Ermak Travel Guide

 

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Lublin

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Location: Lublin Voivodeship

 

 

 

Historic Polish town of Lublin is one of the largest and most beautiful cities in Poland. The city is located on the northern edge of the Lublin Upland, at altitudes of 163–238 m above sea level. The valley of the Bystrzyce river (the left tributary of the Vepsha) divides the city into two parts with different landscapes. On the western shore there is a part of the Nalenczowski plateau (Polish Nałęczowski) with deep valleys and old loess gorges, while the eastern coast landscapes formed by the part of the Šwidnicki plateau (Polish Świdnicki) and the Gelchevsk Upland (Polish Giełczewska) are less diverse.

In Lublin, two small rivers flow into Bystrzyce - Czerniejówka (Polish. Czerniejówka) and Czechowka (Polish. Czechówka). The fourth river flows through the city - Nendznitsa (Polish Nędznica).

 

Market Square of Lublin

Museum of the History of the Town Hall and Crown Tribunal of the Kingdom of Poland

Rynek 1

Tel. 081 532 6866

Open: 9am- 4pm Wed and Sat

9am- 5pm Sun

Market Square of Lublin is the central part of historic part of kingdom. Its one of the most prominent structures is the Old Town Hall. It once held the seat of a Crown Tribunal of the Kingdom of Poland. In the 18th century current building was build under supervision of architect Dominik Merlini in Neo- Classical style. Today it houses Museum of the History of the Town Hall and Crown Tribunal of the Kingdom of Poland.

 

 

Cathedral of Saints John the Baptist and John the Evangelist (Gospel writer)

Ul. Krolewska 10

Tel. 081 532 1196

 

Majdanek State Museum

Droga Meczennikow Majdanka 67

Tel. 081 744 2647

Open: 9am- 5pm daily

Nov- march: 8am- 4pm daily

Closed: public holidays

www.majdanek.pl

Majdanek State Museum is dedicated to a Majdanek Concentration Camp that was situated in Lublin, Poland during World War II. This extermination compound was built in 1941 to kill people that were deemed subhuman by the Third Reich. Over half million people that passed through Majdanek Concentration Camp and over 360,000 of them were murdered. Majority of these were Soviet prisoners of wars as well as Soviet Jews who were arrested on the occupied territories held by the German Army.

 

Lublin Rural Museum

Aleja Warszawska 96

Tel. 081 533 3137

Open: Apr, Oct: 9am- 5pm daily

May- Sept: 10am- 6pm daily

Nov, Dec 9am- 3pm Fri- Sun

Jan- March: appointment required

Cracow Gate (Brama Krakowska)

Lublin Castle

Pl. Zamkowy 1

Muzeum Lubelskie

Tel. 081 532 5001

Open: 9am- 4pm Tue, Thu- Sat

9am- 5pm Wed and Sun

Jun- Aug: 10am- 5pm Tue- Sat

10am- 6pm Sun

www.zamek-lublin.pl

Lublin Castle was originally constructed in the 14th century. After centuries of reconstruction projects it lost much of its original appearance and gained appearance of the Gothic residence rather than a military fortification. In 1823- 26 it was used as a prison by provincial government. Today it houses a museum that exhibits a collection of Polish and foreign art

Chapel of the Holy Trinity (Kaplica Swietej Trojcy)

Chapel of the Holy Trinity was constructed along with the Lublin Castle in the 14th century. It makes one of the oldest part of the castle as well as the city. The interior of the church is covered by Byzantine frescoes that were made in 1418 by Eastern Orthodox artists. If you look closely you can see portrait of Wladyslaw Jagiello, founder of the chapel, among icons of saints, angels and other holy people.

Capuchin Church

Church of Our Lady Victorious

Dominican Church

 

 

History of Lublin

The first settlement on the territory of modern Lublin arose in the VI century on the hill of Chvartek. In the X century, a wooden defense structure was built, later a stone one. The first written records of the city date back to 1198.

In 1205, the Galician prince Roman besieged the city for a month, but was forced to retreat.

In 1241, the Mongols destroyed Lublin, and three years later he was again ruined by the Lithuanians, who acted together with the Prussians and the Yatvyag. In the same year, Prince Daniil of Galitsky, having captured the city, greatly strengthened it.

In 1260, the Dominicans built the first Catholic church named after Archangel Michael.

In 1317, during the reign of Prince Vladislav Loketka, the city received city law in the form of Magdeburg law. In 1341, Casimir the Great defeated the Tatars at Lublin.

In 1474, Casimir Jagiellon made the city the capital of the newly formed Lublin Voivodeship.

In the XV-XVI centuries, thanks to the trade route passing through it from the Black Sea to Western Europe, Lublin was developing intensively.

In 1569, an agreement was concluded in Lublin on the unification of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a confederate state of the Commonwealth, known in history as the Union of Lublin.

In the 17th century, an epidemic claimed more than 5 thousand lives in the city, the city was destroyed first by the Russian-Cossack army of Peter Potemkin, and then by the Swedes. In the future, the situation of the city does not improve, mainly due to the Northern War. Lublin fairs cease to be held, merchants from Europe leave the city.

In 1703, Augustus II granted the city privileges equalizing his rights with Krakow. After the northern wars, a period of resumption of construction begins, mainly merchants and church settlements are upset. The image of the present Krakow suburb is formed.

In 1792, the city was occupied by Russian troops. After the third division of the Commonwealth, the city is in the possession of Austria. In 1809, the city entered the Principality of Warsaw. In 1815 - to the Kingdom (Kingdom) of Poland as part of the Russian Empire.

During the First World War, Lublin was occupied by the troops of Germany and Austria-Hungary.

In 1918, the Catholic University was founded in Lublin.

During World War II, the city was occupied by Wehrmacht troops. On July 24, 1944, troops of the 2nd Soviet Panzer Army occupied Lublin as a result of the Lublin-Brest operation. 16 units and formations of the 1st Belorussian Front were given the honorary name "Lublin". After this, the city became the temporary capital of Poland until January 17, 1945.

On October 23, 1944, the University of Marie Curie-Skłodowska was founded in Lublin.

 

 

 

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