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Caernarfon Castle

Caernarfon Castle

 

Location: Gwynedd, Wales  Map

Tel: 01286 677617

Admissions: Adults £5.10

Family £15.00

 

Open: 1st Apr.- 31st Oct. 9 am- 5 pm daily

1st Nov- 31 Mar 9:30am- 4 pm Mon- Sat, 11 am- 4 pm Sun

Closed 24- 26 Dec, 1st January

 

 

 

Description of Castle of Caernarfon

Castle of Caernarfon (sometimes called as Caernarvon or Carnarvon) is located 13 km (8 miles) from the city of Bangor in Wales in United Kingdom.  Castle of Caernarfon was not the first fortification on this spot. Celtic tribes build their own citadel here. Romans also recognized strategic importance and build frontier fort here which they called Segontium after a river that flows near by. Today its name Seiont. The ruins of the Roman fortifications are still visible on the grounds of the castle. Much of the rock was later reused by the Welsh to build their castle and again reused than Edward I build today's version of the castle that you see today. This was the most expensive and magnificent castle that Edward undertook with help of James of St. George. After participating in Crusades and seeing the magnificence of Constantinople he intended to make this citadel comparable in defences as well as beauty. The castle was intended to be the seat of English government in Wales. It was here in the Eagle Tower that Edward II was born in 1284 just a year after castle's construction has begun. Caernarfon castle was the place for investiture of Prince Edward in 1911. The castle made it to the World news again on 1 July 1969 than Prince Charles went through investiture ceremony and became known as Prince of Wales.

 

 

History
Although the works of the castle began in 1283 , during the failed uprising of Llywelyn, the castle reached an aspect substantially identical to the current one in 1323 . However, it was never completed, and they are still visible today at different points of the construction together, ready to receive new interior walls that were never made. Contemporary archives indicate that the cost of construction would have been about 22,000 pounds sterling , which at the time was a considerable amount, which was roughly equivalent to the income that the English royal treasury received in a whole year.

The linear form of the castle appears as sophisticated, when compared to the previous English castles, and its walls , it is said, find their model in those of Constantinople , since Edward I had participated in the crusades and would have observed the castles of the byzantine Empire . The castle is built at a point that allows the control of the waters of the Menai Strait , which separates the island of Anglesey from the island of Great Britain , which at the time was of great strategic importance during the Welsh campaigns of Edward I.

During the Welsh revolt of 1294 - 1295 , Caernarfon Castle had to endure long siege, but the English garrison could receive supplies by sea, and was relieved by the same route by fresh troops in the spring of 1295 . In 1403 and 1404 the castle resisted the siege of the hosts of Owain Glynd huesr . During the English Revolution , its garrison surrendered to the forces of Parliament in 1646 .

 

 

 

 

 

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