Historic Polish town of Lublin is one of the
largest and most beautiful cities in Poland. The city is located on
the northern edge of the Lublin Upland, at altitudes of 163–238 m
above sea level. The valley of the Bystrzyce river (the left
tributary of the Vepsha) divides the city into two parts with
different landscapes. On the western shore there is a part of the
Nalenczowski plateau (Polish Nałęczowski) with deep valleys and old
loess gorges, while the eastern coast landscapes formed by the part
of the Šwidnicki plateau (Polish Świdnicki) and the Gelchevsk Upland
(Polish Giełczewska) are less diverse.
In Lublin, two small
rivers flow into Bystrzyce - Czerniejówka (Polish. Czerniejówka) and
Czechowka (Polish. Czechówka). The fourth river flows through the
city - Nendznitsa (Polish Nędznica).
Market Square of Lublin
Museum of the History of the Town Hall and Crown
Tribunal of the Kingdom of Poland
Tel. 081 532 6866
Open: 9am- 4pm Wed and Sat
9am- 5pm Sun
Market Square of Lublin is the central part of
historic part of kingdom. Its one of the most prominent structures
is the Old Town Hall. It once held the seat of a Crown Tribunal of
the Kingdom of Poland. In the 18th century current building was
build under supervision of architect Dominik Merlini in Neo-
Classical style. Today it houses Museum of the History of the Town
Hall and Crown Tribunal of the Kingdom of Poland.
Cathedral of Saints John the Baptist and John the Evangelist
Majdanek State Museum is dedicated to a
Majdanek Concentration Camp that was situated in Lublin,
Poland during World War II. This extermination compound was
built in 1941 to kill people that were deemed subhuman by
the Third Reich. Over half million people that passed
through Majdanek Concentration Camp and over 360,000 of them
were murdered. Majority of these were Soviet prisoners of
wars as well as Soviet Jews who were arrested on the
occupied territories held by the German Army.
Lublin Castle was originally constructed in
the 14th century. After centuries of reconstruction projects
it lost much of its original appearance and gained
appearance of the Gothic residence rather than a military
fortification. In 1823- 26 it was used as a prison by
provincial government. Today it houses a museum that
exhibits a collection of Polish and foreign art
Chapel of the Holy Trinity (Kaplica Swietej
Chapel of the Holy Trinity was constructed
along with the Lublin Castle in the 14th century. It makes
one of the oldest part of the castle as well as the city.
The interior of the church is covered by Byzantine frescoes
that were made in 1418 by Eastern Orthodox artists. If you
look closely you can see portrait of Wladyslaw Jagiello,
founder of the chapel, among icons of saints, angels and
other holy people.
Church of Our Lady Victorious
History of Lublin
The first settlement on the territory of modern
Lublin arose in the VI century on the hill of Chvartek. In the X
century, a wooden defense structure was built, later a stone one.
The first written records of the city date back to 1198.
1205, the Galician prince Roman besieged the city for a month, but
was forced to retreat.
In 1241, the Mongols destroyed Lublin,
and three years later he was again ruined by the Lithuanians, who
acted together with the Prussians and the Yatvyag. In the same year,
Prince Daniil of Galitsky, having captured the city, greatly
In 1260, the Dominicans built the first
Catholic church named after Archangel Michael.
during the reign of Prince Vladislav Loketka, the city received city
law in the form of Magdeburg law. In 1341, Casimir the Great
defeated the Tatars at Lublin.
In 1474, Casimir Jagiellon
made the city the capital of the newly formed Lublin Voivodeship.
In the XV-XVI centuries, thanks to the trade route passing
through it from the Black Sea to Western Europe, Lublin was
In 1569, an agreement was concluded
in Lublin on the unification of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand
Duchy of Lithuania into a confederate state of the Commonwealth,
known in history as the Union of Lublin.
In the 17th century,
an epidemic claimed more than 5 thousand lives in the city, the city
was destroyed first by the Russian-Cossack army of Peter Potemkin,
and then by the Swedes. In the future, the situation of the city
does not improve, mainly due to the Northern War. Lublin fairs cease
to be held, merchants from Europe leave the city.
Augustus II granted the city privileges equalizing his rights with
Krakow. After the northern wars, a period of resumption of
construction begins, mainly merchants and church settlements are
upset. The image of the present Krakow suburb is formed.
1792, the city was occupied by Russian troops. After the third
division of the Commonwealth, the city is in the possession of
Austria. In 1809, the city entered the Principality of Warsaw. In
1815 - to the Kingdom (Kingdom) of Poland as part of the Russian
During the First World War, Lublin was occupied by
the troops of Germany and Austria-Hungary.
In 1918, the
Catholic University was founded in Lublin.
During World War
II, the city was occupied by Wehrmacht troops. On July 24, 1944,
troops of the 2nd Soviet Panzer Army occupied Lublin as a result of
the Lublin-Brest operation. 16 units and formations of the 1st
Belorussian Front were given the honorary name "Lublin". After this,
the city became the temporary capital of Poland until January 17,
On October 23, 1944, the University of Marie
Curie-Skłodowska was founded in Lublin.