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Royal Castle (Zamek Krolewski) (Warsaw)

 Royal Castle (Zamek Krolewski)

 

 

 

Location: Plac Zamkowy 4
Tel. 022 355 5170
Bus: 100, 116, 175, 178, 180, 190, 195, 222, 503

Trolley: 13, 23, 26, 32
Open: 10am- 4pm Tue- Sat

11am- 4pm Sun (separate tickets for Royal Apartments and Parliament)
Closed: Oct- Apr: Mon, public holidays

www.zamek-krolewski.com.pl

 

 

Royal and Grand Apartments

Open: 10am- 6pm Tue- Sat

11am- 6pm Sun- Mon

Closed: Oct- Apr: after 4pm, 1 Jan, Easter, q May, Corpus Christi

 

 

 

 

Warsaw Royal Castle was constructed between 1598- 1619 shortly after Polish king Zygmund III moved Polish capital to Warsaw in 1596. The building was built in magnificent Baroque architectural style by design of Italian architects Matteo Castelli, Giovanni Trevano and Giacomo Rodondo. The location of the Warsaw Royal palace was chosen on ruins of an older medieval castle of the Mazovian princes. It was badly damaged during World War II, but after reconstruction that lasted between 1971 to 1988 it was returned to its original significance.

 

 

 

The construction of a wooden and earth stronghold on the Vistula embankment at the mouth of the Kamionka River (currently the W-Z route line) was associated with the establishment (location) of the city of Warsaw. Both initiatives are attributed to Prince Bolesław II of Mazovia, ruling in the years 1294–1313. The stronghold (one of several on the central line of the Vistula) performed defensive functions against the city and transported across the river called Kamion.

Fourteenth century
In the first half of the fourteenth century, the original stronghold-watchtower transformed into the center of power of the Mazovian princes. During the reign of Fr. Trojden I (1314-1341) became the seat of the Warsaw castellan and one of the ruler's residences. He was promoted to the rank of the chief stronghold of the district during the reign of Fr. Kazimierz I (1349-1374). Gradually brick buildings were introduced, transforming the castle into a castle. In the embankment line, the following was erected: in the south - the defensive and residential Great Tower (Latin: Turris Magna), in the north a gate tower with a drawbridge called the Crane; the first (south-eastern) section of the perimeter wall was also created.

Probably after the slope of the slope as a result of the flood, Prince Janusz I the Elder (1374-1429) incorporated the remaining area of ​​the castle into the erected city walls in the 1980s and built the first brick residence near the Dworzan Gate (Bernardyńska, Krakowska - southern entrance to the city) . Tenement house (Latin Lapidea).

15th century
After securing the so-called The dam escarpment and the erection of the entire perimeter of the city walls, priest Janusz the Elder began to expand his Warsaw headquarters. The most important investment was the construction around 1410 between the Great (Grodzka) and Żuraw towers of the new stately residence, the so-called Home or the Grand Court (Latin Domus Magna, Curia Maior); three-story Gothic building (47.5 × 14.5 m) with a facade decorated with recesses and gables. The basement housed a representative court and assembly room (Latin Palatium, Stuba Magna), and on the first floor a prince's apartment (Latin Habitaculum superior). From the city side, after covering the castle moat, a small brick building of the Warsaw court was built, called Szopa.

In 1426, the Polish king and the highest Lithuanian prince - Władysław Jagiełło visited the prince's residence for the first time. By the end of the 15th century, in the northern part of the court area, a complex of residential buildings called the Minor Court or Garden (Latin Curia Minor) was built near Kanonia. Traditionally, he was occupied by mothers, wives and sisters of the Mazovian princes, who often served as regents. Through the bathhouse and prince's kitchen standing at the eastern wall, it connected with the porch to the Great House (Court).

16th century
In 1526, the last Mazovian vassal died - Prince Janusz III and the Czersko-Warsaw district was incorporated into the Kingdom of Poland. King Zygmunt I who came to Warsaw for the first time accepted the oath of the Masovian parliament and took possession of the Castle. The royal governor (vicesgerent) and the Warsaw starosta permanently resided there. In 1529, the General Sejm deliberated in the Castle; in 1544 the royal couple resided here for two months.

After the death of Sigismund I in 1548, Queen Bona moved to her Masovian bound goods (widows). Together with her daughters: Zofia, Anna, Katarzyna and Izabela (Hungarian queen), she lived in the Castle's Minor Court. After the queen's departure to Italy in 1556, he began to visit Warsaw and convene parliament here (1556/7, 1563/64) King Sigismund August. At the same time, with the commencement of work on the Polish-Lithuanian Union in 1563, a decision was made to expand the Castle. However, it did not start until 1569. By virtue of a resolution of the EU Lublin Sejm (1569), Warsaw and Castle were recognized as the permanent meeting place of the Polish Parliament.

The expansion of the Castle, carried out according to the design of architect Giovanni Battista Quadro until 1571, slightly changed its shape, much more interior. It included the reconstruction of the previous seat of the King - the Great House into a building housing new Renaissance Sejm interiors: a vaulted three-post deputy room on the ground floor and a senatorial room with a coffered ceiling on the first floor; erection of a new residence adjacent to the Great House from the north, the so-called The New Royal House with a gazebo hall on the second floor and a round tower "curly east" from the west; extension of the residence of Anna Jagiellon in Dwór Dolna. King Zygmunt August lived in the Castle at the end of 1568, he left it shortly before his death in 1572.

During the reign of Stefan Batory and Sigismund III, until his death in 1596, Queen Anna Jagiellonka was the permanent resident of the castle.

 

 

 

 

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