Lenzburg Castle (Schloss Lenzburg)

Schloss Lenzburg



Location: Lenzburg, Canon of Aargau Map

Constructed: 11th century


Description of Castle Lenzburg or Schloss Lenzburg

Castle Lenzburg or Schloss Lenzburg is a medieval citadel perched on a castle hill at the altitude of 100 meters above surrounding plains and situated near Lenzburg in the Canton of Aargau, Switzerland.  Castle Lenzburg or Schloss Lenzburg is one of the largest medieval strongholds in Switzerland. Although its construction date back to the 11th century when Counts of Lenzburg erected their seat of power, it was inhabited since the Neolithic times.


The building of Castle Lenzburg is located at the top of the Schlossberg at 504 meters above sea level, on a hill about 100 meters high and 250 meters in diameter composed of molasse. The oldest parts of the castle date back to the eleventh century, when the Lenzburg family decided to settle here. It was at this time that two dungeons and the main building were built.

Castle Lenzburg then passed into the hands of the Counts of Kyburg and the Habsburgs before returning to the hands of the Confederates. For more than 350 years, the Bernese bailiffs lived there and the building served as a private residence. During the Bernese period, several buildings were added including a house for the bailiff and important works changed the shape of the castle.

After the end of the Bernese domination, the castle Lenzburg was ceded to the canton of Aargau in 1804. Johann Christian Lippe acquired it some time later. In 1956, the widow of the adventurer Lincoln Ellsworth sold the castle to the canton of Aargau. Since 1987 it has housed the historical museum of the canton of Aargau.