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Lviv Theater of Opera and Ballet (Lviv)

Lviv Theater of Opera and Ballet

 

 

Location: Prospekt Svobody, 28

 

 

 

 

Description of Lviv Theater of Opera and Ballet

Lviv Theater of Opera and Ballet  Lviv Theater of Opera and Ballet  Lviv Theater of Opera and Ballet

Lviv Theater of Opera and Ballet of S.A. Krushelnitsky is one of the main symbols of the city and a true architectural masterpiece. Building of a theater was constructed in the late 19th century and opened its doors for the first time in 1900 for a premier of opera "Janek" by V. Zhelensky. Today Lviv Theater of Opera and Ballet has a wide repertory of 22 operas, 3 operettas and 20 ballets. Most of these operas are performed in their original language including Italian, French, Russian and Polish. Lviv Theater of Opera and Ballet is particularly famous for its opera "Moses: by Skorikov, which is performed annually. It was also performed during the visit of Pope John Paul II to Ukraine.
 
Lviv Theater of Opera and Ballet is decorated with allegoric statues of Drama, Music and Genius. The interior of the building was covered by several kilograms of find gold and about a ton of copper. In a way it represents a type of neo- Classical temple of Art. The main auditorium has four tiers that can seat over 1,000 spectators. The spacious lobby of the theater presents outstanding works of sculpture and paintings of the 19th century. The whole Lviv Theater of Opera and Ballet is crowned by a glass ceiling.

 

 

 

History

The need for a separate building for the city theater became especially tangible at the end of the 19th century. At this time, Lviv was part of Austria-Hungary, officially called Lemberg, and was the capital of a separate large Austrian province - the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria.

In 1895, a competition was announced in which the project of the director of the Lviv Higher Art and Industrial School Z. Gorgolevsky won. He proposed a bold solution for the construction site of the new theater. Since the city center was densely built up at that time, the project provided for the closure of the city river, Poltva, with solid concrete arches. Z. Gorgolevsky supervised all earthworks and construction works. The main burden fell on the Lvov company of engineer I. Levinsky. Construction began in June 1897 and lasted almost three years.

The Bolshoi City Theater (the so-called Opera House until 1939) opened on October 4, 1900. The writer Henrik Senkevich, composer I. Paderevsky took part in the grand opening. That evening, the theater showed the production of the dramatic opera Yanek by V. Zhelensky about the life of the inhabitants of the Carpathian Verkhovyna.

In 1934, the theater was closed due to the economic crisis. In 1939, the People's Meetings of Western Ukraine were held here, which supported the accession of Galicia and Volhynia to the Ukrainian SSR. The theater was reopened in 1939 and was named the Lviv State Opera House. In 1940-1941, the Lviv Opera was urgently Ukrainized, the Polish language went out of use.

In July 1944, on July 22, the Lviv Opera House might not have become. In fierce battles for Lviv, the Germans decided to mine and blow up the building of the Lviv Opera House. This information reached the command of the Ural Volunteer Tank Corps. Two tanks with submachine gunners under the command of the Guards. Art. technician-lieutenant Antoninov N.I., was ordered to break through to the theater and prevent the enemy from carrying out his terrible plan. The building was guarded by 10-12 Nazis who were destroyed. The crew of N.I. Antoninov shot the bombers and was the first to enter the theater thereby saving him. (See Lviv truth from January 11, 1983). Other participants in this feat are Private Nikolai Zalunin, Sergeant Ivan Bohan, Senior Sergeant Karaev, Corporal Khadoyan, Private Vsevolod Kozorez and others.

In 1956 he received the name of Ivan Franko, in 1966 - the title of academic. In the late 1970s it was closed for reconstruction, it was reopened in 1984. In 1996, one of the meetings of the presidents of Central and Eastern Europe took place here.

In 2000, the theater celebrated its 100th anniversary and it was decided to give the theater the name of the famous opera singer Solomiya Krushelnitskaya.

On October 5, 2005, in the mirror hall of the theater in front of the workers, President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko, noting the merits of the whole team, the high level of performing skills of soloists, choir, ballet and orchestra, announced a decree on assigning the theater the status of National.

In 2008, the theater became a member of the Opera Europe Association.

 

 

 

 

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