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Palacio Real de Madrid

Palacio Real de Madrid

 

 

 

 

 

Description of Palacio Real de Madrid or a Royal Palace of Madrid

Palacio Real  Palacio Real

Tel. 91- 454 88 00
Subway: Opera, Plaza de Espana
Bus: 3, 25, 33, 39, 148
Open: Apr- Sep: 9am- 6pm Mon- Sat, 9am- 3pm Sun & holidays;
Oct- Mar: 9:30am- 5 pm Mon- Sat, 9am- 2 pm Sun & holidays

 

Palacio Real de Madrid or a Royal Palace of Madrid is one of the largest existing royal palaces in Europe. Its collection of art is truly an impressive. Priceless collection of masterpieces of Giovanni Battista Tiepoli, Luca Giordano, Caravaggio, Anton Mengs, Mariano Salvador Mael, Vicente Lopes and many others hang on walls. Additionally Palacio Real de Madrid  has a large collection of Stradivarius violas, porcelain, clocks and medieval armor of knights. And all this is only part of the splendor concentrated here. In addition to splendor of Palace Real palace halls you can enjoy peace and quiet of the Royal Library, the Museum of Applied Arts and Royal Pharmacy. Behind the palace you can see beautiful gardens of Campo del Moro that were opened here in the 19th century.

 

 

 

The Royal Palace of Madrid is the official residence of the King of Spain ; nevertheless, the current kings do not live in it, but in the Palace of the Zarzuela , reason why it is used for ceremonies of State and solemn acts

With an area of 135,000 m² and 3418 rooms (on the surface, almost twice as much as Buckingham Palace or the Palace of Versailles ), it is the largest royal palace in Western Europe , and one of the largest in the world. It houses a valuable historical-artistic heritage, highlighting the set of musical instruments known as the Palatine Stradivarius , and very relevant collections from other disciplines such as painting , sculpture and upholstery . The state rooms and the artistic collections are open to visitors as long as there are no official acts.

It is also known as Palacio de Oriente, despite being located in the westernmost part of Madrid , due to its location in Plaza de Oriente , so called being located east of the palace. To axis with the palace, and faced, is the other end of the square the Royal Theater .

The palace was built by order of King Felipe V , on the site left by the Real Alcázar , destroyed almost entirely by fire in 1734 . Both the foundations of the old fortress and some of its structures were used for the construction of the new palace. The episode of the fire served to justify the replacement of the old building by a palace according to the taste of the time. Its construction began in 1738 , according to architect Filippo Juvara , who proposed a larger palace but in a different location. When Juvara died, the project was entrusted to his disciple Juan Bautista Sachetti, who was required to adapt the plans of Juvara to the site of the old Alcázar. Other distinguished Spanish architects such as Ventura Rodríguez participated and were trained in the quarry of the new palace, he owes the configuration of the Royal Chapel. Francesco Sabatini was responsible for the completion of the building and reform of secondary works, expansion and decoration. Carlos III was the first monarch to inhabit the palace continuously.

The last monarch who lived in the palace was Alfonso XIII , although Manuel Azaña , president of the Second Republic , also lived in it, occupying the rooms that had previously occupied the Queen Maria Cristina and being, therefore, the last head of state did. During that period it was known as the National Palace . There is still a room, next to the Royal Chapel, which is known as the "office of Azaña".

The interior of the palace stands out for its artistic wealth, both in terms of the use of all kinds of noble materials in its construction and the decoration of its rooms with works of art of all kinds, such as paintings by artists of the importance of Caravaggio , Velázquez , Francisco de Goya and frescoes by Corrado Giaquinto , Giovanni Battista Tiepolo or Anton Raphael Mengs . Other remarkable collections that are conserved in the building are those of the Royal Armory , porcelain , watchmaking , furniture and silverware .

Currently, Patrimonio Nacional , an autonomous body under the Ministry of the Presidency , manages publicly owned assets placed at the service of the Crown, including the Royal Palace.

In 2016, the Royal Palace received more than 1.4 million visitors, being the seventh most visited monument in Spain.

 

 

 

 

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