El Escorial

El Escorial


Tel. 91- 890 59 04

Train: from Atocha or Chamartin, Madrid

Bus: 661, 664 from Moncloa, Madrid

Open: Tue- Sun

Closed: public holidays

Entrance Fee: 10 Euro


Description of El Escorial

El Escorial is a municipality and village in Spain, in the community of Madrid. It is located in the northwest area of ​​the Community, at the foot of the southern slope of the Sierra de Guadarrama, and is part of the region of the Guadarrama Basin. Also, it belongs to the judicial district of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, number seven of the community of Madrid.


The palace El Escorial was the residence of the Spanish Royal Family, the basilica is the burial place of the kings of Spain and the monastery - founded by monks of the Order of San Jerónimo - is currently occupied by friars of the Order of San Agustín. It is one of the most unique Renaissance architecture in Spain and Europe. Located in San Lorenzo de El Escorial, it occupies an area of ​​33,327 m², on the southern slope of Mount Abantos, at 1028 m altitude, in the Sierra de Guadarrama. It is managed by National Heritage.

Also known as Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real, or, simply, El Escorial, was devised in the second half of the 16th century by King Felipe II and its architect Juan Bautista de Toledo, although Juan de Herrera, Juan de Minjares, later intervened. Giovanni Battista Castello El Bergamasco and Francisco de Mora. The king conceived a great multifunctional, monastic and palatial complex that, shaped by Juan Bautista de Toledo according to the paradigm of the Universal Trace, gave rise to the Herrerian style. It was considered, since the end of the XVI century, the Eighth Wonder of the World, as much for its size and functional complexity as for its enormous symbolic value. Its architecture marked the passage from the Renaissance plateresque to the unornamented classicism. Huge work, of great monumentality, is also a receptacle of the other arts.

Collection of El Escorial include paintings, sculptures, songs, scrolls, liturgical ornaments and other sumptuary, sacred and courtly objects make El Escorial also one of the largest Spanish museums. Its complex iconography and iconology has deserved the most varied interpretations of historians, admirers and critics. The Escorial is the crystallization of ideas and the will of its promoter, King Philip II, a Renaissance prince.