C. There are more clear days here than in Central or Eastern Lithuania. Southwest and northwest winds prevail. The resorts are located in the eastern part of the spit, near the Curonian Lagoon, and are protected from the sea winds by a ridge of large dunes overgrown with forest.

Neringa is characterized by a unique architecture of homesteads, only the decoration of houses by the coastal region. The buildings of folk architecture are being completed and adapted to the needs of today.

One of the most picturesque natural monuments of Neringa is the Parnidis dune near Nida. This large still dune, 68 m above sea level, offers a picturesque panorama. In Nagliai Nature Reserve, between Pervalka and Juodkrante, there are Gray Dunes. The shores of the Curonian Lagoon are carved by promontories, the beaches of the Baltic coast, and in 2002 were awarded the Blue Flag.

Due to the wind, the dunes are gradually being carried and sliding, for example, in the 20th century. On the 2nd side, the Great Dune of Nida lowered by 15 meters. In addition, hurricane winds, such as those in 1967, 1981 and 1983, and sometimes fires (such as the 2006 fire in Alksnyne), do a lot of damage.