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Sagrada Familia

Sagrada Familia

 

 

 

Calle Mallorca 401
Tel. 93- 207 30 31
Subway: Sagrada Familia
Bus: 19, 33, 34, 43, 44, 50, 51, 54
Open: 9am- 8pm (Nov- Feb: to 6pm; Mar & Oct: to 7 pm)
Closed: Jan 1 & 6, Dec 25 & 26
www.sagradafamilia.org

 

 

 

 

 

Sagrada Familia Sagrada Familia

The Expiatory Temple of the Sagrada Familia, known simply as the Sagrada Familia, is a Catholic basilica in Barcelona ( Spain ), designed by the architect Antoni Gaudí . Started in 1882 , it is still under construction. It is the masterpiece of Gaudí, and the greatest exponent of Catalan modernist architecture . It is one of the most visited monuments in Spain, next to the Prado Museum and the Alhambra in Granada, and it is the most visited church in Europe after the basilica of Saint Peter of the Vatican. When completed it will be the highest Christian church in the world.

 

The Holy Family is a reflection of Gaudí's artistic fullness: he worked on it for most of his professional career, but especially in the last years of his career , where he reached the culmination of his naturalistic style, making a synthesis of all the solutions and styles tested until then. Gaudí achieved a perfect harmony in the interrelation between structural and ornamental elements, between plastic and aesthetic, between function and form, between content and continent, achieving the integration of all the arts into a structured and logical whole.

From 1915 Gaudí devoted himself almost exclusively to the Sagrada Familia, which is the synthesis of the architectonic evolution of the great architect. After the completion of the crypt and the apse, still in neo- Gothic style , the rest of the temple was conceived in an organic style, imitating the forms of nature, where regulated geometric forms abound . The interior had to resemble a forest, with a set of arborescent columns inclined, of helical form, creating a structure at the same time simple and resistant. Gaudí applied in the Sagrada Familia all his findings previously experienced in works such as the Park Güell or the crypt of Colonia Güell, getting to elaborate a structurally perfect temple at the same time as harmonious and aesthetic.

The Sagrada Familia has a Latin cross plan , with five central naves and transept with three naves, and an apse with seven chapels . It has three facades dedicated to the Birth, Passion and Glory of Jesus and, when it is finished, it will have 18 towers: four in each portal making a total of twelve by the apostles , four on the transept invoking the evangelists , one on the apse dedicated to the Virgin and the tower - central cimborio in honor to Jesus, that will reach the 172.5 meters of height. The temple will have two sacristies next to the apse, and three large chapels: that of the Assumption in the apse and those of Baptism and Penance next to the main façade; also, it will be surrounded by a cloister designed for processions and to isolate the temple from the outside. Gaudí applied to the Sagrada Familia a high symbolic content, both in architecture and in sculpture, dedicating to each part of the temple a religious significance.

 

During the life of Gaudí, only the crypt, the apse and, partially, the façade of the Nativity were completed, of which Gaudí only saw the tower of San Bernabé crowned. Upon his death, his assistant, Domingo Sugrañes , took over the construction ; subsequently, he has been under the direction of various architects, Jordi Faulí i Oller being director of the works since 2012. In the sculptural decoration worked artists such as Llorenç and Joan Matamala , Carles Mani , Jaume Busquets , Joaquim Ros i Bofarull , Etsuro Sotoo and Josep Maria Subirachs , the latter author of the decoration of the facade of the Passion.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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