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Barcelona Cathedral

Barcelona Cathedral

 

 

 

Placa de la Seu
Tel. 93- 315 15 54
Subway: Jaume I.
Bus: 17, 19, 45
Open: 8am- 7:30 pm daily

 

 

 

Barcelona Cathedral is located in the center of the historic medieval part of Barcelona. This beautiful Roman Catholic Church was the center of life and over the course of centuries it was rebuilt many times. The First Cathedral was a small church erected on this spot in the 4th century AD shortly after Roman Empire legalized Christianity as one of the official state religions thus ending centuries of persecutions and killing of Christians. In 559 it was the meeting site of the Church Council. However as Arabs or Moors attacked Iberian peninsula Barcelona fell under Muslim control. They destroyed Barcelona Cathedral in 985 AD. Upon liberation of this region from the foreign rule Romanesque Church was constructed in 1046- 58 on a site of the ruined temple. Construction of the current Gothic temple started in 1289 upon orders of King James II of Aragon. It decades to complete and construction finally finished in 1448. Magnificent facade of the building was added in the late 19th century thanks to donations made by generous banker and a mayor of Barcelona Manuel Girona.

 

Cathedral Gothic interior is magnificent. Three nave cathedral has 26 side chapels dedicated to various saints and heavenly patrons. The main altar was consecrated in 1337, while choirs were completed in 1390. Below the main altar you can see the crypt of Saint Eulalia, patroness of the city. She was killed by Roman officials in the early 4th century after she refused to renounce Jesus Christ.

 

Among its many chapels of Barcelona Cathedral the most magnificent is that of Chapel del Santo Cristo de Lepanto (Holy Christ of Lepanto). It was added in 1405- 54. Wooden sculpture of crucified Christ was added in 16th century. It has particular significance for Barcelona and all of Spain. It was this cross that Don John of Austria took to the battle of Lepanto. Battle of Lepano was fought between Christian forces of Holy League and Turkish Fleed on October 7, 1571. The battle ended in decisive victory of European coalition thus ending rule of Ottoman Turkish over Mediterranean. Miguel de Cervantes (author of Don Quixote) lost ability to move his arm during its course. Today Crucifixion from that significant engagement stands on top of burial of a Catholic priest Olegario.

 

There is also a pleasant inner courtyard that you can visit by leaving the Cathedral through South Gate. It numerous magnolias, palms trees, small fountain and a baptistery that dates to 11th century. Local tradition claims that white geese that live in this inner courtyard protect the spirits of people buried here. Hence messing with this beautiful birds is not very welcome and can get you into a lot of trouble with the locals as well as police.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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