Monzón Castle

Monzón Castle




Location: Aragon

Constructed: 10th century


Description of Monzon Castle


Monzon Castle is a medieval stronghold in Aragon province of Spain. Monzon Castle was erected in 10th century. Monzon Castle was built in Monzon in the tenth century by the Banu Hud Arab dynasty that ruled over Taifa of Zaragoza. Moorish towers were constructed around this time period. Monzon Castle was captured by Aragonese armies under command of Sancho Ramirez in 1089. In 1143 Monzon Castle was transferred to the Templar knights. This powerful order of warrior- monks and bankers greatly increased the medieval citadel in size and protection. Current curtail wall largely date to the time period. Other Templar additions included stables, towers, dormitory and refectory.


King James I of Aragon lived in Monzon Castle under protection of the Templar order. His residence is still preserved in the James I Tower. In 1309 Templar order was dissolved across Europe. Forces of James II of Aragon besieged and captured the fortress. In the 17th and 18th century its defenses were further increased by the royals in complexity and size. Monzon Castle remained in active service until 19th century. During the War of Independence it was taken by the French troops of Marshal Suchet and in 1814 it was retaken by the Spanish army under command of General Copons. Today Monzon Castle is restored and declared a National Monument by the Spanish state.